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Lecture 9 - sept 30

Lecture 9 - sept 30 - Sept 30th 2010 Lecture 9 How Does...

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Lecture 9 How Does Watching Other’s Affect Learning? - Learning through observation is very common and occurs in a wide variety of settings Can be passed on through cultural Transmission - religious beliefs, values, and even things such as music preference - spiders don’t need to LEARN how to spin a web, it is implanted it knows - general tendency that the larger brains in more advanced species take more info in from environment and rely less on innate programming - spiders don’t learn much from environment, birds learn more from environments, - birds are pre-made to sing certain songs but they can change their songs and learn new ones - cats generally cover their feces; occurred through evolution (they don’t have an awareness of germs, not that they saw other cats do it, it is that naturally selection acted on this behavior. ancient cats didn’t do this and every once in a while a genetic weirdo would cover their feces and more likely to avoid disease and offspring inherit trait and they outlive the cats that don’t because they are less likely to get sick... - as animals get sick they rely more on environment and less on pre-programming - because the environment changes over time (or you move); all about adaptability (humans most adaptive then any other species, live in a wider range of places than any other species) - cultural transmission is for example religious beliefs and values that you are born into - most people in the west believe there is a logic to everything (not ancient gods who need sacrifices - even musical taste can be transmitted through cultural - the word meme is used to refer to transmitted cultural knowledge Cultural Beliefs about Learning: - Asian children tend to perform better in school than NA and E peers, especially in math and science (empirically shown) - one theory is that asians are more likely to believe that learning is a function of working hard while americans and E may be more likely to believe that the ability to learn is innate - a slight bias not a 100% either or - their language can support this too - easier to hold numbers in chinese language therefore takes less memory load to hold more numbers in head Mate Selection - period of time where people start feeling an attraction to the opposite gender OR same gender - somewhere between 12 - 16 we become interested in opposite sex and who we are interested in dating hanging out with etc - process of trying to figure out where you stand in social heir-achy Sept. 30th, 2010
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- am i attracted? who do i attract? we learn - trial and error of testing the waters; going to parties etc - everyone wants to be with someone who is maximally attractive - if you turn the clock to back in the day we would look for someone who would help you hunt and gather and who would give child best chance of survival - attractive ppl are more valued - what qualifies as attractive differs from society to society and time to time
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