U-of-T - November 2010 Carbon Capture& Storage A...

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Unformatted text preview: November 2010 Carbon Capture & Storage A Canadian Clean Energy Opportunity 2 ICO 2 N: Forefront of CCS in Canada Wide range of industry participants Air Products Canada Inc. BP Canadian Natural Resources Ltd. ConocoPhillips Company Devon Energy Enbridge Inc. Husky Energy Inc. Imperial Oil Ltd. Keyera Nexen Inc. Shell Canada Energy StatoilHydro Canada Ltd. Suncor Energy Inc. Syncrude Canada Ltd. Total E&P Canada Ltd. TransAlta Corporation CCS policy leadership in Canada • Source of thoughtful CCS information for 5 years Grounded analysis • Leading CCS technology analysis • Integrated CCS economics Objective: Exploring CCS Questions to Answer • Why do we need it? • Aren’t we just perpetuating fossil fuels? • Where will it be stored? • Is it safe? • Wouldn’t renewable energy be a better investment? • Shouldn’t we go after other things first? • Will it work for oil sands? • Is it too expensive? • Why is government giving industry so much money? 4 Global Energy Outlook Growing Global Energy Demand 200 400 600 800 2000 2005 2010 2015 2020 2025 2030 2035 EJ per year Sub-Saharan Africa North America Middle East & N Africa Latin America Europe Asia & Oceania - Developing Asia & Oceania - Developed Shell estimates Estimated 50% Increase in energy demand by 2030 The Energy and CO 2 Challenge Emissions are rising at over 2 ppm per year 4 5 0 ppm 3 8 6 ppm Upper limit Today 64 ppm 0 ppm 1 0 0 ppm 2 0 0 ppm 3 0 0 ppm Science warns of a 450 ppm upper limit CO 2 CONCENTRATION IN ATMOSPHERE Addressing the Challenge Energy efficiency CO 2 Capture and Storage Renewables Nuclear AND AND AND Forestry, LUC, AND All five pathways are essential and will be needed at scale to meet energy demand this century and to limit CO 2 emissions. MEETING DEMAND WITH LESS CO 2 W e n e e d a l l o f t h i s ! International Energy Agency (IEA) U.S. Energy Breakdown Power sources as they apply to a 24 hour day Natural Gas Nuclear Hydropower Wind Petroleum Biomass Geothermal Solar Coal 5 hours 5 hours 1.5 hours 18 minutes 16 minutes 9 minutes 5 minutes 21 seconds 12 hours 10 Understanding CCS 11 CO 2 Capture and Storage Overview Wells and Drilling ¡ Expected to have 3 – 7 wells ¡ Conventional drilling methods ¡ Multiple steel casings for wells Measurement, Monitoring & Verification (MMV) ¡ Subsurface and surface monitoring ¡ Over 50 technologies considered: ¾ Well monitoring ¾ Geophysical monitoring ¾ Geochemical monitoring ¾ Surface monitoring SALT SEALS Intermediate Casing Main Injection Casing Cement Surface Casing Tubing SHALE SEALS TARGET FORMATION Packer Assembly Perforations allow CO 2 to penetrate the formation CO 2 Injection & Monitoring at Shell’s Quest Project 13 CCS Around the World IEA CCS Roadmap 15...
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This note was uploaded on 03/02/2012 for the course SCIENCE 1120 taught by Professor A.young during the Spring '12 term at Canadian University College.

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U-of-T - November 2010 Carbon Capture& Storage A...

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