Lecture 23 - March 18th

Lecture 23 - March 18th - Carl Rogers and the Therapeutic...

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1 Carl Rogers and the Therapeutic Alliance in Psychotherapy Introduction to Personality March 18, 2011 up to ch. 7 in the book - talks about humanistic theories which really got K interested (they tend to be optimistic). Most influential psychologist was Carl Rogers. Thursday, April 7, 2011
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Questions of the day How much can personality change as a result of therapy? change is very interesting; in terms of happiness and tragedy and maturity. What can change a persons behavior? extensive psychotherapy? That sounds logical. Problem: most people who go to therapy don’t go because they want to change, they go because they are in distress. The focus of most psychotherapy is relieving that distress and getting you to your baseline. .. Historically, because of Carl Rogers there was a notion that we should all go for therapy to get in touch with ourself better and raise our potential. Humanistic psychology has a very positive view on therapy. Note: there is a stigma associated with therapy but it can really be good for you as a person. What are the key elements of Roger’s humanistic theory of personality? he developed ideas about personality and parenting and education and how that effects personality and learning. .. What is the key factor in psychotherapy? interesting result suggesting that positive response to psychotherapy links depression,etc 2 VIDEO: Carl Rogers is a little like Mr. Rogers, he is not so exciting. Important to be real in the relationship with client Thursday, April 7, 2011
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Rogers Theory Theory of therapy expanded to personality. theory is optimistic about potential to change and change in a way self-actualization: as we develop we move to expand our skills, capacities, etc. Many of us experience situations where conditions of worth are placed on us so we learn what is good and not good about us which can shut down the self-actualization process. three key aspects: 1. genuine 2. prize patient 3. empathy (the most important one) Rogers famous for “reflection” by reflecting back what the patient is saying at an emotional level “i can hear that you are nervous to come here today”. Reflection is important to learn and you feel stiff when you first use it, it takes experience to learn how to do it. K was trained that if a patient came in and was asking questions about them, K would reflect that “non-directive therapy”, not to impose but let patient to take ownership of session and not impose your own personality. don’t tell patient that you went through something similar.
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Lecture 23 - March 18th - Carl Rogers and the Therapeutic...

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