Lecture 26 - March 25th

Lecture 26 - March 25th - Lay Theories of Ability,...

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1 Lay Theories of Ability, Personality, and Romantic Relationships Introduction to Personality March 25, 2011 Ch. 8 reading this week Thursday, April 7, 2011
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Question of the day How do our lay theories about aspects of ourselves (and our relationships) influence adaptation and growth? - all of us have lay theories and theories about personalities. .. but not all of them are explicit and we are not aware of all of them. K always thought that shy people were very nice people that are very interesting. linking shyness with A and O. Then daughter met shy girl that was mean. because shyness is unrelated to O and A! K thinks that it is helpful to be N if you want to be a clinician. (you have to listen to people’s worries and anxieties). K’s last theory is that the girl that would like him the most would also really like their dad. 2 She is credited with starting this field. She wrote a book about it. This erodes from attribution theory. It is an optimistic theory. Thursday, April 7, 2011
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Measuring Your Own Implicit Theory Which of the two statements do you agree with more strongly? A. Your intelligence is something about you that you cannot change very much. B. No matter how much intelligence you have, you can always change quite a bit. - the heart of this question is whether you believe in change or stability in terms of intelligence which is a fundamental aspect of us. Which of the two statements do you agree with more strongly? A. Your shyness is something about you that you cannot change very much. B. No matter how shy you are, you can always change it quite a bit. - you have a theory about how fixed or stable your characteristics are. .. - this is highly predictive about how you adapt and grow. .. (According to Carol) 3 Thursday, April 7, 2011
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Findings for Lay Theories of Malleability Approximate 50/50 split in endorsement; half believe fixed and half changeable. .. in terms of romantic relationships (destiny for a stable relationship vs change): also a 50/50 split. Domain specificity; you may believe that intelligence is fixed but relationships are changeable (variability across domains) Consistent motivational consequences; believing intelligence is fixed places you at great risk in terms of doing well in school and changing. if you think your ability is fixed and you start doing badly, you will give up and never overcome the challenge. Believing attributes are changeable gives you a good outcome Theories can be altered by interventions. you can work with kids and teach them to change their beliefs! they will change! Thursday, April 7, 2011
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What is the impact of lay theories of intelligence on motivation? Describe typical experiment.
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This note was uploaded on 03/01/2012 for the course PSYCH 332 taught by Professor Koestner during the Winter '11 term at McGill.

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Lecture 26 - March 25th - Lay Theories of Ability,...

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