Exam One Study Guide

Exam One Study Guide - Educational Psychology Exam One...

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Educational Psychology Exam One Introduction, Chapters 1, 2, 11 (excluding pages 74-76) Introduction Adolescence: series of transitions from immaturity to maturity (biological, psychologic- al, social, economic) - second decade of life span - used to be synonymous with teenage years but lengthened in 20the century because physical maturation occurs earlier and because individuals delay entering work and marriage until mid-20s. - age 10 --> early 20s - early adolescence: 10- 13 - middle adolescence: 14-17 - late adolescence: 18-21 - emerging adulthood: “youth hood,” early to mid- 20s Framework for studying adolescent development: - Three fundamental changes of adolescence: - the onset of puberty - the emergence of more advanced thinking abilities - the transition into new roles in society - **occur universally without exception - biological transitions: - puberty: changes in physical appearance and the development of the ability to conceive children - cognitive transitions: - memory and problem solving - more sophisticated thinking abilities - hypothetical, abstract terms - social transitions: - changes in rights, privileges, responsibilities - rite of passage - changes in social status - new roles and new activities - decisions - The contexts of adolescence - *the psychological impact of the biological, cognitive, and social changes of ad- olescence is shaped by the environment in which the changes take place - ecological perspective on human development: a perspective on de- velopment that emphasizes the broad context in which development oc- curs - focus on the developing individual and the interrelations between individual and his/her context and on the interconnections among the contexts themselves - contexts of adolescents are shaped and defined by the larger so- ciety in which they live in
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- four levels: - Micro-system: each of the immediate settings in which adoles- cents live (such as family and the school) - Meso-system: the system of relations between these immediate settings (such as family- peer group link and the home- school link) - Exo- system: the settings that do not contain the adolescent but that affect him or her indirectly (the parent’s workplace) - Macro- system: the broader context of culture and historical time (such as the country and era in which an adolescent lives) - families, peer groups, schools, work, leisure, mass media - Psychosocial development of adolescence - psychosocial: aspects of development that are both psychological and social in nature - ex. sexuality: involves both psychological change and changes in social relations with others - five challenges that all people face: - identity : discovering and understanding who they are as individuals - autonomy : establishing a healthy sense of independence - intimacy : forming close and caring relationships with other people - sexuality : expressing sexual feelings and enjoying physical contact with others - achievement : being successful and competent members of society Philosophical Views:
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Exam One Study Guide - Educational Psychology Exam One...

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