Exam 1 Review - Environment 361 Exam 1 1 Education-Based...

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Environment 361 Exam 1 1. Education-Based Models Diagram that attempts to explain various factors that influence behavior, i. Antecedent – background, trait variable, not altered ii. Mediating – come between predictor and outcome variables iii. Moderating – different levels of these influence the relationship between predictor and outcome Hines Model i. Psychosocial Variables –(Personality Factors) no attempt to change, background/trait variables i.1. Attitudes – Personal Responsibility i.2. Locus of Control – external vs internal – internal is belief that we are responsible for our actions, that behavior does matter, sense of social responsibility i.3. Do not actively manipulate, but play a role in behavior, ii. Cognitive – knowledge about specific behavior, ii.1. Procedural knowledge - Action Skills, Knowledge of Strategies – what are the actions I can take, how do I take them, do I know what to do, ii.2. Knowledge of issues – consequences of performing behavior or not, impact on others, iii. Intentions – how willing are people to carry out behavior iv. Situational Factors – anything outside of these, context of behavior, setting v. Strengths – recognizing impact of contextual factors, importance of personality factors (best way to influence behavior based on what knowledge to give), vi. Weaknesses – psychosocial behaviors might not always be fixed, still a major focus on knowledge and disregard other factors, situational factors is very vague and does not attempt to change possible factors within General Critiques – i. Attitude –behavior correlation studies do not support argument that changing attitudes results in change in behavior ii. Levels of association are argued to be too low for practical significance iii. Assumptions – increasing knowledge makes people more aware and causes people to be more concerned iii.1. If people are aware and concerned, they will be motivated to act 2. Rational Actor Models Assumptions – people consider all information available, choose behavior with highest expectation of attaining valued goal (expectancy value theory) i. People expect certain outcomes, and the more valued the outcome, more likely someone will perform the behavior – depends heavily on perceptions of expectations and values Theory of Reasoned Action
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i. Beliefs about a specific outcome, attitude is a generalization of those beliefs, ii. Social norm is what others think about that specific behavior, and how much you care what they think ii.1. Consider not all beliefs but most important/salient ones Theory of Planned Behavior i. Added Perceived Behavioral Control – self efficacy, control beliefs about
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Exam 1 Review - Environment 361 Exam 1 1 Education-Based...

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