Lecture 13 - Oct 14

Lecture 13 - Oct 14 - Oct 14 2010 Lecture 13 Intelligence...

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Lecture 13 - Intelligence - bell curve for IQ testing - correlation’s of IQ between different twins - correlation’s can be 0 such as whether venus is in a retrograde position and your midterm score - correlation tells us about the strength of association but can not tell us a cause - identical twins reared together is telling us something about the mutual inFuences of environment and DNA - twins do not share strictly 100% of their DNA, MYTH - during process of fetal development, not all of the DNA instructions are followed perfectly or copies perfectly - they may have began with the same instruction set but it does not get carried out in identical ways - the environment can act on them differently; we know that expression of genes depends on environment (this can happen in fetal development due to space they share, nutrition they get, etc) - non-identical twins reared together also are very a like; clearly have both similar are the best - inFuence of environment is clear in unrelated children reared together - unrelated children reared apart have virtually no correlation (obvious control) - understand the rank ordering of these different effects - understand the effects of nature vs nurture - it is very few cases in humans where it is all nature or all nurture; it is a malformed question to ask “nature or nurture”? IQ Test - verbal, mathematical, reasoning Gardner’s Theory of multiple intelligence - can be really good at some things and not so good at others - mathematical-logical vs verbal intelligence vs spatial vs musical vs bodily-kinesthetic vs interpersonal intelligence vs interpersonal Oct. 14, 2010
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Sternberg: emphasis on other types of intelligence - Practical Intelligence - often seen in business/commerce: ability to gather information on a poorly- deFned problem and execute an effective solution (with no academic past or better IQ) - Analytic Intelligence - measured most often by IQ tests - Emotional Intelligence - ability to perceive and understand emotions, as well as to use emotions to facilitate thinking Intelligence - theories must account for prodigies, idiot savants, autistic children, Williams Syndrome (intact emotional intelligence and musical ability but can’t read, count, tell time, etc. verbal skills in tact)
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Lecture 13 - Oct 14 - Oct 14 2010 Lecture 13 Intelligence...

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