Lecture 13 - Feb 4th

Lecture 13 - Feb 4th - 1 Resolving the Debate About Cross-...

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Unformatted text preview: 1 Resolving the Debate About Cross- situational Consistency of Behavior Introduction to Personality Feb 4, 2011 Thursday, February 10, 2011 Question of the day: What does it mean when someone behaves differently on a given trait dimension across different situations?- a friendly person seems friendly at a party but not when they meet a new person. how do we explain this? 2 Thursday, February 10, 2011 Chameleon Story Map of upstate NY 3- sometimes we think we know someone well and then they behave in ways that seem odd. It is hard to reconcile. Prof did not have a girlfriend until he was 23. Dating for 3 weeks. working together in Rochester. She suggested they go on a romantic getaway and they start driving. half way there she asks him to pull over to the side of the road. she goes on to say she has to talk to him. she says I dont know who you are. Apparently that morning she had over-heard him in the lounge talking to the bus driver about sports and she couldnt believe the way he was acting when i was with the bus driver (loud, opinionated, seemed stupid). she thought he was well- educated, cultured, articulate and she was taken aback by this difference. And he said he acts differently with different people. He said the bus driver likes sports so i try to talk about sports. so she said so your like a chameleon.... He then made up a story about how is parents were immigrants and never had an education so he learned to act different ways. she accepted that. Thursday, February 10, 2011 How consistent are people in their behavior across situations? Dudycha (1936) Study of punctuality 8 Am classes Appointments Extracurricular activities Vesper services Entertainments Mean r = .19 4 Thursday, February 10, 2011 How consistent are people in their behavior across situations? 5- large question in personality psychology is how to make sense of inconsistency. Mischel emphasized how inconsistent our behavior is and he says it is not useful to think of personality traits as predictive. He looks at the early studies where they examine peoples behavior on specific trait dimensions across many situations to see how consistent people are across situations. ex. Moral Behavior study with kids. they look at how much they cheat in one situation and lie in another (several measures related to moral conduct); they found out that the average correlation in the SAME dimension was only .15 (which is very low). Mischel focused on a study on punctuality which is an easy to measure trait. it had 120 people attending a religious college and they measured how late people were when attending things they were supposed to be on time for. Wanted to see how punctual you are for class vs movies. and again they found a very modest correlation of .19. Mischel said that these studies are showing that there is no consistency in our trait behavior from one situation to the next, in fact...
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Lecture 13 - Feb 4th - 1 Resolving the Debate About Cross-...

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