ANT Exam 1 Test - Ant2511 Spring 12 Chapters 1-5 Test 1...

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Ant2511 Spring 12 Chapters 1-5 Test 1 material Chap 01 ANTHROPOLOGY Skip introduction. Start with “What is Anthropology?” Subfields 1) Cultural (or social) anthropology 2) Archaeology 3) Physical (or biological) anthropology 4) Linguistics *) Applied anthropology includes all Cultural Anthropology Or “social anthropology” Studies all aspects of human behavior Ethnography Ethnographers describes one particular group “Ethnology” - compares numerous cultures Applied Anthropology Subfields have practical applications Includes Cultural, Archaeology, Physical Archaeology
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Studies and interprets material remains Linguistic Anthropology This field studies human speech and language. Physical Anthropology The study of “human biology” within the framework of evolution. Several subfields in Physical Anthropology Paleoanthropology Study of human evolution As evidenced by fossil record Primatology: Study of nonhuman primates Osteology: Studies skeletons Often focuses on past groups. Paleopathology Subdivision of osteology Study of disease and injury of human skeletal remains Forensic anthropology Applying anthropology to legal matters Often identify skeletal remains
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Physical Anthropology and the Scientific Method Science – process of explaining and understanding phenomena through observations and experimentation. Involves an “empirical” approach Empirical – relying on experiment or observation Scientific Method Biological anthropologist do scientific research and must adhere to the “scientific method” Scientific method of Research A) Problem is identified B) Hypothesis (provisional explanation) is tested through 1) collection of data (facts – scientific information) 2) analysis of data C) If hypothesis is verified, it becomes a theory Theory – broad statement of scientific relationships or principles that has been at least partially verified through rigorous testing Scientific methodology is an exercise in rational thought and critical thinking Critical Thinking
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Development of critical thinking skills is an important and lasting benefit Skills enable people to: Evaluate, compare, analyze, critique, and synthesize information The Anthropological Perspective Stresses that human beings can only be understood by broadening our perspective over 1) space 2) time Perspective helps avoid ethnocentrism Ethnocentrism View other cultures from bias perspective of one’s own culture Relativistic View Cultures have merits within their own historic and environmental context Chap 02: THE DEVELOPMENT OF EVOLUTIONARY THEORY Introduction Today evolutionary theory stands as the most fundamental unifying force in biological sciences The Theory of Evolution Verified through accumulated evidence Increasingly supported by genetic evidence
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ANT Exam 1 Test - Ant2511 Spring 12 Chapters 1-5 Test 1...

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