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Unformatted text preview: Educational Psychology Recaps Introduction- three stages of adolescence- early (10-13)- middle (14-17)- late (18-21) - emerging adulthood: early - mid 20s - fundamental changes of adolescence- biological - physical changes in puberty- cognitive - changes in thinking ability- social - change in the way society defines the individual - can’t understand development without examining setting, context - effects of universal biological, cognitive, and social changes depend on context they take place in- immediate contexts - family- peer group- school- work and leisure setting - mass media- internet- what takes place in these contexts are influenced by broader context:- community- culture - historical era - psychosocial issues- identity- autonomy- intimacy- sexuality- achievement - *psychological problems- depression, delinquency, substance abuse* - theoretical perspectives emphasize biology and environment- biosocial theorists- development = inevitable outcome of the physical changes of puberty - Hall = storm and stress - organismic theorists- development = biology + environment- internal psychological conflicts - Erikson = adolescence time of identity crisis - Piaget = development of abstract thinking - learning theorists - Skinner and Bandura- development = exposure to forces that reinforce, punish, model particular behaviors - sociological theorists- look how adolescents as a group, not individual, are treated by society - differences between adults/ adolescents regarding power, attitudes, val- ues - historical theorists- ways adolescence differ during different periods - adolescence = social invention - anthropological theorists- diversity of adolescent experiences across different cultures - nature of adolescence determined by conditions under which people grow up - adolescents negatively stereotyped- sex crazed, foolish, irresponsible, difficult, troubled --> no evidence to support this Chapter One- puberty has three main physical manifestations:- rapid acceleration in growth- development of primary sex characteristics...
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This note was uploaded on 03/11/2012 for the course NUTRI 132 taught by Professor Anderson during the Fall '11 term at University of Wisconsin Colleges Online.
- Fall '11