Chapter 23-pgs 777-785 - A.P.US Mods6/7/8...

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A.P. US Artem Kholodenko Mods 6/7/8 0109 Notes for pgs. 777 – 785
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Turning the Tide Blacks in the AEF Promoting the War and   Suppressing Dissent Advertising the War Gibbs McAdoo - The counteroffensive began on July 18, 1918 - 500,000 Americans and 100,000 French were sent in by Pershing  to St. Mihiel on the Meuse River - In four days he troops won over the already retreating Germans - The war’s greatest battle was on Sep. 26, when 1.2 mil US  soldiers joined to drive the Germans out of Meuse R. - The Allies cut the German supply route - The Sedan-Mezieres RR was cut in November and 26,277 dead - Over 260,000 blacks were drafted into the war and 50,000 went  to France - Racism continued, with the navy giving blacks the worst positions  and marines excluding them at all - Racism senator from MS said blacks shouldn’t be drafted - On August 1917 tension reached a breaking point in Houston,  when blacks from the 24 th  infantry got weapons after being  terrorized by locals & killed 17 whites - After the trial 13 were hanged and 41 in jail for life - In France blacks worked as cooks, maintenance, cargo handlers  and were discriminated - The 92d division saw combat in Meuse-Argonne; Germans  showed them racism propaganda and urged them to cross over  to their side – none did - Most French treated whites and blacks the same - The government tried to revive the patriotism in the country  toward the war - Private and public organizations hounded and arrested socialists,  pacifists, and others, trampling constitutional rights - The diverse opponents of the war presented a great barrier to 
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