Ch 1 - Research Tactics Part 1

Ch 1 - Research Tactics Part 1 - THINKING CRITICALLY:...

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THINKING CRITICALLY: THINKING CRITICALLY: Part 1 Part 1 Ψ 100 100 Sep 15 Sep 15 ‘08 08 Overview Overview The publication circuit/circus & components of journal articles Study methods/types: Uses, advantages & disadvantages Understanding experiments Ethical principles that guide research Video: Understanding research (Annenberg) Learning Objectives Learning Objectives Understand hindsight bias, and explain how it can make research findings seem like mere common sense. Understand Overconfidence and its possible effects Understand the scientific attitude Understand the different functions of theories Understand the advantages & disadvantages of case studies, survey studies, naturalistic studies, and experiments Explain positive & negative correlations, the role of correlation research, and its failure to reveal cause-effect relationships Understand illusory correlations Explain why the double-blind procedure and random assignment build confidence in research findings Understand the ethical issues involved in research with humans as well as in research with animals
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Learning Objectives Learning Objectives cnt cnt Understand the following measuring scales: nominal, ordinal, Explain the difference between independent, dependent, controlled and noise variables Explain how bar graphs can be used to misrepresent data Describe and use three measures of central tendency, and tell which is most affected by extreme scores Describe and use two measures of variability: range & standard deviation Identify factors that affect generalizability of findings Explain how psychologists decide whether differences are meaningful Explain the value of simplified laboratory conditions in discovering general principles of behavior Limits of Intuition Limits of Intuition Hindsight bias (the I-knew-it-all-along phenomenon): The tendency to exaggerate one’s ability to have foreseen how something would turn out after learning how it has turned out The overconfidence phenomenon: The tendency to overestimate the accuracy of our current knowledge 1977: There is no reason for anyone to have a computer in their home 1895: Heavier-than-air flying machines are impossible 1957: Man will never reach the moon, regardless of all future scientific advances 1955: Nuclear powered vacuum cleaners will probably be a reality within 10 years The confirmation bias: The tendency to seek out information that confirm our preconceptions FROM THE LAB TO LIBRARY MS of Project Submit to Journal Editor Reviewer A Reviewer B Reviewer C Editor Decision MS in press Galley proofs MS in print Revise MS Request Revisions
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Elements of Reports Elements of Reports Title page: Authors, affiliations, funding sources Motivates the project Reviews the relevant literature (theory, methods, findings) States hypothesis, explains how core variables were operationalized, and gives overview of study
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This note was uploaded on 03/02/2012 for the course PSYC 101 taught by Professor Petergraf during the Fall '09 term at The University of British Columbia.

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Ch 1 - Research Tactics Part 1 - THINKING CRITICALLY:...

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