Review- 1,2,3,5

Review- 1,2,3,5 - Introduction What is Adaptation a Gene...

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Unformatted text preview: Introduction What is Adaptation ? a) Gene mutations that endow physical characteristics, skills and abilities that can increase chances of survival and reproduction b) Individuals better adapted to their environment will leave more offspring c) Organisms’ random mutations are passed along, and mutation that hinder both survival and reproduction are not. a) Gene mutations that endow physical characteristics, skills and abilities that can increase chances of survival and reproduction b) ??? Survival of the fittest c) ??? Natural selection 1) Psychology is an empirical science Reliance on empirical evidence as a way of knowing about how we think, feel, and behave 2) Nature and Nurture Are inextricably intertwined Depend on each other Genetics, Environment, Gene X Environment Interaction (EPIGENETICS) The Brain and Mind are Inseparable: ▪ What is the older view? ▪ Dualism ▪ The physical brain enables the mind ▪ The brain and mind cannot be separated Biological Revolution: Energizing research Brain activity (techniques) EEG, PET, MRI, fMRI Human Genome mapping – behavioural genetics Neurotransmitter discovery Mind as adaptive Evolved to solve survival problems Adapted to the environment Many modern behaviours are by‐products of adaptation Psychological Science crosses levels of analysis Biological Brain systems Neurochemistry Genetics Individual Personality Perception Cognition Social Interpersonal behaviour Cultural Within a single culture Between/or/ across several cultures We are often unaware of the multiple influences on how we THINK FEEL ACT ▪ Subtle events in environment can change these WITHOUT our awareness ‐ “Automaticity of everyday life” ‐ Bargh ‐ Priming: kindness, professor’s warm or cold coffee In the beginning… Q: Who could be considered the “father” of psychology as a science? A:Wilhelm Wundt 1879 first psychology lab in Germany Introspection to understand conscious experience RT STRUCTURALISM (Titchner) Functionalism William James Examine “how the mind operates” Examine its functions, because evolved useful functions for persevering life and passing along genes ▪ DARWIN’s influcence...
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Review- 1,2,3,5 - Introduction What is Adaptation a Gene...

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