Lecture 9 - Feb 3

Lecture 9 - Feb 3 - Memory Traces and Schemas Midterm 1...

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Memory Traces and Schemas Midterm 1 Information: When: February 17, 2:35-3:55pm (During Class Time) Where: LEA 132 and LEA 232 Assigned Seating - Schedule posted online, know your room and seat # Veronica Arnett, LEA 132, Seat L33 Procedural Information: -Arrive on time -If in LEA 132, you can only enter through the top right or bottom door (depending on your blue/yellow seating colour code) *Know your TA Name and group number -in the syllabus, alphabetically by last name -Write your name and student number on the exam AND scantron -Drop your exam booklet in the correct box labeled by TA and group number Exam Length: 1 hour (2:45-3:45). You cannot leave early. Type of Exam: 70 Multiple Choice Questions, Multiple versions of the exam. Pen and Pencil ONLY. Translation dictionary permitted only with professor’s permission. Last Minute WebCT Chat Session: Feb 16, 7-8pm -no guessing penalty Last Week in WebCT -How are flashbulb memories examples of memory schemas? -We believe that our memories for extraordinary events are vivid and detailed. However, research says that flashbulb memories have as many inconsistencies and abstractions as our regular memories. -Suffer from a “confidence bias” where we believe that our memory is vivid and detailed, when research tells us it’s not. -Columbia Shuttle Explosion - not many studies, because it may not have been AS surprising (second explosion, etc) -How are flashbulb memories examples of memory schemas? -Brain mechanisms of attention? Attention increases sensory processing of attended stimuli in corresponding sensory processing areas. -If we have specialized sensors for processing motion, neurons in that area will fire better, and act better in the sensory cortex -Area “MT” in our brain specializes in detecting motion -Important for how attention acts in our central processing RT and Accuracy in relation to attention -quick to react to events we respond to (motion) RT is shortened, Accuracy increased for attended events -relationship between RT (Response Time) and Accuracy Overview -Types of schemas
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-Facilitating and distorting effects of schemas on memory -Effects of emotions on encoding and retrieval -Cultural and social effects on memory -A special kind of schema: Body schema -specifically concerning patients with ‘phantom- limb syndrome’ Types of Schemas Person schema: General information and beliefs about consistent traits of another person -ex: info of a friend: kind, scatterbrained, likes to spend money on stupid things, etc. Schema’s of parents, professors, etc (general traits) -Useful to help understand that person’s behaviour and other similar people -ex: not surprised if they’re late (consistently late if they’re scatterbrained) -meet a new person, think that person is just like your sister, etc. This view is based on the basic traits of the person we know (the schema we have of them) -Help to predict that person’s behaviour -ex: predict parents/siblings/friends behaviour, helpful to guide OUR behaviour towards
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  • Winter '08
  • nameandstudentnumberon theexamAND scantron, -No specific memoriesof, thecorrectbox labeledby TA, canonly enterthroughthetoprightor bottomdoor, -Facilitatinganddistortingeffectsof schemason memory

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Lecture 9 - Feb 3 - Memory Traces and Schemas Midterm 1...

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