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Unformatted text preview: A.P. US Artem Kholodenko Mods 6/7/8 0109 Notes for pgs. 687 694 Introduction Party Rivalries, Agrarian Stirrings, and Civil-Service Reform Pendleton Act of 1883 Patterns of Party Strength Local Elections Swing States Anti-Women Suffrage The Stakes of Politics- Late 19 th century politics drew a lot of attention and interest from the people- Issues like veteran pensions, tariff rates, and other were discussed to get attention of the ordinary Americans- The government was not changing with the times, and the local government was the authority to people, not Washington- Civil service reform swept the nation because of spoils system and presidential assassination- At the turn of the century US defeated Spain to get the Caribbean & Pacific Island territories- In the 1870s & 80s 2 issues were important to lawmakers: nature & size of money supply; the staffing of government bureaucracy- The act was a move toward giving people jobs on merit, not connections- While only 1 (D) pres. was elected between 1857 & 1912 (Cleveland), the elections were close and unpredictable, with parties having zones of strengths: (D) in the south, (R) in the north- Democratic political machines with Bosses made sure that the party also got votes- The upper and west north was (R), with many veterans living there & forming the Grand Army of the Republic (GAR), which always voted republic- The divisions reflected economic interest- The (R) tried to get south immigrants to vote, while the (D) went into N. England and Midwest for support- Local politics involved choosing the candidate, and if he won, public jobs would be given to party members- Bosses, like Big Jim Pendergast, a (D) of Kansas City and others controlled big-city politics- Those who voted for and made sure the candidate won were rewarded generously- With the party matched, states like CT, NY, NJ, IN, and IL were the decisive votes in the elections...
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