Modern America Study GuideAPUSHSanders1. Who was Cesar Chavez? What Labor Union did he organize?Helped form United Farm Workers. 2. What prominent New York Senator and 1968 Presidential candidate walked with Chavez & members of his movement?Robert F. Kennedy.3. What does A.I.M. stand for? What actions did this group take in 1973? What was the significance of the town selected?The American Indian Movement. In 1973 AIM, Sioux Nation seize Wounded Knee; violent confrontation with FBI. 4. Who wrote The Feminine Mystique? What movement did this book help spur?Betty Friedan. It helps helps shock the women’s movement.5. What is N.O.W.?National Organization of Women.6. During what year was the “Summer of Love?”1969.7. What & where was the “Woodstock” festival in 1969?Woodstock was a music festival held on a dairy farm in the Catskill Mountains between August 15–18, 1969.8. Define the term Counter-culture:A counterculture is a subculture whose values of behavior differ from those of mainstream society, often in opposition to mainstream cultural mores.9. What important rock and roll group helped begin what became known as the“British Invasion?”The Beatles.10. Who is Gloria Steinem?Gloria Marie Steinem was nationally recognized as a leader and a spokeswoman for the American feminist movement in the 1960- 1970s.11. What is the ERA? Has it ever passed through Congress? When was the last time it was voted on?The Equal Rights Amendment. Passed in Congress, but rejected by the states. 1982.12. Define the term “Glass Ceiling.”Advancement in a profession, especially affecting women and members of minorities.
13. What are “Pink Collar” jobs? Examples?A job that is traditionally considered to be women's work. Some examples are baby sitter, florist, day care worker and nurses.14. What was Roe v. Wade? Year?Roe v. Wade 1973: women have right to an abortion in first trimester.15. Who was re-elected POTUS in 1972?Richard Nixon.16. Define the term stagflation:Combination of high inflation, high unemployment.17. What/Who is OPEC? What nation heads this organization?Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries, cut off oil sales to the U.S.Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and Venezuela.18. Who was President Nixon’s brilliant National Security Advisor/Secretary of State?