Ch 2 - Neuroscience & Behavior

Ch 2 Neuroscience - Neuroscience Neuroscience Behaviour 100 True or False 1 A small amount of brain tissue from a person cannot be distinguished

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Neuroscience & Neuroscience & Behaviour Behaviour Ψ 100 100 Sep 29 Sep 29 ‘08 08 True or False True or False 1) A small amount of brain tissue from a person cannot be distinguished from that of a monkey 2) The human brain produces its own natural opiates that elevate mood and ease pain 3) Electrically stimulating a cat’s brain at a certain point can cause the animal to cower in terror in the presence of a small mouse 4) Both animals and humans seem to have reward centres located in the brain 5) We ordinarily use only 10 percent of our brains 6) Some people can write but are unable to read 7) If a blind person uses one finger to read Braille, the brain area dedicated to that finger expands 8) Adult humans cannot generate new brain cells 9) Some people have had the hemispheres of their brains split with no apparent ill effect Overview Overview Phrenology Neural Communication The Nervous System The Endocrine System The Brain
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Learning Objectives Learning Objectives E xplain why psychologists are concerned with human biology, and describe the ill-fated phrenology theory Explain how viewing each person as a biopsychosocial system helps us understand human behaviour, and discuss why researchers study other animals in search of clues to human neural processes Describe the parts of a neuron, and explain how its impulses are generated Describe how nerve cells communicate Explain how neurotransmitters affect behaviour, and outline the effects of acetylcholine and the endorphins Explain how drugs and other chemicals affect neurotransmission, and describe the contrasting effects of agonists and antagonists Describe the nervous system’s two major divisions, and identify the three types of neurons that transmit information through the system Identify the subdivisions of the peripheral nervous system, and describe their Functions Contrast the simplicity of the reflex pathways with the complexity of neural networks Describe the nature and functions of the endocrine system and its interaction with the nervous system Learning Objectives Learning Objectives Describe several techniques for studying the brain Describe the components of the brainstem, and summarize the functions of the brainstem, thalamus, and cerebellum Describe the structures and functions of the limbic system, and explain how one of these structures controls the pituitary gland Define cerebral cortex, and explain its importance for the human brain Identify the four lobes of the cerebral cortex Summarize some of the findings on the functions of the motor cortex and the sensory cortex, and discuss the importance of the association areas Describe the five brain areas that would be involved if you read this sentence aloud Discuss the brain’s plasticity following injury or illness Describe split-brain research, and explain how it helps us understand the functions of our left and right hemispheres Discuss the relationships among brain organization, handedness, and mortality Phrenology Phrenology A popular theory which
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This note was uploaded on 03/02/2012 for the course PSYC 101 taught by Professor Petergraf during the Fall '09 term at The University of British Columbia.

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Ch 2 Neuroscience - Neuroscience Neuroscience Behaviour 100 True or False 1 A small amount of brain tissue from a person cannot be distinguished

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