Lecture 16 - Feb 28th

Lecture 16 - Feb 28th - The Person-Situation Debate Feb...

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1 The Person-Situation Debate Feb 28th, 2011 NO CLASS on Wednesday Rachel Sutton Thursday, April 7, 2011
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2 Outline Impact of person variables on behaviour – ex. traits Impact of situation variables on behaviour Variables that combine characteristics of the person and the situation Thursday, April 7, 2011
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Wiggins, 1991 3 The Interpersonal Circumplex Communal Agentic Dominant Submissive Quarrelsome Agreeable model of interpersonal behavior (behavior in social situations). This model desceribes interpersonal behavior with two independent axis: (a) agentic axis (dominant to submissive) (b) communal axis (quarrelsome to agreeable) - orthogonal axis that are indepent of each other and not correlated Thursday, April 7, 2011
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Moskowitz, 1994 4 Sample Behaviours Dominant: setting goals for others Submissive: not expressing disagreement when thinking it Agreeable: expressing reassurance Quarrelsome: making a sarcastic comment Thursday, April 7, 2011
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Moskowitz, 2009 5 Combining the Axes The axes can be combined Dominant-quarrelsome: a controlling and sarcastic supervisor (upper left quadrant) Dominant-agreeable: a dominant but caring supervisor Submissive-quarrelsome: a sulky teenager (lower left) Submissive-agreeable: when meeting a person of high status Thursday, April 7, 2011
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6 Think Of Your Own Behaviour Communal Agentic Dominant Submissive Quarrelsome Agreeable - dependending on who we are interacting with, we will place in different areas of the circle. Thursday, April 7, 2011
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7 Walter Mischel’s Argument He defined traits as pervasive, cross- situational consistency in behaviour – if we have a trait we should always behave consistently with that. BUT people do not. Therefore traits do not exist. Some researchers took it even further and said that personality does not exist. But people do not behave consistently So traits do not exist! Thursday, April 7, 2011
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8 STUDY: Mischel and Peake, 1982 Study on conscientiousness in college students Compared people’s conscientiousness scores in different situations – handing in an assignment on time, being on time for classes (a variety of situations) Example: class attendance and assignment punctuality Thursday, April 7, 2011
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Mischel and Peake, 1982 Found low correlations between conscientiousness in different situations (r < 0.20) Others studies found similar results Concluded that people do not behave consistently across situations No consistent traits
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This note was uploaded on 03/01/2012 for the course PSYCH 332 taught by Professor Koestner during the Winter '11 term at McGill.

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Lecture 16 - Feb 28th - The Person-Situation Debate Feb...

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