0581 - Disaster and Hospital Functions - In Relations with...

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Disaster and Hospital Functions - In Relations with Information Transmission - [Slide1] Ladies and Gentlemen, it is my great pleasure to visit Santa Cruz de la Sierra, one of the most beautiful cities in South America and to share a wonderful time with all of you. First, let me introduce myself a little. I am an emergency physician A PHYSICIAN MAJORING IN EMERGENCY MEDICINE WITH Ehime University Hospital, Japan, and am working to develop a network for people involved in disaster and emergency medicine in our country. Since 1995, I have organized an information network of an grassroots basis, SINCE 1995, I HAVE BEEN DEVELOPING AN INFORMATION NETWORK ON A GRASSROOTS BASIS named the Global Health Disaster Network (GHDNet). Dr. Joji Tomioka from Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) is also active as one of coordinators of our network. Our network has strong connections with other international networks including the Global Health Network (GHNet) organized by Department of Epidemiology, GRADUATE SCHOOL OF PUBLIC HEALTH, University of Pittsburgh. Tonight, I would like to talk about information transmission during disasters. This paper is originally launched from the Internet Web Site of University of ON AT THE UNIVERSITY OF Pittsburgh as one of their Super-Course Lectures by the GHNet. It focuses on hospital functions after natural and manmade disasters in large cities in Japan. You will see how fragile hospitals are if an information system is once damaged. ONCE AN INFORMATION SYSTEM IS DAMAGED. [Slide-2] The title of this slide is 'Vulnerability of Information during a disaster'. We have to keep in mind that damage on the information system is the most frequent cause of the dysfunction of the hospitals after disasters. Information system is (HOSPITAL DYSFUNCTION) quite vulnerable after disasters because they often cause, VULNERABLE TO DISASTERS? 1. Damages on the equipment and facilities for information transmission, EQUIPMENTS 2. Electricity power failure and
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3. Difficulties to get correct information within the disaster areas. DIFFICULTIES IN OBTAINING CORRECT INFORMATION………. [Slide-3] I present you the two instances in Japan. Japan experienced two major disasters in 1995; the Great Hanshin Earthquake and the Sarin Attack in Tokyo subway system. These two events revealed that Japan did not have well-organized systems for disaster management. Of all the problems experienced in the events, one of the most serious ones was lack of appropriate means to collect and provide information to and from the midst of the disaster. [Slide-4] The Great Hanshin Earthquake, with magnitude 7.2 in Richter scale, hit Hanshin- Awaji Area of Japan on January 17, 1995. More than 5,500 people were killed and 300,000 to 400,000 were injured. Approximately 200,000 houses and buildings were damaged and 300,000 people lost their houses. The photographs show dystruction (DESTRUCTION) of large buildings, uncontrolled fire in the midnight, AND approximately 1,000 refugees sleeping in a gymnasium. [Slide-5]
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0581 - Disaster and Hospital Functions - In Relations with...

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