Ling - Sentence: Consists of two parts: 1) Group of words...

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Morphology: The study of word formation. Lexicon: Mental dictionary that language users have internalized as part of learning their language. Derivation: Process of creating words out of other words. Stems: Roots words or forms. Affixes: Added pieces like “-y, -s, -ed, -ing, -en, -er, -est ” Inflection: The creation of different grammatical forms of words. Suffixes: Affixes that follow a stem. Prefixes: Affixes which precede a stem. Morphemes: Single irreducible meaningful pieces; smallest linguistic unit that can have a meaning or grammatical function. Free Morphemes: Morphemes such as cat or dog that can be used as words all by themselves. Bound Morphemes: Affixes that cannot stand alone. Bound Roots: Roots like “fer” that do not correspond to any free morpheme. (e.g. infer, confer)
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Unformatted text preview: Sentence: Consists of two parts: 1) Group of words expressing a complete thought. 2) Contains a subject and a predicate. (Meaning, Structure) Fragment: A piece of a sentence used or punctuated as though it were a complete sentence. Simple Subject: The subject noun (or pronoun). Complete Subject: Simple subject together with all of its modifiers. Note: What traditional grammar calls a subject is clearly a noun phrase (NP). Simple Predicate: Verb. Complete Predicate: Everything in the sentence which is not part of the subject. Action Verb: Physical action or the activity that the subject is doing. Linking Verb: The way the verb connects or LINKS the complement to the subject. (i.e. The cook got angry, they grew strong, the patient remained week, I feel terrific.)...
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course ENGL 131 taught by Professor Anderson,donaldl during the Spring '08 term at University of Washington.

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Ling - Sentence: Consists of two parts: 1) Group of words...

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