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Lecture 21 - March 14th

Lecture 21 - March 14th - FREUD I Introduction A Why the...

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FREUD I. Introduction A. Why the fuss? B. Three Theories in one II.Basic Assumptions A. Psychic Determinism (what we do, think, feel has meaning and purpose; it is not random) B. Unconscious Mental Processes (things beneath the surface of conscious mind; freudian unconscious therefore not “how do I do that tennis stroke” but active forces keeping them out of consciousness: DYNAMIC) 1. Origins of idea 2. Other Unconscious Phenomena 3. Specific Assumptions a. dynamic b. sexual c. primary (unconscious mental processes are not just footnotes or additions, most things that matter are unconscious) III. Psychic Energy (all mental process require mental energy: psychic energy) A. Overview B. Where did he get that from? IV.The Insticts A. Overview (all psycic energy comes from “insticts” that each have a bodil source of excitation) B. Summary of Instinct Theory 1. Source 2. Aim (reduction of bodily tension) C. What does this model predict? 1. Image of the person 2. Heredity 3. Tension- reduction/ Hedonism 4. Primarily sexual motivation
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D. Displacement and Derivatives (these instincts could nevertheless be used to power things that don’t look like on the surface tension-reduction, sexuality, etc: the idea here is “displacement:. Psychic energy which originates in instincts can be displaced to serve other things) - imagine you are rich and you buy a mansion then decide to collect art. so why are you an art collector? because I enjoy the calm peaceful contemplation. Freudians laugh and believe there is a great deal of passion and not necessarily pretty passion, beneath this conscious goal of his. “collecting” is really about defeating other people because other people want to buy it and you crushed them and you bought it. from this perspective, art collecting is a derivative of aggressive impulses - for some art collectors it is about pride of ownership. this can be understood as a derivative of anal impulses. when toilet training: there will be a moment where the child gets it in the child and the child is so exited. The pride of “look what I have in my mansion” is connected to the early pleasure of “look what I got”. - for some people, art collecting is about giving to oneself to overcome a feeling of being unloved by others. This is a derivative of eating impulses. buying a painting is like getting a nice warm bottle to fill you up - #1 : there is no simple formula.
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Lecture 21 - March 14th - FREUD I Introduction A Why the...

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