soc 134 study guide #1

soc 134 study guide #1 - Chapter 1 Two points of view about...

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Chapter 1 01:02 Two points of view about racism: Color blind society, or not Herman Cane Clip: grow economy, everything will get better Unable to close gap if we don’t fix economy Yes, we do live in a color blind society- racism is not a fundamental obstacle to blacks advancing today If there are clear disparities between whites and colors, how are they explained Structural: impersonal and large scale o Economy, geography o View of Herman Cain Individual: education—why aren’t blacks pursuing education? To detriment of their own standard of living Sense of a responsibility Argument held mostly by conservatives We don’t live in a color blind society: discrimination and racism still exist The reality of race in America Reasons to be optimistic: o Legally enforced racism no longer exists o Institutional integration, diversity is seen as an asset Ex: universities, workplace, culture Barack Obama- even people who don’t agree with him can agree that it is a remarkable thing for America Today’s youth are the most open minded generation
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Race doesn’t matter, we experience different types of reality, in relation to older generations Reasons to be concerned: Hate crimes continue to occur at a high level of frequency Between 1995 and 2004 the FBI documented 80,279 hate crimes. More than half motivated by racial hatred This only represents the hate crimes that were reported Employment inequalities: disparities have persisted and gotten worse In 2006, 4% of whites, 5.6% of Hispanics, and 9.2% of blacks were unemployed Since 1940 the unemployment rate of blacks has been nearly twice that of whites Over half of native Americans on some reservations are unemployed Incarceration disparities: The U.S has the highest incarceration rate in the world Hurricane Katrina: The crisis in New Orleans exposed deep racial and class cleavages between the affluent and the poor Kanye West: “George Bush doesn’t care about black people” Poverty Continuities and Discontinuities We are all inheritors of our parents advantages and disadvantages Racial inequalities and privileges accumulate over generations o Parents’ net worth is single best predictor of net worth for young families o While 25% of whites have no wealth. 61% of black families have none Race continues to have important effects in today’s society Is race a biological reality of science fiction? Biological determinism: race is entirely explained by our inner biology, not only what we look like, but our character, morals, and intelligence
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How people thought about race in 20 th century (genetic focus) No biological genetic basis to race- most genes we share w/ other people Genetics: we share 99.9% of the same genes with other human beings There is more genetic variation within racial groups than between them Racial differences does not exist on the genetic level Observations about obvious physical differences If you look at skin color, there are many people w/ dark skin and are not considered black, and light skinned people
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soc 134 study guide #1 - Chapter 1 Two points of view about...

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