Mass Upsurge - Mass Upsurge, 1969 started with the student...

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Mass Upsurge, 1969 started with the student unrest of 1968 against the tyrannical rule of AYUB KHAN , President of Pakistan. The movement soon engulfed the whole of the then East Pakistan peasants, artisans, workers joined the movement almost en masse. Due to continuous exaction of undue demands the labouring class of the industrial belts and low and medium income groups soon turned the movement into a struggle for economic emancipation. The racial repression and the deprivation of the Bengalis within the frame work of Pakistan and, to the contrary, starting from the LANGUAGE MOVEMENT the feeling of separate identity together with struggle for autonomy had direct influence on the mass upsurge of 1969. Indeed, this mass upsurge was the greatest mass awakening ever since the creation of Pakistan. The student agitation of sixty eight turned into a mass upsurge when Maulana ABDUL HAMID KHAN BHASANI asked his followers to besiege Governors House and formulated and declared his other programmes. As a part of joint programmes the National Awami Party (NAP) of Maulana Bhasani, East Pakistan Workers' Federation of Toaha and East Pakistan Peasants' Association Led by Abdul Huq arranged a public meeting at Paltan Maidan to observe the Repression Resistance Day on 6 December 1968. After the meeting was over, a huge procession 'gheraoed' the Governor's House. The Maulana declared a HARTAL the next day following the clash between the people and the police. On the call of the main opposition parties namely two factions of NAP (Bhasani and Muzaffar), AWAMI LEAGUE , People's Party, Nezam-i-Islam, Jama't-i-Islam etc a hartal was observed throughout East Pakistan on 8 December. Repression Resistance Day was Very successfully observed throughout the province on 10 December at the call of Awami League (pro-six point). On the 14th the gherao programme was declared by the NAP (Bhasani). Accordingly the programme was launched with the gherao of the bungalow of the DC of Pabna on the 29 December 1968. On the 4 January 1969 leaders of the East Pakistan Students Union (Menon Group), East Pakistan Students League, East Pakistan Students' Union (Matia Gr.) and a section of the National Students' Federation formed the Students' Action Committee (SAC) and declared their 11-point Programme. The 11 Points included the Six Points of Awami League as declared by
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This note was uploaded on 03/06/2012 for the course HISTORY 115 taught by Professor Bs during the Spring '12 term at Dhaka College.

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Mass Upsurge - Mass Upsurge, 1969 started with the student...

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