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War in Iraq - The Origins of War in Iraq Constant irritants...

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Unformatted text preview: The Origins of War in Iraq Constant irritants in Iraq • Multiethnic state • Kurds in the North • Border disputes with Iran and Kuwait • Under Ottoman control • British control, established a Sunni-ruled monarchy • King Faisal I • 1958 overthrow of the monarchy • Saddam Hussein • Began as a hit man for the Arab nationalist Baath Party • 1959, attempts to kill Abd al-Karim Qasim, backed by CIA Iran-Iraq War • 1980, Iraq invades Iran • US supports Saddam, giving his satellite photos of Iranian positions and weapons • US sinks Iranian warships and destroys oil tankers • http://www.youtube.com/watch?NR=1&v=IXWd • Iraq invades Iran. Why? • Iran was weak • Iran is Persian, Shiite • Iran supported Kurds • Dispute over Shatt al-Arab • Ends in draw. 1/2 million dead. • Iraq is heavily in debt and wants his loans forgiven • Kuwait refuses • Feb. 1990, oil prices drop • Saddam tells Operation Desert Storm • Aug. 1990, Iraq invades Kuwait • UN Resolution, “breach of international peace and security” • Ch VII in UN Charter • Jan 1991, ODS •...
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War in Iraq - The Origins of War in Iraq Constant irritants...

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