Lecture 12 - Feb 2nd

Lecture 12 - Feb 2nd - 1 Culture and the Self Intro...

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Unformatted text preview: 1 Culture and the Self Intro Personality: 332 Feb 2nd, 2011 In Class practice exam on Mon Feb 7 th Chapters 1 - 5 on Exam Friday, February 4, 2011 2 Questions of the Day: Does making a personal choice mean the same thing in all cultures? – personal choice is a key topic (his research is on autonomy and volition in everyday lives); when Prof spoke about parenting, key dimension is responsiveness; responsiveness is in terms of whether or not you give the child a chance to make a choice or give an opinion (this is really important). However, there is interesting research that I think this way because of growing up in western culture and we are individualistic in orientation while people growing up in communal oriented have a different sense of how important personal choice is and don’t emphasize and highlight like we do. What are the main differences between individualistic and collectivistic cultures? – fundamental distinction that psych makes is between these two types of cultures 2 Questions of the Day: Does making a personal choice mean the same thing in all cultures? – personal choice is a key topic (his research is on autonomy and volition in everyday lives); when Prof spoke about parenting, key dimension is responsiveness; responsiveness is in terms of whether or not you give the child a chance to make a choice or give an opinion (this is really important). However, there is interesting research that I think this way because of growing up in western culture and we are individualistic in orientation while people growing up in communal oriented have a different sense of how important personal choice is and don’t emphasize and highlight like we do. What are the main differences between individualistic and collectivistic cultures? – fundamental distinction that psych makes is between these two types of cultures Friday, February 4, 2011 Some phenomena that do not generalize across cultures Attributions to disposition vs situation; – most psyc research was done in the US and some psychological phenomena were just taken to be true because they were found in experiments with Americans. however there are these 2 cases where certain basic phenomena that were accepted as general rules have been shown to not generalize to eastern cultures. Ex 1: the way we make attributions and explain others behavior. There is a general tendency in western people to interpret behavior of others in terms of the persons disposition (personality). Rather than focus on the situation and the demands there may be due to roles and environment. this was called a correspondence bias because we believe that the person’s behavior corresponds to disposition and it was thought to be a general rule but it turns out that individuals from non- Westerner cultures don’t show this bias. they make attributions in terms of context Motivation to maintain consistency; – evidence that we are all motivated to maintain a consistent view of ourselves and behave...
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This note was uploaded on 03/01/2012 for the course PSYCH 332 taught by Professor Koestner during the Winter '11 term at McGill.

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Lecture 12 - Feb 2nd - 1 Culture and the Self Intro...

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