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Educational Psychology Recaps

Educational Psychology Recaps - Educational Psychology...

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Educational Psychology Recaps Introduction - three stages of adolescence - early (10-13) - middle (14-17) - late (18-21) - emerging adulthood: early - mid 20s - fundamental changes of adolescence - biological - physical changes in puberty - cognitive - changes in thinking ability - social - change in the way society defines the individual - can’t understand development without examining setting, context - effects of universal biological, cognitive, and social changes depend on context they take place in - immediate contexts - family - peer group - school - work and leisure setting - mass media - internet - what takes place in these contexts are influenced by broader context: - community - culture - historical era - psychosocial issues - identity - autonomy - intimacy - sexuality - achievement - *psychological problems- depression, delinquency, substance abuse* - theoretical perspectives emphasize biology and environment - biosocial theorists - development = inevitable outcome of the physical changes of puberty - Hall = storm and stress - organismic theorists - development = biology + environment - internal psychological conflicts - Erikson = adolescence time of identity crisis - Piaget = development of abstract thinking - learning theorists - Skinner and Bandura - development = exposure to forces that reinforce, punish, model particular behaviors
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- sociological theorists - look how adolescents as a group, not individual, are treated by society - differences between adults/ adolescents regarding power, attitudes, val- ues - historical theorists - ways adolescence differ during different periods - adolescence = social invention - anthropological theorists - diversity of adolescent experiences across different cultures - nature of adolescence determined by conditions under which people grow up - adolescents negatively stereotyped - sex crazed, foolish, irresponsible, difficult, troubled --> no evidence to support this Chapter One - puberty has three main physical manifestations: - rapid acceleration in growth - development of primary sex characteristics -
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