midterm - : PSYC101D001Fa11 10

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Unformatted text preview: : PSYC101D001Fa11 10 https://on1ine.apus.edu/educator/student/examform.cgi?kj2607*412361... *tz . 2’“! *2: .\ mum Am a go Ill 55 «.4 (ll? —DatelTime (EST): Monday, 4-18-11, 10:17:09 CAMPUS LOUNGE LJEIRARY mucr HELP LOGOFF User: JUSTIN SUDDRETH A""°""°°me"‘s In Course: PSYC101 0001 Fall10(PSYC101D001FalI10) Syllabus Instructor: Klsha Jones Discussm" B°ards Your score on this exam is 96 out of 100 . c°urs° Mate'ia's Instructions: This quiz covers assigned textbook Chapters 1 through 6. It includes 50 multiple choice questions, and is open-book and unproctored. The best answer for each question should be selected. The test is due by 11:59pm Sunday at the end of its assigned week. Ass'gnmentS/Exams All APUS assignments are due per Eastern Time. Test deadlines cannot be customized for different time zones. If you are in another time Assignments zone you will need to submit earlier to avoid being locked out. Worksheets Exams Answer Key Surveys Gradebook Question 1 (Worth 2 points) Mailbox Which of the following is the most complete and accurate definition of psychology? Tools ° The study of behavior and mental processes This is a correct answer The study of the mind of humans and other animals The study of mental health and illness The study of the human mind Points earned on this question: 2 Question 2 (Worth 2 points) Empirical evidence is derived from careful observation, experimentation, and Psychology ° Measurement This is a correct answer Psychobabble Common sense Points earned on this question: 2 Question 3 (Worth 2 points) Graphology or handwriting analysis, uses precise measurements in order to determine personality characteristics from a sample of one’s handwriting. However, there is little empirical evidence to suggest that graphology is accurate in determining one’s personality from a handwriting sample. Graphology is an example of Fortune-telling Common sense ° Pseudoscience This is a correct answer Numerology Points earned on this question: 2 Question 4 (Worth 2 points) Mark has a strong desire to quit smoking. A psychologist from the biological perspective would most likely try to help by ° Delivering a shock to Mark’s wristjuts as he inhales Probing Mark’s unconscious desire to smoke and his need for oral fulfillment. Finding a drug that helps Mark’s craving for nicotine lofll 4/18/201110217AM : PSYC101D001Fa11 10 https://on1inc.apus.edu/educator/student/examform.cgi?kj2607*412361... This is a correct answer Emphasizing that smoking is a decision and that Mark has the cognitive control to quit. Points earned on this question: 0 Question 5 (Worth 2 points) The perspective emphasizes what goes on in people’s heads, including mental process, such as perception, memory, language, or problem solving. Biological Learning ° Cognitive This is a correct answer Sociocultural Points earned on this question: 2 Question 6 (Worth 2 points) Several middle-school girls were watching their classmates, Jon and Jason, engage in a rough—and-tumble wrestling match. The attention of the girls seemed to intensity the boys’ play. A psychologist trained in the psychoanalytic perspective would most likely wonder, ° What are the basic emotional reactions evoked by the presence of the girls Do these boys have smaller head bumps devoted to ‘cautiousness’ than most boys What is the purpose of rough-and-tumble play in the adaptive changes of early adolescence Did these boys have early childhood traumas that unconsciously cause aggressive behavior. This is a correct answer Points earned on this question: 0 Question 7 (Worth 2 points) 7. Making a generalization based on a personal experience or a few examples is referred to as ° Argument by anecdote This is a correct answer Examination of evidence Principle of falsifiability Analysis of assumptions Points earned on this question: 2 Question 8 (Worth 2 points) Procedures used to measure and evaluate personality traits, emotional states, aptitudes, and values are called Laboratory observations Control conditions ° Psychological tests This is a correct answer Field research Points earned on this question: 2 Question 9 (Worth 2 points) A psychological tests is said to be valid if it ° Measures what it is designed to measure This is a correct answer 20f11 4/18/201110217AM : PSYC101D001Fa11 10 https://on1inc.apus.edu/educator/student/examform.cgi?kj2607*412361... Compares results against established standards of performance Produces the same results from one time to the next Allows test-takers to fully demonstrate the extent of their abilities Points earned on this question: 2 Question 10 (Worth 2 points) When two variables are not related, the correlation coefficient will be close to ° 0 This is a correct answer -1 +1 +10 Points earned on this question: 2 Question 11 (Worth 2 points) A researcher plans to investigate whether a cup of hot milk at night helps people relax so that they fall asleep quickly. In this study, The independent variable is the amount of time it takes the person to fall asleep The independent variable is the lab in which the research is conducted. ° The independent variable is the hot milk at bedtime This is a correct answer The independent variable is the hypothesis of the study. Points earned on this question: 2 Question 12 (Worth 2 points) An inactive substance or fake treatment that is used as a control in an experiment is called a(n) Dependent variable Experimental group ° Placebo This is a correct answer Control condition Points earned on this question: 2 Question 13 (Worth 2 points) A(n) is a characteristic of an individual describing a habitual way of behaving, thinking, or feeling. Personality ° Trait This is a correct answer Defense mechanism Archetype Points earned on this question: 2 Question 14 (Worth 2 points) Jesse becomes furious when her favorite hockey player is intentionally hurt by an opponent. According to Freud’s model of the mind, her “id” would unconsciously tell her, “Thou shalt not kill." 3of11 4/18/201110217AM :PSYC101D001Fa1110 4of11 “I’m going to tear this program in half!" What, me angry? I could never get angry." ° “I’m so angry I could kill that player!” This is a correct answer Points earned on this question: 2 https://on1inc.apus.edu/educator/student/examform.cgi?kj2607*412361... Question 15 (Worth 2 points) One of the most influential trait theorists was people’s lives. Abraham Maslow John B. Watson ° Gordon Allport This is a correct answer Karen Horney Points earned on this question: 2 who recognized that not all traits have equal weight and significance in Question 16 (Worth 2 points) Rachel is talkative, sociable, and adventurous. She loves to be the center of attention. Which of the ‘Big Five’ personality traits pertains to Rachel’s characteristic behavior? Agreeableness v. antagonism Openness to experience v. resistance ° Extraversion v. introversion This is a correct answer Neuroticism v. emotional stability Points earned on this question: 2 Question 17 (Worth 2 points) is a statistical estimate of the proportion of the total variance in some trait that is attributable to genetic differences among individuals within a group. Reciprocal determinism ° Heritability This is a correct answer Factor analysis Congruence Points earned on this question: 2 Question 18 (Worth 2 points) In behavioral-genetic research, shared with your siblings and parents. Surface structure Nonshared environment ° Shared environment This is a correct answer Deep structure Points earned on this question: 2 includes the family background in which you grew up and the experiences you Question 19 (Worth 2 points) According to Maslow, the most important aspects of personality are the 4/18/2011 10:17 AM : PSYC101D001Fa11 10 https://on1ine.apus.edu/educator/student/examform.cgi?kj2607*412361... Big Five personality traits Instincts and repressed conflicts of a person ° Qualities of the self-actualized person This is a correct answer Reinforcers and punishers in a person’s learning history. Points earned on this question: 2 Question 20 (Worth 2 points) According to Carl Rogers, is love and support given to another with no strings attached. The condition of worth ° Unconditional positive regard This is a correct answer Existentialism Self-actualization Points earned on this question: 2 Question 21 (Worth 2 points) After implantation of the zygote is completed, the stage of prenatal development begins. ° Embryonic This is a correct answer Structural Germinal Fetal Points earned on this question: 2 Question 22 (Worth 2 points) Which of the following outcomes is associated with maternal exposure to lead during pregnancy? Defects in the eye, ear, and heart 0 Attention problems and lower IQ This is a correct answer Increased likelihood of prematurity and low birth weight Mental retardation, blindness, and other physical disorders Points earned on this question: 2 Question 23 (Worth 2 points) Researchers have found that “baby talk" by parents ° Helps babies learn the melody and rhythm of their native language This is a correct answer Holds children back from learning real language faster Promotes telegraphic speech, especially if it is overused Teaches children the correct grammar of their native language Points earned on this question: 2 Question 24 (Worth 2 points) Noam Chomsky viewed language acquisition in children as the result of ° An innate mental module that allows young children to develop language 50f11 4/18/201110217AM : PSYC101D001Fa11 10 https://on1inc.apus.edu/educator/student/examform.cgi?kj2607*412361... This is a correct answer Reinforcement by adults of correct language production Utilitarian learning in which children learn that correct language produces desirable results Classical conditioning of innate utterances produced by infants and young children. Points earned on this question: 2 Question 25 (Worth 2 points) In Jean Piaget’s theory, the process of absorbing new information into existing mental categories is called ° Assimilation This is a correct answer Accommodation Conservation Egocentrism Points earned on this question: 2 Question 26 (Worth 2 points) Layla understands that “Daddy” is her father but does not understand that she is Daddy’s daughter. Piaget would suggest that Layla is in the stage. ° Preoperational This is a correct answer Formal operations Sensorimotor Concrete operations Points earned on this question: 2 Question 27 (Worth 2 points) All of the following would be considered “gender differences” EXCEPT the difference between men and women in regard to Sexual attitudes Doing laundry Reading romance novels ° Color blindness This is a correct answer Points earned on this question: 2 Question 28 (Worth 2 points) Learning theorists believe that gender socialization begins ° At the moment of a child’s birth This is a correct answer When the child comprehends speech When children label themselves boys or girls When children have developed a secure gender identity Points earned on this question: 2 Question 29 (Worth 2 points) Comparisons of hormone production in boys and girls show that 6of11 4/18/201110217AM : PSYC101D001Fa11 10 https://on1ine.apus.edu/educator/student/examform.cgi?kj2607*412361... Before puberty, boys have higher levels of estrogen than girls do From puberty on, boys and girls produce the same amounts of androgens and estrogens Before puberty, girls have higher levels of estrogen than do boys ° From puberty on, boys produce more androgens and girls produce more estrogens. This is a correct answer Points earned on this question: 2 Question 30 (Worth 2 points) Adolescent girls who are lonely, depressed, worried, or angry are more likely than boys to express these concerns by Engaging in rule-breaking and risk-taking behaviors ° Internalizing their feelings This is a correct answer Becoming aggressive and acting out sexually Attempting suicide Points earned on this question: 2 Question 31 (Worth 2 points) During Erikson‘s stage of , a person is acquiring new physical and mental skills, setting goals, and enjoying newfound talents, but must learn to control impulses. ° Initiative versus guilt This is a correct answer Generativity versus stagnation Autonomy versus shame and doubt Ego integrity versus despair Points earned on this question: 2 Question 32 (Worth 2 points) As people move into old age, the speed of cognitive processing ° Slows significantly This is a correct answer Increases for those who take vitamins Slows rapidly Does not change at all Points earned on this question: 2 Question 33 (Worth 2 points) Which of the following is NOT one of the child-rearing practices suggested by child development research? Set high expectations that are appropriate to the child’s age Allow children to express their disagreements about rules Encourage empathy by showing how fighting hurts and disrupts others 0 Always punish behavior that violates family rules This is a correct answer Points earned on this question: 2 Question 34 (Worth 2 points) The spinal cord is actually an extension of the 7of11 4/18/201110217AM : PSYC101D001Fa11 10 https://on1ine.apus.edu/educator/student/examform.cgi?kj2607*412361... Body’s visceral organs Skeletal nervous system ° Brain This is a correct answer Sensory nerves Points earned on this question: 2 Question 35 (Worth 2 points) Which is one function of the myelin sheath? To form cranial nerves ° To speed up neural transmission This is a correct answer To create interference among neural signals To release neurotransmitters Points earned on this question: 2 Question 36 (Worth 2 points) Which hormones are involved in emotion and stress? Estrogen Melatonin ° Adrenal hormones This is a correct answer Progesterone Points earned on this question: 2 Question 37 (Worth 2 points) The outer part of each adrenal gland produces , which increases blood-sugar levels and boosts energy. Estrogen Androgen ° Cortisol This is a correct answer Melatonin Points earned on this question: 2 Question 38 (Worth 2 points) Which structure of the brain is called the ‘gateway to memory?’ Amygdala ° Hippocampus This is a correct answer Cerebellum Thalamus Points earned on this question: 2 Question 39 (Worth 2 points) area is responsible for language comprehension and is located in the left lobe. Broca’s; temporal 80f11 4/18/201110217AM : PSYC101D001Fa11 10 https://on1ine.apus.edu/educator/student/examform.cgi?kj2607*412361... ° Wernicke’s; temporal This is a correct answer Broca‘s; frontal Wernicke’s; frontal Points earned on this question: 2 Question 40 (Worth 2 points) According to the text, what is the primary nervous system stimulus that informs the biological clock? ° Visual This is a correct answer Taste Smell Balance Points earned on this question: 2 Question 41 (Worth 2 points) Emilio is currently in Stage 2 sleep. This means his EEG is showing waves. only delta occasional delta ° rapid, high peaking This is a correct answer small, irregular brain Points earned on this question: 2 Question 42 (Worth 2 points) Depressants exert their influence on the brain by ° Slowing down activity in the central nervous system This is a correct answer Mimicking the action of endorphins, producing a feeling of euphoria Disrupting normal thought and perceptual processes Speeding up activity in the central nervous system Points earned on this question: 2 Question 43 (Worth 2 points) Which of the following drugs is a psychedelic? ° LSD This is a correct answer Alcohol Amphetamines Heroin Points earned on this question: 2 Question 44 (Worth 2 points) At the orientation for first-year students, April felt oven/vhelmed by the number of people, the multiple conversations and the forms that needed to be completed. April is experiencing ° Sensory overload This is a correct answer 9of11 4/18/201110217AM : PSYC101D001Fa11 10 https://on1ine.apus.edu/educator/student/examform.cgi?kj2607*412361... Notable differences Sensory adaptation Sensory deprivation Points earned on this question: 2 Question 45 (Worth 2 points) Which of the following is a Gestalt principle? Brightness Saturation ° Proximity This is a correct answer Acuity Points earned on this question: 2 Question 46 (Worth 2 points) The thing that makes a middle-C note on a flute sound very different from a middle-C note on a clarinet is Frequency Loudness ° Timbre This is a correct answer Pitch Points earned on this question: 2 Question 47 (Worth 2 points) What two senses keep us informed about the movement of our own body? Homeostasis and balance Equilibrium and homeostasis ° Equilibrium and Kinesthesis This is a correct answer Kinesthesis and homeostasis Points earned on this question: 2 Question 48 (Worth 2 points) When Mitch was learning to drive, he couldn’t imagine how he could ever remember to steer the wheel, flip on the turn signal, put on the gas, and still manage to turn the car! Now that he has been driving for three years, Mitch’s reactions have become automatic. Now when he drives a car Nonconscious processes are involved ° Subconscious processes are involved This is a correct answer Convergent thinking is involved Divergent thinking is involved Points earned on this question: 2 Question 49 (Worth 2 points) Bunny is surprised to hear her little brother say, “Hello!” because she had intended to call her best friend. Her error in dialing the wrong number can be attributed to Implicit learning 10 ofll 4/18/201110217AM : PSYC101D001Fa11 10 https://on1ine.apus.edu/educator/student/examform.cgi?kj2607*412361... Hindsight bias Mental set ° Mindlessness This is a correct answer Points earned on this question: 2 Question 50 (Worth 2 points) Deductive reasoning involves Comparing and evaluating opposing points of view in order to resolve differences ° Drawing conclusions from a set of observations or premises This is a correct answer Generalizing from past experience Use of an algorithm to solve a problem Points earned on this question: 2 I,” Current course: psyc‘l U1d001fall‘l i} g Related Help Center Topics Taking Exams Proctored Exams Question Types 3 This Educator Session is being encrypted for security 110f11 4/18/201110217AM ...
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midterm - : PSYC101D001Fa11 10

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