{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

ANT Exam 1 Test - Ant2511 Spring 12 Chapters 1-5 Test 1...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–6. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ant2511 Spring 12 Chapters 1-5 Test 1 material Chap 01 ANTHROPOLOGY Skip introduction. Start with “What is Anthropology?” Subfields 1) Cultural (or social) anthropology 2) Archaeology 3) Physical (or biological) anthropology 4) Linguistics *) Applied anthropology includes all Cultural Anthropology Or “social anthropology” Studies all aspects of human behavior Ethnography Ethnographers describes one particular group “Ethnology” - compares numerous cultures Applied Anthropology Subfields have practical applications Includes Cultural, Archaeology, Physical Archaeology
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Studies and interprets material remains Linguistic Anthropology This field studies human speech and language. Physical Anthropology The study of “human biology” within the framework of evolution. Several subfields in Physical Anthropology Paleoanthropology Study of human evolution As evidenced by fossil record Primatology: Study of nonhuman primates Osteology: Studies skeletons Often focuses on past groups. Paleopathology Subdivision of osteology Study of disease and injury of human skeletal remains Forensic anthropology Applying anthropology to legal matters Often identify skeletal remains
Image of page 2
Physical Anthropology and the Scientific Method Science – process of explaining and understanding phenomena through observations and experimentation. Involves an “empirical” approach Empirical – relying on experiment or observation Scientific Method Biological anthropologist do scientific research and must adhere to the “scientific method” Scientific method of Research A) Problem is identified B) Hypothesis (provisional explanation) is tested through 1) collection of data (facts – scientific information) 2) analysis of data C) If hypothesis is verified, it becomes a theory Theory – broad statement of scientific relationships or principles that has been at least partially verified through rigorous testing Scientific methodology is an exercise in rational thought and critical thinking Critical Thinking
Image of page 3

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Development of critical thinking skills is an important and lasting benefit Skills enable people to: Evaluate, compare, analyze, critique, and synthesize information The Anthropological Perspective Stresses that human beings can only be understood by broadening our perspective over 1) space 2) time Perspective helps avoid ethnocentrism Ethnocentrism View other cultures from bias perspective of one’s own culture Relativistic View Cultures have merits within their own historic and environmental context Chap 02: THE DEVELOPMENT OF EVOLUTIONARY THEORY Introduction Today evolutionary theory stands as the most fundamental unifying force in biological sciences The Theory of Evolution Verified through accumulated evidence Increasingly supported by genetic evidence
Image of page 4
Brief History of Evolutionary Thought World View of Middle Ages
Image of page 5

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 6
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern