BACTERIAL MENINGITIS PRESENTATION

BACTERIAL MENINGITIS PRESENTATION - BACTERIAL MENINGITIS...

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Unformatted text preview: BACTERIAL MENINGITIS What is it? Bacterial meningitis is a serious infection of the spinal cord and the fluid that surrounds the brain. What causes it? There are 3 main bacterial species that contribute to this disease: Haemophilus influenzae type b Neisseria meningitidis (Meningococcal) Streptococcus pneumoniae (Pneumococcal) How is it diagnosed? When patient presents symptoms of Meningitis, a sample of CSF is acquired from a spinal tap, which is then analyzed for bacterial presence. Bacterial Meningitis Facts There are 1.2 million cases annually worldwide, approximately 135,000 deaths. Bacterial meningitis is 1 of the top 10 infectious causes of death worldwide, according to the CDC. Half of survivors suffer neurological damage, and/or other permanent side effects. Haemophilus influenzae type b Affects about 13/1,000,000 children (2005), 3-4% are fatal. Infection has decreased drastically: From 4-10/10,000; since routine use of the Hib vaccine (since 1990) A major cause of lower respiratory tract infections in developing countries Neisseria meningitidis...
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BACTERIAL MENINGITIS PRESENTATION - BACTERIAL MENINGITIS...

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