Lecture 27 - March 27th

Lecture 27 - March 27th - 332: March 27, 2011...

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VII.Psychodynamic Developmental Theory A.Overview B.Stage Theory C. Process Theory - fundamentally the Developmental Theory is a learning theory. Traditionally psychoanalysis is the enemy of learning theory. process theory describes how the individual learns to cope with on one hand the genetically determined impulses and on the other hand the frustrations of those instincts entailed by socialization. - what is the relationship between the individual and society; Freud: inevitably a dif±cult one because society has to stomp on and socialize the person out of expression their instincts. Freud wrote a book about this. - Freud felt that civilization was necessary but also the ultimate cause of unhappiness and neurosis! Freud thinks the reason some of us are unhappy and neurotic is due to civilization. Society being the ultimate cause of unhappiness and suffering. ... this can be read as radically in the 1960s. . - developmental theory describes interplay between impulse and frustration. the internalization of this con²ict is the superego and how the human learns to manage it. Freud felt that everything below 5/6 were of fundamental importance because that is when the basic patterns of dealing with impulse and frustration were establish and these persist for the rest of your life. 1. Displacement - how instincts can be displaced from one activity to the other. from a developmental perspective: there can be successive displacement as the child grows up, not a single displacement. - ex. feeding. most children are given demand feeding: once child looks hungry or cries, the parents feed. inevitably the parents start to frustrate that impulse by making the 5 year old only eat at meal time. one thing the child can do is displacement from “i want my hot dog” to thumb sucking (oral grati±cation). parents tolerate thumb sucking for a certain period of time until they frustrate that too. then they are dependent (ex. tie my shoes, put on my snow pants). this may work for a while but it becomes frustrated too. Then comes cigarette smoking. .. (psychosexual: oral grati±cation). OR displacement towards interpersonal relationship where child calls mom very often to talk (psychosocial interpretation). 2. Identi±cation - the process by which a person takes over the features of another person and makes them a part of his or her own personality. Freud felt that this took place either to obtain pleasure or in order to avoid punishment. .. the incorporating of parents rules is a form of identi±cation. you incorporate the rules and regulations that your parents present. -
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This note was uploaded on 03/01/2012 for the course PSYCH 332 taught by Professor Koestner during the Winter '11 term at McGill.

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Lecture 27 - March 27th - 332: March 27, 2011...

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