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chap 13 - The Dividend Discount Model Aswath Damodaran...

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Aswath Damodaran 1 The Dividend Discount Model Aswath Damodaran
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Aswath Damodaran 2 General Information n The risk premium that I will be using in the 1999 and 2000 valuations for mature equity markets is 4%. This is the average implied equity risk premium from 1960 to 2000. n For the valuations from 1998 and earlier, I use a risk premium of 5.5%.
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Aswath Damodaran 3 Con Ed: Rationale for Model n The firm is in stable growth; based upon size and the area that it serves. Its rates are also regulated; It is unlikely that the regulators will allow profits to grow at extraordinary rates. n Firm Characteristics are consistent with stable, DDM model firm The beta is 0.80 and has been stable over time. The firm is in stable leverage. The firm pays out dividends that are roughly equal to FCFE. Average Annual FCFE between 1994 and 1999 = $553 million Average Annual Dividends between 1994 and 1999 = $ 532 million Dividends as % of FCFE = 96.2%
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Aswath Damodaran 4 Con Ed: A Stable Growth DDM: December 31, 2000 n Earnings per share for trailing 4 quarters = $ 3.15 n Dividend Payout Ratio over the 4 quarters = 69.21% n Dividends per share for last 4 quarters = $2.18 n Expected Growth Rate in Earnings and Dividends =3% n Con Ed Beta = 0.80 (Bottom-up beta estimate) n Cost of Equity = 5.1% + 0.80*4% = 8.30% Value of Equity per Share = $2.18 *1.03 / (.083 -.03) = $ 42.37 The stock was trading at $ 38.60 on December 31, 2000
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Aswath Damodaran 5 Con Ed: Break Even Growth Rates Con Ed Value versus Growth Rate $0.00 $10.00 $20.00 $30.00 $40.00 $50.00 $60.00 $70.00 $80.00 5.00% 4.00% 3.00% 2.00% 1.00% 0.00% -1.00% -2.00% -3.00% Expected Growth Rate Value per Share Implied Growth Rate: Value per share = $ 38.60
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Aswath Damodaran 6 Estimating Implied Growth Rate n To estimate the implied growth rate in Con Ed’s current stock price, we set the market price equal to the value, and solve for the growth rate: Price per share = $ 38.60 = $2.18 *(1+g) / (.083 -g) Implied growth rate = 2.51 % n Given its retention ratio of 30.79% and its return on equity in 1999 of
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