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Lecture 2 - Sept 7th

Lecture 2 - Sept 7th - Sept 7th 2010 Lecture 2 1 Psychology...

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Lecture 2 1. Psychology is an empirical science a. Measurable - Repeatable - Amenable to experimentation (manipulation of variables) ex) Darley & Latane 2. Nature and nurture are inextricably entwined - our behavior and attitudes and opinions and beliefs and actions are influenced both by our environment and upbringing as well as our biological state ex. just because you are tall doesn’t make you pre-disposed for basketball but at the same time there isn’t one basketball player is objectively short 3. The mind and brain are inseparable - the mind IS the functioning of the brain - thoughts arise from the brain - firing of neurons and neural connections and patterns that give rise to hopes/thoughts/ fears/taste of a tomato/pain of a burn, etc 4. A biological revolution is energizing psychological research 5. The mind is adaptive - responds to new situations adaptively - new information can be used in novel ways 6. Psychologists use different levels of analysis in the research - neuro-chemists (chemical process in brain), neuroanatomist (individual neurons and how they work and metabolize and connect), thought process (solving problems, strategies, etc), cognitive (how do we learn and what is the process), social psychologist (groups interaction and influence on behaviour), cultural psychologist (how culture effects behaviour), etc 7. We often use unaware of the influences on how we think, feel, and behave Darley & Latane - Darley = professor - Darley believed that behaviour of people can be influenced by the situation that they are in unconsciously - are there situational factors that might limit/enhance a person’s helpfulness? - individual differences is independent in the many ways we all differ from each other (physically and internally/personality) - to what extend are our individual differences rooted into who we are?
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