BIOCH16 - Ch.16 Notes cDNA clone cloning vector DNA chip...

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Ch.16 Notes cDNA DNA synthesized from RNA by the enzyme reverse transcriptase. clone A genetically identical copy of DNA, a cell, or an organism. cloning vector A DNA molecule that can accept foreign DNA, be transferred to a host cell, and get replicated in it. DNA chip Microscopic array of DNA fragments that collectively represent a genome; used to study gene expression. DNA cloning A set of procedures that uses living cells such as bacteria to make many identical copies of a DNA fragment. DNA fingerprint An individual’s unique array of short tandem repeats. DNA library A collection of cells that hosts different fragments of foreign DNA, often representing an organism’s entire genome. DNA sequencing Method of determining the order of nucleotides in DNA. electrophoresis Technique of separating DNA fragments by size. gene therapy The transfer of a normal or modified gene into an individual with the goal of treating a genetic disorder. genetic engineering Process by which deliberate changes are introduced into an
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This note was uploaded on 03/04/2012 for the course BIO 1414 taught by Professor Bernal during the Fall '11 term at San Antonio College.

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BIOCH16 - Ch.16 Notes cDNA clone cloning vector DNA chip...

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