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Lecture 1 - Jan 6th

Lecture 1 - Jan 6th - History Definitions and Introduction...

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History, Definitions, and Introduction to Cognitive Psychology Conferences 3 separate 1 hour sessions Mondays & Wednesdays, the exact times and dates will be posted on WebCT next week Overview DefiningCognitive Psychology Historical Approach Methodological Approach DefiningCognitive Psychology -How people think, remember, memorize -Intelligence -Study of information processing -Level of awareness -Mental processing interaction with environment -Language acquisition Oxford English Dictionary Action or faculty of knowing -Study of processes -Divided to different mental abilities How do people perceive, learn,remember and think about information. What kinds of questions? -How people perceive various shapes? -How do we learn language? -Why do we remember some things better than others? -How do we make decisions? -Cognitive psychology studies both low level and high level processes -Low level: stimulus driven-a level up fromautomatic info processing. Something that we perceive that come into our sense as structures ex: colour, shape, movement, touch, smell - no additionalinterpretation. Intuitive feelings and interpretations of it -High level: reading, semantics [meaning of things],placebo effect, perception MIND AS A BOX thoughts & cognitions as a box, we don’t know what’sgoing on inside it People Input: Senses --> Mind --> Output: Behaviour Brain what types of things are happening on the brain that makes these stay in people’s brains?
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Urlic Neisser’s definition(1967): “The term “cognition” refers to all processes by which sensory input is transformed, reduced, elaborated, stored, recovered, and used. It is concerned with these processes even when they operate in the absence of relevant stimulation, as in images and hallucinations...Givensuch a sweeping definition,it is apparent that cognition is involved in everything a human being might possibly do; that every psychological phenomenon is a cognitive phenomenon.”
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