Lauren's Notes - Chapter 1 2:54 PM Two points of view about...

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Chapter 1 1/26/12 2:54 PM · Two points of view about racism: Color blind society, or not · Herman Cane Clip: grow economy, everything will get better Unable to close gap if we don’t fix economy Yes, we do live in a color blind society- racism is not a fundamental obstacle to  blacks advancing today · If there are clear disparities between whites and colors, how are they explained Structural: impersonal and large scale o Economy, geography o View of Herman Cain Individual: education—why aren’t blacks pursuing education? To detriment of  their own standard of living o Sense of a responsibility o Argument held mostly by conservatives  · We don’t live in a color blind society: discrimination and racism still exist · The reality of race in America Reasons to be optimistic:  o Legally enforced racism no longer exists o Institutional integration, diversity is seen as an asset Ex: universities, workplace, culture o Barack Obama- even people who don’t agree with him can agree that it  is a remarkable thing for America  o Today’s youth are the most open minded generation
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Race doesn’t matter, we experience different types of reality, in re- lation to older generations Reasons to be concerned: o Hate crimes continue to occur at a high level of frequency Between 1995 and 2004 the FBI documented 80,279 hate crimes.  More than half motivated by racial hatred This only represents the hate crimes that were reported o Employment inequalities: disparities have persisted and gotten worse In 2006, 4% of whites, 5.6% of Hispanics, and 9.2% of blacks  were unemployed Since 1940 the unemployment rate of blacks has been nearly  twice that of whites Over half of native Americans on some reservations are unem- ployed o Incarceration disparities: The U.S has the highest incarceration rate in  the world o Hurricane Katrina: The crisis in New Orleans exposed deep racial and  class cleavages between the affluent and the poor Kanye West: “George Bush doesn’t care about black people” o Poverty · Continuities and Discontinuities We are all inheritors of our parents advantages and disadvantages Racial inequalities and privileges accumulate over generations o Parents’ net worth is single best predictor of net worth for young families  o While 25% of whites have no wealth. 61% of black families have none Race continues to have important effects in today’s society Is race a biological reality of science fiction?
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