Nuclear weapons - • Pakistan: 70-90 Third Pillar • The...

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Nuclear Weapons
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Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty became international law in 1970 3 pillars Non-proliferation Disarmament The right to peacefully use nuclear technology
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Who’s in and who’s out 189 parties to the treaty, five of them nuclear powers: US, Russia, China, France, and the UK NON-parties: India, Pakistan, North Korea, Israel
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First Pillar Non-proliferation NWS agree not to share nuclear weapons or assist, encourage, or induce NNWS to acquire these weapons. The International Atomic Energy Agency
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Second Pillar Disarmament “Each of the Parties to the Treaty undertakes to pursue negotiations in good faith on effective measures relating to cessation of the nuclear arms race at an early date and to nuclear disarmament, and on a treaty on general and complete disarmament.”
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The “club” and the outsiders US: 5,100 Russia: 2,400 France: 300 UK: 225 China: 240 India: 100 Israel: 75-200
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Unformatted text preview: • Pakistan: 70-90 Third Pillar • The peaceful use of nuclear technology • Light water nuclear reactors • 13 states have ability to enrich uranium • Separates U-238 From an Indian perspective • Jaswant Singh article • 1962, China attacks India • China becomes nuclear in 1964 • 1974, India conducts its first nuclear test • China gives Pakistan drawings of nuclear weapons and 50 kilos of enriched uranium • 1998, both India • 1995 the NPT was set to expire, renewed for another 25 years • Unfair • What gives the NWS the exclusive right to these weapons? • If nuclear deterrence works with them, why not with India? Iran • IAEA issued a report saying Iran is building a nuclear weapon • Israel may attempt to bomb facilities Iran • Israeli President Shimon Peres said attack on “Iran is more and more likely” • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1QdVeZ1Sf...
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This note was uploaded on 03/02/2012 for the course POLS 2401 taught by Professor Malbrough during the Spring '08 term at Georgia State.

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Nuclear weapons - • Pakistan: 70-90 Third Pillar • The...

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