PIC24Datasheet - PIC24FJ64GA004 Family Data Sheet 28/44-Pin...

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Unformatted text preview: PIC24FJ64GA004 Family Data Sheet 28/44-Pin General Purpose, 16-Bit Flash Microcontrollers 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS39881D Note the following details of the code protection feature on Microchip devices: • Microchip products meet the specification contained in their particular Microchip Data Sheet. • Microchip believes that its family of products is one of the most secure families of its kind on the market today, when used in the intended manner and under normal conditions. • There are dishonest and possibly illegal methods used to breach the code protection feature. All of these methods, to our knowledge, require using the Microchip products in a manner outside the operating specifications contained in Microchip’s Data Sheets. Most likely, the person doing so is engaged in theft of intellectual property. • Microchip is willing to work with the customer who is concerned about the integrity of their code. • Neither Microchip nor any other semiconductor manufacturer can guarantee the security of their code. Code protection does not mean that we are guaranteeing the product as “unbreakable.” Code protection is constantly evolving. We at Microchip are committed to continuously improving the code protection features of our products. Attempts to break Microchip’s code protection feature may be a violation of the Digital Millennium Copyright Act. If such acts allow unauthorized access to your software or other copyrighted work, you may have a right to sue for relief under that Act. Information contained in this publication regarding device applications and the like is provided only for your convenience and may be superseded by updates. It is your responsibility to ensure that your application meets with your specifications. MICROCHIP MAKES NO REPRESENTATIONS OR WARRANTIES OF ANY KIND WHETHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, WRITTEN OR ORAL, STATUTORY OR OTHERWISE, RELATED TO THE INFORMATION, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO ITS CONDITION, QUALITY, PERFORMANCE, MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR PURPOSE. Microchip disclaims all liability arising from this information and its use. Use of Microchip devices in life support and/or safety applications is entirely at the buyer’s risk, and the buyer agrees to defend, indemnify and hold harmless Microchip from any and all damages, claims, suits, or expenses resulting from such use. No licenses are conveyed, implicitly or otherwise, under any Microchip intellectual property rights. Trademarks The Microchip name and logo, the Microchip logo, dsPIC, KEELOQ, KEELOQ logo, MPLAB, PIC, PICmicro, PICSTART, rfPIC and UNI/O are registered trademarks of Microchip Technology Incorporated in the U.S.A. and other countries. FilterLab, Hampshire, HI-TECH C, Linear Active Thermistor, MXDEV, MXLAB, SEEVAL and The Embedded Control Solutions Company are registered trademarks of Microchip Technology Incorporated in the U.S.A. Analog-for-the-Digital Age, Application Maestro, CodeGuard, dsPICDEM, dsPICDEM.net, dsPICworks, dsSPEAK, ECAN, ECONOMONITOR, FanSense, HI-TIDE, In-Circuit Serial Programming, ICSP, Mindi, MiWi, MPASM, MPLAB Certified logo, MPLIB, MPLINK, mTouch, Octopus, Omniscient Code Generation, PICC, PICC-18, PICDEM, PICDEM.net, PICkit, PICtail, PIC32 logo, REAL ICE, rfLAB, Select Mode, Total Endurance, TSHARC, UniWinDriver, WiperLock and ZENA are trademarks of Microchip Technology Incorporated in the U.S.A. and other countries. SQTP is a service mark of Microchip Technology Incorporated in the U.S.A. All other trademarks mentioned herein are property of their respective companies. © 2010, Microchip Technology Incorporated, Printed in the U.S.A., All Rights Reserved. Printed on recycled paper. ISBN: 978-1-60932-022-5 Microchip received ISO/TS-16949:2002 certification for its worldwide headquarters, design and wafer fabrication facilities in Chandler and Tempe, Arizona; Gresham, Oregon and design centers in California and India. The Company’s quality system processes and procedures are for its PIC® MCUs and dsPIC® DSCs, KEELOQ® code hopping devices, Serial EEPROMs, microperipherals, nonvolatile memory and analog products. In addition, Microchip’s quality system for the design and manufacture of development systems is ISO 9001:2000 certified. DS39881D-page 2 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY 28/44-Pin General Purpose, 16-Bit Flash Microcontrollers High-Performance CPU: Analog Features: • Modified Harvard Architecture • Up to 16 MIPS Operation @ 32 MHz • 8 MHz Internal Oscillator with 4x PLL Option and Multiple Divide Options • 17-Bit by 17-Bit Single-Cycle Hardware Multiplier • 32-Bit by 16-Bit Hardware Divider • 16-Bit x 16-Bit Working Register Array • C Compiler Optimized Instruction Set Architecture: - 76 base instructions - Flexible addressing modes • Two Address Generation Units for Separate Read and Write Addressing of Data Memory • 10-Bit, up to 13-Channel Analog-to-Digital Converter: - 500 ksps conversion rate - Conversion available during Sleep and Idle • Dual Analog Comparators with Programmable Input/Output Configuration Peripheral Features: Special Microcontroller Features: • • • • • • • • • • • Operating Voltage Range of 2.0V to 3.6V 5.5V Tolerant Input (digital pins only) High-Current Sink/Source (18 mA/18 mA) on All I/O Pins Flash Program Memory: - 10,000 erase/write - 20-year data retention minimum Power Management modes: - Sleep, Idle, Doze and Alternate Clock modes - Operating current 650 A/MIPS typical at 2.0V - Sleep current 150 nA typical at 2.0V Fail-Safe Clock Monitor Operation: - Detects clock failure and switches to on-chip, low-power RC oscillator On-Chip, 2.5V Regulator with Tracking mode Power-on Reset (POR), Power-up Timer (PWRT) and Oscillator Start-up Timer (OST) Flexible Watchdog Timer (WDT) with On-Chip, Low-Power RC Oscillator for Reliable Operation In-Circuit Serial Programming™ (ICSP™) and In-Circuit Debug (ICD) via 2 Pins JTAG Boundary Scan Support • Peripheral Pin Select: - Allows independent I/O mapping of many peripherals - Up to 26 available pins (44-pin devices) - Continuous hardware integrity checking and safety interlocks prevent unintentional configuration changes • 8-Bit Parallel Master/Slave Port (PMP/PSP): - Up to 16-bit multiplexed addressing, with up to 11 dedicated address pins on 44-pin devices - Programmable polarity on control lines • Hardware Real-Time Clock/Calendar (RTCC): - Provides clock, calendar and alarm functions • Programmable Cyclic Redundancy Check (CRC) • Two 3-Wire/4-Wire SPI modules (support 4 Frame modes) with 8-Level FIFO Buffer • Two I2C™ modules support Multi-Master/Slave mode and 7-Bit/10-Bit Addressing • Two UART modules: - Supports RS-485, RS-232, and LIN 1.2 - On-chip hardware encoder/decoder for IrDA® - Auto-wake-up on Start bit - Auto-Baud Detect - 4-level deep FIFO buffer • Five 16-Bit Timers/Counters with Programmable Prescaler • Five 16-Bit Capture Inputs • Five 16-Bit Compare/PWM Outputs • Configurable Open-Drain Outputs on Digital I/O Pins • Up to 4 External Interrupt Sources PIC24FJ Device Pins Program Memory (bytes) SRAM (bytes) Remappable Pins Timers 16-Bit Capture Input Compare/ PWM Output UART w/ IrDA® SPI I2C™ 10-Bit A/D (ch) Comparators PMP/PSP JTAG Remappable Peripherals 16GA002 28 16K 4K 16 5 5 5 2 2 2 10 2 Y Y 32GA002 28 32K 8K 16 5 5 5 2 2 2 10 2 Y Y 48GA002 28 48K 8K 16 5 5 5 2 2 2 10 2 Y Y 64GA002 28 64K 8K 16 5 5 5 2 2 2 10 2 Y Y 16GA004 44 16K 4K 26 5 5 5 2 2 2 13 2 Y Y 32GA004 44 32K 8K 26 5 5 5 2 2 2 13 2 Y Y 48GA004 44 48K 8K 26 5 5 5 2 2 2 13 2 Y Y 64GA004 44 64K 8K 26 5 5 5 2 2 2 13 2 Y Y 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS39881D-page 3 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY Pin Diagrams 28-Pin QFN(1) 28 27 26 25 24 23 22 21 20 19 18 17 16 15 VDD VSS AN9/RP15/CN11/PMCS1/RB15 AN10/CVREF/RTCC/RP14/CN12/PMWR/RB14 AN11/RP13/CN13/PMRD/RB13 AN12/RP12/CN14/PMD0/RB12 PGC2/EMUC2/TMS/RP11/CN15/PMD1/RB11 PGD2/EMUD2/TDI/RP10/CN16/PMD2/RB10 VCAP/VDDCORE DISVREG TDO/RP9/SDA1/CN21/PMD3/RB9 TCK/RP8/SCL1/CN22/PMD4/RB8 RP7/INT0/CN23/PMD5/RB7 PGC3/EMUC3/RP6/ASCL1/CN24/PMD6/RB6 28 27 26 25 24 23 22 1 21 2 20 3 19 4 PIC24FJXXGA002 18 5 17 6 16 7 15 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 AN11/RP13/CN13/PMRD/RB13 AN12/RP12/CN14/PMD0/RB12 PGC2/EMUC2/TMS/RP11/CN15/PMD1/RB11 PGD2/EMUD2/TDI/RP10/CN16/PMD2/RB10 VCAP/VDDCORE DISVREG TDO/RP9/SDA1/CN21/PMD3/RB9 SOSCI/RP4/PMBE/CN1/RB4 SOSCO/T1CK/CN0/PMA1/RA4 VDD PGD3/EMUD3/RP5/ASDA1/CN27/PMD7/RB5 PGC3/EMUC3/RP6/ASCL1/CN24/PMD6/RB6 RP7/INT0/CN23/PMD5/RB7 TCK/RP8/SCL1/CN22/PMD4/RB8 PGD1/EMUD1/AN2/C2IN-/RP0/CN4/RB0 PGC1/EMUC1/AN3/C2IN+/RP1/CN5/RB1 AN4/C1IN-/RP2/SDA2/CN6/RB2 AN5/C1IN+/RP3/SCL2/CN7/RB3 VSS OSCI/CLKI/CN30/RA2 OSCO/CLKO/CN29/PMA0/RA3 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 AN1/VREF-/CN3/RA1 AN0/VREF+/CN2/RA0 MCLR VDD VSS AN9/RP15/CN11/PMCS1/RB15 AN10/CVREF/RTCC/RP14/CN12/PMWR/RB14 MCLR AN0/VREF+/CN2/RA0 AN1/VREF-/CN3/RA1 PGD1/EMUD1/AN2/C2IN-/RP0/CN4/RB0 PGC1/EMUC1/AN3/C2IN+/RP1/CN5/RB1 AN4/C1IN-/RP2/SDA2/CN6/RB2 AN5/C1IN+/RP3/SCL2/CN7/RB3 VSS OSCI/CLKI/CN30/RA2 OSCO/CLKO/CN29/PMA0/RA3 SOSCI/RP4/PMBE/CN1/RB4 SOSCO/T1CK/CN0/PMA1/RA4 VDD PGD3/EMUD3/RP5/ASDA1/CN27/PMD7/RB5 PIC24FJXXGA002 28-Pin SPDIP, SSOP, SOIC Legend: Note 1: RPn represents remappable peripheral pins. Back pad on QFN devices should be connected to Vss. DS39881D-page 4 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY 44 43 42 41 40 39 38 37 36 35 34 44-Pin QFN(1) RP8/SCL1/CN22/PMD4/RB8 RP7/INT0/CN23/PMD5/RB7 PGC3/EMUC3/RP6/ASCL1/CN24/PMD6/RB6 PGD3/EMUD3/RP5/ASDA1/CN27/PMD7/RB5 VDD VSS RP21/CN26/PMA3/RC5 RP20/CN25/PMA4/RC4 RP19/CN28/PMBE/RC3 TDI/PMA9/RA9 SOSCO/T1CK/CN0/RA4 Pin Diagrams (Continued) PIC24FJXXGA004 33 32 31 30 29 28 27 26 25 24 23 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 SOSCI/RP4/CN1/RB4 TDO/PMA8/RA8 OSCO/CLKO/CN29/RA3 OSCI/CLKI/CN30/RA2 VSS VDD AN8/RP18/CN10/PMA2/RC2 AN7/RP17/CN9/RC1 AN6/RP16/CN8/RC0 AN5/C1IN+/RP3/SCL2/CN7/RB3 AN4/C1IN-/RP2/SDA2/CN6/RB2 TMS/PMA10/RA10 TCK/PMA7/RA7 AN10/CVREF/RTCC/RP14/CN12/PMWR/RB14 AN9/RP15/CN11/PMCS1/RB15 AVSS AVDD MCLR AN0/VREF+/CN2/RA0 AN1/VREF-/CN3/RA1 PGD1/EMUD1/AN2/C2IN-/RP0/CN4/RB0 PGC1/EMUC1/AN3/C2IN+/RP1/CN5/RB1 RP9/SDA1/CN21/PMD3/RB9 RP22/CN18/PMA1/RC6 RP23/CN17/PMA0/RC7 RP24/CN20/PMA5/RC8 RP25/CN19/PMA6/RC9 DISVREG VCAP/VDDCORE PGD2/EMUD2/RP10/CN16/PMD2/RB10 PGC2/EMUC2/RP11/CN15/PMD1/RB11 AN12/RP12/CN14/PMD0/RB12 AN11/RP13/CN13/PMRD/RB13 Legend: Note 1: RPn represents remappable peripheral pins. Back pad on QFN devices should be connected to Vss. 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS39881D-page 5 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY 44 43 42 41 40 39 38 37 36 35 34 44-Pin TQFP RP8/SCL1/CN22/PMD4/RB8 RP7/INT0/CN23/PMD5/RB7 PGC3/EMUC3/RP6/ASCL1/CN24/PMD6/RB6 PGD3/EMUD3/RP5/ASDA1/CN27/PMD7/RB5 VDD VSS RP21/CN26/PMA3/RC5 RP20/CN25/PMA4/RC4 RP19/CN28/PMBE/RC3 TDI/PMA9/RA9 SOSCO/T1CK/CN0/RA4 Pin Diagrams (Continued) PIC24FJXXGA004 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 33 32 31 30 29 28 27 26 25 24 23 SOSCI/RP4/CN1/RB4 TDO/PMA8/RA8 OSCO/CLKO/CN29/RA3 OSCI/CLKI/CN30/RA2 VSS VDD AN8/RP18/CN10/PMA2/RC2 AN7/RP17/CN9/RC1 AN6/RP16/CN8/RC0 AN5/C1IN+/RP3/SCL2/CN7/RB3 AN4/C1IN-/RP2/SDA2/CN6/RB2 TMS/PMA10/RA10 TCK/PMA7/RA7 AN10/CVREF/RTCC/RP14/CN12/PMWR/RB14 AN9/RP15/CN11/PMCS1/RB15 AVSS AVDD MCLR AN0/VREF+/CN2/RA0 AN1/VREF-/CN3/RA1 PGD1/EMUD1/AN2/C2IN-/RP0/CN4/RB0 PGC1/EMUC1/AN3/C2IN+/RP1/CN5/RB1 RP9/SDA1/CN21/PMD3/RB9 RP22/CN18/PMA1/RC6 RP23/CN17/PMA0/RC7 RP24/CN20/PMA5/RC8 RP25/CN19/PMA6/RC9 DISVREG VCAP/VDDCORE PGD2/EMUD2/RP10/CN16/PMD2/RB10 PGC2/EMUC2/RP11/CN15/PMD1/RB11 AN12/RP12/CN14/PMD0/RB12 AN11/RP13/CN13/PMRD/RB13 Legend: RPn represents remappable peripheral pins. DS39881D-page 6 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY Table of Contents 1.0 Device Overview .......................................................................................................................................................................... 9 2.0 Guidelines for Getting Started with 16-bit Microcontrollers ........................................................................................................ 19 3.0 CPU ........................................................................................................................................................................................... 25 4.0 Memory Organization ................................................................................................................................................................. 31 5.0 Flash Program Memory.............................................................................................................................................................. 49 6.0 Resets ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 55 7.0 Interrupt Controller ..................................................................................................................................................................... 61 8.0 Oscillator Configuration .............................................................................................................................................................. 95 9.0 Power-Saving Features............................................................................................................................................................ 103 10.0 I/O Ports ................................................................................................................................................................................... 105 11.0 Timer1 ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 125 12.0 Timer2/3 and Timer4/5 ............................................................................................................................................................ 127 13.0 Input Capture............................................................................................................................................................................ 133 14.0 Output Compare....................................................................................................................................................................... 135 15.0 Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI)............................................................................................................................................... 141 16.0 Inter-Integrated Circuit (I2C™) ................................................................................................................................................. 151 17.0 Universal Asynchronous Receiver Transmitter (UART) ........................................................................................................... 159 18.0 Parallel Master Port (PMP)....................................................................................................................................................... 167 19.0 Real-Time Clock And Calendar (RTCC) ................................................................................................................................. 177 20.0 Programmable Cyclic Redundancy Check (CRC) Generator .................................................................................................. 187 21.0 10-Bit High-Speed A/D Converter ............................................................................................................................................ 191 22.0 Comparator Module.................................................................................................................................................................. 201 23.0 Comparator Voltage Reference................................................................................................................................................ 205 24.0 Special Features ...................................................................................................................................................................... 207 25.0 Development Support............................................................................................................................................................... 217 26.0 Instruction Set Summary .......................................................................................................................................................... 221 27.0 Electrical Characteristics .......................................................................................................................................................... 229 28.0 Packaging Information.............................................................................................................................................................. 247 Appendix A: Revision History............................................................................................................................................................. 259 Appendix B: Additional Guidance for PIC24FJ64GA004 Family Applications ................................................................................... 260 Index ................................................................................................................................................................................................. 261 The Microchip Web Site ..................................................................................................................................................................... 265 Customer Change Notification Service .............................................................................................................................................. 265 Customer Support .............................................................................................................................................................................. 265 Reader Response .............................................................................................................................................................................. 266 Product Identification System ............................................................................................................................................................ 267 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS39881D-page 7 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY TO OUR VALUED CUSTOMERS It is our intention to provide our valued customers with the best documentation possible to ensure successful use of your Microchip products. To this end, we will continue to improve our publications to better suit your needs. Our publications will be refined and enhanced as new volumes and updates are introduced. If you have any questions or comments regarding this publication, please contact the Marketing Communications Department via E-mail at docerrors@microchip.com or fax the Reader Response Form in the back of this data sheet to (480) 792-4150. We welcome your feedback. Most Current Data Sheet To obtain the most up-to-date version of this data sheet, please register at our Worldwide Web site at: http://www.microchip.com You can determine the version of a data sheet by examining its literature number found on the bottom outside corner of any page. The last character of the literature number is the version number, (e.g., DS30000A is version A of document DS30000). Errata An errata sheet, describing minor operational differences from the data sheet and recommended workarounds, may exist for current devices. As device/documentation issues become known to us, we will publish an errata sheet. The errata will specify the revision of silicon and revision of document to which it applies. To determine if an errata sheet exists for a particular device, please check with one of the following: • Microchip’s Worldwide Web site; http://www.microchip.com • Your local Microchip sales office (see last page) When contacting a sales office, please specify which device, revision of silicon and data sheet (include literature number) you are using. Customer Notification System Register on our web site at www.microchip.com to receive the most current information on all of our products. DS39881D-page 8 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY 1.0 DEVICE OVERVIEW This document contains device-specific information for the following devices: • • • • • • • • PIC24FJ16GA002 PIC24FJ32GA002 PIC24FJ48GA002 PIC24FJ64GA002 PIC24FJ16GA004 PIC24FJ32GA004 PIC24FJ48GA004 PIC24FJ64GA004 This family introduces a new line of Microchip devices: a 16-bit microcontroller family with a broad peripheral feature set and enhanced computational performance. The PIC24FJ64GA004 family offers a new migration option for those high-performance applications which may be outgrowing their 8-bit platforms, but don’t require the numerical processing power of a digital signal processor. 1.1 1.1.1 Core Features 16-BIT ARCHITECTURE 1.1.2 POWER-SAVING TECHNOLOGY All of the devices in the PIC24FJ64GA004 family incorporate a range of features that can significantly reduce power consumption during operation. Key items include: • On-the-Fly Clock Switching: The device clock can be changed under software control to the Timer1 source or the internal, low-power RC oscillator during operation, allowing the user to incorporate power-saving ideas into their software designs. • Doze Mode Operation: When timing-sensitive applications, such as serial communications, require the uninterrupted operation of peripherals, the CPU clock speed can be selectively reduced, allowing incremental power savings without missing a beat. • Instruction-Based Power-Saving Modes: The microcontroller can suspend all operations, or selectively shut down its core while leaving its peripherals active, with a single instruction in software. 1.1.3 OSCILLATOR OPTIONS AND FEATURES Central to all PIC24F devices is the 16-bit modified Harvard architecture, first introduced with Microchip’s dsPIC® digital signal controllers. The PIC24F CPU core offers a wide range of enhancements, such as: All of the devices in the PIC24FJ64GA004 family offer five different oscillator options, allowing users a range of choices in developing application hardware. These include: • 16-bit data and 24-bit address paths with the ability to move information between data and memory spaces • Linear addressing of up to 12 Mbytes (program space) and 64 Kbytes (data) • A 16-element working register array with built-in software stack support • A 17 x 17 hardware multiplier with support for integer math • Hardware support for 32 by 16-bit division • An instruction set that supports multiple addressing modes and is optimized for high-level languages such as ‘C’ • Operational performance up to 16 MIPS • Two Crystal modes using crystals or ceramic resonators. • Two External Clock modes offering the option of a divide-by-2 clock output. • A Fast Internal Oscillator (FRC) with a nominal 8 MHz output, which can also be divided under software control to provide clock speeds as low as 31 kHz. • A Phase Lock Loop (PLL) frequency multiplier, available to the External Oscillator modes and the FRC oscillator, which allows clock speeds of up to 32 MHz. • A separate internal RC oscillator (LPRC) with a fixed 31 kHz output, which provides a low-power option for timing-insensitive applications. The internal oscillator block also provides a stable reference source for the Fail-Safe Clock Monitor. This option constantly monitors the main clock source against a reference signal provided by the internal oscillator and enables the controller to switch to the internal oscillator, allowing for continued low-speed operation or a safe application shutdown. 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS39881D-page 9 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY 1.1.4 EASY MIGRATION Regardless of the memory size, all devices share the same rich set of peripherals, allowing for a smooth migration path as applications grow and evolve. The consistent pinout scheme used throughout the entire family also aids in migrating to the next larger device. This is true when moving between devices with the same pin count, or even jumping from 28-pin to 44-pin devices. The PIC24F family is pin-compatible with devices in the dsPIC33 family, and shares some compatibility with the pinout schema for PIC18 and dsPIC30. This extends the ability of applications to grow from the relatively simple, to the powerful and complex, yet still selecting a Microchip device. 1.2 Other Special Features • Communications: The PIC24FJ64GA004 family incorporates a range of serial communication peripherals to handle a range of application requirements. There are two independent I2C modules that support both Master and Slave modes of operation. Devices also have, through the peripheral pin select feature, two independent UARTs with built-in IrDA encoder/decoders and two SPI modules. • Peripheral Pin Select: The peripheral pin select feature allows most digital peripherals to be mapped over a fixed set of digital I/O pins. Users may independently map the input and/or output of any one of the many digital peripherals to any one of the I/O pins. • Parallel Master/Enhanced Parallel Slave Port: One of the general purpose I/O ports can be reconfigured for enhanced parallel data communications. In this mode, the port can be configured for both master and slave operations, and supports 8-bit and 16-bit data transfers with up to 16 external address lines in Master modes. • Real-Time Clock/Calendar: This module implements a full-featured clock and calendar with alarm functions in hardware, freeing up timer resources and program memory space for use of the core application. • 10-Bit A/D Converter: This module incorporates programmable acquisition time, allowing for a channel to be selected and a conversion to be initiated without waiting for a sampling period, as well as faster sampling speeds. DS39881D-page 10 1.3 Details on Individual Family Members Devices in the PIC24FJ64GA004 family are available in 28-pin and 44-pin packages. The general block diagram for all devices is shown in Figure 1-1. The devices are differentiated from each other in two ways: 1. 2. 3. Flash program memory (64 Kbytes for PIC24FJ64GA devices, 48 Kbytes for PIC24FJ48GA devices, 32 Kbytes for PIC24FJ32GA devices and 16 Kbytes for PIC24FJ16GA devices). Internal SRAM memory (4k for PIC24FJ16GA devices, 8k for all other devices in the family). Available I/O pins and ports (21 pins on 2 ports for 28-pin devices and 35 pins on 3 ports for 44-pin devices). All other features for devices in this family are identical. These are summarized in Table 1-1. A list of the pin features available on the PIC24FJ64GA004 family devices, sorted by function, is shown in Table 1-2. Note that this table shows the pin location of individual peripheral features and not how they are multiplexed on the same pin. This information is provided in the pinout diagrams in the beginning of the data sheet. Multiplexed features are sorted by the priority given to a feature, with the highest priority peripheral being listed first. 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY Operating Frequency Program Memory (bytes) 64GA004 48GA004 32GA004 16GA004 64GA002 48GA002 Features 32GA002 DEVICE FEATURES FOR THE PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY 16GA002 TABLE 1-1: DC – 32 MHz 16K 32K 48K 64K 16K 32K 48K 64K Program Memory (instructions) 5,504 11,008 16,512 22,016 5,504 11,008 16,512 22,016 Data Memory (bytes) 4096 8192 Interrupt Sources (soft vectors/NMI traps) I/O Ports 4096 8192 43 (39/4) Ports A, B Total I/O Pins Ports A, B, C 21 35 Timers: 5(1) Total Number (16-bit) 32-Bit (from paired 16-bit timers) 2 Input Capture Channels 5(1) Output Compare/PWM Channels 5(1) Input Change Notification Interrupt 21 30 Serial Communications: UART 2(1) SPI (3-wire/4-wire) 2(1) I2C™ 2 Parallel Communications (PMP/PSP) Yes JTAG Boundary Scan Yes 10-Bit Analog-to-Digital Module (input channels) 10 Analog Comparators Remappable Pins Resets (and delays) Instruction Set Packages Note 1: 13 2 16 26 POR, BOR, RESET Instruction, MCLR, WDT, Illegal Opcode, REPEAT Instruction, Hardware Traps, Configuration Word Mismatch (PWRT, OST, PLL Lock) 76 Base Instructions, Multiple Addressing Mode Variations 28-Pin SPDIP/SSOP/SOIC/QFN 44-Pin QFN/TQFP Peripherals are accessible through remappable pins. 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS39881D-page 11 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY FIGURE 1-1: PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY GENERAL BLOCK DIAGRAM Data Bus Interrupt Controller 16 16 8 16 Data Latch PSV & Table Data Access Control Block Data RAM PCH PCL Program Counter Repeat Stack Control Control Logic Logic 23 Address Latch PORTA(1) RA0:RA9 16 23 16 Read AGU Write AGU Address Latch PORTB Program Memory RB0:RB15 Data Latch 16 EA MUX 24 Inst Latch Literal Data Address Bus PORTC(1) 16 16 RC0:RC9 Inst Register RP(1) Instruction Decode & Control Control Signals OSCO/CLKO OSCI/CLKI Timing Generation FRC/LPRC Oscillators 17x17 Multiplier Power-up Timer RP0:RP25 16 x 16 W Reg Array Oscillator Start-up Timer 16-Bit ALU Power-on Reset Precision Band Gap Reference DISVREG Divide Support Voltage Regulator 16 Watchdog Timer BOR and LVD(2) VDDCORE/VCAP Timer1 VDD, VSS MCLR Timer2/3(3) Timer4/5(3) RTCC 10-Bit ADC Comparators(3) PMP/PSP IC1-5(3) Note 1: 2: 3: PWM/ OC1-5(3) CN1-22(1) SPI1/2(3) I2C1/2 UART1/2(3) Not all pins or features are implemented on all device pinout configurations. See Table 1-2 for I/O port pin descriptions. BOR and LVD functionality is provided when the on-board voltage regulator is enabled. Peripheral I/Os are accessible through remappable pins. DS39881D-page 12 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY TABLE 1-2: PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY PINOUT DESCRIPTIONS Pin Number 28-Pin SPDIP/ SSOP/SOIC 28-Pin QFN 44-Pin QFN/TQFP I/O Input Buffer 2 27 19 I ANA AN1 3 28 20 I ANA AN2 4 1 21 I ANA AN3 5 2 22 I ANA AN4 6 3 23 I ANA Function AN0 Description A/D Analog Inputs. AN5 7 4 24 I ANA AN6 — — 25 I ANA AN7 — — 26 I ANA AN8 — — 27 I ANA AN9 26 23 15 I ANA AN10 25 22 14 I ANA AN11 24 21 11 I ANA AN12 23 20 10 I ANA ASCL1 15 12 42 I/O I2C Alternate I2C1 Synchronous Serial Clock Input/Output.(1) 2 ASDA1 14 11 41 I/O IC Alternate I2C2 Synchronous Serial Clock Input/Output. (1) AVDD — — 17 P — Positive Supply for Analog Modules. AVSS — — 16 P — Ground Reference for Analog Modules. C1IN- 6 3 23 I ANA Comparator 1 Negative Input. C1IN+ 7 4 24 I ANA Comparator 1 Positive Input. C2IN- 4 1 21 I ANA Comparator 2 Negative Input. C2IN+ 5 2 22 I ANA Comparator 2 Positive Input. CLKI 9 6 30 I ANA CLKO 10 7 31 O — Legend: Note 1: Main Clock Input Connection. System Clock Output. TTL = TTL input buffer ST = Schmitt Trigger input buffer ANA = Analog level input/output I2C™ = I2C/SMBus input buffer Alternative multiplexing when the I2C1SEL Configuration bit is cleared. 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS39881D-page 13 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY TABLE 1-2: PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY PINOUT DESCRIPTIONS (CONTINUED) Pin Number 28-Pin SPDIP/ SSOP/SOIC 28-Pin QFN 44-Pin QFN/TQFP I/O Input Buffer CN0 12 9 34 I ST CN1 11 8 33 I ST CN2 2 27 19 I ST CN3 3 28 20 I ST CN4 4 1 21 I ST CN5 5 2 22 I ST CN6 6 3 23 I ST CN7 7 4 24 I ST CN8 — — 25 I ST CN9 — — 26 I ST Function CN10 — — 27 I 26 23 15 I ST CN12 25 22 14 I ST CN13 24 21 11 I ST CN14 23 20 10 I ST CN15 22 19 9 I ST CN16 21 18 8 I ST CN17 — — 3 I ST CN18 — — 2 I ST CN19 — — 5 I ST CN20 — — 4 I ST CN21 18 15 1 I ST CN22 17 14 44 I ST CN23 16 13 43 I ST CN24 15 12 42 I ST CN25 — — 37 I Interrupt-on-Change Inputs. ST CN11 Description ST CN26 — — 38 I ST CN27 14 11 41 I ST CN28 — — 36 I ST CN29 10 7 31 I ST CN30 9 6 30 I ST CVREF 25 22 14 O ANA DISVREG 19 16 6 I ST Voltage Regulator Disable. EMUC1 5 2 21 I/O ST In-Circuit Emulator Clock Input/Output. Comparator Voltage Reference Output. EMUD1 4 1 22 I/O ST In-Circuit Emulator Data Input/Output. EMUC2 22 19 9 I/O ST In-Circuit Emulator Clock Input/Output. EMUD2 21 18 8 I/O ST In-Circuit Emulator Data Input/Output. EMUC3 15 12 42 I/O ST In-Circuit Emulator Clock Input/Output. EMUD3 14 11 41 I/O ST In-Circuit Emulator Data Input/Output. INT0 16 13 43 I ST External Interrupt Input. MCLR 1 26 18 I ST Master Clear (device Reset) Input. This line is brought low to cause a Reset. Legend: Note 1: TTL = TTL input buffer ST = Schmitt Trigger input buffer ANA = Analog level input/output I2C™ = I2C/SMBus input buffer Alternative multiplexing when the I2C1SEL Configuration bit is cleared. DS39881D-page 14 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY TABLE 1-2: PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY PINOUT DESCRIPTIONS (CONTINUED) Pin Number Function 28-Pin SPDIP/ SSOP/SOIC 28-Pin QFN 44-Pin QFN/TQFP I/O Input Buffer Description OSCI 9 6 30 I ANA Main Oscillator Input Connection. OSCO 10 7 31 O ANA Main Oscillator Output Connection. PGC1 5 2 22 I/O ST In-Circuit Debugger and ICSP™ Programming Clock PGD1 4 1 21 I/O ST In-Circuit Debugger and ICSP Programming Data. PGC2 22 19 9 I/O ST In-Circuit Debugger and ICSP Programming Clock. PGD2 21 18 8 I/O ST In-Circuit Debugger and ICSP Programming Data. PGC3 14 12 42 I/O ST In-Circuit Debugger and ICSP Programming Clock. PGD3 15 11 41 I/O ST In-Circuit Debugger and ICSP Programming Data. PMA0 10 7 3 I/O ST/TTL Parallel Master Port Address Bit 0 Input (Buffered Slave modes) and Output (Master modes). PMA1 12 9 2 I/O ST/TTL Parallel Master Port Address Bit 1 Input (Buffered Slave modes) and Output (Master modes). PMA2 — — 27 O — PMA3 — — 38 O — PMA4 — — 37 O — PMA5 — — 4 O — PMA6 — — 5 O — PMA7 — — 13 O — PMA8 — — 32 O — PMA9 — — 35 O — PMA10 — — 12 O — PMA11 — — — O — PMA12 — — — O — PMA13 — — — O Parallel Master Port Address (Demultiplexed Master modes). — PMBE 11 8 36 O — Parallel Master Port Byte Enable Strobe. PMCS1 26 23 15 O — Parallel Master Port Chip Select 1 Strobe/Address Bit 14. Parallel Master Port Data (Demultiplexed Master mode) or Address/Data (Multiplexed Master modes). PMD0 23 20 10 I/O ST/TTL PMD1 22 19 9 I/O ST/TTL PMD2 21 18 8 I/O ST/TTL PMD3 18 15 1 I/O ST/TTL PMD4 17 14 44 I/O ST/TTL PMD5 16 13 43 I/O ST/TTL PMD6 15 12 42 I/O ST/TTL PMD7 14 11 41 I/O ST/TTL PMRD 24 21 11 O — Parallel Master Port Read Strobe. PMWR 25 22 14 O — Parallel Master Port Write Strobe. Legend: Note 1: TTL = TTL input buffer ST = Schmitt Trigger input buffer ANA = Analog level input/output I2C™ = I2C/SMBus input buffer Alternative multiplexing when the I2C1SEL Configuration bit is cleared. 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS39881D-page 15 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY TABLE 1-2: PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY PINOUT DESCRIPTIONS (CONTINUED) Pin Number Input Buffer 28-Pin SPDIP/ SSOP/SOIC 28-Pin QFN RA0 2 27 19 I/O ST RA1 3 28 20 I/O ST Function 44-Pin QFN/TQFP I/O RA2 9 6 30 I/O 10 7 31 I/O ST RA4 12 9 34 I/O ST RA7 — — 13 I/O ST RA8 — — 32 I/O ST RA9 — — 35 I/O ST RA10 — — 12 I/O ST RB0 4 1 21 I/O ST RB1 5 2 22 I/O ST RB2 6 3 23 I/O ST RB3 7 4 24 I/O ST RB4 11 8 33 I/O ST RB5 14 11 41 I/O ST RB6 15 12 42 I/O ST RB7 16 13 43 I/O ST RB8 17 14 44 I/O PORTA Digital I/O. ST RA3 Description ST RB9 18 15 1 I/O ST RB10 21 18 8 I/O ST RB11 22 19 9 I/O ST RB12 23 20 10 I/O PORTB Digital I/O. ST RB13 24 21 11 I/O ST RB14 25 22 14 I/O ST RB15 26 23 15 I/O ST RC0 — — 25 I/O ST RC1 — — 26 I/O ST RC2 — — 27 I/O ST RC3 — — 36 I/O ST RC4 — — 37 I/O ST RC5 — — 38 I/O ST RC6 — — 2 I/O ST RC7 — — 3 I/O ST RC8 — — 4 I/O ST — — 5 I/O ST RC9 Legend: Note 1: PORTC Digital I/O. TTL = TTL input buffer ST = Schmitt Trigger input buffer ANA = Analog level input/output I2C™ = I2C/SMBus input buffer Alternative multiplexing when the I2C1SEL Configuration bit is cleared. DS39881D-page 16 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY TABLE 1-2: PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY PINOUT DESCRIPTIONS (CONTINUED) Pin Number Input Buffer 28-Pin SPDIP/ SSOP/SOIC 28-Pin QFN 44-Pin QFN/TQFP I/O RP0 4 1 21 I/O ST RP1 5 2 22 I/O ST RP2 6 3 23 I/O ST RP3 7 4 24 I/O ST RP4 11 8 33 I/O ST RP5 14 11 41 I/O ST RP6 15 12 42 I/O ST RP7 16 13 43 I/O ST RP8 17 14 44 I/O ST RP9 18 15 1 I/O ST RP10 21 18 8 I/O ST RP11 22 19 9 I/O ST RP12 23 20 10 I/O ST RP13 24 21 11 I/O ST RP14 25 22 14 I/O ST RP15 26 23 15 I/O ST RP16 — — 25 I/O ST RP17 — — 26 I/O ST RP18 — — 27 I/O ST RP19 — — 36 I/O ST RP20 — — 37 I/O ST RP21 — — 38 I/O ST RP22 — — 2 I/O ST RP23 — — 3 I/O ST RP24 — — 4 I/O ST RP25 — — 5 I/O ST RTCC 25 22 14 O — Real-Time Clock Alarm Output. SCL1 17 14 44 I/O I2C I2C1 Synchronous Serial Clock Input/Output. SCL2 7 4 24 I/O I2C I2C2 Synchronous Serial Clock Input/Output. SDA1 18 15 1 I/O I2C I2C1 Data Input/Output. Function Description Remappable Peripheral. SDA2 6 3 23 I/O I2C SOSCI 11 8 33 I ANA Secondary Oscillator/Timer1 Clock Input. 12 9 34 O ANA Secondary Oscillator/Timer1 Clock Output. SOSCO Legend: Note 1: I2C2 Data Input/Output. TTL = TTL input buffer ST = Schmitt Trigger input buffer ANA = Analog level input/output I2C™ = I2C/SMBus input buffer Alternative multiplexing when the I2C1SEL Configuration bit is cleared. 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS39881D-page 17 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY TABLE 1-2: PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY PINOUT DESCRIPTIONS (CONTINUED) Pin Number Function 28-Pin SPDIP/ SSOP/SOIC 28-Pin QFN 44-Pin QFN/TQFP I/O Input Buffer Description T1CK 12 9 34 I ST Timer1 Clock. TCK 17 14 13 I ST JTAG Test Clock Input. TDI 21 18 35 I ST JTAG Test Data Input. TDO 18 15 32 O — JTAG Test Data Output. TMS 22 19 12 I ST JTAG Test Mode Select Input. VDD 13, 28 10, 25 28, 40 P — Positive Supply for Peripheral Digital Logic and I/O Pins. VDDCAP 20 17 7 P — External Filter Capacitor Connection (regulator enabled). VDDCORE 20 17 7 P — Positive Supply for Microcontroller Core Logic (regulator disabled). VREF- 3 28 20 I ANA VREF+ 2 27 19 I ANA 8, 27 5, 24 29, 39 P — VSS Legend: Note 1: A/D and Comparator Reference Voltage (low) Input. A/D and Comparator Reference Voltage (high) Input. Ground Reference for Logic and I/O Pins. TTL = TTL input buffer ST = Schmitt Trigger input buffer ANA = Analog level input/output I2C™ = I2C/SMBus input buffer Alternative multiplexing when the I2C1SEL Configuration bit is cleared. DS39881D-page 18 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY 2.0 GUIDELINES FOR GETTING STARTED WITH 16-BIT MICROCONTROLLERS FIGURE 2-1: RECOMMENDED MINIMUM CONNECTIONS C2(2) • All VDD and VSS pins (see Section 2.2 “Power Supply Pins”) • All AVDD and AVSS pins, regardless of whether or not the analog device features are used (see Section 2.2 “Power Supply Pins”) • MCLR pin (see Section 2.3 “Master Clear (MCLR) Pin”) • ENVREG/DISVREG and VCAP/VDDCORE pins (PIC24FJ devices only) (see Section 2.4 “Voltage Regulator Pins (ENVREG/DISVREG and VCAP/VDDCORE)”) These pins must also be connected if they are being used in the end application: • PGECx/PGEDx pins used for In-Circuit Serial Programming™ (ICSP™) and debugging purposes (see Section 2.5 “ICSP Pins”) • OSCI and OSCO pins when an external oscillator source is used (see Section 2.6 “External Oscillator Pins”) Additionally, the following pins may be required: • VREF+/VREF- pins used when external voltage reference for analog modules is implemented Note: VSS VDD R2 (1) (1) (EN/DIS)VREG MCLR VCAP/VDDCORE C1 C7 PIC24FXXXX VSS VDD VDD VSS C3(2) C6(2) C5(2) VSS The following pins must always be connected: R1 VDD Getting started with the PIC24FJ64GA004 Family of 16-bit microcontrollers requires attention to a minimal set of device pin connections before proceeding with development. VDD AVSS Basic Connection Requirements AVDD 2.1 C4(2) Key (all values are recommendations): C1 through C6: 0.1 F, 20V ceramic C7: 10 F, 6.3V or greater, tantalum or ceramic R1: 10 kΩ R2: 100Ω to 470Ω Note 1: 2: See Section 2.4 “Voltage Regulator Pins (ENVREG/DISVREG and VCAP/VDDCORE)” for explanation of ENVREG/DISVREG pin connections. The example shown is for a PIC24F device with five VDD/VSS and AVDD/AVSS pairs. Other devices may have more or less pairs; adjust the number of decoupling capacitors appropriately. The AVDD and AVSS pins must always be connected, regardless of whether any of the analog modules are being used. The minimum mandatory connections are shown in Figure 2-1. 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS39881D-page 19 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY 2.2 2.2.1 Power Supply Pins DECOUPLING CAPACITORS The use of decoupling capacitors on every pair of power supply pins, such as VDD, VSS, AVDD and AVSS is required. Consider the following criteria when using decoupling capacitors: • Value and type of capacitor: A 0.1 F (100 nF), 10-20V capacitor is recommended. The capacitor should be a low-ESR device with a resonance frequency in the range of 200 MHz and higher. Ceramic capacitors are recommended. • Placement on the printed circuit board: The decoupling capacitors should be placed as close to the pins as possible. It is recommended to place the capacitors on the same side of the board as the device. If space is constricted, the capacitor can be placed on another layer on the PCB using a via; however, ensure that the trace length from the pin to the capacitor is no greater than 0.25 inch (6 mm). • Handling high-frequency noise: If the board is experiencing high-frequency noise (upward of tens of MHz), add a second ceramic type capacitor in parallel to the above described decoupling capacitor. The value of the second capacitor can be in the range of 0.01 F to 0.001 F. Place this second capacitor next to each primary decoupling capacitor. In high-speed circuit designs, consider implementing a decade pair of capacitances as close to the power and ground pins as possible (e.g., 0.1 F in parallel with 0.001 F). • Maximizing performance: On the board layout from the power supply circuit, run the power and return traces to the decoupling capacitors first, and then to the device pins. This ensures that the decoupling capacitors are first in the power chain. Equally important is to keep the trace length between the capacitor and the power pins to a minimum, thereby reducing PCB trace inductance. 2.2.2 TANK CAPACITORS On boards with power traces running longer than six inches in length, it is suggested to use a tank capacitor for integrated circuits including microcontrollers to supply a local power source. The value of the tank capacitor should be determined based on the trace resistance that connects the power supply source to the device, and the maximum current drawn by the device in the application. In other words, select the tank capacitor so that it meets the acceptable voltage sag at the device. Typical values range from 4.7 F to 47 F. DS39881D-page 20 2.3 Master Clear (MCLR) Pin The MCLR pin provides two specific device functions: device Reset, and device programming and debugging. If programming and debugging are not required in the end application, a direct connection to VDD may be all that is required. The addition of other components, to help increase the application’s resistance to spurious Resets from voltage sags, may be beneficial. A typical configuration is shown in Figure 2-1. Other circuit designs may be implemented, depending on the application’s requirements. During programming and debugging, the resistance and capacitance that can be added to the pin must be considered. Device programmers and debuggers drive the MCLR pin. Consequently, specific voltage levels (VIH and VIL) and fast signal transitions must not be adversely affected. Therefore, specific values of R1 and C1 will need to be adjusted based on the application and PCB requirements. For example, it is recommended that the capacitor, C1, be isolated from the MCLR pin during programming and debugging operations by using a jumper (Figure 2-2). The jumper is replaced for normal run-time operations. Any components associated with the MCLR pin should be placed within 0.25 inch (6 mm) of the pin. FIGURE 2-2: EXAMPLE OF MCLR PIN CONNECTIONS VDD R1 R2 JP MCLR PIC24FXXXX C1 Note 1: R1 10 k is recommended. A suggested starting value is 10 k. Ensure that the MCLR pin VIH and VIL specifications are met. 2: R2 470 will limit any current flowing into MCLR from the external capacitor, C, in the event of MCLR pin breakdown, due to Electrostatic Discharge (ESD) or Electrical Overstress (EOS). Ensure that the MCLR pin VIH and VIL specifications are met. 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY Note: Voltage Regulator Pins (ENVREG/DISVREG and VCAP/VDDCORE) FIGURE 2-3: The on-chip voltage regulator enable/disable pin (ENVREG or DISVREG, depending on the device family) must always be connected directly to either a supply voltage or to ground. The particular connection is determined by whether or not the regulator is to be used: • For ENVREG, tie to VDD to enable the regulator, or to ground to disable the regulator • For DISVREG, tie to ground to enable the regulator or to VDD to disable the regulator Refer to Section 24.2 “On-Chip Voltage Regulator” for details on connecting and using the on-chip regulator. When the regulator is enabled, a low-ESR (<5Ω) capacitor is required on the VCAP/VDDCORE pin to stabilize the voltage regulator output voltage. The VCAP/VDDCORE pin must not be connected to VDD, and must use a capacitor of 10 F connected to ground. The type can be ceramic or tantalum. A suitable example is the Murata GRM21BF50J106ZE01 (10 F, 6.3V) or equivalent. Designers may use Figure 2-3 to evaluate ESR equivalence of candidate devices. The placement of this capacitor should be close to VCAP/VDDCORE. It is recommended that the trace length not exceed 0.25 inch (6 mm). Refer to Section 27.0 “Electrical Characteristics” for additional information. When the regulator is disabled, the VCAP/VDDCORE pin must be tied to a voltage supply at the VDDCORE level. Refer to Section 27.0 “Electrical Characteristics” for information on VDD and VDDCORE. FREQUENCY vs. ESR PERFORMANCE FOR SUGGESTED VCAP 10 This section applies only to PIC24FJ devices with an on-chip voltage regulator. 1 ESR () 2.4 0.1 0.01 0.001 0.01 Note: 2.5 0.1 1 10 100 Frequency (MHz) 1000 10,000 Data for Murata GRM21BF50J106ZE01 shown. Measurements at 25°C, 0V DC bias. ICSP Pins The PGECx and PGEDx pins are used for In-Circuit Serial Programming (ICSP) and debugging purposes. It is recommended to keep the trace length between the ICSP connector and the ICSP pins on the device as short as possible. If the ICSP connector is expected to experience an ESD event, a series resistor is recommended, with the value in the range of a few tens of ohms, not to exceed 100Ω. Pull-up resistors, series diodes and capacitors on the PGECx and PGEDx pins are not recommended as they will interfere with the programmer/debugger communications to the device. If such discrete components are an application requirement, they should be removed from the circuit during programming and debugging. Alternatively, refer to the AC/DC characteristics and timing requirements information in the respective device Flash programming specification for information on capacitive loading limits and pin input voltage high (VIH) and input low (VIL) requirements. For device emulation, ensure that the “Communication Channel Select” (i.e., PGECx/PGEDx pins) programmed into the device matches the physical connections for the ICSP to the Microchip debugger/emulator tool. For more information on available Microchip development tools connection requirements, refer to Section 25.0 “Development Support”. 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS39881D-page 21 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY 2.6 External Oscillator Pins FIGURE 2-4: Many microcontrollers have options for at least two oscillators: a high-frequency primary oscillator and a low-frequency secondary oscillator (refer to Section 8.0 “Oscillator Configuration” for details). The oscillator circuit should be placed on the same side of the board as the device. Place the oscillator circuit close to the respective oscillator pins with no more than 0.5 inch (12 mm) between the circuit components and the pins. The load capacitors should be placed next to the oscillator itself, on the same side of the board. Use a grounded copper pour around the oscillator circuit to isolate it from surrounding circuits. The grounded copper pour should be routed directly to the MCU ground. Do not run any signal traces or power traces inside the ground pour. Also, if using a two-sided board, avoid any traces on the other side of the board where the crystal is placed. Single-Sided and In-line Layouts: Copper Pour (tied to ground) For additional information and design guidance on oscillator circuits, please refer to these Microchip Application Notes, available at the corporate web site (www.microchip.com): • AN826, “Crystal Oscillator Basics and Crystal Selection for rfPIC™ and PICmicro® Devices” • AN849, “Basic PICmicro® Oscillator Design” • AN943, “Practical PICmicro® Oscillator Analysis and Design” • AN949, “Making Your Oscillator Work” Primary Oscillator Crystal DEVICE PINS Primary Oscillator OSCI C1 ` OSCO GND C2 ` SOSCO SOSC I Secondary Oscillator Crystal Layout suggestions are shown in Figure 2-4. In-line packages may be handled with a single-sided layout that completely encompasses the oscillator pins. With fine-pitch packages, it is not always possible to completely surround the pins and components. A suitable solution is to tie the broken guard sections to a mirrored ground layer. In all cases, the guard trace(s) must be returned to ground. In planning the application’s routing and I/O assignments, ensure that adjacent port pins and other signals in close proximity to the oscillator are benign (i.e., free of high frequencies, short rise and fall times and other similar noise). SUGGESTED PLACEMENT OF THE OSCILLATOR CIRCUIT ` Sec Oscillator: C1 Sec Oscillator: C2 Fine-Pitch (Dual-Sided) Layouts: Top Layer Copper Pour (tied to ground) Bottom Layer Copper Pour (tied to ground) OSCO C2 Oscillator Crystal GND C1 OSCI DEVICE PINS DS39881D-page 22 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY 2.7 Configuration of Analog and Digital Pins During ICSP Operations If an ICSP compliant emulator is selected as a debugger, it automatically initializes all of the A/D input pins (ANx) as “digital” pins. Depending on the particular device, this is done by setting all bits in the ADnPCFG register(s), or clearing all bit in the ANSx registers. All PIC24F devices will have either one or more ADnPCFG registers or several ANSx registers (one for each port); no device will have both. Refer to Section 21.0 “10-Bit High-Speed A/D Converter” for more specific information. The bits in these registers that correspond to the A/D pins that initialized the emulator must not be changed by the user application firmware; otherwise, communication errors will result between the debugger and the device. If your application needs to use certain A/D pins as analog input pins during the debug session, the user application must modify the appropriate bits during initialization of the ADC module, as follows: • For devices with an ADnPCFG register, clear the bits corresponding to the pin(s) to be configured as analog. Do not change any other bits, particularly those corresponding to the PGECx/PGEDx pair, at any time. • For devices with ANSx registers, set the bits corresponding to the pin(s) to be configured as analog. Do not change any other bits, particularly those corresponding to the PGECx/PGEDx pair, at any time. When a Microchip debugger/emulator is used as a programmer, the user application firmware must correctly configure the ADnPCFG or ANSx registers. Automatic initialization of this register is only done during debugger operation. Failure to correctly configure the register(s) will result in all A/D pins being recognized as analog input pins, resulting in the port value being read as a logic '0', which may affect user application functionality. 2.8 Unused I/Os Unused I/O pins should be configured as outputs and driven to a logic low state. Alternatively, connect a 1 kΩ to 10 kΩ resistor to VSS on unused pins and drive the output to logic low. 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS39881D-page 23 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY NOTES: DS39881D-page 24 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY 3.0 Note: CPU This data sheet summarizes the features of this group of PIC24F devices. It is not intended to be a comprehensive reference source. For more information, refer to the “PIC24F Family Reference Manual”, ”Section 2. CPU” (DS39703). The PIC24F CPU has a 16-bit (data) modified Harvard architecture with an enhanced instruction set and a 24-bit instruction word with a variable length opcode field. The Program Counter (PC) is 23 bits wide and addresses up to 4M instructions of user program memory space. A single-cycle instruction prefetch mechanism is used to help maintain throughput and provides predictable execution. All instructions execute in a single cycle, with the exception of instructions that change the program flow, the double-word move (MOV.D) instruction and the table instructions. Overhead-free program loop constructs are supported using the REPEAT instructions, which are interruptible at any point. PIC24F devices have sixteen, 16-bit working registers in the programmer’s model. Each of the working registers can act as a data, address or address offset register. The 16th working register (W15) operates as a Software Stack Pointer for interrupts and calls. The upper 32 Kbytes of the data space memory map can optionally be mapped into program space at any 16K word boundary defined by the 8-bit Program Space Visibility Page Address (PSVPAG) register. The program to data space mapping feature lets any instruction access program space as if it were data space. The Instruction Set Architecture (ISA) has been significantly enhanced beyond that of the PIC18, but maintains an acceptable level of backward compatibility. All PIC18 instructions and addressing modes are supported, either directly, or through simple macros. Many of the ISA enhancements have been driven by compiler efficiency needs. For most instructions, the core is capable of executing a data (or program data) memory read, a working register (data) read, a data memory write and a program (instruction) memory read per instruction cycle. As a result, three parameter instructions can be supported, allowing trinary operations (that is, A + B = C) to be executed in a single cycle. A high-speed, 17-bit by 17-bit multiplier has been included to significantly enhance the core arithmetic capability and throughput. The multiplier supports Signed, Unsigned and Mixed mode, 16-bit by 16-bit or 8-bit by 8-bit, integer multiplication. All multiply instructions execute in a single cycle. The 16-bit ALU has been enhanced with integer divide assist hardware that supports an iterative non-restoring divide algorithm. It operates in conjunction with the REPEAT instruction looping mechanism and a selection of iterative divide instructions to support 32-bit (or 16-bit), divided by 16-bit, integer signed and unsigned division. All divide operations require 19 cycles to complete but are interruptible at any cycle boundary. The PIC24F has a vectored exception scheme with up to 8 sources of non-maskable traps and up to 118 interrupt sources. Each interrupt source can be assigned to one of seven priority levels. A block diagram of the CPU is shown in Figure 3-1. 3.1 Programmer’s Model The programmer’s model for the PIC24F is shown in Figure 3-2. All registers in the programmer’s model are memory mapped and can be manipulated directly by instructions. A description of each register is provided in Table 3-1. All registers associated with the programmer’s model are memory mapped. The core supports Inherent (no operand), Relative, Literal, Memory Direct and three groups of addressing modes. All modes support Register Direct and various Register Indirect modes. Each group offers up to seven addressing modes. Instructions are associated with predefined addressing modes depending upon their functional requirements. 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS39881D-page 25 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY FIGURE 3-1: PIC24F CPU CORE BLOCK DIAGRAM PSV & Table Data Access Control Block Data Bus Interrupt Controller 16 8 16 16 Data Latch 23 23 PCH PCL Program Counter Loop Stack Control Control Logic Logic 16 Data RAM Address Latch 23 16 RAGU WAGU Address Latch Program Memory EA MUX Address Bus Data Latch ROM Latch 24 Control Signals to Various Blocks Instruction Reg Hardware Multiplier Divide Support 16 Literal Data Instruction Decode & Control 16 16 x 16 W Register Array 16 16-Bit ALU 16 To Peripheral Modules DS39881D-page 26 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY TABLE 3-1: CPU CORE REGISTERS Register(s) Name Description W0 through W15 Working Register Array PC 23-Bit Program Counter SR ALU STATUS Register SPLIM Stack Pointer Limit Value Register TBLPAG Table Memory Page Address Register PSVPAG Program Space Visibility Page Address Register RCOUNT Repeat Loop Counter Register CORCON CPU Control Register FIGURE 3-2: PROGRAMMER’S MODEL 15 Divider Working Registers 0 W0 (WREG) W1 W2 Multiplier Registers W3 W4 W5 W6 W7 Working/Address Registers W8 W9 W10 W11 W12 W13 W14 Frame Pointer W15 Stack Pointer 0 SPLIM 0 22 0 0 PC 7 0 TBLPAG 7 0 PSVPAG 15 0 RCOUNT SRH SRL — — — — — — — DC IPL RA N OV Z C 210 15 15 Stack Pointer Limit Value Register Program Counter Table Memory Page Address Register Program Space Visibility Page Address Register Repeat Loop Counter Register 0 ALU STATUS Register (SR) 0 — — — — — — — — — — — — IPL3 PSV — — CPU Control Register (CORCON) Registers or bits shadowed for PUSH.S and POP.S instructions. 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS39881D-page 27 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY 3.2 CPU Control Registers REGISTER 3-1: SR: ALU STATUS REGISTER U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 R/W-0 — — — — — — — DC bit 15 bit 8 R/W-0(1) IPL2 R/W-0(1) (2) IPL1 (2) R/W-0(1) IPL0 (2) R-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 RA N OV Z C bit 7 bit 0 Legend: R = Readable bit W = Writable bit U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’ -n = Value at POR ‘1’ = Bit is set ‘0’ = Bit is cleared x = Bit is unknown bit 15-9 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 8 DC: ALU Half Carry/Borrow bit 1 = A carry-out from the 4th low-order bit (for byte-sized data) or 8th low-order bit (for word-sized data) of the result occurred 0 = No carry-out from the 4th or 8th low-order bit of the result has occurred bit 7-5 IPL2:IPL0: CPU Interrupt Priority Level Status bits(1,2) 111 = CPU interrupt priority level is 7 (15); user interrupts disabled. 110 = CPU interrupt priority level is 6 (14) 101 = CPU Interrupt Priority Level is 5 (13) 100 = CPU interrupt priority level is 4 (12) 011 = CPU interrupt priority level is 3 (11) 010 = CPU interrupt priority level is 2 (10) 001 = CPU interrupt priority level is 1 (9) 000 = CPU interrupt priority level is 0 (8) bit 4 RA: REPEAT Loop Active bit 1 = REPEAT loop in progress 0 = REPEAT loop not in progress bit 3 N: ALU Negative bit 1 = Result was negative 0 = Result was non-negative (zero or positive) bit 2 OV: ALU Overflow bit 1 = Overflow occurred for signed (2’s complement) arithmetic in this arithmetic operation 0 = No overflow has occurred bit 1 Z: ALU Zero bit 1 = An operation which effects the Z bit has set it at some time in the past 0 = The most recent operation which effects the Z bit has cleared it (i.e., a non-zero result) bit 0 C: ALU Carry/Borrow bit 1 = A carry-out from the Most Significant bit of the result occurred 0 = No carry-out from the Most Significant bit of the result occurred Note 1: 2: The IPL Status bits are read-only when NSTDIS (INTCON1<15>) = 1. The IPL Status bits are concatenated with the IPL3 bit (CORCON<3>) to form the CPU Interrupt Priority Level (IPL). The value in parentheses indicates the IPL when IPL3 = 1. DS39881D-page 28 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY REGISTER 3-2: CORCON: CPU CONTROL REGISTER U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 — — — — — — — — bit 15 bit 8 U-0 U-0 — U-0 — — U-0 R/C-0 R/W-0 — IPL3 U-0 U-0 PSV (1) — — bit 7 bit 0 Legend: R = Readable bit W = Writable bit U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’ -n = Value at POR ‘1’ = Bit is set ‘0’ = Bit is cleared bit 15-4 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 3 IPL3: CPU Interrupt Priority Level Status bit(1) 1 = CPU interrupt priority level is greater than 7 0 = CPU interrupt priority level is 7 or less bit 2 PSV: Program Space Visibility in Data Space Enable bit 1 = Program space visible in data space 0 = Program space not visible in data space bit 1-0 x = Bit is unknown Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ Note 1: 3.3 User interrupts are disabled when IPL3 = 1. Arithmetic Logic Unit (ALU) The PIC24F ALU is 16 bits wide and is capable of addition, subtraction, bit shifts and logic operations. Unless otherwise mentioned, arithmetic operations are 2’s complement in nature. Depending on the operation, the ALU may affect the values of the Carry (C), Zero (Z), Negative (N), Overflow (OV) and Digit Carry (DC) Status bits in the SR register. The C and DC Status bits operate as Borrow and Digit Borrow bits, respectively, for subtraction operations. The ALU can perform 8-bit or 16-bit operations, depending on the mode of the instruction that is used. Data for the ALU operation can come from the W register array, or data memory, depending on the addressing mode of the instruction. Likewise, output data from the ALU can be written to the W register array or a data memory location. 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. The PIC24F CPU incorporates hardware support for both multiplication and division. This includes a dedicated hardware multiplier and support hardware for 16-bit divisor division. 3.3.1 MULTIPLIER The ALU contains a high-speed, 17-bit x 17-bit multiplier. It supports unsigned, signed or mixed sign operation in several multiplication modes: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 16-bit x 16-bit signed 16-bit x 16-bit unsigned 16-bit signed x 5-bit (literal) unsigned 16-bit unsigned x 16-bit unsigned 16-bit unsigned x 5-bit (literal) unsigned 16-bit unsigned x 16-bit signed 8-bit unsigned x 8-bit unsigned DS39881D-page 29 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY 3.3.2 DIVIDER 3.3.3 The divide block supports 32-bit/16-bit and 16-bit/16-bit signed and unsigned integer divide operations with the following data sizes: 1. 2. 3. 4. 32-bit signed/16-bit signed divide 32-bit unsigned/16-bit unsigned divide 16-bit signed/16-bit signed divide 16-bit unsigned/16-bit unsigned divide The quotient for all divide instructions ends up in W0 and the remainder in W1. Sixteen-bit signed and unsigned DIV instructions can specify any W register for both the 16-bit divisor (Wn), and any W register (aligned) pair (W(m + 1):Wm) for the 32-bit dividend. The divide algorithm takes one cycle per bit of divisor, so both 32-bit/16-bit and 16-bit/16-bit instructions take the same number of cycles to execute. TABLE 3-2: Instruction MULTI-BIT SHIFT SUPPORT The PIC24F ALU supports both single bit and single-cycle, multi-bit arithmetic and logic shifts. Multi-bit shifts are implemented using a shifter block, capable of performing up to a 15-bit arithmetic right shift, or up to a 15-bit left shift, in a single cycle. All multi-bit shift instructions only support Register Direct Addressing for both the operand source and result destination. A full summary of instructions that use the shift operation is provided below in Table 3-2. INSTRUCTIONS THAT USE THE SINGLE AND MULTI-BIT SHIFT OPERATION Description ASR Arithmetic shift right source register by one or more bits. SL Shift left source register by one or more bits. LSR Logical shift right source register by one or more bits. DS39881D-page 30 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY 4.0 MEMORY ORGANIZATION As Harvard architecture devices, PIC24F microcontrollers feature separate program and data memory spaces and busses. This architecture also allows the direct access of program memory from the data space during code execution. 4.1 Program Address Space The program address memory space of the PIC24FJ64GA004 family devices is 4M instructions. The space is addressable by a 24-bit value derived FIGURE 4-1: from either the 23-bit Program Counter (PC) during program execution, or from table operation or data space remapping, as described in Section 4.3 “Interfacing Program and Data Memory Spaces”. User access to the program memory space is restricted to the lower half of the address range (000000h to 7FFFFFh). The exception is the use of TBLRD/TBLWT operations which use TBLPAG<7> to permit access to the Configuration bits and Device ID sections of the configuration memory space. Memory maps for the PIC24FJ64GA004 family of devices are shown in Figure 4-1. PROGRAM SPACE MEMORY MAP FOR PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY DEVICES PIC24FJ16GA PIC24FJ32GA PIC24FJ48GA PIC24FJ64GA GOTO Instruction Reset Address Interrupt Vector Table GOTO Instruction Reset Address Interrupt Vector Table GOTO Instruction Reset Address Interrupt Vector Table GOTO Instruction Reset Address Interrupt Vector Table Reserved Reserved Reserved Reserved Alternate Vector Table Alternate Vector Table Alternate Vector Table Alternate Vector Table User Flash Program Memory (11K instructions) User Flash Program Memory (16K instructions) User Flash Program Memory (5.5K instructions) User Memory Space Flash Config Words 000000h 000002h 000004h 0000FEh 000100h 000104h 0001FEh 000200h 002BFEh 002C00h User Flash Program Memory (22K instructions) 0057FEh 005800h Flash Config Words 0083FEh 008400h Flash Config Words Unimplemented Read ‘0’ Flash Config Words Unimplemented Read ‘0’ Unimplemented Read ‘0’ 00ABFEh 00AC00h Unimplemented Read ‘0’ 7FFFFFh 800000h Reserved Reserved Reserved Device Config Registers Device Config Registers Device Config Registers Device Config Registers Reserved Reserved Reserved Reserved DEVID (2) Configuration Memory Space Reserved DEVID (2) DEVID (2) DEVID (2) F7FFFEh F80000h F8000Eh F80010h FEFFFEh FF0000h FFFFFFh Note: Memory areas are not shown to scale. 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS39881D-page 31 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY 4.1.1 PROGRAM MEMORY ORGANIZATION 4.1.3 In PIC24FJ64GA004 family devices, the top two words of on-chip program memory are reserved for configuration information. On device Reset, the configuration information is copied into the appropriate Configuration registers. The addresses of the Flash Configuration Word for devices in the PIC24FJ64GA004 family are shown in Table 4-1. Their location in the memory map is shown with the other memory vectors in Figure 4-1. The program memory space is organized in word-addressable blocks. Although it is treated as 24 bits wide, it is more appropriate to think of each address of the program memory as a lower and upper word, with the upper byte of the upper word being unimplemented. The lower word always has an even address, while the upper word has an odd address (Figure 4-2). The Configuration Words in program memory are a compact format. The actual Configuration bits are mapped in several different registers in the configuration memory space. Their order in the Flash Configuration Words do not reflect a corresponding arrangement in the configuration space. Additional details on the device Configuration Words are provided in Section 24.1 “Configuration Bits”. Program memory addresses are always word-aligned on the lower word, and addresses are incremented or decremented by two during code execution. This arrangement also provides compatibility with data memory space addressing and makes it possible to access data in the program memory space. 4.1.2 FLASH CONFIGURATION WORDS HARD MEMORY VECTORS TABLE 4-1: All PIC24F devices reserve the addresses between 00000h and 000200h for hard coded program execution vectors. A hardware Reset vector is provided to redirect code execution from the default value of the PC on device Reset to the actual start of code. A GOTO instruction is programmed by the user at 000000h with the actual address for the start of code at 000002h. FLASH CONFIGURATION WORDS FOR PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY DEVICES PIC24FJ32GA 11 0057FCh: 0057FEh PIC24FJ48GA 16 0083FCh: 0083FEh 22 00ABFCh: 00ABFEh least significant word most significant word 16 8 PC Address (lsw Address) 0 000000h 000002h 000004h 000006h 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 Program Memory ‘Phantom’ Byte (read as ‘0’) DS39881D-page 32 002BFCh: 002BFEh PROGRAM MEMORY ORGANIZATION 23 000001h 000003h 000005h 000007h 5.5 PIC24FJ64GA msw Address Configuration Word Addresses PIC24FJ16GA PIC24F devices also have two interrupt vector tables, located from 000004h to 0000FFh and 000100h to 0001FFh. These vector tables allow each of the many device interrupt sources to be handled by separate ISRs. A more detailed discussion of the interrupt vector tables is provided in Section 7.1 “Interrupt Vector Table”. FIGURE 4-2: Program Memory (K words) Device Instruction Width 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY 4.2 Data Address Space The PIC24F core has a separate, 16-bit wide data memory space, addressable as a single linear range. The data space is accessed using two Address Generation Units (AGUs), one each for read and write operations. The data space memory map is shown in Figure 4-3. All Effective Addresses (EAs) in the data memory space are 16 bits wide and point to bytes within the data space. This gives a data space address range of 64 Kbytes or 32K words. The lower half of the data memory space (that is, when EA<15> = 0) is used for implemented memory addresses, while the upper half (EA<15> = 1) is reserved for the program space visibility area (see Section 4.3.3 “Reading Data From Program Memory Using Program Space Visibility”). PIC24FJ64GA family devices implement a total of 8 Kbytes of data memory. Should an EA point to a location outside of this area, an all zero word or byte will be returned. 4.2.1 DATA SPACE WIDTH The data memory space is organized in byte-addressable, 16-bit wide blocks. Data is aligned in data memory and registers as 16-bit words, but all data space EAs resolve to bytes. The Least Significant Bytes of each word have even addresses, while the Most Significant Bytes have odd addresses. DATA SPACE MEMORY MAP FOR PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY DEVICES(1) FIGURE 4-3: MSB Address 0001h 07FFh 0801h Implemented Data RAM MSB LSB SFR Space LSB Address 0000h 07FEh 0800h Data RAM 1FFFh 2001h 27FFh(2) 2801h SFR Space Near Data Space 1FFEh 2000h 27FEh(2) 2800h Unimplemented Read as ‘0’ 7FFFh 8001h 7FFFh 8000h Program Space Visibility Area FFFFh Note 1: 2: FFFEh Data memory areas are not shown to scale. Upper memory limit for PIC24FJ16GAXXX devices is 17FFh. 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS39881D-page 33 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY 4.2.2 DATA MEMORY ORGANIZATION AND ALIGNMENT A sign-extend instruction (SE) is provided to allow users to translate 8-bit signed data to 16-bit signed values. Alternatively, for 16-bit unsigned data, users can clear the MSB of any W register by executing a zero-extend (ZE) instruction on the appropriate address. To maintain backward compatibility with PIC® devices and improve data space memory usage efficiency, the PIC24F instruction set supports both word and byte operations. As a consequence of byte accessibility, all Effective Address (EA) calculations are internally scaled to step through word-aligned memory. For example, the core recognizes that Post-Modified Register Indirect Addressing mode [Ws++] will result in a value of Ws + 1 for byte operations and Ws + 2 for word operations. Although most instructions are capable of operating on word or byte data sizes, it should be noted that some instructions operate only on words. 4.2.3 The 8-Kbyte area between 0000h and 1FFFh is referred to as the near data space. Locations in this space are directly addressable via a 13-bit absolute address field within all memory direct instructions. The remainder of the data space is addressable indirectly. Additionally, the whole data space is addressable using MOV instructions, which support Memory Direct Addressing with a 16-bit address field. Data byte reads will read the complete word which contains the byte, using the LSb of any EA to determine which byte to select. The selected byte is placed onto the LSB of the data path. That is, data memory and registers are organized as two parallel, byte-wide entities with shared (word) address decode but separate write lines. Data byte writes only write to the corresponding side of the array or register which matches the byte address. 4.2.4 All word accesses must be aligned to an even address. Misaligned word data fetches are not supported, so care must be taken when mixing byte and word operations, or translating from 8-bit MCU code. If a misaligned read or write is attempted, an address error trap will be generated. If the error occurred on a read, the instruction underway is completed; if it occurred on a write, the instruction will be executed but the write will not occur. In either case, a trap is then executed, allowing the system and/or user to examine the machine state prior to execution of the address Fault. SFR SPACE The first 2 Kbytes of the near data space, from 0000h to 07FFh, are primarily occupied with Special Function Registers (SFRs). These are used by the PIC24F core and peripheral modules for controlling the operation of the device. SFRs are distributed among the modules that they control and are generally grouped together by module. Much of the SFR space contains unused addresses; these are read as ‘0’. A diagram of the SFR space, showing where SFRs are actually implemented, is shown in Table 4-2. Each implemented area indicates a 32-byte region where at least one address is implemented as an SFR. A complete listing of implemented SFRs, including their addresses, is shown in Tables 4-3 through 4-24. All byte loads into any W register are loaded into the Least Significant Byte. The Most Significant Byte is not modified. TABLE 4-2: NEAR DATA SPACE IMPLEMENTED REGIONS OF SFR DATA SPACE SFR Space Address xx00 xx20 xx60 Core 000h Timers 100h 200h xx40 I 2C™ ICN Capture UART A/D 300h xx80 — xxA0 xxE0 Interrupts Compare — — SPI xxC0 — — — — I/O — — — — — — 400h — — — — — — — — 500h — — — — — — — — 600h PMP RTC/Comp CRC — 700h — — System NVM/PMD — — — — PPS Legend: — = No implemented SFRs in this block DS39881D-page 34 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. TABLE 4-3: CPU CORE REGISTERS MAP Addr WREG0 0000 Working Register 0 0000 WREG1 0002 Working Register 1 0000 WREG2 0004 Working Register 2 0000 WREG3 0006 Working Register 3 0000 WREG4 0008 Working Register 4 0000 WREG5 000A Working Register 5 0000 WREG6 000C Working Register 6 0000 WREG7 000E Working Register 7 0000 WREG8 0010 Working Register 8 0000 WREG9 0012 Working Register 9 0000 WREG10 0014 Working Register 10 0000 WREG11 0016 Working Register 11 0000 WREG12 0018 Working Register 12 0000 WREG13 001A Working Register 13 0000 WREG14 001C Working Register 14 0000 WREG15 001E Working Register 15 0800 SPLIM 0020 Stack Pointer Limit Value Register xxxx PCL 002E Program Counter Low Byte Register PCH 0030 — — — — — — — — TBLPAG 0032 — — — — — — — PSVPAG 0034 — — — — — — — RCOUNT 0036 Bit 15 Bit 14 Bit 13 Bit 12 Bit 11 Bit 10 Bit 9 Bit 8 Bit 7 Bit 6 Bit 5 Bit 4 Bit 3 Bit 2 Bit 1 Bit 0 All Resets 0000 Program Counter Register High Byte 0000 — Table Memory Page Address Register 0000 — Program Space Visibility Page Address Register 0000 Repeat Loop Counter Register xxxx SR 0042 — — — — — — — DC IPL2 IPL1 IPL0 RA N OV Z C 0000 CORCON 0044 — — — — — — — — — — — — IPL3 PSV — — 0000 DISICNT 0052 — — Legend: — = unimplemented, read as ‘0’. Reset values are shown in hexadecimal. TABLE 4-4: Disable Interrupts Counter Register ICN REGISTER MAP DS39881D-page 35 File Addr Name Bit 15 Bit 14 Bit 13 Bit 12 Bit 11 Bit 10 Bit 9 CNEN1 0060 CN15IE CN14IE CN13IE CN12IE CN11IE CN10IE(1) CN9IE(1) CN27IE (1) CNEN2 0062 — Legend: Note 1: — Bit 8 Bit 7 Bit 6 Bit 5 Bit 4 Bit 3 Bit 2 Bit 1 Bit 0 All Resets CN8IE(1) CN7IE CN6IE CN5IE CN4IE CN3IE CN2IE CN1IE CN0IE 0000 CN24IE CN23IE CN22IE CN21IE CN20IE(1) CN19IE(1) CN18IE(1) CN17IE(1) CN16IE 0000 CN11PUE CN10PUE(1) CN9PUE(1) CN8PUE(1) CN7PUE CN6PUE CN5PUE CN4PUE CN3PUE CN2PUE CN1PUE CN0PUE 0000 CN30PUE CN29PUE CN28PUE(1) CN27PUE CN26PUE(1) CN25PUE(1) CN24PUE CN23PUE CN22PUE CN21PUE CN20PUE(1) CN19PUE(1) CN18PUE(1) CN17PUE(1) CN16PUE 0000 CN30IE CN29IE CNPU1 0068 CN15PUE CN14PUE CN13PUE CNPU2 006A xxxx (1) CN28IE CN12PUE CN26IE — = unimplemented, read as ‘0’. Reset values are shown in hexadecimal. Bits are not available on 28-pin devices; read as ‘0’. (1) CN25IE PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY File Name File Name INTERRUPT CONTROLLER REGISTER MAP Addr Bit 15 Bit 14 Bit 13 Bit 12 Bit 11 Bit 10 Bit 9 Bit 8 Bit 7 Bit 6 Bit 5 Bit 4 Bit 3 Bit 2 Bit 1 All Resets 0080 NSTDIS — — — — — — — — — — — 0000 0082 ALTIVT DISI — — — — — — — — — — — INT2EP INT1EP INT0EP 0000 IFS0 0084 — — AD1IF U1TXIF U1RXIF SPI1IF SPF1IF T3IF T2IF OC2IF IC2IF — T1IF OC1IF IC1IF INT0IF 0000 IFS1 0086 U2TXIF U2RXIF INT2IF T5IF T4IF OC4IF OC3IF — — — — INT1IF CNIF CMIF MI2C1IF SI2C1IF 0000 IFS2 0088 — — PMPIF — — — OC5IF — IC5IF IC4IF IC3IF — — — SPI2IF SPF2IF 0000 IFS3 008A — RTCIF — — — — — — — — — — — MI2C2IF SI2C2IF — 0000 IFS4 008C — — — — — — — LVDIF — — — — CRCIF U2ERIF U1ERIF — 0000 IEC0 0094 — — AD1IE U1TXIE U1RXIE SPI1IE SPF1IE T3IE T2IE OC2IE IC2IE — T1IE OC1IE IC1IE INT0IE 0000 IEC1 0096 U2TXIE U2RXIE INT2IE T5IE T4IE OC4IE OC3IE — — — — INT1IE CNIE CMIE MI2C1IE SI2C1IE 0000 IEC2 0098 — — PMPIE — — — OC5IE — IC5IE IC4IE IC3IE — — — SPI2IE SPF2IE 0000 IEC3 009A — RTCIE — — — — — — — — — — — MI2C2IE SI2C2IE — 0000 IEC4 009C — — — — — — — LVDIE — — — — CRCIE U2ERIE U1ERIE — 0000 IPC0 00A4 — T1IP2 T1IP1 T1IP0 — OC1IP2 OC1IP1 OC1IP0 — IC1IP2 IC1IP1 IC1IP0 — INT0IP2 INT0IP1 INT0IP0 4444 IPC1 00A6 — T2IP2 T2IP1 T2IP0 — OC2IP2 OC2IP1 OC2IP0 — IC2IP2 IC2IP1 IC2IP0 — — — — 4444 IPC2 00A8 — — SPI1IP2 SPI1IP1 SPI1IP0 — SPF1IP2 SPF1IP1 SPF1IP0 — T3IP2 T3IP1 T3IP0 4444 IPC3 00AA — — — — — — — — — AD1IP2 AD1IP1 AD1IP0 — U1TXIP2 U1TXIP1 U1TXIP0 4444 IPC4 00AC — CNIP2 CNIP1 CNIP0 — CMIP2 CMIP1 CMIP0 — MI2C1P0 — SI2C1P2 SI2C1P1 SI2C1P0 4444 IPC5 00AE — — — — — — — — — — — — — INT1IP2 INT1IP1 INT1IP0 4444 IPC6 00B0 — T4IP2 T4IP1 T4IP0 — OC4IP2 OC4IP1 OC4IP0 — OC3IP2 OC3IP1 OC3IP0 — — — — 4444 IPC7 00B2 — U2TXIP2 U2TXIP1 U2TXIP0 — U2RXIP2 U2RXIP1 U2RXIP0 — INT2IP2 INT2IP1 INT2IP0 — T5IP2 T5IP1 T5IP0 4444 IPC8 00B4 — — — — — — — — — SPI2IP2 SPI2IP1 SPI2IP0 — SPF2IP2 SPF2IP1 SPF2IP0 4444 IPC9 00B6 — IC5IP2 IC5IP1 IC5IP0 — IC4IP2 IC4IP1 IC4IP0 — IC3IP2 IC3IP1 IC3IP0 — — — — 4444 IPC10 00B8 — — — — — — — — — OC5IP2 OC5IP1 OC5IP0 — — — — 4444 IPC11 00BA — — — — — — — — — PMPIP2 PMPIP1 PMPIP0 — — — — 4444 IPC12 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. INTCON1 INTCON2 00BC — — — — — — SI2C2P2 SI2C2P1 SI2C2P0 — — — — 4444 IPC15 00C2 — — — — — — — — — — — — — 4444 IPC16 00C4 — CRCIP2 CRCIP1 CRCIP0 — U1ERIP0 — — — — 4444 IPC18 00C8 — — — — — — — LVDIP2 LVDIP1 LVDIP0 4444 Legend: U1RXIP2 U1RXIP1 U1RXIP0 MI2C2P2 MI2C2P1 MI2C2P0 RTCIP2 RTCIP1 RTCIP0 U2ERIP2 U2ERIP1 U2ERIP0 — — = unimplemented, read as ‘0’. Reset values are shown in hexadecimal. — — — — MI2C1P2 MI2C1P1 U1ERIP2 U1ERIP1 — — MATHERR ADDRERR STKERR OSCFAIL Bit 0 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY DS39881D-page 36 TABLE 4-5: 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. TABLE 4-6: File Name Addr TIMER REGISTER MAP Bit 15 Bit 14 Bit 13 Bit 12 Bit 11 Bit 10 Bit 9 Bit 8 Bit 7 TMR1 0100 0102 0104 Bit 4 Bit 3 Bit 2 Bit 1 Bit 0 Timer1 Period Register T1CON Bit 5 Timer1 Register PR1 Bit 6 TON — TSIDL — — — — — — All Resets 0000 FFFF TGATE TCKPS1 TCKPS0 — TSYNC TCS — 0000 TMR2 0106 Timer2 Register 0000 TMR3HLD 0108 Timer3 Holding Register (for 32-bit timer operations only) 0000 TMR3 010A Timer3 Register 0000 PR2 010C Timer2 Period Register FFFF PR3 010E Timer3 Period Register T2CON 0110 TON — TSIDL — — — — T3CON 0112 TON — TSIDL — — — — TMR4 0114 Timer4 Register 0000 TMR5HLD 0116 Timer5 Holding Register (for 32-bit operations only) 0000 FFFF — — TGATE TCKPS1 TCKPS0 T32 — TCS — 0000 — — TGATE TCKPS1 TCKPS0 — — TCS — 0000 0118 Timer5 Register 0000 PR4 011A Timer4 Period Register FFFF PR5 011C Timer5 Period Register T4CON 011E TON — TSIDL — — — — — — TGATE TCKPS1 TCKPS0 T32 — TCS — 0000 T5CON 0120 TON — TSIDL — — — — — — TGATE TCKPS1 TCKPS0 — — TCS — 0000 Legend: — = unimplemented, read as ‘0’. Reset values are shown in hexadecimal. Bit 8 Bit 7 Bit 6 Bit 5 Bit 4 Bit 3 Bit 2 Bit 1 Bit 0 All Resets ICI1 ICI0 ICOV ICBNE ICM2 ICM1 ICM0 0000 ICI1 ICI0 ICOV ICBNE ICM2 ICM1 ICM0 0000 ICI1 ICI0 ICOV ICBNE ICM2 ICM1 ICM0 0000 ICI1 ICI0 ICOV ICBNE ICM2 ICM1 ICM0 0000 ICI1 ICI0 ICOV ICBNE ICM2 ICM1 ICM0 0000 TABLE 4-7: File Name Addr IC1BUF 0142 INPUT CAPTURE REGISTER MAP IC2BUF Bit 14 Bit 13 Bit 12 Bit 11 Bit 10 Bit 9 — — ICSIDL — — — — 0146 — — ICSIDL — — — — — — ICSIDL — — — — — — ICSIDL — — — — — — ICSIDL — — — — Input 1 Capture Register 0144 IC2CON IC3BUF 014A IC4BUF 014C IC4CON 014E — ICTMR FFFF Input 2 Capture Register 0148 IC3CON DS39881D-page 37 Bit 15 0140 IC1CON FFFF — ICTMR FFFF Input 3 Capture Register — ICTMR FFFF Input 4 Capture Register IC5BUF 0150 IC5CON 0152 Legend: — = unimplemented, read as ‘0’. Reset values are shown in hexadecimal. — ICTMR FFFF Input 5 Capture Register — ICTMR FFFF PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY TMR5 OUTPUT COMPARE REGISTER MAP File Name Addr OC1RS 0180 Output Compare 1 Secondary Register OC1R 0182 Output Compare 1 Register OC1CON 0184 OC2RS 0186 Output Compare 2 Secondary Register OC2R 0188 Output Compare 2 Register OC2CON 018A OC3RS 018C Output Compare 3 Secondary Register OC3R 018E Output Compare 3 Register OC3CON 0190 OC4RS 0192 Output Compare 4 Secondary Register OC4R 0194 Output Compare 4 Register OC4CON 0196 OC5RS 0198 Output Compare 5 Secondary Register OC5R 019A Output Compare 5 Register OC5CON 019C Legend: Bit 15 — — — — — Bit 14 — — — — — Bit 13 OCSIDL OCSIDL OCSIDL OCSIDL OCSIDL Bit 12 — — — — — Bit 11 — — — — — Bit 10 — — — — — Bit 9 Bit 8 — — — — — — — — Bit 7 — — — — Bit 6 Bit 5 Bit 4 Bit 3 Bit 2 Bit 1 Bit 0 All Resets FFFF FFFF — — OCFLT OCTSEL OCM2 OCM1 OCM0 0000 FFFF FFFF — — OCFLT OCTSEL OCM2 OCM1 OCM0 0000 FFFF FFFF — — OCFLT OCTSEL OCM2 OCM1 OCM0 0000 FFFF FFFF — — OCFLT OCTSEL OCM2 OCM1 OCM0 0000 FFFF FFFF — — — — — Bit 7 Bit 6 Bit 5 OCFLT OCTSEL OCM2 OCM1 OCM0 Bit 2 Bit 1 Bit 0 0000 — = unimplemented, read as ‘0’. Reset values are shown in hexadecimal. TABLE 4-9: I2C™ REGISTER MAP Addr Bit 15 Bit 14 Bit 13 Bit 12 Bit 11 Bit 10 Bit 9 Bit 8 I2C1RCV 0200 — — — — — — — — Receive Register 1 0000 I2C1TRN 0202 — — — — — — — — Transmit Register 1 00FF I2C1BRG 0204 — — — — — — — I2C1CON 0206 I2CEN — I2CSIDL SCLREL IPMIEN A10M DISSLW SMEN GCEN STREN ACKDT ACKEN RCEN PEN RSEN SEN 1000 I2C1STAT 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. File Name 0208 ACKSTAT TRSTAT — — — BCL GCSTAT ADD10 IWCOL I2COV D/A P S R/W RBF TBF 0000 AMSK7 AMSK6 AMSK3 AMSK2 AMSK1 AMSK0 Bit 4 Bit 3 Baud Rate Generator Register 1 All Resets 0000 I2C1ADD 020A — — — — — — I2C1MSK 020C — — — — — — AMSK9 AMSK8 I2C2RCV 0210 — — — — — — — — Receive Register 2 0000 I2C2TRN 0212 — — — — — — — — Transmit Register 2 00FF I2C2BRG 0214 — — — — — — — I2C2CON 0216 I2CEN — I2CSIDL SCLREL IPMIEN A10M DISSLW SMEN GCEN STREN ACKDT ACKEN RCEN PEN RSEN SEN 1000 I2C2STAT 0218 ACKSTAT TRSTAT — — — BCL GCSTAT ADD10 IWCOL I2COV D/A P S R/W RBF TBF 0000 AMSK9 AMSK8 AMSK7 AMSK6 AMSK3 AMSK2 AMSK1 AMSK0 I2C2ADD 021A — — — — — 021C — — — — — — Legend: — = unimplemented, read as ‘0’. Reset values are shown in hexadecimal. AMSK5 AMSK4 0000 Baud Rate Generator Register 2 — I2C2MSK Address Register 1 0000 Address Register 2 AMSK5 AMSK4 0000 0000 0000 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY DS39881D-page 38 TABLE 4-8: 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. TABLE 4-10: File Name Addr UART REGISTER MAP Bit 15 Bit 14 Bit 13 Bit 12 Bit 11 Bit 10 — USIDL IREN RTSMD — UEN1 UEN0 — UTXBRK UTXEN UTXBF TRMT — UTX8 UTX7 — URX8 URX7 U1MODE 0220 UARTEN U1STA 0222 UTXISEL1 UTXINV UTXISEL0 U1TXREG 0224 — — — — — — U1RXREG 0226 — — — — — — U1BRG 0228 U2MODE 0230 UARTEN U2STA 0232 UTXISEL1 UTXINV UTXISEL0 U2TXREG 0234 — — — U2RXREG 0236 — — — U2BRG 0238 Legend: Bit 8 Bit 7 Bit 6 WAKE LPBACK Bit 5 Bit 4 Bit 3 Bit 2 Bit 1 Bit 0 All Resets 0000 ABAUD RXINV BRGH PDSEL1 PDSEL0 STSEL ADDEN RIDLE PERR FERR OERR URXDA 0110 UTX6 UTX5 UTX4 UTX3 UTX2 UTX1 UTX0 0000 URX6 URX5 URX4 URX3 URX2 URX1 URX0 0000 ABAUD RXINV BRGH PDSEL1 PDSEL0 STSEL 0000 URXISEL1 URXISEL0 Baud Rate Generator Prescaler Register — USIDL WAKE LPBACK 0000 IREN RTSMD — UEN1 UEN0 — UTXBRK UTXEN UTXBF TRMT ADDEN RIDLE PERR FERR OERR URXDA 0110 — — — — UTX8 UTX7 UTX6 UTX5 UTX4 UTX3 UTX2 UTX1 UTX0 0000 — — — — URX8 URX7 URX6 URX5 URX4 URX3 URX2 URX1 URX0 0000 URCISEL1 URCISEL0 Baud Rate Generator Prescaler 0000 — = unimplemented, read as ‘0’. Reset values are shown in hexadecimal. SPI REGISTER MAP Addr Bit 15 Bit 14 Bit 13 Bit 12 Bit 11 Bit 10 Bit 9 Bit 8 SPIBEC2 SPIBEC1 SPIBEC0 Bit 7 Bit 6 Bit 5 Bit 4 Bit 3 Bit 2 Bit 1 Bit 0 All Resets 0000 SPI1STAT 0240 SPIEN — SPISIDL — — SRMPT SPIROV SRXMPT SISEL2 SISEL1 SISEL0 SPITBF SPIRBF SPI1CON1 0242 — — — DISSCK DISSDO MODE16 SMP CKE SSEN CKP MSTEN SPRE2 SPRE1 SPRE0 PPRE1 PPRE0 0000 SPI1CON2 0244 FRMEN SPIFSD SPIFPOL — — — — — — — — — — — SPIFE SPIBEN 0000 SPI1BUF 0248 SPI2STAT 0260 SPIEN — SPISIDL — — SRMPT SPIROV SRXMPT SISEL2 SISEL1 SISEL0 SPITBF SPIRBF 0000 SPI1 Transmit/Receive Buffer SPIBEC2 SPIBEC1 SPIBEC0 0000 SPI2CON1 0262 — — — DISSCK DISSDO MODE16 SMP CKE SSEN CKP MSTEN SPRE2 SPRE1 SPRE0 PPRE1 PPRE0 0000 SPI2CON2 0264 FRMEN SPIFSD SPIFPOL — — — — — — — — — — — SPIFE SPIBEN 0000 SPI2BUF 0268 Legend: — = unimplemented, read as ‘0’. Reset values are shown in hexadecimal. SPI2 Transmit/Receive Buffer 0000 DS39881D-page 39 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY TABLE 4-11: File Name Bit 9 File Name TRISA PORTA REGISTER MAP Addr Bit 15 Bit 14 Bit 13 Bit 12 Bit 11 02C0 — — — — — Bit 10 Bit 9 Bit 8 Bit 7 TRISA10(1) TRISA9(1) TRISA8(1) TRISA7(1) TRISA1 TRISA0 079F — RA4 RA3(2) RA2(3) RA1 RA0 0000 — — LATA4 LATA3(2) LATA2(3) LATA1 LATA0 0000 ODA4 ODA3(2) ODA2(3) ODA1 ODA0 0000 — LATA 02C4 — — — — — LATA10(1) LATA9(1) LATA8(1) LATA7(1) — ODA10(1) ODA9(1) ODA8(1) ODA7(1) — — — = unimplemented, read as ‘0’. Reset values are shown in hexadecimal. Bits are not available on 28-pin devices; read as ‘0’. Bits are available only when the primary oscillator is disabled (POSCMD<1:0> = 00); otherwise read as ‘0’. Bits are available only when the primary oscillator is disabled or EC mode is selected (POSCMD<1:0> = 00 or 11) and CLKO is disabled (OSCIOFNC = 0); otherwise, read as ‘0’. TABLE 4-13: File Name All Resets — — Legend: Note 1: 2: 3: TRISA3(2) TRISA2(3) Bit 0 TRISA4 — — Bit 1 — — — Bit 2 — — — Bit 3 RA7(1) 02C2 — Bit 4 RA8(1) PORTA 02C6 Bit 5 RA9(1) RA10(1) ODCA Bit 6 Addr PORTB REGISTER MAP Bit 15 Bit 14 Bit 13 Bit 12 Bit 11 Bit 9 Bit 8 Bit 7 Bit 6 Bit 5 Bit 4 Bit 3 Bit 2 Bit 1 Bit 0 All Resets TRISB 02C8 TRISB10 TRISB9 TRISB8 TRISB7 TRISB6 TRISB5 TRISB4 TRISB3 TRISB2 TRISB1 TRISB0 FFFF PORTB 02CA RB15 RB14 RB13 RB12 RB11 RB10 RB9 RB8 RB7 RB6 RB5 RB4 RB3 RB2 RB1 RB0 0000 LATB 02CC LATB15 LATB14 LATB13 LATB12 LATB11 LATB10 LATB9 LATB8 LATB7 LATB6 LATB5 LATB4 LATB3 LATB2 LATB1 LATB0 0000 ODCB 02CE ODB15 ODB14 ODB13 ODB12 ODB11 ODB10 ODB9 ODB8 ODB7 ODB6 ODB5 ODB4 ODB3 ODB2 ODB1 ODB0 0000 Legend: — = unimplemented, read as ‘0’. Reset values are shown in hexadecimal. TABLE 4-14: File Name TRISB15 TRISB14 TRISB13 TRISB12 TRISB11 Bit 10 PORTC REGISTER MAP Addr Bit 15 Bit 14 Bit 13 Bit 12 Bit 11 Bit 10 Bit 9 Bit 8 Bit 7 Bit 6 Bit 5 Bit 4 Bit 3 Bit 2 Bit 1 Bit 0 All Resets 02D0 — — — — — — TRISC9 TRISC8 TRISC7 TRISC6 TRISC5 TRISC4 TRISC3 TRISC2 TRISC1 TRISC0 03FF 02D2 — — — — — — RC9 RC8 RC7 RC6 RC5 RC4 RC3 RC2 RC1 RC0 0000 LATC(1) 02D4 — — — — — — LATC9 LATC8 LATC7 LATC6 LATC5 LATC4 LATC3 LATC2 LATC1 LATC0 0000 ODCC(1) 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. TRISC(1) PORTC(1) 02D6 — — — — — — ODC9 OSC8 ODC7 ODC6 ODC5 ODC4 ODC3 ODC2 ODC1 ODC0 0000 Bit 0 All Resets Legend: Note 1: — = unimplemented, read as ‘0’. Reset values are shown in hexadecimal. Bits are not available on 28-pin devices; read as ‘0’. TABLE 4-15: PAD CONFIGURATION REGISTER MAP File Name Addr Bit 15 Bit 14 Bit 13 Bit 12 Bit 11 Bit 10 Bit 9 Bit 8 Bit 7 Bit 6 Bit 5 Bit 4 Bit 3 Bit 2 PADCFG1 02FC — — — — — — — — — — — — — — Legend: — = unimplemented, read as ‘0’. Reset values are shown in hexadecimal. Bit 1 RTSECSEL PMPTTL 0000 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY DS39881D-page 40 TABLE 4-12: 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. TABLE 4-16: ADC REGISTER MAP All Resets File Name Addr ADC1BUF0 0300 ADC Data Buffer 0 xxxx ADC1BUF1 0302 ADC Data Buffer 1 xxxx ADC1BUF2 0304 ADC Data Buffer 2 xxxx ADC1BUF3 0306 ADC Data Buffer 3 xxxx ADC1BUF4 0308 ADC Data Buffer 4 xxxx ADC1BUF5 030A ADC Data Buffer 5 xxxx ADC1BUF6 030C ADC Data Buffer 6 xxxx ADC1BUF7 030E ADC Data Buffer 7 xxxx ADC1BUF8 0310 ADC Data Buffer 8 xxxx ADC1BUF9 0312 ADC Data Buffer 9 xxxx ADC1BUFA 0314 ADC Data Buffer 10 xxxx Bit 15 Bit 14 Bit 13 Bit 12 Bit 11 Bit 10 Bit 9 Bit 8 Bit 7 Bit 6 Bit 5 Bit 4 Bit 3 Bit 2 Bit 1 Bit 0 ADC1BUFB 0316 ADC Data Buffer 11 xxxx ADC1BUFC 0318 ADC Data Buffer 12 xxxx ADC1BUFD 031A ADC Data Buffer 13 xxxx ADC1BUFE 031C ADC Data Buffer 14 xxxx 031E 0320 ADON — ADSIDL — — — FORM1 ADC Data Buffer 15 FORM0 SSRC2 SSRC1 SSRC0 — — ASAM SAMP DONE 0000 AD1CON2 0322 VCFG2 VCFG1 VCFG0 — — CSCNA — — BUFS — SMPI3 SMPI2 SMPI1 SMPI0 BUFM ALTS 0000 0000 xxxx AD1CON3 0324 ADRC — — SAMC4 SAMC3 SAMC2 SAMC1 SAMC0 ADCS7 ADCS6 ADCS5 ADCS4 ADCS3 ADCS2 ADCS1 ADCS0 AD1CHS 0328 CH0NB — — — CH0SB3 CH0SB2 CH0SB1 CH0SB0 CH0NA — — — CH0SA3 CH0SA2 CH0SA1 CH0SA0 0000 AD1PCFG 032C PCFG15 — — PCFG12 PCFG11 PCFG10 PCFG9 PCFG8(1) PCFG7(1) PCFG6(1) PCFG5 PCFG4 PCFG3 PCFG2 PCFG1 PCFG0 0000 0330 CSSL15 — — CSSL12 CSSL11 CSSL10 CSSL9 CSSL8(1) CSSL7(1) CSSL6(1) CSSL5 CSSL4 CSSL3 CSSL2 CSSL1 CSSL0 0000 Bit 5 Bit 4 Bit 3 Bit 2 Bit 1 Bit 0 All Resets AD1CSSL Legend: Note 1: — = unimplemented, read as ‘0’. Reset values are shown in hexadecimal. Bits are not available on 28-pin devices; read as ‘0’. TABLE 4-17: PARALLEL MASTER/SLAVE PORT REGISTER MAP File Name Addr Bit 15 PMCON 0600 PMPEN — PSIDL CSF1 CSF0 ALP — CS1P BEP WRSP RDSP 0000 PMMODE 0602 BUSY IRQM1 IRQM0 INCM1 INCM0 MODE16 MODE1 MODE0 WAITB1 WAITB0 WAITM3 WAITM2 WAITM1 WAITM0 WAITE1 WAITE0 0000 PMADDR 0604 — CS1 — — — ADDR10 ADDR9 ADDR8 ADDR7 ADDR6 ADDR5 ADDR4 ADDR3 ADDR2 ADDR1 ADDR0 0000 Bit 14 Bit 13 Bit 12 Bit 11 Bit 10 Bit 9 Bit 8 ADRMUX1 ADRMUX0 PTBEEN PTWREN PTRDEN Bit 7 Bit 6 DS39881D-page 41 PMDOUT1 Parallel Port Data Out Register 1 (Buffers 0 and 1) 0000 PMDOUT2 0606 Parallel Port Data Out Register 2 (Buffers 2 and 3) 0000 0000 PMDIN1 0608 Parallel Port Data In Register 1 (Buffers 0 and 1) PMDIN2 060A Parallel Port Data In Register 2 (Buffers 2 and 3) PMAEN 060C — PTEN14 — — — PTEN10 PTEN9 PTEN8 PTEN7 PTEN6 PTEN5 PTEN4 PTEN3 PTEN2 PTEN1 PTEN0 0000 PMSTAT 060E IBF IBOV — — IB3F IB2F IB1F IB0F OBE OBUF — — OB3E OB2E OB1E OB0E 0000 Legend: — = unimplemented, read as ‘0’. Reset values are shown in hexadecimal. 0000 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY ADC1BUFF AD1CON1 File Name Addr REAL-TIME CLOCK AND CALENDAR REGISTER MAP Bit 15 Bit 14 Bit 13 Bit 12 Bit 11 ALRMEN CHIME AMASK3 AMASK2 AMASK1 Bit 10 ALRMVAL 0620 ALCFGRPT 0622 RTCVAL 0624 RCFGCAL 0626 Legend: Bit 9 Bit 8 Bit 7 Bit 6 All Resets Bit 5 Bit 4 Bit 3 Bit 2 Bit 1 Bit 0 ARPT5 ARPT4 ARPT3 ARPT2 ARPT1 ARPT0 0000 CAL5 CAL4 CAL3 CAL2 CAL1 CAL0 0000 — = unimplemented, read as ‘0’. Reset values are shown in hexadecimal. TABLE 4-19: File Name Alarm Value Register Window Based on ALRMPTR<1:0> AMASK0 ALRMPTR1 ALRMPTR0 ARPT7 ARPT6 xxxx RTCC Value Register Window Based on RTCPTR<1:0> RTCEN — RTCWREN RTCSYNC HALFSEC RTCOE RTCPTR1 RTCPTR0 CAL7 CAL6 xxxx DUAL COMPARATOR REGISTER MAP Addr Bit 15 Bit 14 Bit 13 Bit 12 Bit 11 Bit 10 CMCON 0630 CMIDL — C2EVT C1EVT C2EN C1EN CVRCON 0632 — — — — — — Legend: Bit 9 Bit 8 Bit 6 Bit 5 Bit 4 Bit 3 Bit 2 Bit 1 Bit 0 All Resets — = unimplemented, read as ‘0’. Reset values are shown in hexadecimal. TABLE 4-20: File Name Addr C2OUTEN C1OUTEN Bit 7 — C2OUT C1OUT C2INV C1INV C2NEG C2POS C1NEG C1POS 0000 — CVREN CVROE CVRR CVRSS CVR3 CVR2 CVR1 CVR0 0000 Bit 8 Bit 7 Bit 6 Bit 5 Bit 4 Bit 3 Bit 2 Bit 1 Bit 0 All Resets — CRCGO PLEN3 PLEN2 PLEN1 PLEN0 0040 X5 X4 X3 X2 X1 — 0000 CRC REGISTER MAP Bit 15 Bit 14 Bit 13 CRCCON 0640 — — CSIDL CRCXOR 0642 X15 X14 X13 Bit 12 Bit 11 Bit 10 Bit 9 VWORD4 VWORD3 VWORD2 VWORD1 VWORD0 CRCFUL CRCMPT X12 X11 X10 X9 X8 X7 X6 CRCDAT 0644 CRC Data Input Register 0000 CRCWDAT 0646 CRC Result Register 0000 Legend: — = unimplemented, read as ‘0’. Reset values are shown in hexadecimal. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY DS39881D-page 42 TABLE 4-18: 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. TABLE 4-21: File Name PERIPHERAL PIN SELECT REGISTER MAP Addr Bit 15 Bit 14 Bit 13 Bit 12 Bit 11 Bit 10 Bit 9 Bit 8 Bit 7 Bit 6 Bit 5 Bit 4 Bit 3 Bit 2 Bit 1 Bit 0 All Resets 0680 — — — INT1R4 INT1R3 INT1R2 INT1R1 INT1R0 — — — — — — — — 1F00 0682 — — — — — — — — — — — INT2R4 INT2R3 INT2R2 INT2R1 INT2R0 001F RPINR3 0686 — — — T3CKR4 T3CKR3 T3CKR2 T3CKR1 T3CKR0 — — — T2CKR4 T2CKR3 T2CKR2 T2CKR1 T2CKR0 1F1F RPINR4 0688 — — — T5CKR4 T5CKR3 T5CKR2 T5CKR1 T5CKR0 — — — T4CKR4 T4CKR3 T4CKR2 T4CKR1 T4CKR0 1F1F RPINR7 068E — — — IC2R4 IC2R3 IC2R2 IC2R1 IC2R0 — — — IC1R4 IC1R3 IC1R2 IC1R1 IC1R0 1F1F RPINR8 0690 — — — IC4R4 IC4R3 IC4R2 IC4R1 IC4R0 — — — IC3R4 IC3R3 IC3R2 IC3R1 IC3R0 1F1F RPINR9 0692 — — — — — — — — — — — IC5R4 IC5R3 IC5R2 IC5R1 IC5R0 001F RPINR11 0696 — — — OCFBR4 OCFBR3 OCFBR2 OCFBR1 OCFBR0 — — — OCFAR4 OCFAR3 OCFAR2 OCFAR1 OCFAR0 1F1F RPINR18 06A4 — — — U1CTSR4 U1CTSR3 U1CTSR2 U1CTSR1 U1CTSR0 — — — U1RXR4 U1RXR3 U1RXR2 U1RXR1 U1RXR0 1F1F RPINR19 06A6 — — — U2CTSR4 U2CTSR3 U2CTSR2 U2CTSR1 U2CTSR0 — — — U2RXR4 U2RXR3 U2RXR2 U2RXR1 U2RXR0 1F1F RPINR20 06A8 — — — SCK1R4 SCK1R3 SCK1R2 SCK1R1 SCK1R0 — — — SDI1R4 SDI1R3 SDI1R2 SDI1R1 SDI1R0 1F1F RPINR21 06AA — — — — — — — — — — — SS1R4 SS1R3 SS1R2 SS1R1 SS1R0 001F RPINR22 06AC — — — SCK2R4 SCK2R3 SCK2R2 SCK2R1 SCK2R0 — — — SDI2R4 SDI2R3 SDI2R2 SDI2R1 SDI2R0 1F1F RPINR23 06AE — — — — — — — — — — — SS2R4 SS2R3 SS2R2 SS2R1 SS2R0 001F RPOR0 06C0 — — — RP1R4 RP1R3 RP1R2 RP1R1 RP1R0 — — — RP0R4 RP0R3 RP0R2 RP0R1 RP0R0 0000 RPOR1 06C2 — — — RP3R4 RP3R3 RP3R2 RP3R1 RP3R0 — — — RP2R4 RP2R3 RP2R2 RP2R1 RP2R0 0000 RPOR2 06C4 — — — RP5R4 RP5R3 RP5R2 RP5R1 RP5R0 — — — RP4R4 RP4R3 RP4R2 RP4R1 RP4R0 0000 RPOR3 06C6 — — — RP7R4 RP7R3 RP7R2 RP7R1 RP7R0 — — — RP6R4 RP6R3 RP6R2 RP6R1 RP6R0 0000 RPOR4 06C8 — — — RP9R4 RP9R3 RP9R2 RP9R1 RP9R0 — — — RP8R4 RP8R3 RP8R2 RP8R1 RP8R0 0000 RPOR5 06CA — — — RP11R4 RP11R3 RP11R2 RP11R1 RP11R0 — — — RP10R4 RP10R3 RP10R2 RP10R1 RP10R0 0000 RPOR6 06CC — — — RP13R4 RP13R3 RP13R2 RP13R1 RP13R0 — — — RP12R4 RP12R3 RP12R2 RP12R1 RP12R0 0000 RPOR7 06CE — — — RP15R4 RP15R3 RP15R2 RP15R1 RP15R0 — — — RP14R4 RP14R3 RP14R2 RP14R1 RP14R0 0000 RPOR8 06D0 — — — RP17R4(1) RP17R3(1) RP17R2(1) RP17R1(1) RP17R0(1) — — — RP16R4(1) RP16R3(1) RP16R2(1) RP16R1(1) RP16R0(1) 0000 RPOR9 06D2 — — — RP19R4(1) RP19R3(1) RP19R2(1) RP19R1(1) RP19R0(1) — — — RP18R4(1) RP18R3(1) RP18R2(1) RP18R1(1) RP18R0(1) 0000 RPOR10 06D4 — — — RP21R4(1) RP21R3(1) RP21R2(1) RP21R1(1) RP21R0(1) — — — RP20R4(1) RP20R3(1) RP20R2(1) RP20R1(1) RP20R0(1) 0000 RPOR11 06D6 — — — RP23R4(1) RP23R3(1) RP23R2(1) RP23R1(1) RP23R0(1) — — — RP22R4(1) RP22R3(1) RP22R2(1) RP22R1(1) RP22R0(1) 0000 RPOR12 06D8 — — — RP25R4(1) RP25R3(1) RP25R2(1) RP25R1(1) RP25R0(1) — — — RP24R4(1) RP24R3(1) RP24R2(1) RP24R1(1) RP24R0(1) 0000 Legend: Note 1: — = unimplemented, read as ‘0’. Reset values are shown in hexadecimal. Bits are only available on the 44-pin devices; otherwise, they read as ‘0’. DS39881D-page 43 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY RPINR0 RPINR1 File Name CLOCK CONTROL REGISTER MAP Addr Bit 15 Bit 14 RCON 0740 TRAPR IOPUWR OSCCON 0742 — COSC2 CLKDIV 0744 ROI DOZE2 OSCTUN 0748 — — Legend: Note 1: 2: Bit 13 Bit 12 Bit 11 — — — COSC1 COSC0 — DOZE1 DOZE0 DOZEN — — — Bit 10 Bit 7 Bit 6 Bit 5 Bit 4 Bit 3 Bit 2 Bit 1 EXTR SWR SWDTEN WDTO SLEEP IDLE BOR CLKLOCK IOLOCK LOCK — CF — SOSCEN Bit 0 All Resets POR (Note 1) Bit 9 Bit 8 — CM VREGS NOSC2 NOSC1 NOSC0 RCDIV2 RCDIV1 RCDIV0 — — — — — — — — 3140 — — — — — TUN5 TUN4 TUN3 TUN2 TUN1 TUN0 0000 Bit 4 Bit 3 Bit 2 Bit 1 Bit 0 All Resets OSWEN (Note 2) — = unimplemented, read as ‘0’. Reset values are shown in hexadecimal. RCON register Reset values are dependent on type of Reset. OSCCON register Reset values are dependent on configuration fuses and by type of Reset. TABLE 4-23: NVM REGISTER MAP File Name Addr Bit 15 Bit 14 Bit 13 Bit 12 Bit 11 Bit 10 Bit 9 Bit 8 Bit 7 Bit 6 Bit 5 — ERASE — 0760 WR WREN WRERR — — — — — 0766 — — — — — — — — Legend: Note 1: — = unimplemented, read as ‘0’. Reset values are shown in hexadecimal. Reset value shown is for POR only. Value on other Reset states is dependent on the state of memory write or erase operations at the time of Reset. TABLE 4-24: File Name — NVMOP3 NVMOP2 NVMOP1 NVMOP0 0000(1) NVMCON NVMKEY NVMKEY<7:0> 0000 PMD REGISTER MAP Addr Bit 15 Bit 14 Bit 13 Bit 12 Bit 11 Bit 10 Bit 9 Bit 8 Bit 7 Bit 6 Bit 5 Bit 4 Bit 3 Bit 2 Bit 1 Bit 0 All Resets 0000 PMD1 0770 T5MD T4MD T3MD T2MD T1MD — — — I2C1MD U2MD U1MD SPI2MD SPI1MD — — ADC1MD PMD2 0772 — — — IC5MD IC4MD IC3MD IC2MD IC1MD — — — OC5MD OC4MD OC3MD OC2MD OC1MD 0000 PMD3 0774 — — — — — CMPMD RTCCMD PMPMD CRCPMD — — — — — I2C2MD — 0000 Legend: — = unimplemented, read as ‘0’. Reset values are shown in hexadecimal. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY DS39881D-page 44 TABLE 4-22: 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY 4.2.5 SOFTWARE STACK 4.3 In addition to its use as a working register, the W15 register in PIC24F devices is also used as a Software Stack Pointer. The pointer always points to the first available free word and grows from lower to higher addresses. It pre-decrements for stack pops and post-increments for stack pushes, as shown in Figure 4-4. Note that for a PC push during any CALL instruction, the MSB of the PC is zero-extended before the push, ensuring that the MSB is always clear. Note: A PC push during exception processing will concatenate the SRL register to the MSB of the PC prior to the push. The Stack Pointer Limit Value register (SPLIM), associated with the Stack Pointer, sets an upper address boundary for the stack. SPLIM is uninitialized at Reset. As is the case for the Stack Pointer, SPLIM<0> is forced to ‘0’ because all stack operations must be word-aligned. Whenever an EA is generated using W15 as a source or destination pointer, the resulting address is compared with the value in SPLIM. If the contents of the Stack Pointer (W15) and the SPLIM register are equal, and a push operation is performed, a stack error trap will not occur. The stack error trap will occur on a subsequent push operation. Thus, for example, if it is desirable to cause a stack error trap when the stack grows beyond address 2000h in RAM, initialize the SPLIM with the value, 1FFEh. Similarly, a Stack Pointer underflow (stack error) trap is generated when the Stack Pointer address is found to be less than 0800h. This prevents the stack from interfering with the Special Function Register (SFR) space. A write to the SPLIM register should not be immediately followed by an indirect read operation using W15. FIGURE 4-4: Stack Grows Towards Higher Address 0000h CALL STACK FRAME 15 0 PC<15:0> 000000000 PC<22:16> <Free Word> W15 (before CALL) W15 (after CALL) POP : [--W15] PUSH : [W15++] 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. Interfacing Program and Data Memory Spaces The PIC24F architecture uses a 24-bit wide program space and 16-bit wide data space. The architecture is also a modified Harvard scheme, meaning that data can also be present in the program space. To use this data successfully, it must be accessed in a way that preserves the alignment of information in both spaces. Aside from normal execution, the PIC24F architecture provides two methods by which program space can be accessed during operation: • Using table instructions to access individual bytes or words anywhere in the program space • Remapping a portion of the program space into the data space (program space visibility) Table instructions allow an application to read or write to small areas of the program memory. This makes the method ideal for accessing data tables that need to be updated from time to time. It also allows access to all bytes of the program word. The remapping method allows an application to access a large block of data on a read-only basis, which is ideal for look ups from a large table of static data. It can only access the least significant word of the program word. 4.3.1 ADDRESSING PROGRAM SPACE Since the address ranges for the data and program spaces are 16 and 24 bits, respectively, a method is needed to create a 23-bit or 24-bit program address from 16-bit data registers. The solution depends on the interface method to be used. For table operations, the 8-bit Table Memory Page Address register (TBLPAG) is used to define a 32K word region within the program space. This is concatenated with a 16-bit EA to arrive at a full 24-bit program space address. In this format, the Most Significant bit of TBLPAG is used to determine if the operation occurs in the user memory (TBLPAG<7> = 0) or the configuration memory (TBLPAG<7> = 1). For remapping operations, the 8-bit Program Space Visibility Page Address register (PSVPAG) is used to define a 16K word page in the program space. When the Most Significant bit of the EA is ‘1’, PSVPAG is concatenated with the lower 15 bits of the EA to form a 23-bit program space address. Unlike table operations, this limits remapping operations strictly to the user memory area. Table 4-25 and Figure 4-5 show how the program EA is created for table operations and remapping accesses from the data EA. Here, P<23:0> refers to a program space word, whereas D<15:0> refers to a data space word. DS39881D-page 45 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY TABLE 4-25: PROGRAM SPACE ADDRESS CONSTRUCTION Program Space Address Access Space Access Type <23> <22:16> <15> <14:1> <0> Instruction Access (Code Execution) User TBLRD/TBLWT (Byte/Word Read/Write) User TBLPAG<7:0> Data EA<15:0> 0xxx xxxx xxxx xxxx xxxx xxxx Configuration TBLPAG<7:0> Data EA<15:0> 1xxx xxxx xxxx xxxx xxxx xxxx 0 0xx xxxx xxxx xxxx xxxx xxx0 Program Space Visibility (Block Remap/Read) Note 1: PC<22:1> 0 0 PSVPAG<7:0> Data EA<14:0>(1) 0 User xxxx xxxx xxx xxxx xxxx xxxx Data EA<15> is always ‘1’ in this case, but is not used in calculating the program space address. Bit 15 of the address is PSVPAG<0>. FIGURE 4-5: DATA ACCESS FROM PROGRAM SPACE ADDRESS GENERATION Program Counter(1) Program Counter 0 0 23 Bits EA Table Operations(2) 1/0 1/0 TBLPAG 8 Bits 16 Bits 24 Bits Select Program Space Visibility(1) (Remapping) 0 EA 1 0 PSVPAG 8 Bits 15 Bits 23 Bits User/Configuration Space Select Byte Select Note 1: The LSb of program space addresses is always fixed as ‘0’ in order to maintain word alignment of data in the program and data spaces. 2: Table operations are not required to be word-aligned. Table read operations are permitted in the configuration memory space. DS39881D-page 46 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY 4.3.2 DATA ACCESS FROM PROGRAM MEMORY USING TABLE INSTRUCTIONS 2. The TBLRDL and TBLWTL instructions offer a direct method of reading or writing the lower word of any address within the program space without going through data space. The TBLRDH and TBLWTH instructions are the only method to read or write the upper 8 bits of a program space word as data. The PC is incremented by two for each successive 24-bit program word. This allows program memory addresses to directly map to data space addresses. Program memory can thus be regarded as two 16-bit word-wide address spaces, residing side by side, each with the same address range. TBLRDL and TBLWTL access the space which contains the least significant data word, and TBLRDH and TBLWTH access the space which contains the upper data byte. Two table instructions are provided to move byte or word-sized (16-bit) data to and from program space. Both function as either byte or word operations. 1. TBLRDL (Table Read Low): In Word mode, it maps the lower word of the program space location (P<15:0>) to a data address (D<15:0>). In Byte mode, either the upper or lower byte of the lower program word is mapped to the lower byte of a data address. The upper byte is selected when byte select is ‘1’; the lower byte is selected when it is ‘0’. FIGURE 4-6: TBLRDH (Table Read High): In Word mode, it maps the entire upper word of a program address (P<23:16>) to a data address. Note that D<15:8>, the ‘phantom’ byte, will always be ‘0’. In Byte mode, it maps the upper or lower byte of the program word to D<7:0> of the data address, as above. Note that the data will always be ‘0’ when the upper ‘phantom’ byte is selected (byte select = 1). In a similar fashion, two table instructions, TBLWTH and TBLWTL, are used to write individual bytes or words to a program space address. The details of their operation are explained in Section 5.0 “Flash Program Memory”. For all table operations, the area of program memory space to be accessed is determined by the Table Memory Page Address register (TBLPAG). TBLPAG covers the entire program memory space of the device, including user and configuration spaces. When TBLPAG<7> = 0, the table page is located in the user memory space. When TBLPAG<7> = 1, the page is located in configuration space. Note: Only table read operations will execute in the configuration memory space, and only then, in implemented areas such as the Device ID. Table write operations are not allowed. ACCESSING PROGRAM MEMORY WITH TABLE INSTRUCTIONS Program Space TBLPAG 02 Data EA<15:0> 23 15 0 000000h 23 16 8 0 00000000 020000h 030000h 00000000 00000000 00000000 ‘Phantom’ Byte TBLRDH.B (Wn<0> = 0) TBLRDL.B (Wn<0> = 1) TBLRDL.B (Wn<0> = 0) TBLRDL.W 800000h 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. The address for the table operation is determined by the data EA within the page defined by the TBLPAG register. Only read operations are shown; write operations are also valid in the user memory area. DS39881D-page 47 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY 4.3.3 READING DATA FROM PROGRAM MEMORY USING PROGRAM SPACE VISIBILITY The upper 32 Kbytes of data space may optionally be mapped into any 16K word page of the program space. This provides transparent access of stored constant data from the data space without the need to use special instructions (i.e., TBLRDL/H). Program space access through the data space occurs if the Most Significant bit of the data space EA is ‘1’, and program space visibility is enabled by setting the PSV bit in the CPU Control register (CORCON<2>). The location of the program memory space to be mapped into the data space is determined by the Program Space Visibility Page Address register (PSVPAG). This 8-bit register defines any one of 256 possible pages of 16K words in program space. In effect, PSVPAG functions as the upper 8 bits of the program memory address, with the 15 bits of the EA functioning as the lower bits. Note that by incrementing the PC by 2 for each program memory word, the lower 15 bits of data space addresses directly map to the lower 15 bits in the corresponding program space addresses. Data reads to this area add an additional cycle to the instruction being executed, since two program memory fetches are required. Although each data space address, 8000h and higher, maps directly into a corresponding program memory address (see Figure 4-7), only the lower 16 bits of the FIGURE 4-7: 24-bit program word are used to contain the data. The upper 8 bits of any program space locations used as data should be programmed with ‘1111 1111’ or ‘0000 0000’ to force a NOP. This prevents possible issues should the area of code ever be accidentally executed. PSV access is temporarily disabled during table reads/writes. Note: For operations that use PSV and are executed outside a REPEAT loop, the MOV and MOV.D instructions will require one instruction cycle in addition to the specified execution time. All other instructions will require two instruction cycles in addition to the specified execution time. For operations that use PSV which are executed inside a REPEAT loop, there will be some instances that require two instruction cycles in addition to the specified execution time of the instruction: • Execution in the first iteration • Execution in the last iteration • Execution prior to exiting the loop due to an interrupt • Execution upon re-entering the loop after an interrupt is serviced Any other iteration of the REPEAT loop will allow the instruction accessing data, using PSV, to execute in a single cycle. PROGRAM SPACE VISIBILITY OPERATION When CORCON<2> = 1 and EA<15> = 1: Program Space PSVPAG 02 23 15 Data Space 0 000000h 0000h Data EA<14:0> 010000h 018000h The data in the page designated by PSVPAG is mapped into the upper half of the data memory space.... 8000h PSV Area FFFFh 800000h DS39881D-page 48 ...while the lower 15 bits of the EA specify an exact address within the PSV area. This corresponds exactly to the same lower 15 bits of the actual program space address. 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY 5.0 Note: RTSP is accomplished using TBLRD (table read) and TBLWT (table write) instructions. With RTSP, the user may write program memory data in blocks of 64 instructions (192 bytes) at a time, and erase program memory in blocks of 512 instructions (1536 bytes) at a time. FLASH PROGRAM MEMORY This data sheet summarizes the features of this group of PIC24F devices. It is not intended to be a comprehensive reference source. For more information, refer to the “PIC24F Family Reference Manual”, ”Section 4. Program Memory” (DS39715). 5.1 Regardless of the method used, all programming of Flash memory is done with the table read and table write instructions. These allow direct read and write access to the program memory space from the data memory while the device is in normal operating mode. The 24-bit target address in the program memory is formed using the TBLPAG<7:0> bits and the Effective Address (EA) from a W register specified in the table instruction, as shown in Figure 5-1. The PIC24FJ64GA004 family of devices contains internal Flash program memory for storing and executing application code. The memory is readable, writable and erasable when operating with VDD over 2.25V. Flash memory can be programmed in three ways: • In-Circuit Serial Programming™ (ICSP™) • Run-Time Self-Programming (RTSP) • Enhanced In-Circuit Serial Programming (Enhanced ICSP) The TBLRDL and the TBLWTL instructions are used to read or write to bits<15:0> of program memory. TBLRDL and TBLWTL can access program memory in both Word and Byte modes. ICSP allows a PIC24FJ64GA004 family device to be serially programmed while in the end application circuit. This is simply done with two lines for the programming clock and programming data (which are named PGCx and PGDx, respectively), and three other lines for power (VDD), ground (VSS) and Master Clear (MCLR). This allows customers to manufacture boards with unprogrammed devices and then program the microcontroller just before shipping the product. This also allows the most recent firmware or a custom firmware to be programmed. FIGURE 5-1: Table Instructions and Flash Programming The TBLRDH and TBLWTH instructions are used to read or write to bits<23:16> of program memory. TBLRDH and TBLWTH can also access program memory in Word or Byte mode. ADDRESSING FOR TABLE REGISTERS 24 Bits Using Program Counter Program Counter 0 0 Working Reg EA Using Table Instruction User/Configuration Space Select 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. 1/0 TBLPAG Reg 8 Bits 16 Bits 24-Bit EA Byte Select DS39881D-page 49 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY 5.2 RTSP Operation The PIC24F Flash program memory array is organized into rows of 64 instructions or 192 bytes. RTSP allows the user to erase blocks of eight rows (512 instructions) at a time and to program one row at a time. It is also possible to program single words. The 8-row erase blocks and single row write blocks are edge-aligned, from the beginning of program memory, on boundaries of 1536 bytes and 192 bytes, respectively. When data is written to program memory using TBLWT instructions, the data is not written directly to memory. Instead, data written using table writes is stored in holding latches until the programming sequence is executed. Any number of TBLWT instructions can be executed and a write will be successfully performed. However, 64 TBLWT instructions are required to write the full row of memory. To ensure that no data is corrupted during a write, any unused addresses should be programmed with FFFFFFh. This is because the holding latches reset to an unknown state, so if the addresses are left in the Reset state, they may overwrite the locations on rows which were not rewritten. The basic sequence for RTSP programming is to set up a Table Pointer, then do a series of TBLWT instructions to load the buffers. Programming is performed by setting the control bits in the NVMCON register. Data can be loaded in any order and the holding registers can be written to multiple times before performing a write operation. Subsequent writes, however, will wipe out any previous writes. Note: Writing to a location multiple times without erasing it is not recommended. All of the table write operations are single-word writes (2 instruction cycles), because only the buffers are written. A programming cycle is required for programming each row. DS39881D-page 50 5.3 Enhanced In-Circuit Serial Programming Enhanced In-Circuit Serial Programming uses an on-board bootloader, known as the program executive, to manage the programming process. Using an SPI data frame format, the program executive can erase, program and verify program memory. For more information on Enhanced ICSP, see the device programming specification. 5.4 Control Registers There are two SFRs used to read and write the program Flash memory: NVMCON and NVMKEY. The NVMCON register (Register 5-1) controls which blocks are to be erased, which memory type is to be programmed and when the programming cycle starts. NVMKEY is a write-only register that is used for write protection. To start a programming or erase sequence, the user must consecutively write 55h and AAh to the NVMKEY register. Refer to Section 5.5 “Programming Operations” for further details. 5.5 Programming Operations A complete programming sequence is necessary for programming or erasing the internal Flash in RTSP mode. During a programming or erase operation, the processor stalls (waits) until the operation is finished. Setting the WR bit (NVMCON<15>) starts the operation and the WR bit is automatically cleared when the operation is finished. Configuration Word values are stored in the last two locations of program memory. Performing a page erase operation on the last page of program memory clears these values and enables code protection. As a result, avoid performing page erase operations on the last page of program memory. 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY REGISTER 5-1: NVMCON: FLASH MEMORY CONTROL REGISTER R/SO-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 WR WREN WRERR — — — — — bit 15 bit 8 U-0 R/W-0 — U-0 ERASE — U-0 R/W-0 — NVMOP3 R/W-0 (1) R/W-0 (1) NVMOP2 NVMOP1 R/W-0 (1) NVMOP0(1) bit 7 bit 0 Legend: SO = Set Only bit R = Readable bit W = Writable bit U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’ -n = Value at POR ‘1’ = Bit is set ‘0’ = Bit is cleared x = Bit is unknown bit 15 WR: Write Control bit 1 = Initiates a Flash memory program or erase operation. The operation is self-timed and the bit is cleared by hardware once operation is complete. 0 = Program or erase operation is complete and inactive bit 14 WREN: Write Enable bit 1 = Enable Flash program/erase operations 0 = Inhibit Flash program/erase operations bit 13 WRERR: Write Sequence Error Flag bit 1 = An improper program or erase sequence attempt or termination has occurred (bit is set automatically on any set attempt of the WR bit) 0 = The program or erase operation completed normally bit 12-7 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 6 ERASE: Erase/Program Enable bit 1 = Perform the erase operation specified by NVMOP3:NVMOP0 on the next WR command 0 = Perform the program operation specified by NVMOP3:NVMOP0 on the next WR command bit 5-4 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 3-0 NVMOP3:NVMOP0: NVM Operation Select bits(1) 1111 = Memory bulk erase operation (ERASE = 1) or no operation (ERASE = 0)(2) 0011 = Memory word program operation (ERASE = 0) or no operation (ERASE = 1) 0010 = Memory page erase operation (ERASE = 1) or no operation (ERASE = 0) 0001 = Memory row program operation (ERASE = 0) or no operation (ERASE = 1) Note 1: 2: All other combinations of NVMOP3:NVMOP0 are unimplemented. Available in ICSP™ mode only. Refer to device programming specification. 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS39881D-page 51 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY 5.5.1 PROGRAMMING ALGORITHM FOR FLASH PROGRAM MEMORY 4. 5. The user can program one row of Flash program memory at a time. To do this, it is necessary to erase the 8-row erase block containing the desired row. The general process is: 1. 2. 3. Read eight rows of program memory (512 instructions) and store in data RAM. Update the program data in RAM with the desired new data. Erase the block (see Example 5-1): a) Set the NVMOP bits (NVMCON<3:0>) to ‘0010’ to configure for block erase. Set the ERASE (NVMCON<6>) and WREN (NVMCON<14>) bits. b) Write the starting address of the block to be erased into the TBLPAG and W registers. c) Write 55h to NVMKEY. d) Write AAh to NVMKEY. e) Set the WR bit (NVMCON<15>). The erase cycle begins and the CPU stalls for the duration of the erase cycle. When the erase is done, the WR bit is cleared automatically. EXAMPLE 5-1: DS39881D-page 52 For protection against accidental operations, the write initiate sequence for NVMKEY must be used to allow any erase or program operation to proceed. After the programming command has been executed, the user must wait for the programming time until programming is complete. The two instructions following the start of the programming sequence should be NOPs, as shown in Example 5-3. ERASING A PROGRAM MEMORY BLOCK ; Set up NVMCON for block erase operation MOV #0x4042, W0 MOV W0, NVMCON ; Init pointer to row to be ERASED MOV #tblpage(PROG_ADDR), W0 MOV W0, TBLPAG MOV #tbloffset(PROG_ADDR), W0 TBLWTL W0, [W0] DISI #5 MOV MOV MOV MOV BSET NOP NOP 6. Write the first 64 instructions from data RAM into the program memory buffers (see Example 5-1). Write the program block to Flash memory: a) Set the NVMOP bits to ‘0001’ to configure for row programming. Clear the ERASE bit and set the WREN bit. b) Write 55h to NVMKEY. c) Write AAh to NVMKEY. d) Set the WR bit. The programming cycle begins and the CPU stalls for the duration of the write cycle. When the write to Flash memory is done, the WR bit is cleared automatically. Repeat steps 4 and 5, using the next available 64 instructions from the block in data RAM by incrementing the value in TBLPAG, until all 512 instructions are written back to Flash memory. #0x55, W0 W0, NVMKEY #0xAA, W1 W1, NVMKEY NVMCON, #WR ; ; Initialize NVMCON ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; Initialize PM Page Boundary SFR Initialize in-page EA[15:0] pointer Set base address of erase block Block all interrupts with priority <7 for next 5 instructions Write the 55 key Write the AA key Start the erase sequence Insert two NOPs after the erase command is asserted 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY EXAMPLE 5-2: LOADING THE WRITE BUFFERS ; Set up NVMCON for row programming operations MOV #0x4001, W0 ; MOV W0, NVMCON ; Initialize NVMCON ; Set up a pointer to the first program memory location to be written ; program memory selected, and writes enabled MOV #0x0000, W0 ; MOV W0, TBLPAG ; Initialize PM Page Boundary SFR MOV #0x6000, W0 ; An example program memory address ; Perform the TBLWT instructions to write the latches ; 0th_program_word MOV #LOW_WORD_0, W2 ; MOV #HIGH_BYTE_0, W3 ; TBLWTL W2, [W0] ; Write PM low word into program latch TBLWTH W3, [W0++] ; Write PM high byte into program latch ; 1st_program_word MOV #LOW_WORD_1, W2 ; MOV #HIGH_BYTE_1, W3 ; TBLWTL W2, [W0] ; Write PM low word into program latch TBLWTH W3, [W0++] ; Write PM high byte into program latch ; 2nd_program_word MOV #LOW_WORD_2, W2 ; MOV #HIGH_BYTE_2, W3 ; ; Write PM low word into program latch TBLWTL W2, [W0] ; Write PM high byte into program latch TBLWTH W3, [W0++] • • • ; 63rd_program_word MOV #LOW_WORD_31, W2 ; MOV #HIGH_BYTE_31, W3 ; ; Write PM low word into program latch TBLWTL W2, [W0] ; Write PM high byte into program latch TBLWTH W3, [W0] EXAMPLE 5-3: INITIATING A PROGRAMMING SEQUENCE DISI #5 MOV MOV MOV MOV BSET NOP NOP BTSC BRA #0x55, W0 W0, NVMKEY #0xAA, W1 W1, NVMKEY NVMCON, #WR NVMCON, #15 $-2 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. ; Block all interrupts with priority <7 ; for next 5 instructions ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; Write the 55 key Write the AA key Start the erase sequence 2 NOPs required after setting WR Wait for the sequence to be completed DS39881D-page 53 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY 5.5.2 PROGRAMMING A SINGLE WORD OF FLASH PROGRAM MEMORY If a Flash location has been erased, it can be programmed using table write instructions to write an instruction word (24-bit) into the write latch. The TBLPAG register is loaded with the 8 Most Significant Bytes of the Flash address. The TBLWTL and TBLWTH EXAMPLE 5-4: instructions write the desired data into the write latches and specify the lower 16 bits of the program memory address to write to. To configure the NVMCON register for a word write, set the NVMOP bits (NVMCON<3:0>) to ‘0011’. The write is performed by executing the unlock sequence and setting the WR bit (see Example 5-4). PROGRAMMING A SINGLE WORD OF FLASH PROGRAM MEMORY ; Setup a pointer to data Program Memory MOV #tblpage(PROG_ADDR), W0 ; MOV W0, TBLPAG ;Initialize PM Page Boundary SFR MOV #tbloffset(PROG_ADDR), W0 ;Initialize a register with program memory address MOV MOV TBLWTL TBLWTH #LOW_WORD_N, W2 #HIGH_BYTE_N, W3 W2, [W0] W3, [W0++] ; ; ; Write PM low word into program latch ; Write PM high byte into program latch ; Setup NVMCON for programming one word to data Program Memory MOV #0x4003, W0 ; MOV W0, NVMCON ; Set NVMOP bits to 0011 DISI MOV MOV MOV MOV BSET NOP NOP #5 #0x55, W0 W0, NVMKEY #0xAA, W0 W0, NVMKEY NVMCON, #WR DS39881D-page 54 ; Disable interrupts while the KEY sequence is written ; Write the key sequence ; Start the write cycle ; 2 NOPs required after setting WR ; 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY 6.0 Note: RESETS This data sheet summarizes the features of this group of PIC24F devices. It is not intended to be a comprehensive reference source. For more information, refer to the “PIC24F Family Reference Manual”, ”Section 7. Reset” (DS39712). The Reset module combines all Reset sources and controls the device Master Reset Signal, SYSRST. The following is a list of device Reset sources: • • • • • • • • • POR: Power-on Reset MCLR: Pin Reset SWR: RESET Instruction WDT: Watchdog Timer Reset BOR: Brown-out Reset CM: Configuration Mismatch Reset TRAPR: Trap Conflict Reset IOPUWR: Illegal Opcode Reset UWR: Uninitialized W Register Reset Any active source of Reset will make the SYSRST signal active. Many registers associated with the CPU and peripherals are forced to a known Reset state. Most registers are unaffected by a Reset; their status is unknown on POR and unchanged by all other Resets. Note: All types of device Reset will set a corresponding status bit in the RCON register to indicate the type of Reset (see Register 6-1). A Power-on Reset will clear all bits except for the BOR and POR bits (RCON<1:0>) which are set. The user may set or clear any bit at any time during code execution. The RCON bits only serve as status bits. Setting a particular Reset status bit in software will not cause a device Reset to occur. The RCON register also has other bits associated with the Watchdog Timer and device power-saving states. The function of these bits is discussed in other sections of this manual. A simplified block diagram of the Reset module is shown in Figure 6-1. FIGURE 6-1: Refer to the specific peripheral or CPU section of this manual for register Reset states. Note: The status bits in the RCON register should be cleared after they are read so that the next RCON register value after a device Reset will be meaningful. RESET SYSTEM BLOCK DIAGRAM RESET Instruction Glitch Filter MCLR WDT Module Sleep or Idle VDD Rise Detect POR Brown-out Reset BOR SYSRST VDD Enable Voltage Regulator Trap Conflict Illegal Opcode Configuration Mismatch Uninitialized W Register 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS39881D-page 55 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY RCON: RESET CONTROL REGISTER(1) REGISTER 6-1: R/W-0 TRAPR bit 15 R/W-0 IOPUWR U-0 — U-0 — U-0 — U-0 — R/W-0 CM R/W-0 VREGS bit 8 R/W-0 EXTR bit 7 R/W-0 SWR R/W-0 SWDTEN(2) R/W-0 WDTO R/W-0 SLEEP R/W-0 IDLE R/W-1 BOR R/W-1 POR bit 0 Legend: R = Readable bit -n = Value at POR bit 15 bit 14 bit 13-10 bit 9 bit 8 bit 7 bit 6 bit 5 bit 4 bit 3 bit 2 bit 1 bit 0 Note 1: 2: W = Writable bit ‘1’ = Bit is set U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’ ‘0’ = Bit is cleared x = Bit is unknown TRAPR: Trap Reset Flag bit 1 = A Trap Conflict Reset has occurred 0 = A Trap Conflict Reset has not occurred IOPUWR: Illegal Opcode or Uninitialized W Access Reset Flag bit 1 = An illegal opcode detection, an illegal address mode or uninitialized W register used as an Address Pointer caused a Reset 0 = An illegal opcode or uninitialized W Reset has not occurred Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ CM: Configuration Word Mismatch Reset Flag bit 1 = A Configuration Word Mismatch Reset has occurred 0 = A Configuration Word Mismatch Reset has not occurred VREGS: Voltage Regulator Standby Enable bit 1 = Regulator remains active during Sleep 0 = Regulator goes to standby during Sleep EXTR: External Reset (MCLR) Pin bit 1 = A Master Clear (pin) Reset has occurred 0 = A Master Clear (pin) Reset has not occurred SWR: Software Reset (Instruction) Flag bit 1 = A RESET instruction has been executed 0 = A RESET instruction has not been executed SWDTEN: Software Enable/Disable of WDT bit(2) 1 = WDT is enabled 0 = WDT is disabled WDTO: Watchdog Timer Time-out Flag bit 1 = WDT time-out has occurred 0 = WDT time-out has not occurred SLEEP: Wake From Sleep Flag bit 1 = Device has been in Sleep mode 0 = Device has not been in Sleep mode IDLE: Wake-up From Idle Flag bit 1 = Device has been in Idle mode 0 = Device has not been in Idle mode BOR: Brown-out Reset Flag bit 1 = A Brown-out Reset has occurred. Note that BOR is also set after a Power-on Reset. 0 = A Brown-out Reset has not occurred POR: Power-on Reset Flag bit 1 = A Power-up Reset has occurred 0 = A Power-up Reset has not occurred All of the Reset status bits may be set or cleared in software. Setting one of these bits in software does not cause a device Reset. If the FWDTEN Configuration bit is ‘1’ (unprogrammed), the WDT is always enabled, regardless of the SWDTEN bit setting. DS39881D-page 56 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY TABLE 6-1: RESET FLAG BIT OPERATION Flag Bit Setting Event Clearing Event TRAPR (RCON<15>) Trap Conflict Event POR IOPUWR (RCON<14>) Illegal Opcode or Uninitialized W Register Access POR CM (RCON<9>) Configuration Mismatch Reset POR EXTR (RCON<7>) MCLR Reset POR SWR (RCON<6>) RESET Instruction POR WDTO (RCON<4>) WDT Time-out SLEEP (RCON<3>) PWRSAV #SLEEP Instruction POR IDLE (RCON<2>) PWRSAV #IDLE Instruction POR BOR (RCON<1>) POR, BOR — POR (RCON<0>) POR — Note: 6.1 PWRSAV Instruction, POR All Reset flag bits may be set or cleared by the user software. Clock Source Selection at Reset If clock switching is enabled, the system clock source at device Reset is chosen as shown in Table 6-2. If clock switching is disabled, the system clock source is always selected according to the oscillator Configuration bits. Refer to Section 8.0 “Oscillator Configuration” for further details. TABLE 6-2: Reset Type POR BOR MCLR WDTO OSCILLATOR SELECTION vs. TYPE OF RESET (CLOCK SWITCHING ENABLED) Clock Source Determinant FNOS Configuration bits (CW2<10:8>) 6.2 Device Reset Times The Reset times for various types of device Reset are summarized in Table 6-3. Note that the system Reset signal, SYSRST, is released after the POR and PWRT delay times expire. The time that the device actually begins to execute code will also depend on the system oscillator delays, which include the Oscillator Start-up Timer (OST) and the PLL lock time. The OST and PLL lock times occur in parallel with the applicable SYSRST delay times. The FSCM delay determines the time at which the FSCM begins to monitor the system clock source after the SYSRST signal is released. COSC Control bits (OSCCON<14:12>) SWR 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS39881D-page 57 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY TABLE 6-3: Reset Type RESET DELAY TIMES FOR VARIOUS DEVICE RESETS Clock Source SYSRST Delay EC, FRC, FRCDIV, LPRC TPOR + TSTARTUP + TRST POR System Clock Delay FSCM Delay — — Notes 1, 2, 3 ECPLL, FRCPLL TLOCK TFSCM 1, 2, 3, 5, 6 TPOR + TSTARTUP + TRST TOST TFSCM 1, 2, 3, 4, 6 XTPLL, HSPLL BOR TPOR + TSTARTUP + TRST XT, HS, SOSC TPOR + TSTARTUP + TRST TOST + TLOCK TFSCM 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 EC, FRC, FRCDIV, LPRC TSTARTUP + TRST — — ECPLL, FRCPLL TSTARTUP + TRST TLOCK TFSCM 2, 3, 5, 6 XT, HS, SOSC TSTARTUP + TRST TOST TFSCM 2, 3, 4, 6 XTPLL, HSPLL TSTARTUP + TRST TOST + TLOCK TFSCM 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 2, 3 MCLR Any Clock TRST — — 3 WDT Any Clock TRST — — 3 Software Any clock TRST — — 3 Illegal Opcode Any Clock TRST — — 3 Uninitialized W Any Clock TRST — — 3 Trap Conflict Any Clock TRST — — 3 Note 1: 2: 3: 4: 5: 6: TPOR = Power-on Reset delay (10 s nominal). TSTARTUP = TVREG (10 s nominal) if on-chip regulator is enabled or TPWRT (64 ms nominal) if on-chip regulator is disabled. TRST = Internal state Reset time. TOST = Oscillator Start-up Timer. A 10-bit counter counts 1024 oscillator periods before releasing the oscillator clock to the system. TLOCK = PLL lock time (2 ms nominal). TFSCM = Fail-Safe Clock Monitor delay. DS39881D-page 58 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY 6.2.1 POR AND LONG OSCILLATOR START-UP TIMES The oscillator start-up circuitry and its associated delay timers are not linked to the device Reset delays that occur at power-up. Some crystal circuits (especially low-frequency crystals) will have a relatively long start-up time. Therefore, one or more of the following conditions is possible after SYSRST is released: • The oscillator circuit has not begun to oscillate. • The Oscillator Start-up Timer has not expired (if a crystal oscillator is used). • The PLL has not achieved a lock (if PLL is used). The device will not begin to execute code until a valid clock source has been released to the system. Therefore, the oscillator and PLL start-up delays must be considered when the Reset delay time must be known. 6.2.2 FAIL-SAFE CLOCK MONITOR (FSCM) AND DEVICE RESETS If the FSCM is enabled, it will begin to monitor the system clock source when SYSRST is released. If a valid clock source is not available at this time, the device will automatically switch to the FRC oscillator and the user can switch to the desired crystal oscillator in the Trap Service Routine. 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. 6.2.2.1 FSCM Delay for Crystal and PLL Clock Sources When the system clock source is provided by a crystal oscillator and/or the PLL, a small delay, TFSCM, will automatically be inserted after the POR and PWRT delay times. The FSCM will not begin to monitor the system clock source until this delay expires. The FSCM delay time is nominally 100 s and provides additional time for the oscillator and/or PLL to stabilize. In most cases, the FSCM delay will prevent an oscillator failure trap at a device Reset when the PWRT is disabled. 6.3 Special Function Register Reset States Most of the Special Function Registers (SFRs) associated with the PIC24F CPU and peripherals are reset to a particular value at a device Reset. The SFRs are grouped by their peripheral or CPU function and their Reset values are specified in each section of this manual. The Reset value for each SFR does not depend on the type of Reset, with the exception of four registers. The Reset value for the Reset Control register, RCON, will depend on the type of device Reset. The Reset value for the Oscillator Control register, OSCCON, will depend on the type of Reset and the programmed values of the FNOSC bits in the CW2 register (see Table 6-2). The RCFGCAL and NVMCON registers are only affected by a POR. DS39881D-page 59 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY NOTES: DS39881D-page 60 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY 7.0 Note: INTERRUPT CONTROLLER This data sheet summarizes the features of this group of PIC24F devices. It is not intended to be a comprehensive reference source. For more information, refer to the “PIC24F Family Reference Manual”, ”Section 8. Interrupts” (DS39707). The PIC24F interrupt controller reduces the numerous peripheral interrupt request signals to a single interrupt request signal to the PIC24F CPU. It has the following features: • • • • Up to 8 processor exceptions and software traps 7 user-selectable priority levels Interrupt Vector Table (IVT) with up to 118 vectors A unique vector for each interrupt or exception source • Fixed priority within a specified user priority level • Alternate Interrupt Vector Table (AIVT) for debug support • Fixed interrupt entry and return latencies 7.1 Interrupt Vector Table The Interrupt Vector Table (IVT) is shown in Figure 7-1. The IVT resides in program memory, starting at location 000004h. The IVT contains 126 vectors, consisting of 8 non-maskable trap vectors, plus up to 118 sources of interrupt. In general, each interrupt source has its own vector. Each interrupt vector contains a 24-bit wide address. The value programmed into each interrupt vector location is the starting address of the associated Interrupt Service Routine (ISR). 7.1.1 ALTERNATE INTERRUPT VECTOR TABLE The Alternate Interrupt Vector Table (AIVT) is located after the IVT, as shown in Figure 7-1. Access to the AIVT is provided by the ALTIVT control bit (INTCON2<15>). If the ALTIVT bit is set, all interrupt and exception processes will use the alternate vectors instead of the default vectors. The alternate vectors are organized in the same manner as the default vectors. The AIVT supports emulation and debugging efforts by providing a means to switch between an application and a support environment without requiring the interrupt vectors to be reprogrammed. This feature also enables switching between applications for evaluation of different software algorithms at run time. If the AIVT is not needed, the AIVT should be programmed with the same addresses used in the IVT. 7.2 Reset Sequence A device Reset is not a true exception because the interrupt controller is not involved in the Reset process. The PIC24F devices clear their registers in response to a Reset which forces the PC to zero. The microcontroller then begins program execution at location 000000h. The user programs a GOTO instruction at the Reset address, which redirects program execution to the appropriate start-up routine. Note: Any unimplemented or unused vector locations in the IVT and AIVT should be programmed with the address of a default interrupt handler routine that contains a RESET instruction. Interrupt vectors are prioritized in terms of their natural priority; this is linked to their position in the vector table. All other things being equal, lower addresses have a higher natural priority. For example, the interrupt associated with vector 0 will take priority over interrupts at any other vector address. PIC24FJ64GA004 family devices implement non-maskable traps and unique interrupts. These are summarized in Table 7-1 and Table 7-2. 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS39881D-page 61 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY FIGURE 7-1: PIC24F INTERRUPT VECTOR TABLE Decreasing Natural Order Priority Reset – GOTO Instruction Reset – GOTO Address Reserved Oscillator Fail Trap Vector Address Error Trap Vector Stack Error Trap Vector Math Error Trap Vector Reserved Reserved Reserved Interrupt Vector 0 Interrupt Vector 1 — — — Interrupt Vector 52 Interrupt Vector 53 Interrupt Vector 54 — — — Interrupt Vector 116 Interrupt Vector 117 Reserved Reserved Reserved Oscillator Fail Trap Vector Address Error Trap Vector Stack Error Trap Vector Math Error Trap Vector Reserved Reserved Reserved Interrupt Vector 0 Interrupt Vector 1 — — — Interrupt Vector 52 Interrupt Vector 53 Interrupt Vector 54 — — — Interrupt Vector 116 Interrupt Vector 117 Start of Code Note 1: TABLE 7-1: 000000h 000002h 000004h 000014h 00007Ch 00007Eh 000080h Interrupt Vector Table (IVT)(1) 0000FCh 0000FEh 000100h 000102h 000114h Alternate Interrupt Vector Table (AIVT)(1) 00017Ch 00017Eh 000180h 0001FEh 000200h See Table 7-2 for the interrupt vector list. TRAP VECTOR DETAILS Vector Number IVT Address AIVT Address Trap Source 0 000004h 000104h 1 000006h 000106h Oscillator Failure 2 000008h 000108h Address Error Reserved 3 00000Ah 00010Ah Stack Error 4 00000Ch 00010Ch Math Error 5 00000Eh 00010Eh Reserved 6 000010h 000110h Reserved 7 000012h 0001172h Reserved DS39881D-page 62 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY TABLE 7-2: IMPLEMENTED INTERRUPT VECTORS Interrupt Source ADC1 Conversion Done Vector Number IVT Address 13 00002Eh Interrupt Bit Locations AIVT Address Flag Enable Priority 00012Eh IFS0<13> IEC0<13> IPC3<6:4> Comparator Event 18 000038h 000138h IFS1<2> IEC1<2> IPC4<10:8> CRC Generator 67 00009Ah 00019Ah IFS4<3> IEC4<3> IPC16<14:12> External Interrupt 0 0 000014h 000114h IFS0<0> IEC0<0> IPC0<2:0> External Interrupt 1 20 00003Ch 00013Ch IFS1<4> IEC1<4> IPC5<2:0> External Interrupt 2 29 00004Eh 00014Eh IFS1<13> IEC1<13> IPC7<6:4> I2C1 Master Event 17 000036h 000136h IFS1<1> IEC1<1> IPC4<6:4> I2C1 Slave Event 16 000034h 000034h IFS1<0> IEC1<0> IPC4<2:0> I2C2 Master Event 50 000078h 000178h IFS3<2> IEC3<2> IPC12<10:8> I2C2 Slave Event 49 000076h 000176h IFS3<1> IEC3<1> IPC12<6:4> Input Capture 1 1 000016h 000116h IFS0<1> IEC0<1> IPC0<6:4> Input Capture 2 5 00001Eh 00011Eh IFS0<5> IEC0<5> IPC1<6:4> Input Capture 3 37 00005Eh 00015Eh IFS2<5> IEC2<5> IPC9<6:4> Input Capture 4 38 000060h 000160h IFS2<6> IEC2<6> IPC9<10:8> Input Capture 5 39 000062h 000162h IFS2<7> IEC2<7> IPC9<14:12> Input Change Notification 19 00003Ah 00013Ah IFS1<3> IEC1<3> IPC4<14:12> Output Compare 1 2 000018h 000118h IFS0<2> IEC0<2> IPC0<10:8> IPC1<10:8> Output Compare 2 6 000020h 000120h IFS0<6> IEC0<6> Output Compare 3 25 000046h 000146h IFS1<9> IEC1<9> IPC6<6:4> Output Compare 4 26 000048h 000148h IFS1<10> IEC1<10> IPC6<10:8> Output Compare 5 41 000066h 000166h IFS2<9> IEC2<9> IPC10<6:4> Parallel Master Port 45 00006Eh 00016Eh IFS2<13> IEC2<13> IPC11<6:4> Real-Time Clock/Calendar 62 000090h 000190h IFS3<14> IEC3<13> IPC15<10:8> SPI1 Error 9 000026h 000126h IFS0<9> IEC0<9> IPC2<6:4> SPI1 Event 10 000028h 000128h IFS0<10> IEC0<10> IPC2<10:8> SPI2 Error 32 000054h 000154h IFS2<0> IEC0<0> IPC8<2:0> SPI2 Event 33 000056h 000156h IFS2<1> IEC2<1> IPC8<6:4> Timer1 3 00001Ah 00011Ah IFS0<3> IEC0<3> IPC0<14:12> Timer2 7 000022h 000122h IFS0<7> IEC0<7> IPC1<14:12> Timer3 8 000024h 000124h IFS0<8> IEC0<8> IPC2<2:0> Timer4 27 00004Ah 00014Ah IFS1<11> IEC1<11> IPC6<14:12> Timer5 28 00004Ch 00014Ch IFS1<12> IEC1<12> IPC7<2:0> UART1 Error 65 000096h 000196h IFS4<1> IEC4<1> IPC16<6:4> IPC2<14:12> UART1 Receiver 11 00002Ah 00012Ah IFS0<11> IEC0<11> UART1 Transmitter 12 00002Ch 00012Ch IFS0<12> IEC0<12> IPC3<2:0> UART2 Error 66 000098h 000198h IFS4<2> IEC4<2> IPC16<10:8> UART2 Receiver 30 000050h 000150h IFS1<14> IEC1<14> IPC7<10:8> UART2 Transmitter 31 000052h 000152h IFS1<15> IEC1<15> IPC7<14:12> LVD Low-Voltage Detect 72 0000A4h 000124h IFS4<8> IEC4<8> IPC17<2:0> 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS39881D-page 63 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY 7.3 Interrupt Control and Status Registers The PIC24FJ64GA004 family of devices implements a total of 28 registers for the interrupt controller: • • • • • INTCON1 INTCON2 IFS0 through IFS4 IEC0 through IEC4 IPC0 through IPC12, IPC15, IPC16 and IPC18 Global interrupt control functions are controlled from INTCON1 and INTCON2. INTCON1 contains the Interrupt Nesting Disable (NSTDIS) bit, as well as the control and status flags for the processor trap sources. The INTCON2 register controls the external interrupt request signal behavior and the use of the Alternate Interrupt Vector Table. The IFSx registers maintain all of the interrupt request flags. Each source of interrupt has a status bit which is set by the respective peripherals, or external signal, and is cleared via software. The interrupt sources are assigned to the IFSx, IECx and IPCx registers in the same sequence that they are listed in Table 7-2. For example, the INT0 (External Interrupt 0) is shown as having a vector number and a natural order priority of 0. Thus, the INT0IF status bit is found in IFS0<0>, the INT0IE enable bit in IEC0<0> and the INT0IP<2:0> priority bits in the first position of IPC0 (IPC0<2:0>). Although they are not specifically part of the interrupt control hardware, two of the CPU control registers contain bits that control interrupt functionality. The ALU STATUS register (SR) contains the IPL2:IPL0 bits (SR<7:5>). These indicate the current CPU interrupt priority level. The user may change the current CPU priority level by writing to the IPL bits. The CORCON register contains the IPL3 bit, which together with IPL2:IPL0, also indicates the current CPU priority level. IPL3 is a read-only bit so that trap events cannot be masked by the user software. All interrupt registers are described in Register 7-1 through Register 7-29, in the following pages. The IECx registers maintain all of the interrupt enable bits. These control bits are used to individually enable interrupts from the peripherals or external signals. The IPCx registers are used to set the interrupt priority level for each source of interrupt. Each user interrupt source can be assigned to one of eight priority levels. DS39881D-page 64 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY REGISTER 7-1: SR: ALU STATUS REGISTER (IN CPU) U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 R-0 — — — — — — — DC(1) bit 15 bit 8 R/W-0 IPL2 R/W-0 R/W-0 R-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 IPL1(2,3) (2,3) IPL0(2,3) RA(1) N(1) OV(1) Z(1) C(1) bit 7 bit 0 Legend: R = Readable bit W = Writable bit U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’ -n = Value at POR ‘1’ = Bit is set ‘0’ = Bit is cleared x = Bit is unknown IPL2:IPL0: CPU Interrupt Priority Level Status bits(2,3) 111 = CPU interrupt priority level is 7 (15). User interrupts disabled. 110 = CPU interrupt priority level is 6 (14) 101 = CPU interrupt priority level is 5 (13) 100 = CPU interrupt priority level is 4 (12) 011 = CPU interrupt priority level is 3 (11) 010 = CPU interrupt priority level is 2 (10) 001 = CPU interrupt priority level is 1 (9) 000 = CPU interrupt priority level is 0 (8) bit 7-5 Note 1: 2: 3: See Register 3-1 for the description of the remaining bit(s) that are not dedicated to interrupt control functions. The IPL bits are concatenated with the IPL3 bit (CORCON<3>) to form the CPU interrupt priority level. The value in parentheses indicates the interrupt priority level if IPL3 = 1. The IPL Status bits are read-only when NSTDIS (INTCON1<15>) = 1. REGISTER 7-2: CORCON: CPU CONTROL REGISTER U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 — — — — — — — — bit 15 bit 8 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 R/C-0 R/W-0 U-0 U-0 — — — — IPL3(2) PSV(1) — — bit 7 bit 0 Legend: C = Clearable bit R = Readable bit W = Writable bit U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’ -n = Value at POR ‘1’ = Bit is set ‘0’ = Bit is cleared x = Bit is unknown IPL3: CPU Interrupt Priority Level Status bit(2) 1 = CPU interrupt priority level is greater than 7 0 = CPU interrupt priority level is 7 or less bit 3 Note 1: 2: See Register 3-2 for the description of the remaining bit(s) that are not dedicated to interrupt control functions. The IPL3 bit is concatenated with the IPL2:IPL0 bits (SR<7:5>) to form the CPU interrupt priority level. 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS39881D-page 65 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY REGISTER 7-3: INTCON1: INTERRUPT CONTROL REGISTER 1 R/W-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 NSTDIS — — — — — — — bit 15 bit 8 U-0 U-0 U-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 U-0 — — — MATHERR ADDRERR STKERR OSCFAIL — bit 7 bit 0 Legend: R = Readable bit W = Writable bit U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’ -n = Value at POR ‘1’ = Bit is set ‘0’ = Bit is cleared bit 15 NSTDIS: Interrupt Nesting Disable bit 1 = Interrupt nesting is disabled 0 = Interrupt nesting is enabled bit 14-5 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 4 MATHERR: Arithmetic Error Trap Status bit 1 = Overflow trap has occurred 0 = Overflow trap has not occurred bit 3 ADDRERR: Address Error Trap Status bit 1 = Address error trap has occurred 0 = Address error trap has not occurred bit 2 STKERR: Stack Error Trap Status bit 1 = Stack error trap has occurred 0 = Stack error trap has not occurred bit 1 OSCFAIL: Oscillator Failure Trap Status bit 1 = Oscillator failure trap has occurred 0 = Oscillator failure trap has not occurred bit 0 x = Bit is unknown Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ DS39881D-page 66 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY REGISTER 7-4: INTCON2: INTERRUPT CONTROL REGISTER 2 R/W-0 R-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 ALTIVT DISI — — — — — — bit 15 bit 8 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 — — — — — INT2EP INT1EP INT0EP bit 7 bit 0 Legend: R = Readable bit W = Writable bit U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’ -n = Value at POR ‘1’ = Bit is set ‘0’ = Bit is cleared bit 15 ALTIVT: Enable Alternate Interrupt Vector Table bit 1 = Use Alternate Interrupt Vector Table 0 = Use standard (default) vector table bit 14 DISI: DISI Instruction Status bit 1 = DISI instruction is active 0 = DISI instruction is not active bit 13-3 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 2 INT2EP: External Interrupt 2 Edge Detect Polarity Select bit 1 = Interrupt on negative edge 0 = Interrupt on positive edge bit 1 INT1EP: External Interrupt 1 Edge Detect Polarity Select bit 1 = Interrupt on negative edge 0 = Interrupt on positive edge bit 0 x = Bit is unknown INT0EP: External Interrupt 0 Edge Detect Polarity Select bit 1 = Interrupt on negative edge 0 = Interrupt on positive edge 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS39881D-page 67 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY REGISTER 7-5: IFS0: INTERRUPT FLAG STATUS REGISTER 0 U-0 — bit 15 U-0 — R/W-0 AD1IF R/W-0 U1TXIF R/W-0 U1RXIF R/W-0 SPI1IF R/W-0 SPF1IF R/W-0 T3IF bit 8 R/W-0 T2IF bit 7 R/W-0 OC2IF R/W-0 IC2IF U-0 — R/W-0 T1IF R/W-0 OC1IF R/W-0 IC1IF R/W-0 INT0IF bit 0 Legend: R = Readable bit -n = Value at POR bit 15-14 bit 13 bit 12 bit 11 bit 10 bit 9 bit 8 bit 7 bit 6 bit 5 bit 4 bit 3 bit 2 bit 1 bit 0 W = Writable bit ‘1’ = Bit is set U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’ ‘0’ = Bit is cleared x = Bit is unknown Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ AD1IF: A/D Conversion Complete Interrupt Flag Status bit 1 = Interrupt request has occurred 0 = Interrupt request has not occurred U1TXIF: UART1 Transmitter Interrupt Flag Status bit 1 = Interrupt request has occurred 0 = Interrupt request has not occurred U1RXIF: UART1 Receiver Interrupt Flag Status bit 1 = Interrupt request has occurred 0 = Interrupt request has not occurred SPI1IF: SPI1 Event Interrupt Flag Status bit 1 = Interrupt request has occurred 0 = Interrupt request has not occurred SPF1IF: SPI1 Fault Interrupt Flag Status bit 1 = Interrupt request has occurred 0 = Interrupt request has not occurred T3IF: Timer3 Interrupt Flag Status bit 1 = Interrupt request has occurred 0 = Interrupt request has not occurred T2IF: Timer2 Interrupt Flag Status bit 1 = Interrupt request has occurred 0 = Interrupt request has not occurred OC2IF: Output Compare Channel 2 Interrupt Flag Status bit 1 = Interrupt request has occurred 0 = Interrupt request has not occurred IC2IF: Input Capture Channel 2 Interrupt Flag Status bit 1 = Interrupt request has occurred 0 = Interrupt request has not occurred Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ T1IF: Timer1 Interrupt Flag Status bit 1 = Interrupt request has occurred 0 = Interrupt request has not occurred OC1IF: Output Compare Channel 1 Interrupt Flag Status bit 1 = Interrupt request has occurred 0 = Interrupt request has not occurred IC1IF: Input Capture Channel 1 Interrupt Flag Status bit 1 = Interrupt request has occurred 0 = Interrupt request has not occurred INT0IF: External Interrupt 0 Flag Status bit 1 = Interrupt request has occurred 0 = Interrupt request has not occurred DS39881D-page 68 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY REGISTER 7-6: R/W-0 U2TXIF bit 15 IFS1: INTERRUPT FLAG STATUS REGISTER 1 R/W-0 U2RXIF R/W-0 INT2IF R/W-0 T5IF R/W-0 T4IF U-0 — U-0 — R/W-0 INT1IF R/W-0 CNIF bit 7 Legend: R = Readable bit -n = Value at POR bit 14 bit 13 bit 12 bit 11 bit 10 bit 9 bit 8-5 bit 4 bit 3 bit 2 bit 1 bit 0 R/W-0 OC3IF U-0 — bit 8 U-0 — bit 15 R/W-0 OC4IF W = Writable bit ‘1’ = Bit is set R/W-0 CMIF R/W-0 MI2C1IF R/W-0 SI2C1IF bit 0 U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’ ‘0’ = Bit is cleared x = Bit is unknown U2TXIF: UART2 Transmitter Interrupt Flag Status bit 1 = Interrupt request has occurred 0 = Interrupt request has not occurred U2RXIF: UART2 Receiver Interrupt Flag Status bit 1 = Interrupt request has occurred 0 = Interrupt request has not occurred INT2IF: External Interrupt 2 Flag Status bit 1 = Interrupt request has occurred 0 = Interrupt request has not occurred T5IF: Timer5 Interrupt Flag Status bit 1 = Interrupt request has occurred 0 = Interrupt request has not occurred T4IF: Timer4 Interrupt Flag Status bit 1 = Interrupt request has occurred 0 = Interrupt request has not occurred OC4IF: Output Compare Channel 4 Interrupt Flag Status bit 1 = Interrupt request has occurred 0 = Interrupt request has not occurred OC3IF: Output Compare Channel 3 Interrupt Flag Status bit 1 = Interrupt request has occurred 0 = Interrupt request has not occurred Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ INT1IF: External Interrupt 1 Flag Status bit 1 = Interrupt request has occurred 0 = Interrupt request has not occurred CNIF: Input Change Notification Interrupt Flag Status bit 1 = Interrupt request has occurred 0 = Interrupt request has not occurred CMIF: Comparator Interrupt Flag Status bit 1 = Interrupt request has occurred 0 = Interrupt request has not occurred MI2C1IF: Master I2C1 Event Interrupt Flag Status bit 1 = Interrupt request has occurred 0 = Interrupt request has not occurred SI2C1IF: Slave I2C1 Event Interrupt Flag Status bit 1 = Interrupt request has occurred 0 = Interrupt request has not occurred 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS39881D-page 69 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY REGISTER 7-7: IFS2: INTERRUPT FLAG STATUS REGISTER 2 U-0 U-0 R/W-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 R/W-0 U-0 — — PMPIF — — — OC5IF — bit 15 bit 8 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 IC5IF IC4IF IC3IF — — — SPI2IF SPF2IF bit 7 bit 0 Legend: R = Readable bit W = Writable bit U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’ -n = Value at POR ‘1’ = Bit is set ‘0’ = Bit is cleared bit 15-14 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 13 PMPIF: Parallel Master Port Interrupt Flag Status bit 1 = Interrupt request has occurred 0 = Interrupt request has not occurred bit 12-10 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 9 OC5IF: Output Compare Channel 5 Interrupt Flag Status bit 1 = Interrupt request has occurred 0 = Interrupt request has not occurred bit 8 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 7 IC5IF: Input Capture Channel 5 Interrupt Flag Status bit 1 = Interrupt request has occurred 0 = Interrupt request has not occurred bit 6 IC4IF: Input Capture Channel 4 Interrupt Flag Status bit 1 = Interrupt request has occurred 0 = Interrupt request has not occurred bit 5 IC3IF: Input Capture Channel 3 Interrupt Flag Status bit 1 = Interrupt request has occurred 0 = Interrupt request has not occurred bit 4-2 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 1 SPI2IF: SPI2 Event Interrupt Flag Status bit 1 = Interrupt request has occurred 0 = Interrupt request has not occurred bit 0 x = Bit is unknown SPI2IF: SPI2 Fault Interrupt Flag Status bit 1 = Interrupt request has occurred 0 = Interrupt request has not occurred DS39881D-page 70 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY REGISTER 7-8: IFS3: INTERRUPT FLAG STATUS REGISTER 3 U-0 R/W-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 — RTCIF — — — — — — bit 15 bit 8 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 U-0 — — — — — MI2C2IF SI2C2IF — bit 7 bit 0 Legend: R = Readable bit W = Writable bit U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’ -n = Value at POR ‘1’ = Bit is set ‘0’ = Bit is cleared bit 15 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 14 RTCIF: Real-Time Clock/Calendar Interrupt Flag Status bit 1 = Interrupt request has occurred 0 = Interrupt request has not occurred bit 13-3 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 2 MI2C2IF: Master I2C2 Event Interrupt Flag Status bit 1 = Interrupt request has occurred 0 = Interrupt request has not occurred bit 1 SI2C2IF: Slave I2C2 Event Interrupt Flag Status bit 1 = Interrupt request has occurred 0 = Interrupt request has not occurred bit 0 x = Bit is unknown Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS39881D-page 71 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY REGISTER 7-9: IFS4: INTERRUPT FLAG STATUS REGISTER 4 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 R/W-0 — — — — — — — LVDIF bit 15 bit 8 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 U-0 — — — — CRCIF U2ERIF U1ERIF — bit 7 bit 0 Legend: R = Readable bit W = Writable bit U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’ -n = Value at POR ‘1’ = Bit is set ‘0’ = Bit is cleared bit 15-9 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 8 LVDIF: Low-Voltage Detect Interrupt Flag Status bit 1 = Interrupt request has occurred 0 = Interrupt request has not occurred bit 7-4 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 3 CRCIF: CRC Generator Interrupt Flag Status bit 1 = Interrupt request has occurred 0 = Interrupt request has not occurred bit 2 U2ERIF: UART2 Error Interrupt Flag Status bit 1 = Interrupt request has occurred 0 = Interrupt request has not occurred bit 1 U1ERIF: UART1 Error Interrupt Flag Status bit 1 = Interrupt request has occurred 0 = Interrupt request has not occurred bit 0 x = Bit is unknown Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ DS39881D-page 72 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY REGISTER 7-10: IEC0: INTERRUPT ENABLE CONTROL REGISTER 0 U-0 — bit 15 U-0 — R/W-0 AD1IE R/W-0 U1TXIE R/W-0 U1RXIE R/W-0 SPI1IE R/W-0 SPF1IE R/W-0 T2IE bit 7 R/W-0 OC2IE R/W-0 IC2IE U-0 — R/W-0 T1IE R/W-0 OC1IE R/W-0 IC1IE Legend: R = Readable bit -n = Value at POR bit 15-14 bit 13 bit 12 bit 11 bit 10 bit 9 bit 8 bit 7 bit 6 bit 5 bit 4 bit 3 bit 2 bit 1 bit 0 Note 1: W = Writable bit ‘1’ = Bit is set R/W-0 T3IE bit 8 R/W-0 INT0IE(1) bit 0 U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’ ‘0’ = Bit is cleared x = Bit is unknown Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ AD1IE: A/D Conversion Complete Interrupt Enable bit 1 = Interrupt request enabled 0 = Interrupt request not enabled U1TXIE: UART1 Transmitter Interrupt Enable bit 1 = Interrupt request enabled 0 = Interrupt request not enabled U1RXIE: UART1 Receiver Interrupt Enable bit 1 = Interrupt request enabled 0 = Interrupt request not enabled SPI1IE: SPI1 Transfer Complete Interrupt Enable bit 1 = Interrupt request enabled 0 = Interrupt request not enabled SPF1IE: SPI1 Fault Interrupt Enable bit 1 = Interrupt request enabled 0 = Interrupt request not enabled T3IE: Timer3 Interrupt Enable bit 1 = Interrupt request enabled 0 = Interrupt request not enabled T2IE: Timer2 Interrupt Enable bit 1 = Interrupt request enabled 0 = Interrupt request not enabled OC2IE: Output Compare Channel 2 Interrupt Enable bit 1 = Interrupt request enabled 0 = Interrupt request not enabled IC2IE: Input Capture Channel 2 Interrupt Enable bit 1 = Interrupt request enabled 0 = Interrupt request not enabled Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ T1IE: Timer1 Interrupt Enable bit 1 = Interrupt request enabled 0 = Interrupt request not enabled OC1IE: Output Compare Channel 1 Interrupt Enable bit 1 = Interrupt request enabled 0 = Interrupt request not enabled IC1IE: Input Capture Channel 1 Interrupt Enable bit 1 = Interrupt request enabled 0 = Interrupt request not enabled INT0IE: External Interrupt 0 Enable bit(1) 1 = Interrupt request enabled 0 = Interrupt request not enabled If INTxIE = 1, this external interrupt input must be configured to an available RPn pin. See Section 10.4 ”Peripheral Pin Select” for more information. 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS39881D-page 73 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY REGISTER 7-11: R/W-0 U2TXIE bit 15 IEC1: INTERRUPT ENABLE CONTROL REGISTER 1 R/W-0 U2RXIE R/W-0 INT2IE(1) R/W-0 T5IE R/W-0 T4IE U-0 — U-0 — R/W-0 INT1IE(1) R/W-0 CNIE bit 7 Legend: R = Readable bit -n = Value at POR bit 14 bit 13 bit 12 bit 11 bit 10 bit 9 bit 8-5 bit 4 bit 3 bit 2 bit 1 bit 0 Note 1: R/W-0 OC3IE U-0 — bit 8 U-0 — bit 15 R/W-0 OC4IE W = Writable bit ‘1’ = Bit is set R/W-0 CMIE R/W-0 MI2C1IE R/W-0 SI2C1IE bit 0 U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’ ‘0’ = Bit is cleared x = Bit is unknown U2TXIE: UART2 Transmitter Interrupt Enable bit 1 = Interrupt request enabled 0 = Interrupt request not enabled U2RXIE: UART2 Receiver Interrupt Enable bit 1 = Interrupt request enabled 0 = Interrupt request not enabled INT2IE: External Interrupt 2 Enable bit(1) 1 = Interrupt request enabled 0 = Interrupt request not enabled T5IE: Timer5 Interrupt Enable bit 1 = Interrupt request enabled 0 = Interrupt request not enabled T4IE: Timer4 Interrupt Enable bit 1 = Interrupt request enabled 0 = Interrupt request not enabled OC4IE: Output Compare Channel 4 Interrupt Enable bit 1 = Interrupt request enabled 0 = Interrupt request not enabled OC3IE: Output Compare Channel 3 Interrupt Enable bit 1 = Interrupt request enabled 0 = Interrupt request not enabled Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ INT1IE: External Interrupt 1 Enable bit(1) 1 = Interrupt request enabled 0 = Interrupt request not enabled CNIE: Input Change Notification Interrupt Enable bit 1 = Interrupt request enabled 0 = Interrupt request not enabled CMIE: Comparator Interrupt Enable bit 1 = Interrupt request enabled 0 = Interrupt request not enabled MI2C1IE: Master I2C1 Event Interrupt Enable bit 1 = Interrupt request enabled 0 = Interrupt request not enabled SI2C1IE: Slave I2C1 Event Interrupt Enable bit 1 = Interrupt request enabled 0 = Interrupt request not enabled If INTxIE = 1, this external interrupt input must be configured to an available RPn pin. See Section 10.4 ”Peripheral Pin Select” for more information. DS39881D-page 74 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY REGISTER 7-12: IEC2: INTERRUPT ENABLE CONTROL REGISTER 2 U-0 U-0 R/W-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 R/W-0 U-0 — — PMPIE — — — OC5IE — bit 15 bit 8 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 IC5IE IC4IE IC3IE — — — SPI2IE SPF2IE bit 7 bit 0 Legend: R = Readable bit W = Writable bit U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’ -n = Value at POR ‘1’ = Bit is set ‘0’ = Bit is cleared bit 15-14 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 13 PMPIE: Parallel Master Port Interrupt Enable bit 1 = Interrupt request enabled 0 = Interrupt request not enabled bit 12-10 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 9 OC5IE: Output Compare Channel 5 Interrupt Enable bit 1 = Interrupt request enabled 0 = Interrupt request not enabled bit 8 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 7 IC5IE: Input Capture Channel 5 Interrupt Enable bit 1 = Interrupt request enabled 0 = Interrupt request not enabled bit 6 IC4IE: Input Capture Channel 4 Interrupt Enable bit 1 = Interrupt request enabled 0 = Interrupt request not enabled bit 5 IC3IE: Input Capture Channel 3 Interrupt Enable bit 1 = Interrupt request enabled 0 = Interrupt request not enabled bit 4-2 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 1 SPI2IE: SPI2 Event Interrupt Enable bit 1 = Interrupt request enabled 0 = Interrupt request not enabled bit 0 x = Bit is unknown SPF2IE: SPI2 Fault Interrupt Enable bit 1 = Interrupt request enabled 0 = Interrupt request not enabled 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS39881D-page 75 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY REGISTER 7-13: IEC3: INTERRUPT ENABLE CONTROL REGISTER 3 U-0 R/W-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 — RTCIE — — — — — — bit 15 bit 8 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 U-0 — — — — — MI2C2IE SI2C2IE — bit 7 bit 0 Legend: R = Readable bit W = Writable bit U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’ -n = Value at POR ‘1’ = Bit is set ‘0’ = Bit is cleared bit 15 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 14 RTCIE: Real-Time Clock/Calendar Interrupt Enable bit 1 = Interrupt request enabled 0 = Interrupt request not enabled bit 13-3 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 2 MI2C2IE: Master I2C2 Event Interrupt Enable bit 1 = Interrupt request enabled 0 = Interrupt request not enabled bit 1 SI2C2IE: Slave I2C2 Event Interrupt Enable bit 1 = Interrupt request enabled 0 = Interrupt request not enabled bit 0 x = Bit is unknown Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ DS39881D-page 76 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY REGISTER 7-14: IEC4: INTERRUPT ENABLE CONTROL REGISTER 4 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 R/W-0 — — — — — — — LVDIE bit 15 bit 8 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 U-0 — — — — CRCIE U2ERIE U1ERIE — bit 7 bit 0 Legend: R = Readable bit W = Writable bit U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’ -n = Value at POR ‘1’ = Bit is set ‘0’ = Bit is cleared bit 15-9 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 8 LVDIE: Low-Voltage Detect Interrupt Enable Status bit 1 = Interrupt request enabled 0 = Interrupt request not enabled bit 7-4 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 3 CRCIE: CRC Generator Interrupt Enable bit 1 = Interrupt request enabled 0 = Interrupt request not enabled bit 2 U2ERIE: UART2 Error Interrupt Enable bit 1 = Interrupt request enabled 0 = Interrupt request not enabled bit 1 U1ERIE: UART1 Error Interrupt Enable bit 1 = Interrupt request enabled 0 = Interrupt request not enabled bit 0 x = Bit is unknown Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS39881D-page 77 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY REGISTER 7-15: IPC0: INTERRUPT PRIORITY CONTROL REGISTER 0 U-0 R/W-1 R/W-0 R/W-0 U-0 R/W-1 R/W-0 R/W-0 — T1IP2 T1IP1 T1IP0 — OC1IP2 OC1IP1 OC1IP0 bit 15 bit 8 U-0 R/W-1 R/W-0 R/W-0 U-0 R/W-1 R/W-0 R/W-0 — IC1IP2 IC1IP1 IC1IP0 — INT0IP2 INT0IP1 INT0IP0 bit 7 bit 0 Legend: R = Readable bit W = Writable bit U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’ -n = Value at POR ‘1’ = Bit is set ‘0’ = Bit is cleared bit 15 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 14-12 T1IP2:T1IP0: Timer1 Interrupt Priority bits 111 = Interrupt is priority 7 (highest priority interrupt) • • • 001 = Interrupt is priority 1 000 = Interrupt source is disabled bit 11 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 10-8 OC1IP2:OC1IP0: Output Compare Channel 1 Interrupt Priority bits 111 = Interrupt is priority 7 (highest priority interrupt) • • • 001 = Interrupt is priority 1 000 = Interrupt source is disabled bit 7 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 6-4 IC1IP2:IC1IP0: Input Capture Channel 1 Interrupt Priority bits 111 = Interrupt is priority 7 (highest priority interrupt) • • • 001 = Interrupt is priority 1 000 = Interrupt source is disabled bit 3 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 2-0 x = Bit is unknown INT0IP2:INT0IP0: External Interrupt 0 Priority bits 111 = Interrupt is priority 7 (highest priority interrupt) • • • 001 = Interrupt is priority 1 000 = Interrupt source is disabled DS39881D-page 78 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY REGISTER 7-16: IPC1: INTERRUPT PRIORITY CONTROL REGISTER 1 U-0 R/W-1 R/W-0 R/W-0 U-0 R/W-1 R/W-0 R/W-0 — T2IP2 T2IP1 T2IP0 — OC2IP2 OC2IP1 OC2IP0 bit 15 bit 8 U-0 R/W-1 R/W-0 R/W-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 — IC2IP2 IC2IP1 IC2IP0 — — — — bit 7 bit 0 Legend: R = Readable bit W = Writable bit U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’ -n = Value at POR ‘1’ = Bit is set ‘0’ = Bit is cleared bit 15 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 14-12 T2IP2:T2IP0: Timer2 Interrupt Priority bits 111 = Interrupt is priority 7 (highest priority interrupt) • • • 001 = Interrupt is priority 1 000 = Interrupt source is disabled bit 11 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 10-8 OC2IP2:OC2IP0: Output Compare Channel 2 Interrupt Priority bits 111 = Interrupt is priority 7 (highest priority interrupt) • • • 001 = Interrupt is priority 1 000 = Interrupt source is disabled bit 7 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 6-4 IC2IP2:IC2IP0: Input Capture Channel 2 Interrupt Priority bits 111 = Interrupt is priority 7 (highest priority interrupt) • • • 001 = Interrupt is priority 1 000 = Interrupt source is disabled bit 3-0 x = Bit is unknown Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS39881D-page 79 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY REGISTER 7-17: IPC2: INTERRUPT PRIORITY CONTROL REGISTER 2 U-0 R/W-1 R/W-0 R/W-0 U-0 R/W-1 R/W-0 R/W-0 — U1RXIP2 U1RXIP1 U1RXIP0 — SPI1IP2 SPI1IP1 SPI1IP0 bit 15 bit 8 U-0 R/W-1 R/W-0 R/W-0 U-0 R/W-1 R/W-0 R/W-0 — SPF1IP2 SPF1IP1 SPF1IP0 — T3IP2 T3IP1 T3IP0 bit 7 bit 0 Legend: R = Readable bit W = Writable bit U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’ -n = Value at POR ‘1’ = Bit is set ‘0’ = Bit is cleared bit 15 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 14-12 U1RXIP2:U1RXIP0: UART1 Receiver Interrupt Priority bits 111 = Interrupt is priority 7 (highest priority interrupt) • • • 001 = Interrupt is priority 1 000 = Interrupt source is disabled bit 11 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 10-8 SPI1IP2:SPI1IP0: SPI1 Event Interrupt Priority bits 111 = Interrupt is priority 7 (highest priority interrupt) • • • 001 = Interrupt is priority 1 000 = Interrupt source is disabled bit 7 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 6-4 SPF1IP2:SPF1IP0: SPI1 Fault Interrupt Priority bits 111 = Interrupt is priority 7 (highest priority interrupt) • • • 001 = Interrupt is priority 1 000 = Interrupt source is disabled bit 3 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 2-0 x = Bit is unknown T3IP2:T3IP0: Timer3 Interrupt Priority bits 111 = Interrupt is priority 7 (highest priority interrupt) • • • 001 = Interrupt is priority 1 000 = Interrupt source is disabled DS39881D-page 80 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY REGISTER 7-18: IPC3: INTERRUPT PRIORITY CONTROL REGISTER 3 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 — — — — — — — — bit 15 bit 8 U-0 R/W-1 R/W-0 R/W-0 U-0 R/W-1 R/W-0 R/W-0 — AD1IP2 AD1IP1 AD1IP0 — U1TXIP2 U1TXIP1 U1TXIP0 bit 7 bit 0 Legend: R = Readable bit W = Writable bit U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’ -n = Value at POR ‘1’ = Bit is set ‘0’ = Bit is cleared bit 15-7 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 6-4 AD1IP2:AD1IP0: A/D Conversion Complete Interrupt Priority bits 111 = Interrupt is priority 7 (highest priority interrupt) • • • 001 = Interrupt is priority 1 000 = Interrupt source is disabled bit 3 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 2-0 x = Bit is unknown U1TXIP2:U1TXIP0: UART1 Transmitter Interrupt Priority bits 111 = Interrupt is priority 7 (highest priority interrupt) • • • 001 = Interrupt is priority 1 000 = Interrupt source is disabled 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS39881D-page 81 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY REGISTER 7-19: IPC4: INTERRUPT PRIORITY CONTROL REGISTER 4 U-0 R/W-1 R/W-0 R/W-0 U-0 R/W-1 R/W-0 R/W-0 — CNIP2 CNIP1 CNIP0 — CMIP2 CMIP1 CMIP0 bit 15 bit 8 U-0 R/W-1 R/W-0 R/W-0 U-0 R/W-1 R/W-0 R/W-0 — MI2C1P2 MI2C1P1 MI2C1P0 — SI2C1P2 SI2C1P1 SI2C1P0 bit 7 bit 0 Legend: R = Readable bit W = Writable bit U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’ -n = Value at POR ‘1’ = Bit is set ‘0’ = Bit is cleared bit 15 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 14-12 CNIP2:CNIP0: Input Change Notification Interrupt Priority bits 111 = Interrupt is priority 7 (highest priority interrupt) • • • 001 = Interrupt is priority 1 000 = Interrupt source is disabled bit 11 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 10-8 CMIP2:CMIP0: Comparator Interrupt Priority bits 111 = Interrupt is priority 7 (highest priority interrupt) • • • 001 = Interrupt is priority 1 000 = Interrupt source is disabled bit 7 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 6-4 MI2C1P2:MI2C1P0: Master I2C1 Event Interrupt Priority bits 111 = Interrupt is priority 7 (highest priority interrupt) • • • 001 = Interrupt is priority 1 000 = Interrupt source is disabled bit 3 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 2-0 x = Bit is unknown SI2C1P2:SI2C1P0: Slave I2C1 Event Interrupt Priority bits 111 = Interrupt is priority 7 (highest priority interrupt) • • • 001 = Interrupt is priority 1 000 = Interrupt source is disabled DS39881D-page 82 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY REGISTER 7-20: IPC5: INTERRUPT PRIORITY CONTROL REGISTER 5 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 — — — — — — — — bit 15 bit 8 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 R/W-1 R/W-0 R/W-0 — — — — — INT1IP2 INT1IP1 INT1IP0 bit 7 bit 0 Legend: R = Readable bit W = Writable bit U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’ -n = Value at POR ‘1’ = Bit is set ‘0’ = Bit is cleared bit 15-3 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 2-0 x = Bit is unknown INT1IP2:INT1IP0: External Interrupt 1 Priority bits 111 = Interrupt is priority 7 (highest priority interrupt) • • • 001 = Interrupt is priority 1 000 = Interrupt source is disabled 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS39881D-page 83 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY REGISTER 7-21: IPC6: INTERRUPT PRIORITY CONTROL REGISTER 6 U-0 R/W-1 R/W-0 R/W-0 U-0 R/W-1 R/W-0 R/W-0 — T4IP2 T4IP1 T4IP0 — OC4IP2 OC4IP1 OC4IP0 bit 15 bit 8 U-0 R/W-1 R/W-0 R/W-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 — OC3IP2 OC3IP1 OC3IP0 — — — — bit 7 bit 0 Legend: R = Readable bit W = Writable bit U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’ -n = Value at POR ‘1’ = Bit is set ‘0’ = Bit is cleared bit 15 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 14-12 T4IP2:T4IP0: Timer4 Interrupt Priority bits 111 = Interrupt is priority 7 (highest priority interrupt) • • • 001 = Interrupt is priority 1 000 = Interrupt source is disabled bit 11 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 10-8 OC4IP2:OC4IP0: Output Compare Channel 4 Interrupt Priority bits 111 = Interrupt is priority 7 (highest priority interrupt) • • • 001 = Interrupt is priority 1 000 = Interrupt source is disabled bit 7 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 6-4 OC3IP2:OC3IP0: Output Compare Channel 3 Interrupt Priority bits 111 = Interrupt is priority 7 (highest priority interrupt) • • • 001 = Interrupt is priority 1 000 = Interrupt source is disabled bit 3-0 x = Bit is unknown Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ DS39881D-page 84 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY REGISTER 7-22: IPC7: INTERRUPT PRIORITY CONTROL REGISTER 7 U-0 R/W-1 R/W-0 R/W-0 U-0 R/W-1 R/W-0 R/W-0 — U2TXIP2 U2TXIP1 U2TXIP0 — U2RXIP2 U2RXIP1 U2RXIP0 bit 15 bit 8 U-0 R/W-1 R/W-0 R/W-0 U-0 R/W-1 R/W-0 R/W-0 — INT2IP2 INT2IP1 INT2IP0 — T5IP2 T5IP1 T5IP0 bit 7 bit 0 Legend: R = Readable bit W = Writable bit U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’ -n = Value at POR ‘1’ = Bit is set ‘0’ = Bit is cleared bit 15 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 14-12 U2TXIP2:U2TXIP0: UART2 Transmitter Interrupt Priority bits 111 = Interrupt is priority 7 (highest priority interrupt) • • • 001 = Interrupt is priority 1 000 = Interrupt source is disabled bit 11 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 10-8 U2RXIP2:U2RXIP0: UART2 Receiver Interrupt Priority bits 111 = Interrupt is priority 7 (highest priority interrupt) • • • 001 = Interrupt is priority 1 000 = Interrupt source is disabled bit 7 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 6-4 INT2IP2:INT2IP0: External Interrupt 2 Priority bits 111 = Interrupt is priority 7 (highest priority interrupt) • • • 001 = Interrupt is priority 1 000 = Interrupt source is disabled bit 3 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 2-0 x = Bit is unknown T5IP2:T5IP0: Timer5 Interrupt Priority bits 111 = Interrupt is priority 7 (highest priority interrupt) • • • 001 = Interrupt is priority 1 000 = Interrupt source is disabled 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS39881D-page 85 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY REGISTER 7-23: IPC8: INTERRUPT PRIORITY CONTROL REGISTER 8 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 — — — — — — — — bit 15 bit 8 U-0 R/W-1 R/W-0 R/W-0 U-0 R/W-1 R/W-0 R/W-0 — SPI2IP2 SPI2IP1 SPI2IP0 — SPF2IP2 SPF2IP1 SPF2IP0 bit 7 bit 0 Legend: R = Readable bit W = Writable bit U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’ -n = Value at POR ‘1’ = Bit is set ‘0’ = Bit is cleared bit 15-7 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 6-4 SPI2IP2:SPI2IP0: SPI2 Event Interrupt Priority bits 111 = Interrupt is priority 7 (highest priority interrupt) • • • 001 = Interrupt is priority 1 000 = Interrupt source is disabled bit 3 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 2-0 x = Bit is unknown SPF2IP2:SPF2IP0: SPI2 Fault Interrupt Priority bits 111 = Interrupt is priority 7 (highest priority interrupt) • • • 001 = Interrupt is priority 1 000 = Interrupt source is disabled DS39881D-page 86 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY REGISTER 7-24: IPC9: INTERRUPT PRIORITY CONTROL REGISTER 9 U-0 R/W-1 R/W-0 R/W-0 U-0 R/W-1 R/W-0 R/W-0 — IC5IP2 IC5IP1 IC5IP0 — IC4IP2 IC4IP1 IC4IP0 bit 15 bit 8 U-0 R/W-1 R/W-0 R/W-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 — IC3IP2 IC3IP1 IC3IP0 — — — — bit 7 bit 0 Legend: R = Readable bit W = Writable bit U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’ -n = Value at POR ‘1’ = Bit is set ‘0’ = Bit is cleared bit 15 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 14-12 IC5IP2:IC5IP0: Input Capture Channel 5 Interrupt Priority bits 111 = Interrupt is priority 7 (highest priority interrupt) • • • 001 = Interrupt is priority 1 000 = Interrupt source is disabled bit 11 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 10-8 IC4IP2:IC4IP0: Input Capture Channel 4 Interrupt Priority bits 111 = Interrupt is priority 7 (highest priority interrupt) • • • 001 = Interrupt is priority 1 000 = Interrupt source is disabled bit 7 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 6-4 IC3IP2:IC3IP0: Input Capture Channel 3 Interrupt Priority bits 111 = Interrupt is priority 7 (highest priority interrupt) • • • 001 = Interrupt is priority 1 000 = Interrupt source is disabled bit 3-0 x = Bit is unknown Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS39881D-page 87 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY REGISTER 7-25: IPC10: INTERRUPT PRIORITY CONTROL REGISTER 10 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 — — — — — — — — bit 15 bit 8 U-0 R/W-1 R/W-0 R/W-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 — OC5IP2 OC5IP1 OC5IP0 — — — — bit 7 bit 0 Legend: R = Readable bit W = Writable bit U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’ -n = Value at POR ‘1’ = Bit is set ‘0’ = Bit is cleared x = Bit is unknown bit 15-7 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 6-4 OC5IP2:OC5IP0: Output Compare Channel 5 Interrupt Priority bits 111 = Interrupt is priority 7 (highest priority interrupt) • • • 001 = Interrupt is priority 1 000 = Interrupt source is disabled bit 3-0 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ REGISTER 7-26: IPC11: INTERRUPT PRIORITY CONTROL REGISTER 11 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 — — — — — — — — bit 15 bit 8 U-0 R/W-1 R/W-0 R/W-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 — PMPIP2 PMPIP1 PMPIP0 — — — — bit 7 bit 0 Legend: R = Readable bit W = Writable bit U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’ -n = Value at POR ‘1’ = Bit is set ‘0’ = Bit is cleared bit 15-7 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 6-4 PMPIP2:PMPIP0: Parallel Master Port Interrupt Priority bits 111 = Interrupt is priority 7 (highest priority interrupt) • • • 001 = Interrupt is priority 1 000 = Interrupt source is disabled bit 3-0 x = Bit is unknown Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ DS39881D-page 88 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY REGISTER 7-27: IPC12: INTERRUPT PRIORITY CONTROL REGISTER 12 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 R/W-1 R/W-0 R/W-0 — — — — — MI2C2P2 MI2C2P1 MI2C2P0 bit 15 bit 8 U-0 R/W-1 R/W-0 R/W-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 — SI2C2P2 SI2C2P1 SI2C2P0 — — — — bit 7 bit 0 Legend: R = Readable bit W = Writable bit U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’ -n = Value at POR ‘1’ = Bit is set ‘0’ = Bit is cleared bit 15-11 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 10-8 MI2C2P2:MI2C2P0: Master I2C2 Event Interrupt Priority bits 111 = Interrupt is priority 7 (highest priority interrupt) • • • 001 = Interrupt is priority 1 000 = Interrupt source is disabled bit 7 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 6-4 SI2C2P2:SI2C2P0: Slave I2C2 Event Interrupt Priority bits 111 = Interrupt is priority 7 (highest priority interrupt) • • • 001 = Interrupt is priority 1 000 = Interrupt source is disabled bit 3-0 x = Bit is unknown Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS39881D-page 89 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY REGISTER 7-28: IPC15: INTERRUPT PRIORITY CONTROL REGISTER 15 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 R/W-1 R/W-0 R/W-0 — — — — — RTCIP2 RTCIP1 RTCIP0 bit 15 bit 8 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 — — — — — — — — bit 7 bit 0 Legend: R = Readable bit W = Writable bit U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’ -n = Value at POR ‘1’ = Bit is set ‘0’ = Bit is cleared bit 15-11 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 10-8 RTCIP2:RTCIP0: Real-Time Clock/Calendar Interrupt Priority bits 111 = Interrupt is priority 7 (highest priority interrupt) • • • 001 = Interrupt is priority 1 000 = Interrupt source is disabled bit 7-0 x = Bit is unknown Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ DS39881D-page 90 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY REGISTER 7-29: IPC16: INTERRUPT PRIORITY CONTROL REGISTER 16 U-0 R/W-1 R/W-0 R/W-0 U-0 R/W-1 R/W-0 R/W-0 — CRCIP2 CRCIP1 CRCIP0 — U2ERIP2 U2ERIP1 U2ERIP0 bit 15 bit 8 U-0 R/W-1 R/W-0 R/W-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 — U1ERIP2 U1ERIP1 U1ERIP0 — — — — bit 7 bit 0 Legend: R = Readable bit W = Writable bit U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’ -n = Value at POR ‘1’ = Bit is set ‘0’ = Bit is cleared bit 15 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 14-12 CRCIP2:CRCIP0: CRC Generator Error Interrupt Priority bits 111 = Interrupt is priority 7 (highest priority interrupt) • • • 001 = Interrupt is priority 1 000 = Interrupt source is disabled bit 11 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 10-8 U2ERIP2:U2ERIP0: UART2 Error Interrupt Priority bits 111 = Interrupt is priority 7 (highest priority interrupt) • • • 001 = Interrupt is priority 1 000 = Interrupt source is disabled bit 7 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 6-4 U1ERIP2:U1ERIP0: UART1 Error Interrupt Priority bits 111 = Interrupt is priority 7 (highest priority interrupt) • • • 001 = Interrupt is priority 1 000 = Interrupt source is disabled bit 3-0 x = Bit is unknown Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS39881D-page 91 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY REGISTER 7-30: IPC18: INTERRUPT PRIORITY CONTROL REGISTER 18 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 — — — — — — — — bit 15 bit 8 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 R/W-1 R/W-0 R/W-0 — — — — — LVDIP2 LVDIP1 LVDIP0 bit 7 bit 0 Legend: R = Readable bit W = Writable bit U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’ -n = Value at POR ‘1’ = Bit is set ‘0’ = Bit is cleared bit 15-3 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 2-0 x = Bit is unknown LVDIP2:LVDIP0: Low-Voltage Detect Interrupt Priority bits 111 = Interrupt is priority 7 (highest priority interrupt) • • • 001 = Interrupt is priority 1 000 = Interrupt source is disabled DS39881D-page 92 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY 7.4 Interrupt Setup Procedures 7.4.1 INITIALIZATION To configure an interrupt source: 1. 2. Set the NSTDIS Control bit (INTCON1<15>) if nested interrupts are not desired. Select the user-assigned priority level for the interrupt source by writing the control bits in the appropriate IPCx register. The priority level will depend on the specific application and type of interrupt source. If multiple priority levels are not desired, the IPCx register control bits for all enabled interrupt sources may be programmed to the same non-zero value. Note: 3. 4. At a device Reset, the IPCx registers are initialized, such that all user interrupt sources are assigned to priority level 4. Clear the interrupt flag status bit associated with the peripheral in the associated IFSx register. Enable the interrupt source by setting the interrupt enable control bit associated with the source in the appropriate IECx register. 7.4.2 7.4.3 TRAP SERVICE ROUTINE A Trap Service Routine (TSR) is coded like an ISR, except that the appropriate trap status flag in the INTCON1 register must be cleared to avoid re-entry into the TSR. 7.4.4 INTERRUPT DISABLE All user interrupts can be disabled using the following procedure: 1. 2. Push the current SR value onto the software stack using the PUSH instruction. Force the CPU to priority level 7 by inclusive ORing the value OEh with SRL. To enable user interrupts, the POP instruction may be used to restore the previous SR value. Note that only user interrupts with a priority level of 7 or less can be disabled. Trap sources (level 8-15) cannot be disabled. The DISI instruction provides a convenient way to disable interrupts of priority levels 1-6 for a fixed period of time. Level 7 interrupt sources are not disabled by the DISI instruction. INTERRUPT SERVICE ROUTINE The method that is used to declare an ISR and initialize the IVT with the correct vector address will depend on the programming language (i.e., ‘C’ or assembler) and the language development toolsuite that is used to develop the application. In general, the user must clear the interrupt flag in the appropriate IFSx register for the source of the interrupt that the ISR handles. Otherwise, the ISR will be re-entered immediately after exiting the routine. If the ISR is coded in assembly language, it must be terminated using a RETFIE instruction to unstack the saved PC value, SRL value and old CPU priority level. 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS39881D-page 93 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY NOTES: DS39881D-page 94 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY 8.0 • Software-controllable switching between various clock sources • Software-controllable postscaler for selective clocking of CPU for system power savings • A Fail-Safe Clock Monitor (FSCM) that detects clock failure and permits safe application recovery or shutdown OSCILLATOR CONFIGURATION Note: This data sheet summarizes the features of this group of PIC24F devices. It is not intended to be a comprehensive reference source. For more information, refer to the “PIC24F Family Reference Manual”, ”Section 6. Oscillator” (DS39700). A simplified diagram of the oscillator system is shown in Figure 8-1. The oscillator system for PIC24FJ64GA004 family devices has the following features: • A total of four external and internal oscillator options as clock sources, providing 11 different clock modes • On-chip 4x PLL to boost internal operating frequency on select internal and external oscillator sources PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY CLOCK DIAGRAM PIC24FJ64GA004 Family Primary Oscillator XT, HS, EC OSCO OSCI 4 x PLL 8 MHz (nominal) 8 MHz 4 MHz Postscaler FRC Oscillator CLKDIV<10:8> LPRC Oscillator CLKO CLKDIV<14:12> XTPLL, HSPLL ECPLL,FRCPLL Postscaler FIGURE 8-1: CPU FRCDIV Peripherals FRC LPRC 31 kHz (nominal) Secondary Oscillator SOSC SOSCO SOSCI SOSCEN Enable Oscillator Clock Control Logic Fail-Safe Clock Monitor WDT, PWRT Clock Source Option for Other Modules 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS39881D-page 95 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY 8.1 CPU Clocking Scheme 8.2 The system clock source can be provided by one of four sources: • Primary Oscillator (POSC) on the OSCI and OSCO pins • Secondary Oscillator (SOSC) on the SOSCI and SOSCO pins • Fast Internal RC (FRC) Oscillator • Low-Power Internal RC (LPRC) Oscillator The primary oscillator and FRC sources have the option of using the internal 4x PLL. The frequency of the FRC clock source can optionally be reduced by the programmable clock divider. The selected clock source generates the processor and peripheral clock sources. The processor clock source is divided by two to produce the internal instruction cycle clock, FCY. In this document, the instruction cycle clock is also denoted by FOSC/2. The internal instruction cycle clock, FOSC/2, can be provided on the OSCO I/O pin for some operating modes of the primary oscillator. Initial Configuration on POR The oscillator source (and operating mode) that is used at a device Power-on Reset event is selected using Configuration bit settings. The oscillator Configuration bit settings are located in the Configuration registers in the program memory (refer to Section 24.1 “Configuration Bits” for further details). The Primary Oscillator Configuration bits, POSCMD1:POSCMD0 (Configuration Word 2<1:0>), and the Initial Oscillator Select Configuration bits, FNOSC2:FNOSC0 (Configuration Word 2<10:8>), select the oscillator source that is used at a Power-on Reset. The FRC primary oscillator with postscaler (FRCDIV) is the default (unprogrammed) selection. The secondary oscillator, or one of the internal oscillators, may be chosen by programming these bit locations. The Configuration bits allow users to choose between the various clock modes, shown in Table 8-1. 8.2.1 CLOCK SWITCHING MODE CONFIGURATION BITS The FCKSM Configuration bits (Configuration Word 2<7:6>) are used to jointly configure device clock switching and the Fail-Safe Clock Monitor (FSCM). Clock switching is enabled only when FCKSM1 is programmed (‘0’). The FSCM is enabled only when FCKSM1:FCKSM0 are both programmed (‘00’). TABLE 8-1: CONFIGURATION BIT VALUES FOR CLOCK SELECTION Oscillator Source POSCMD1: POSCMD0 FNOSC2: FNOSC0 Note Fast RC Oscillator with Postscaler (FRCDIV) Internal 11 111 1, 2 (Reserved) Internal xx 110 1 Oscillator Mode Low-Power RC Oscillator (LPRC) Internal 11 101 1 Secondary 00 100 1 Primary Oscillator (XT) with PLL Module (XTPLL) Primary 01 011 Primary Oscillator (EC) with PLL Module (ECPLL) Primary 00 011 Primary Oscillator (HS) Primary 10 010 Primary Oscillator (XT) Primary 01 010 Primary Oscillator (EC) Primary 00 010 Fast RC Oscillator with PLL Module (FRCPLL) Internal 11 001 1 Fast RC Oscillator (FRC) Internal 11 000 1 Secondary (Timer1) Oscillator (SOSC) Note 1: 2: OSCO pin function is determined by the OSCIOFCN Configuration bit. This is the default oscillator mode for an unprogrammed (erased) device. DS39881D-page 96 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY 8.3 Control Registers The operation of the oscillator is controlled by three Special Function Registers: • OSCCON • CLKDIV • OSCTUN The OSCCON register (Register 8-1) is the main control register for the oscillator. It controls clock source switching and allows the monitoring of clock sources. REGISTER 8-1: The Clock Divider register (Register 8-2) controls the features associated with Doze mode, as well as the postscaler for the FRC oscillator. The FRC Oscillator Tune register (Register 8-3) allows the user to fine tune the FRC oscillator over a range of approximately ±12%. Each bit increment or decrement changes the factory calibrated frequency of the FRC oscillator by a fixed amount. OSCCON: OSCILLATOR CONTROL REGISTER U-0 R-0 R-0 R-0 U-0 R/W-x(1) R/W-x(1) R/W-x(1) — COSC2 COSC1 COSC0 — NOSC2 NOSC1 NOSC0 bit 15 bit 8 R/SO-0 R/W-0 R-0(3) U-0 R/CO-0 U-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 CLKLOCK IOLOCK(2) LOCK — CF — SOSCEN OSWEN bit 7 bit 0 Legend: CO = Clear Only bit SO = Set Only bit R = Readable bit W = Writable bit U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’ -n = Value at POR ‘1’ = Bit is set ‘0’ = Bit is cleared bit 15 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 14-12 COSC2:COSC0: Current Oscillator Selection bits 111 = Fast RC Oscillator with Postscaler (FRCDIV) 110 = Reserved 101 = Low-Power RC Oscillator (LPRC) 100 = Secondary Oscillator (SOSC) 011 = Primary Oscillator with PLL module (XTPLL, HSPLL, ECPLL) 010 = Primary Oscillator (XT, HS, EC) 001 = Fast RC Oscillator with Postscaler and PLL module (FRCPLL) 000 = Fast RC Oscillator (FRC) bit 11 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 10-8 x = Bit is unknown NOSC2:NOSC0: New Oscillator Selection bits(1) 111 = Fast RC Oscillator with Postscaler (FRCDIV) 110 = Reserved 101 = Low-Power RC Oscillator (LPRC) 100 = Secondary Oscillator (SOSC) 011 = Primary Oscillator with PLL module (XTPLL, HSPLL, ECPLL) 010 = Primary Oscillator (XT, HS, EC) 001 = Fast RC Oscillator with Postscaler and PLL module (FRCPLL) 000 = Fast RC Oscillator (FRC) Note 1: 2: 3: Reset values for these bits are determined by the FNOSC Configuration bits. The state of the IOLOCK bit can only be changed once an unlocking sequence has been executed. In addition, if the IOL1WAY Configuration bit is ‘1’ once the IOLOCK bit is set, it cannot be cleared. Also resets to ‘0’ during any valid clock switch or whenever a non-PLL Clock mode is selected. 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS39881D-page 97 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY REGISTER 8-1: OSCCON: OSCILLATOR CONTROL REGISTER (CONTINUED) bit 7 CLKLOCK: Clock Selection Lock Enabled bit If FSCM is enabled (FCKSM1 = 1): 1 = Clock and PLL selections are locked 0 = Clock and PLL selections are not locked and may be modified by setting the OSWEN bit If FSCM is disabled (FCKSM1 = 0): Clock and PLL selections are never locked and may be modified by setting the OSWEN bit. bit 6 IOLOCK: I/O Lock Enable bit(2) 1 = I/O lock is active 0 = I/O lock is not active bit 5 LOCK: PLL Lock Status bit(3) 1 = PLL module is in lock or PLL module start-up timer is satisfied 0 = PLL module is out of lock, PLL start-up timer is running or PLL is disabled bit 4 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 3 CF: Clock Fail Detect bit 1 = FSCM has detected a clock failure 0 = No clock failure has been detected bit 2 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 1 SOSCEN: 32 kHz Secondary Oscillator (SOSC) Enable bit 1 = Enable secondary oscillator 0 = Disable secondary oscillator bit 0 OSWEN: Oscillator Switch Enable bit 1 = Initiate an oscillator switch to clock source specified by NOSC2:NOSC0 bits 0 = Oscillator switch is complete Note 1: 2: 3: Reset values for these bits are determined by the FNOSC Configuration bits. The state of the IOLOCK bit can only be changed once an unlocking sequence has been executed. In addition, if the IOL1WAY Configuration bit is ‘1’ once the IOLOCK bit is set, it cannot be cleared. Also resets to ‘0’ during any valid clock switch or whenever a non-PLL Clock mode is selected. DS39881D-page 98 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY REGISTER 8-2: R/W-0 CLKDIV: CLOCK DIVIDER REGISTER R/W-0 ROI R/W-1 DOZE2 DOZE1 R/W-1 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-1 DOZE0 DOZEN(1) RCDIV2 RCDIV1 RCDIV0 bit 15 bit 8 U-0 U-1 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 — — — — — — — — bit 7 bit 0 Legend: R = Readable bit W = Writable bit U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’ -n = Value at POR ‘1’ = Bit is set ‘0’ = Bit is cleared x = Bit is unknown bit 15 ROI: Recover on Interrupt bit 1 = Interrupts clear the DOZEN bit and reset the CPU peripheral clock ratio to 1:1 0 = Interrupts have no effect on the DOZEN bit bit 14-12 DOZE2:DOZE0: CPU Peripheral Clock Ratio Select bits 111 = 1:128 110 = 1:64 101 = 1:32 100 = 1:16 011 = 1:8 010 = 1:4 001 = 1:2 000 = 1:1 bit 11 DOZEN: DOZE Enable bit(1) 1 = DOZE2:DOZE0 bits specify the CPU peripheral clock ratio 0 = CPU peripheral clock ratio set to 1:1 bit 10-8 RCDIV2:RCDIV0: FRC Postscaler Select bits 111 = 31.25 kHz (divide by 256) 110 = 125 kHz (divide by 64) 101 = 250 kHz (divide by 32) 100 = 500 kHz (divide by 16) 011 = 1 MHz (divide by 8) 010 = 2 MHz (divide by 4) 001 = 4 MHz (divide by 2) 000 = 8 MHz (divide by 1) bit 7 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 6 Unimplemented: Read as ‘1’ bit 5-0 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ Note 1: This bit is automatically cleared when the ROI bit is set and an interrupt occurs. 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS39881D-page 99 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY REGISTER 8-3: OSCTUN: FRC Oscillator Tune Register U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 — — — — — — — — bit 15 bit 8 U-0 U-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 — — R/W-0 TUN5(1) TUN4(1) TUN3(1) TUN2(1) TUN1(1) TUN0(1) bit 7 bit 0 Legend: R = Readable bit W = Writable bit U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’ -n = Value at POR ‘1’ = Bit is set ‘0’ = Bit is cleared x = Bit is unknown bit 15-6 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 5-0 TUN5:TUN0: FRC Oscillator Tuning bits 011111 = Maximum frequency deviation 011110 = 000001 = 000000 = Center frequency, oscillator is running at factory calibrated frequency 111111 = 100001 = 100000 = Minimum frequency deviation Note 1: 8.4 Increments or decrements of TUN5:TUN0 may not change the FRC frequency in equal steps over the FRC tuning range, and may not be monotonic. Clock Switching Operation With few limitations, applications are free to switch between any of the four clock sources (POSC, SOSC, FRC and LPRC) under software control and at any time. To limit the possible side effects that could result from this flexibility, PIC24F devices have a safeguard lock built into the switching process. Note: The primary oscillator mode has three different submodes (XT, HS and EC) which are determined by the POSCMDx Configuration bits. While an application can switch to and from primary oscillator mode in software, it cannot switch between the different primary submodes without reprogramming the device. DS39881D-page 100 8.4.1 ENABLING CLOCK SWITCHING To enable clock switching, the FCKSM1 Configuration bit in Flash Configuration Word 2 must be programmed to ‘0’. (Refer to Section 24.1 “Configuration Bits” for further details.) If the FCKSM1 Configuration bit is unprogrammed (‘1’), the clock switching function and Fail-Safe Clock Monitor function are disabled. This is the default setting. The NOSCx control bits (OSCCON<10:8>) do not control the clock selection when clock switching is disabled. However, the COSCx bits (OSCCON<14:12>) will reflect the clock source selected by the FNOSCx Configuration bits. The OSWEN control bit (OSCCON<0>) has no effect when clock switching is disabled. It is held at ‘0’ at all times. 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY 8.4.2 OSCILLATOR SWITCHING SEQUENCE A recommended code sequence for a clock switch includes the following: At a minimum, performing a clock switch requires this basic sequence: 1. 1. 2. 2. 3. 4. 5. If desired, read the COSCx bits (OSCCON<14:12>), to determine the current oscillator source. Perform the unlock sequence to allow a write to the OSCCON register high byte. Write the appropriate value to the NOSCx bits (OSCCON<10:8>) for the new oscillator source. Perform the unlock sequence to allow a write to the OSCCON register low byte. Set the OSWEN bit to initiate the oscillator switch. 3. 4. 5. Once the basic sequence is completed, the system clock hardware responds automatically as follows: 6. 1. 7. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. The clock switching hardware compares the COSCx bits with the new value of the NOSCx bits. If they are the same, then the clock switch is a redundant operation. In this case, the OSWEN bit is cleared automatically and the clock switch is aborted. If a valid clock switch has been initiated, the LOCK (OSCCON<5>) and CF (OSCCON<3>) bits are cleared. The new oscillator is turned on by the hardware if it is not currently running. If a crystal oscillator must be turned on, the hardware will wait until the OST expires. If the new source is using the PLL, then the hardware waits until a PLL lock is detected (LOCK = 1). The hardware waits for 10 clock cycles from the new clock source and then performs the clock switch. The hardware clears the OSWEN bit to indicate a successful clock transition. In addition, the NOSCx bit values are transferred to the COSCx bits. The old clock source is turned off at this time, with the exception of LPRC (if WDT or FSCM are enabled) or SOSC (if SOSCEN remains set). Note 1: The processor will continue to execute code throughout the clock switching sequence. Timing sensitive code should not be executed during this time. 8. Disable interrupts during the OSCCON register unlock and write sequence. Execute the unlock sequence for the OSCCON high byte by writing 78h and 9Ah to OSCCON<15:8> in two back-to-back instructions. Write new oscillator source to the NOSCx bits in the instruction immediately following the unlock sequence. Execute the unlock sequence for the OSCCON low byte by writing 46h and 57h to OSCCON<7:0> in two back-to-back instructions. Set the OSWEN bit in the instruction immediately following the unlock sequence. Continue to execute code that is not clock sensitive (optional). Invoke an appropriate amount of software delay (cycle counting) to allow the selected oscillator and/or PLL to start and stabilize. Check to see if OSWEN is ‘0’. If it is, the switch was successful. If OSWEN is still set, then check the LOCK bit to determine the cause of failure. The core sequence for unlocking the OSCCON register and initiating a clock switch is shown in Example 8-1. EXAMPLE 8-1: BASIC CODE SEQUENCE FOR CLOCK SWITCHING ;Place the new oscillator selection in W0 ;OSCCONH (high byte) Unlock Sequence MOV #OSCCONH, w1 MOV #0x78, w2 MOV #0x9A, w3 MOV.b w2, [w1] MOV.b w3, [w1] ;Set new oscillator selection MOV.b WREG, OSCCONH ;OSCCONL (low byte) unlock sequence MOV #OSCCONL, w1 MOV #0x46, w2 MOV #0x57, w3 MOV.b w2, [w1] MOV.b w3, [w1] ;Start oscillator switch operation BSET OSCCON,#0 2: Direct clock switches between any primary oscillator mode with PLL and FRCPLL mode are not permitted. This applies to clock switches in either direction. In these instances, the application must switch to FRC mode as a transition clock source between the two PLL modes. 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS39881D-page 101 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY 8.4.3 Note: SECONDARY OSCILLATOR LOW-POWER OPERATION This feature is implemented only on PIC24FJ64GA004 family devices with a major silicon revision level of B or later (DEVREV register value is 3042h or greater). The Secondary Oscillator (SOSC) can operate in two distinct levels of power consumption based on device configuration. In Low-Power mode, the oscillator operates in a low-gain, low-power state. By default, the oscillator uses a higher gain setting, and therefore, requires more power. The Secondary Oscillator Mode Selection bits, SOSCSEL<1:0> (CW2<12:11>), determine the oscillator’s power mode. When Low-Power mode is used, care must be taken in the design and layout of the SOSC circuit to ensure that the oscillator will start up and oscillate properly. The lower gain of this mode makes the SOSC more sensitive to noise and requires a longer start-up time. DS39881D-page 102 8.4.4 OSCILLATOR LAYOUT On low pin count devices, such as those in the PIC24FJ64GA004 family, due to pinout limitations, the SOSC is more susceptible to noise than other PIC24F devices. Unless proper care is taken in the design and layout of the SOSC circuit, it is possible for inaccuracies to be introduced into the oscillator's period. In general, the crystal circuit connections should be as short as possible. It is also good practice to surround the crystal circuit with a ground loop or ground plane. For more detailed information on crystal circuit design, please refer to the “PIC24F Family Reference Manual”, Section 6. “Oscillator” (DS39700) and Microchip Application Notes: AN826, “Crystal Oscillator Basics and Crystal Selection for rfPIC® and PICmicro® Devices” (DS00826) and AN849, “Basic PICmicro® Oscillator Design” (DS00849). 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY 9.0 Note: POWER-SAVING FEATURES This data sheet summarizes the features of this group of PIC24F devices. It is not intended to be a comprehensive reference source. For more information, refer to the “PIC24F Family Reference Manual”, ”Section 10. Power-Saving Features” (DS39698). Additional power-saving tips can also be found in Appendix B: “Additional Guidance for PIC24FJ64GA004 Family Applications” of this document. The PIC24FJ64GA004 family of devices provides the ability to manage power consumption by selectively managing clocking to the CPU and the peripherals. In general, a lower clock frequency and a reduction in the number of circuits being clocked constitutes lower consumed power. All PIC24F devices manage power consumption in four different ways: • • • • Clock frequency Instruction-based Sleep and Idle modes Software controlled Doze mode Selective peripheral control in software Combinations of these methods can be used to selectively tailor an application’s power consumption, while still maintaining critical application features, such as timing-sensitive communications. 9.1 Clock Frequency and Clock Switching PIC24F devices allow for a wide range of clock frequencies to be selected under application control. If the system clock configuration is not locked, users can choose low-power or high-precision oscillators by simply changing the NOSC bits. The process of changing a system clock during operation, as well as limitations to the process, are discussed in more detail in Section 8.0 “Oscillator Configuration”. 9.2 Instruction-Based Power-Saving Modes and code execution, but allows peripheral modules to continue operation. The assembly syntax of the PWRSAV instruction is shown in Example 9-1. Sleep and Idle modes can be exited as a result of an enabled interrupt, WDT time-out or a device Reset. When the device exits these modes, it is said to “wake-up”. Note: 9.2.1 SLEEP_MODE and IDLE_MODE are constants defined in the assembler include file for the selected device. SLEEP MODE Sleep mode has these features: • The system clock source is shut down. If an on-chip oscillator is used, it is turned off. • The device current consumption will be reduced to a minimum provided that no I/O pin is sourcing current. • The Fail-Safe Clock Monitor does not operate during Sleep mode since the system clock source is disabled. • The LPRC clock will continue to run in Sleep mode if the WDT is enabled. • The WDT, if enabled, is automatically cleared prior to entering Sleep mode. • Some device features or peripherals may continue to operate in Sleep mode. This includes items such as the input change notification on the I/O ports, or peripherals that use an external clock input. Any peripheral that requires the system clock source for its operation will be disabled in Sleep mode. The device will wake-up from Sleep mode on any of the these events: • On any interrupt source that is individually enabled • On any form of device Reset • On a WDT time-out On wake-up from Sleep, the processor will restart with the same clock source that was active when Sleep mode was entered. PIC24F devices have two special power-saving modes that are entered through the execution of a special PWRSAV instruction. Sleep mode stops clock operation and halts all code execution; Idle mode halts the CPU EXAMPLE 9-1: PWRSAV PWRSAV PWRSAV INSTRUCTION SYNTAX #SLEEP_MODE #IDLE_MODE 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. ; Put the device into SLEEP mode ; Put the device into IDLE mode DS39881D-page 103 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY 9.2.2 IDLE MODE Idle mode has these features: • The CPU will stop executing instructions. • The WDT is automatically cleared. • The system clock source remains active. By default, all peripheral modules continue to operate normally from the system clock source, but can also be selectively disabled (see Section 9.4 “Selective Peripheral Module Control”). • If the WDT or FSCM is enabled, the LPRC will also remain active. The device will wake from Idle mode on any of these events: • Any interrupt that is individually enabled. • Any device Reset. • A WDT time-out. On wake-up from Idle, the clock is reapplied to the CPU and instruction execution begins immediately, starting with the instruction following the PWRSAV instruction or the first instruction in the ISR. 9.2.3 INTERRUPTS COINCIDENT WITH POWER SAVE INSTRUCTIONS Any interrupt that coincides with the execution of a PWRSAV instruction will be held off until entry into Sleep or Idle mode has completed. The device will then wake-up from Sleep or Idle mode. 9.3 Doze Mode Generally, changing clock speed and invoking one of the power-saving modes are the preferred strategies for reducing power consumption. There may be circumstances, however, where this is not practical. For example, it may be necessary for an application to maintain uninterrupted synchronous communication, even while it is doing nothing else. Reducing system clock speed may introduce communication errors, while using a power-saving mode may stop communications completely. Doze mode is a simple and effective alternative method to reduce power consumption while the device is still executing code. In this mode, the system clock continues to operate from the same source and at the same speed. Peripheral modules continue to be clocked at the same speed while the CPU clock speed is reduced. Synchronization between the two clock domains is maintained, allowing the peripherals to access the SFRs while the CPU executes code at a slower rate. Doze mode is enabled by setting the DOZEN bit (CLKDIV<11>). The ratio between peripheral and core clock speed is determined by the DOZE2:DOZE0 bits (CLKDIV<14:12>). There are eight possible configurations, from 1:1 to 1:256, with 1:1 being the default. DS39881D-page 104 It is also possible to use Doze mode to selectively reduce power consumption in event driven applications. This allows clock sensitive functions, such as synchronous communications, to continue without interruption while the CPU Idles, waiting for something to invoke an interrupt routine. Enabling the automatic return to full-speed CPU operation on interrupts is enabled by setting the ROI bit (CLKDIV<15>). By default, interrupt events have no effect on Doze mode operation. 9.4 Selective Peripheral Module Control Idle and Doze modes allow users to substantially reduce power consumption by slowing or stopping the CPU clock. Even so, peripheral modules still remain clocked and thus consume power. There may be cases where the application needs what these modes do not provide: the allocation of power resources to CPU processing with minimal power consumption from the peripherals. PIC24F devices address this requirement by allowing peripheral modules to be selectively disabled, reducing or eliminating their power consumption. This can be done with two control bits: • The Peripheral Enable bit, generically named, “XXXEN”, located in the module’s main control SFR. • The Peripheral Module Disable (PMD) bit, generically named, “XXXMD”, located in one of the PMD control registers. Both bits have similar functions in enabling or disabling its associated module. Setting the PMD bit for a module disables all clock sources to that module, reducing its power consumption to an absolute minimum. In this state, the control and status registers associated with the peripheral will also be disabled, so writes to those registers will have no effect and read values will be invalid. Many peripheral modules have a corresponding PMD bit. In contrast, disabling a module by clearing its XXXEN bit disables its functionality, but leaves its registers available to be read and written to. Power consumption is reduced, but not by as much as the PMD bit does. Most peripheral modules have an enable bit; exceptions include capture, compare and RTCC. To achieve more selective power savings, peripheral modules can also be selectively disabled when the device enters Idle mode. This is done through the control bit of the generic name format, “XXXIDL”. By default, all modules that can operate during Idle mode will do so. Using the disable on Idle feature allows further reduction of power consumption during Idle mode, enhancing power savings for extremely critical power applications. 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY 10.0 Note: When a peripheral is enabled and the peripheral is actively driving an associated pin, the use of the pin as a general purpose output pin is disabled. The I/O pin may be read, but the output driver for the parallel port bit will be disabled. If a peripheral is enabled, but the peripheral is not actively driving a pin, that pin may be driven by a port. I/O PORTS This data sheet summarizes the features of this group of PIC24F devices. It is not intended to be a comprehensive reference source. For more information, refer to the “PIC24F Family Reference Manual”, ”Section 12. I/O Ports with Peripheral Pin Select (PPS)” (DS39711). All of the device pins (except VDD, VSS, MCLR and OSCI/CLKI) are shared between the peripherals and the parallel I/O ports. All I/O input ports feature Schmitt Trigger inputs for improved noise immunity. 10.1 Parallel I/O (PIO) Ports A parallel I/O port that shares a pin with a peripheral is, in general, subservient to the peripheral. The peripheral’s output buffer data and control signals are provided to a pair of multiplexers. The multiplexers select whether the peripheral or the associated port has ownership of the output data and control signals of the I/O pin. The logic also prevents “loop through”, in which a port’s digital output can drive the input of a peripheral that shares the same pin. Figure 10-1 shows how ports are shared with other peripherals and the associated I/O pin to which they are connected. FIGURE 10-1: All port pins have three registers directly associated with their operation as digital I/O. The Data Direction register (TRISx) determines whether the pin is an input or an output. If the data direction bit is a ‘1’, then the pin is an input. All port pins are defined as inputs after a Reset. Reads from the Output Latch register (LATx), read the latch. Writes to the latch, write the latch. Reads from the port (PORTx), read the port pins, while writes to the port pins, write the latch. Any bit and its associated data and control registers that are not valid for a particular device will be disabled. That means the corresponding LATx and TRISx registers and the port pin will read as zeros. When a pin is shared with another peripheral or function that is defined as an input only, it is, nevertheless, regarded as a dedicated port because there is no other competing source of outputs. BLOCK DIAGRAM OF A TYPICAL SHARED PORT STRUCTURE Peripheral Module Output Multiplexers Peripheral Input Data Peripheral Module Enable I/O Peripheral Output Enable 1 Peripheral Output Data 0 PIO Module Read TRIS Data Bus WR TRIS 1 Output Enable Output Data 0 D Q I/O Pin CK TRIS Latch D WR LAT + WR PORT Q CK Data Latch Read LAT Input Data Read PORT 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS39881D-page 105 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY 10.1.1 OPEN-DRAIN CONFIGURATION In addition to the PORT, LAT and TRIS registers for data control, each port pin can also be individually configured for either digital or open-drain output. This is controlled by the Open-Drain Control register, ODCx, associated with each port. Setting any of the bits configures the corresponding pin to act as an open-drain output. The open-drain feature allows the generation of outputs higher than VDD (e.g., 5V) on any desired digital only pins by using external pull-up resistors. The maximum open-drain voltage allowed is the same as the maximum VIH specification. 10.2 Configuring Analog Port Pins The use of the AD1PCFG and TRIS registers control the operation of the A/D port pins. The port pins that are desired as analog inputs must have their corresponding TRIS bit set (input). If the TRIS bit is cleared (output), the digital output level (VOH or VOL) will be converted. When reading the PORT register, all pins configured as analog input channels will read as cleared (a low level). Pins configured as digital inputs will not convert an analog input. Analog levels on any pin that is defined as a digital input (including the ANx pins) may cause the input buffer to consume current that exceeds the device specifications. 10.2.1 I/O PORT WRITE/READ TIMING One instruction cycle is required between a port direction change or port write operation and a read operation of the same port. Typically, this instruction would be a NOP. 10.2.2 ANALOG INPUT PINS AND VOLTAGE CONSIDERATIONS The voltage tolerance of pins used as device inputs is dependent on the pin’s input function. Pins that are used as digital only inputs are able to handle DC voltages up to 5.5V, a level typical for digital logic circuits. In contrast, pins that also have analog input functions of any kind can only tolerate voltages up to VDD. Voltage excursions beyond VDD on these pins are always to be avoided. Table 10-1 summarizes the input capabilities. Refer to Section 27.1 “DC Characteristics” for more details. EXAMPLE 10-1: MOV MOV NOP BTSS 0xFF00, W0 W0, TRISBB PORTB, #13 DS39881D-page 106 TABLE 10-1: Port or Pin PORTA<4:0> INPUT VOLTAGE LEVELS Tolerated Input Description VDD Only VDD input levels tolerated. 5.5V Tolerates input levels above VDD, useful for most standard logic. PORTB<15:12> PORTB<4:0> PORTC<2:0>(1) PORTA<10:7>(1) PORTB<11:5> PORTC<9:3>(1) Note 1: 10.3 Unavailable on 28-pin devices. Input Change Notification The input change notification function of the I/O ports allows the PIC24FJ64GA004 family of devices to generate interrupt requests to the processor in response to a change of state on selected input pins. This feature is capable of detecting input change of states even in Sleep mode, when the clocks are disabled. Depending on the device pin count, there are up to 22 external signals that may be selected (enabled) for generating an interrupt request on a change of state. There are four control registers associated with the CN module. The CNEN1 and CNEN2 registers contain the interrupt enable control bits for each of the CN input pins. Setting any of these bits enables a CN interrupt for the corresponding pins. Each CN pin also has a weak pull-up connected to it. The pull-ups act as a current source that is connected to the pin, and eliminate the need for external resistors when push button or keypad devices are connected. The pull-ups are enabled separately using the CNPU1 and CNPU2 registers, which contain the control bits for each of the CN pins. Setting any of the control bits enables the weak pull-ups for the corresponding pins. When the internal pull-up is selected, the pin pulls up to VDD – 0.7V (typical). Make sure that there is no external pull-up source when the internal pull-ups are enabled, as the voltage difference can cause a current path. Note: Pull-ups on change notification pins should always be disabled whenever the port pin is configured as a digital output. PORT WRITE/READ EXAMPLE ; ; ; ; Configure PORTB<15:8> as inputs and PORTB<7:0> as outputs Delay 1 cycle Next Instruction 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY 10.4 Peripheral Pin Select A major challenge in general purpose devices is providing the largest possible set of peripheral features while minimizing the conflict of features on I/O pins. The challenge is even greater on low pin count devices similar to the PIC24FJ64GA family. In an application that needs to use more than one peripheral multiplexed on single pin, inconvenient workarounds in application code or a complete redesign may be the only option. A key difference between pin select and non pin select peripherals is that pin select peripherals are not associated with a default I/O pin. The peripheral must always be assigned to a specific I/O pin before it can be used. In contrast, non pin select peripherals are always available on a default pin, assuming that the peripheral is active and not conflicting with another peripheral. 10.4.2.1 Peripheral Pin Select Function Priority The peripheral pin select feature provides an alternative to these choices by enabling the user’s peripheral set selection and their placement on a wide range of I/O pins. By increasing the pinout options available on a particular device, users can better tailor the microcontroller to their entire application, rather than trimming the application to fit the device. When a pin selectable peripheral is active on a given I/O pin, it takes priority over all other digital I/O and digital communication peripherals associated with the pin. Priority is given regardless of the type of peripheral that is mapped. Pin select peripherals never take priority over any analog functions associated with the pin. The peripheral pin select feature operates over a fixed subset of digital I/O pins. Users may independently map the input and/or output of any one of many digital peripherals to any one of these I/O pins. Peripheral pin select is performed in software and generally does not require the device to be reprogrammed. Hardware safeguards are included that prevent accidental or spurious changes to the peripheral mapping once it has been established. 10.4.3 10.4.1 The association of a peripheral to a peripheral selectable pin is handled in two different ways, depending on if an input or an output is being mapped. AVAILABLE PINS The peripheral pin select feature is used with a range of up to 26 pins; the number of available pins is dependent on the particular device and its pincount. Pins that support the peripheral pin select feature include the designation “RPn” in their full pin designation, where “RP” designates a remappable peripheral and “n” is the remappable pin number. See Table 1-2 for pinout options in Each Package Offering. 10.4.2 AVAILABLE PERIPHERALS The peripherals managed by the peripheral pin select are all digital only peripherals. These include general serial communications (UART and SPI), general purpose timer clock inputs, timer related peripherals (input capture and output compare) and external interrupt inputs. Also included are the outputs of the comparator module, since these are discrete digital signals. CONTROLLING PERIPHERAL PIN SELECT Peripheral pin select features are controlled through two sets of Special Function Registers: one to map peripheral inputs, and one to map outputs. Because they are separately controlled, a particular peripheral’s input and output (if the peripheral has both) can be placed on any selectable function pin without constraint. 10.4.3.1 Input Mapping The inputs of the peripheral pin select options are mapped on the basis of the peripheral; that is, a control register associated with a peripheral dictates the pin it will be mapped to. The RPINRx registers are used to configure peripheral input mapping (see Register 10-1 through Register 10-14). Each register contains two sets of 5-bit fields, with each set associated with one of the pin selectable peripherals. Programming a given peripheral’s bit field with an appropriate 5-bit value maps the RPn pin with that value to that peripheral. For any given device, the valid range of values for any of the bit fields corresponds to the maximum number of peripheral pin selections supported by the device. The peripheral pin select module is not applied to I2C™, change notification inputs, RTCC alarm outputs or peripherals with analog inputs. 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS39881D-page 107 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY TABLE 10-2: SELECTABLE INPUT SOURCES (MAPS INPUT TO FUNCTION)(1) Function Name Register Configuration Bits External Interrupt 1 External Interrupt 2 Timer2 External Clock Timer3 External Clock Timer4 External Clock Timer5 External Clock Input Capture 1 Input Capture 2 Input Capture 3 Input Capture 4 Input Capture 5 Output Compare Fault A Output Compare Fault B UART1 Receive INT1 INT2 T2CK T3CK T4CK T5CK IC1 IC2 IC3 IC4 IC5 OCFA OCFB U1RX RPINR0 RPINR1 RPINR3 RPINR3 RPINR4 RPINR4 RPINR7 RPINR7 RPINR8 RPINR8 RPINR9 RPINR11 RPINR11 RPINR18 INTR1<4:0> INTR2R<4:0> T2CKR<4:0> T3CKR<4:0> T4CKR<4:0> T5CKR<4:0> IC1R<4:0> IC2R<4:0> IC3R<4:0> IC4R<4:0> IC5R<4:0> OCFAR<4:0> OCFBR<4:0> U1RXR<4:0> UART1 Clear To Send UART2 Receive U1CTS U2RX RPINR18 RPINR19 U1CTSR<4:0> U2RXR<4:0> Input Name UART2 Clear To Send U2CTS RPINR19 SPI1 Data Input SDI1 RPINR20 SPI1 Clock Input SCK1IN RPINR20 SPI1 Slave Select Input SS1IN RPINR21 SPI2 Data Input SDI2 RPINR22 SPI2 Clock Input SCK2IN RPINR22 SPI2 Slave Select Input SS2IN RPINR23 Note 1: Unless otherwise noted, all inputs use the Schmitt Trigger input buffers. 10.4.3.2 Output Mapping In contrast to inputs, the outputs of the peripheral pin select options are mapped on the basis of the pin. In this case, a control register associated with a particular pin dictates the peripheral output to be mapped. The RPORx registers are used to control output mapping. Like the RPINRx registers, each register contains two 5-bit fields; each field being associated with one RPn pin (see Register 10-15 through Register 10-27). The value of the bit field corresponds to one of the peripherals and that peripheral’s output is mapped to the pin (see Table 10-3). DS39881D-page 108 U2CTSR<4:0> SDI1R<4:0> SCK1R<4:0> SS1R<4:0> SDI2R<4:0> SCK2R<4:0> SS2R<4:0> Because of the mapping technique, the list of peripherals for output mapping also includes a null value of ‘00000’. This permits any given pin to remain disconnected from the output of any of the pin selectable peripherals. 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY TABLE 10-3: Function SELECTABLE OUTPUT SOURCES (MAPS FUNCTION TO OUTPUT) Output Function Number(1) Output Name NULL(2) C1OUT C2OUT U1TX 0 1 2 3 NULL Comparator 1 Output Comparator 2 Output UART1 Transmit U1RTS(3) U2TX 4 5 UART1 Request To Send UART2 Transmit U2RTS(3) 6 UART2 Request To Send SDO1 7 SPI1 Data Output SCK1OUT 8 SPI1 Clock Output SS1OUT 9 SPI1 Slave Select Output SDO2 10 SPI2 Data Output SCK2OUT 11 SPI2 Clock Output SS2OUT 12 SPI2 Slave Select Output OC1 18 Output Compare 1 OC2 19 Output Compare 2 OC3 20 Output Compare 3 OC4 21 Output Compare 4 OC5 22 Output Compare 5 Note 1: Value assigned to the RPn<4:0> pins corresponds to the peripheral output function number. 2: The NULL function is assigned to all RPn outputs at device Reset and disables the RPn output function. 3: IrDA® BCLK functionality uses this output. 10.4.3.3 Mapping Limitations The control schema of the peripheral pin select is extremely flexible. Other than systematic blocks that prevent signal contention caused by two physical pins being configured as the same functional input or two functional outputs configured as the same pin, there are no hardware enforced lock outs. The flexibility extends to the point of allowing a single input to drive multiple peripherals or a single functional output to drive multiple output pins. 10.4.4 CONTROLLING CONFIGURATION CHANGES 10.4.4.1 Control Register Lock Under normal operation, writes to the RPINRx and RPORx registers are not allowed. Attempted writes will appear to execute normally, but the contents of the registers will remain unchanged. To change these registers, they must be unlocked in hardware. The register lock is controlled by the IOLOCK bit (OSCCON<6>). Setting IOLOCK prevents writes to the control registers; clearing IOLOCK allows writes. To set or clear IOLOCK, a specific command sequence must be executed: 1. 2. 3. Write 46h to OSCCON<7:0>. Write 57h to OSCCON<7:0>. Clear (or set) IOLOCK as a single operation. Unlike the similar sequence with the oscillator’s LOCK bit, IOLOCK remains in one state until changed. This allows all of the peripheral pin selects to be configured with a single unlock sequence followed by an update to all control registers, then locked with a second lock sequence. 10.4.4.2 Continuous State Monitoring In addition to being protected from direct writes, the contents of the RPINRx and RPORx registers are constantly monitored in hardware by shadow registers. If an unexpected change in any of the registers occurs (such as cell disturbances caused by ESD or other external events), a Configuration Mismatch Reset will be triggered. 10.4.4.3 Configuration Bit Pin Select Lock As an additional level of safety, the device can be configured to prevent more than one write session to the RPINRx and RPORx registers. The IOL1WAY (CW2<4>) Configuration bit blocks the IOLOCK bit from being cleared after it has been set once. If IOLOCK remains set, the register unlock procedure will not execute and the Peripheral Pin Select Control registers cannot be written to. The only way to clear the bit and re-enable peripheral remapping is to perform a device Reset. In the default (unprogrammed) state, IOL1WAY is set, restricting users to one write session. Programming IOL1WAY allows users unlimited access (with the proper use of the unlock sequence) to the Peripheral Pin Select registers. Because peripheral remapping can be changed during run time, some restrictions on peripheral remapping are needed to prevent accidental configuration changes. PIC24F devices include three features to prevent alterations to the peripheral map: • Control register lock sequence • Continuous state monitoring • Configuration bit remapping lock 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS39881D-page 109 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY 10.4.5 CONSIDERATIONS FOR PERIPHERAL PIN SELECTION The ability to control peripheral pin selection introduces several considerations into application design that could be overlooked. This is particularly true for several common peripherals that are available only as remappable peripherals. The main consideration is that the peripheral pin selects are not available on default pins in the device’s default (Reset) state. Since all RPINRx registers reset to ‘11111’ and all RPORx registers reset to ‘00000’, all peripheral pin select inputs are tied to RP31 and all peripheral pin select outputs are disconnected. Note: In tying peripheral pin select inputs to RP31, RP31 does not have to exist on a device for the registers to be reset to it. This situation requires the user to initialize the device with the proper peripheral configuration before any other application code is executed. Since the IOLOCK bit resets in the unlocked state, it is not necessary to execute the unlock sequence after the device has come out of Reset. For application safety, however, it is best to set IOLOCK and lock the configuration after writing to the control registers. Because the unlock sequence is timing critical, it must be executed as an assembly language routine in the same manner as changes to the oscillator configuration. If the bulk of the application is written in C or another high-level language, the unlock sequence should be performed by writing inline assembly. Choosing the configuration requires the review of all peripheral pin selects and their pin assignments, especially those that will not be used in the application. In all cases, unused pin-selectable peripherals should be disabled completely. Unused peripherals should have their inputs assigned to an unused RPn pin function. I/O pins with unused RPn functions should be configured with the null peripheral output. The assignment of a peripheral to a particular pin does not automatically perform any other configuration of the pin’s I/O circuitry. In theory, this means adding a pin-selectable output to a pin may mean inadvertently driving an existing peripheral input when the output is driven. Users must be familiar with the behavior of other fixed peripherals that share a remappable pin and know when to enable or disable them. To be safe, fixed digital peripherals that share the same pin should be disabled when not in use. Along these lines, configuring a remappable pin for a specific peripheral does not automatically turn that feature on. The peripheral must be specifically configured for operation and enabled, as if it were tied to a fixed pin. Where this happens in the application code (immediately following device Reset and peripheral configuration or inside the main application routine) depends on the peripheral and its use in the application. DS39881D-page 110 A final consideration is that peripheral pin select functions neither override analog inputs, nor reconfigure pins with analog functions for digital I/O. If a pin is configured as an analog input on device Reset, it must be explicitly reconfigured as digital I/O when used with a peripheral pin select. Example 10-2 shows a configuration for bidirectional communication with flow control using UART1. The following input and output functions are used: • Input Functions: U1RX, U1CTS • Output Functions: U1TX, U1RTS EXAMPLE 10-2: CONFIGURING UART1 INPUT AND OUTPUT FUNCTIONS //************************************* // Unlock Registers //************************************* asm volatile ( "MOV #OSCCON, w1 \n" "MOV #0x46, w2 \n" "MOV #0x57, w3 \n" "MOV.b w2, [w1] \n" "MOV.b w3, [w1] \n" "BCLR OSCCON,#6"); //*************************** // Configure Input Functions // (See Table 10-2) //*************************** //*************************** // Assign U1RX To Pin RP0 //*************************** RPINR18bits.U1RXR = 0; //*************************** // Assign U1CTS To Pin RP1 //*************************** RPINR18bits.U1CTSR = 1; //*************************** // Configure Output Functions // (See Table 10-3) //*************************** //*************************** // Assign U1TX To Pin RP2 //*************************** RPOR1bits.RP2R = 3; //*************************** // Assign U1RTS To Pin RP3 //*************************** RPOR1bits.RP3R = 4; //************************************* // Lock Registers //************************************* asm volatile ( "MOV #OSCCON, w1 \n" "MOV #0x46, w2 \n" "MOV #0x57, w3 \n" "MOV.b w2, [w1] \n" "MOV.b w3, [w1] \n" "BSET OSCCON, #6" ); 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY 10.5 Peripheral Pin Select Registers Note: The PIC24FJ64GA004 family of devices implements a total of 27 registers for remappable peripheral configuration: • Input Remappable Peripheral Registers (14) • Output Remappable Peripheral Registers (13) REGISTER 10-1: Input and output register values can only be changed if OSCCON<IOLOCK> = 0. See Section 10.4.4.1 “Control Register Lock” for a specific command sequence. RPINR0: PERIPHERAL PIN SELECT INPUT REGISTER 0 U-0 U-0 U-0 R/W-1 R/W-1 R/W-1 R/W-1 R/W-1 — — — INT1R4 INT1R3 INT1R2 INT1R1 INT1R0 bit 15 bit 8 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 — — — — — — — — bit 7 bit 0 Legend: R = Readable bit W = Writable bit U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’ -n = Value at POR ‘1’ = Bit is set ‘0’ = Bit is cleared x = Bit is unknown bit 15-13 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 12-8 INT1R4:INT1R0: Assign External Interrupt 1 (INT1) to the Corresponding RPn Pin bits bit 7-0 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ REGISTER 10-2: RPINR1: PERIPHERAL PIN SELECT INPUT REGISTER 1 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 — — — — — — — — bit 15 bit 8 U-0 U-0 U-0 R/W-1 R/W-1 R/W-1 R/W-1 R/W-1 — — — INT2R4 INT2R3 INT2R2 INT2R1 INT2R0 bit 7 bit 0 Legend: R = Readable bit W = Writable bit U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’ -n = Value at POR ‘1’ = Bit is set ‘0’ = Bit is cleared x = Bit is unknown bit 15-5 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 4-0 INT2R4:INT2R0: Assign External Interrupt 2 (INT2) to the Corresponding RPn Pin bits 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS39881D-page 111 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY REGISTER 10-3: RPINR3: PERIPHERAL PIN SELECT INPUT REGISTER 3 U-0 U-0 U-0 R/W-1 R/W-1 R/W-1 R/W-1 R/W-1 — — — T3CKR4 T3CKR3 T3CKR2 T3CKR1 T3CKR0 bit 15 bit 8 U-0 U-0 U-0 R/W-1 R/W-1 R/W-1 R/W-1 R/W-1 — — — T2CKR4 T2CKR3 T2CKR2 T2CKR1 T2CKR0 bit 7 bit 0 Legend: R = Readable bit W = Writable bit U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’ -n = Value at POR ‘1’ = Bit is set ‘0’ = Bit is cleared x = Bit is unknown bit 15-13 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 12-8 T3CKR4:T3CKR0: Assign Timer3 External Clock (T3CK) to the Corresponding RPn Pin bits bit 7-5 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 4-0 T2CKR4:T2CKR0: Assign Timer2 External Clock (T2CK) to the Corresponding RPn Pin bits REGISTER 10-4: RPINR4: PERIPHERAL PIN SELECT INPUT REGISTER 4 U-0 U-0 U-0 R/W-1 R/W-1 R/W-1 R/W-1 R/W-1 — — — T5CKR4 T5CKR3 T5CKR2 T5CKR1 T5CKR0 bit 15 bit 8 U-0 U-0 U-0 R/W-1 R/W-1 R/W-1 R/W-1 R/W-1 — — — T4CKR4 T4CKR3 T4CKR2 T4CKR1 T4CKR0 bit 7 bit 0 Legend: R = Readable bit W = Writable bit U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’ -n = Value at POR ‘1’ = Bit is set ‘0’ = Bit is cleared x = Bit is unknown bit 15-13 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 12-8 T5CKR4:T5CKR0: Assign Timer5 External Clock (T5CK) to the Corresponding RPn Pin bits bit 7-5 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 4-0 T4CKR4:T4CKR0: Assign Timer4 External Clock (T4CK) to the Corresponding RPn Pin bits DS39881D-page 112 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY REGISTER 10-5: RPINR7: PERIPHERAL PIN SELECT INPUT REGISTER 7 U-0 U-0 U-0 R/W-1 R/W-1 R/W-1 R/W-1 R/W-1 — — — IC2R4 IC2R3 IC2R2 IC2R1 IC2R0 bit 15 bit 8 U-0 U-0 U-0 R/W-1 R/W-1 R/W-1 R/W-1 R/W-1 — — — IC1R4 IC1R3 IC1R2 IC1R1 IC1R0 bit 7 bit 0 Legend: R = Readable bit W = Writable bit U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’ -n = Value at POR ‘1’ = Bit is set ‘0’ = Bit is cleared x = Bit is unknown bit 15-13 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 12-8 IC2R4:IC2R0: Assign Input Capture 2 (IC2) to the Corresponding RPn Pin bits bit 7-5 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 4-0 IC1R4:IC1R0: Assign Input Capture 1 (IC1) to the Corresponding RPn Pin bits REGISTER 10-6: RPINR8: PERIPHERAL PIN SELECT INPUT REGISTER 8 U-0 U-0 U-0 R/W-1 R/W-1 R/W-1 R/W-1 R/W-1 — — — IC4R4 IC4R3 IC4R2 IC4R1 IC4R0 bit 15 bit 8 U-0 U-0 U-0 R/W-1 R/W-1 R/W-1 R/W-1 R/W-1 — — — IC3R4 IC3R3 IC3R2 IC3R1 IC3R0 bit 7 bit 0 Legend: R = Readable bit W = Writable bit U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’ -n = Value at POR ‘1’ = Bit is set ‘0’ = Bit is cleared x = Bit is unknown bit 15-13 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 12-8 IC4R4:IC4R0: Assign Input Capture 4 (IC4) to the Corresponding RPn Pin bits bit 7-5 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 4-0 IC3R4:IC3R0: Assign Input Capture 3 (IC3) to the Corresponding RPn Pin bits 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS39881D-page 113 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY REGISTER 10-7: RPINR9: PERIPHERAL PIN SELECT INPUT REGISTER 9 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 — — — — — — — — bit 15 bit 8 U-0 U-0 U-0 R/W-1 R/W-1 R/W-1 R/W-1 R/W-1 — — — IC5R4 IC5R3 IC5R2 IC5R1 IC5R0 bit 7 bit 0 Legend: R = Readable bit W = Writable bit U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’ -n = Value at POR ‘1’ = Bit is set ‘0’ = Bit is cleared x = Bit is unknown bit 15-5 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 4-0 IC5R4:IC5R0: Assign Input Capture 5 (IC5) to the Corresponding RPn Pin bits REGISTER 10-8: RPINR11: PERIPHERAL PIN SELECT INPUT REGISTER 11 U-0 U-0 U-0 R/W-1 R/W-1 R/W-1 R/W-1 R/W-1 — — — OCFBR4 OCFBR3 OCFBR2 OCFBR1 OCFBR0 bit 15 bit 8 U-0 U-0 U-0 R/W-1 R/W-1 R/W-1 R/W-1 R/W-1 — — — OCFAR4 OCFAR3 OCFAR2 OCFAR1 OCFAR0 bit 7 bit 0 Legend: R = Readable bit W = Writable bit U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’ -n = Value at POR ‘1’ = Bit is set ‘0’ = Bit is cleared x = Bit is unknown bit 15-13 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 12-8 OCFBR4:OCFBR0: Assign Output Compare Fault B (OCFB) to the Corresponding RPn Pin bits bit 7-5 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 4-0 OCFAR4:OCFAR0: Assign Output Compare Fault A (OCFA) to the Corresponding RPn Pin bits DS39881D-page 114 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY REGISTER 10-9: RPINR18: PERIPHERAL PIN SELECT INPUT REGISTER 18 U-0 U-0 U-0 R/W-1 R/W-1 R/W-1 R/W-1 R/W-1 — — — U1CTSR4 U1CTSR3 U1CTSR2 U1CTSR1 U1CTSR0 bit 15 bit 8 U-0 U-0 U-0 R/W-1 R/W-1 R/W-1 R/W-1 R/W-1 — — — U1RXR4 U1RXR3 U1RXR2 U1RXR1 U1RXR0 bit 7 bit 0 Legend: R = Readable bit W = Writable bit U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’ -n = Value at POR ‘1’ = Bit is set ‘0’ = Bit is cleared bit 15-13 x = Bit is unknown Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 12-8 U1CTSR4:U1CTSR0: Assign UART1 Clear to Send (U1CTS) to the Corresponding RPn Pin bits bit 7-5 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 4-0 U1RXR4:U1RXR0: Assign UART1 Receive (U1RX) to the Corresponding RPn Pin bits REGISTER 10-10: RPINR19: PERIPHERAL PIN SELECT INPUT REGISTER 19 U-0 U-0 U-0 R/W-1 R/W-1 R/W-1 R/W-1 R/W-1 — — — U2CTSR4 U2CTSR3 U2CTSR2 U2CTSR1 U2CTSR0 bit 15 bit 8 U-0 U-0 U-0 R/W-1 R/W-1 R/W-1 R/W-1 R/W-1 — — — U2RXR4 U2RXR3 U2RXR2 U2RXR1 U2RXR0 bit 7 bit 0 Legend: R = Readable bit W = Writable bit U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’ -n = Value at POR ‘1’ = Bit is set ‘0’ = Bit is cleared bit 15-13 x = Bit is unknown Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 12-8 U2CTSR4:U2CTSR0: Assign UART2 Clear to Send (U2CTS) to the Corresponding RPn Pin bits bit 7-5 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 4-0 U2RXR4:U2RXR0: Assign UART2 Receive (U2RX) to the Corresponding RPn Pin bits 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS39881D-page 115 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY REGISTER 10-11: RPINR20: PERIPHERAL PIN SELECT INPUT REGISTER 20 U-0 U-0 U-0 R/W-1 R/W-1 R/W-1 R/W-1 R/W-1 — — — SCK1R4 SCK1R3 SCK1R2 SCK1R1 SCK1R0 bit 15 bit 8 U-0 U-0 U-0 R/W-1 R/W-1 R/W-1 R/W-1 R/W-1 — — — SDI1R4 SDI1R3 SDI1R2 SDI1R1 SDI1R0 bit 7 bit 0 Legend: R = Readable bit W = Writable bit U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’ -n = Value at POR ‘1’ = Bit is set ‘0’ = Bit is cleared x = Bit is unknown bit 15-13 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 12-8 SCK1R4:SCK1R0: Assign SPI1 Clock Input (SCK1IN) to the Corresponding RPn Pin bits bit 7-5 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 4-0 SDI1R4:SDI1R0: Assign SPI1 Data Input (SDI1) to the Corresponding RPn Pin bits REGISTER 10-12: RPINR21: PERIPHERAL PIN SELECT INPUT REGISTER 21 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 — — — — — — — — bit 15 bit 8 U-0 U-0 U-0 R/W-1 R/W-1 R/W-1 R/W-1 R/W-1 — — — SS1R4 SS1R3 SS1R2 SS1R1 SS1R0 bit 7 bit 0 Legend: R = Readable bit W = Writable bit U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’ -n = Value at POR ‘1’ = Bit is set ‘0’ = Bit is cleared x = Bit is unknown bit 15-5 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 4-0 SS1R4:SS1R0: Assign SPI1 Slave Select Input (SS1IN) to the Corresponding RPn Pin bits DS39881D-page 116 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY REGISTER 10-13: RPINR22: PERIPHERAL PIN SELECT INPUT REGISTER 22 U-0 U-0 U-0 R/W-1 R/W-1 R/W-1 R/W-1 R/W-1 — — — SCK2R4 SCK2R3 SCK2R2 SCK2R1 SCK2R0 bit 15 bit 8 U-0 U-0 U-0 R/W-1 R/W-1 R/W-1 R/W-1 R/W-1 — — — SDI2R4 SDI2R3 SDI2R2 SDI2R1 SDI2R0 bit 7 bit 0 Legend: R = Readable bit W = Writable bit U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’ -n = Value at POR ‘1’ = Bit is set ‘0’ = Bit is cleared x = Bit is unknown bit 15-13 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 12-8 SCK2R4:SCK2R0: Assign SPI2 Clock Input (SCK2IN) to the Corresponding RPn Pin bits bit 7-5 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 4-0 SDI2R4:SDI2R0: Assign SPI2 Data Input (SDI2) to the Corresponding RPn Pin bits REGISTER 10-14: RPINR23: PERIPHERAL PIN SELECT INPUT REGISTER 23 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 — — — — — — — — bit 15 bit 8 U-0 U-0 U-0 R/W-1 R/W-1 R/W-1 R/W-1 R/W-1 — — — SS2R4 SS2R3 SS2R2 SS2R1 SS2R0 bit 7 bit 0 Legend: R = Readable bit W = Writable bit U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’ -n = Value at POR ‘1’ = Bit is set ‘0’ = Bit is cleared x = Bit is unknown bit 15-5 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 4-0 SS2R4:SS2R0: Assign SPI2 Slave Select Input (SS2IN) to the Corresponding RPn Pin bits 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS39881D-page 117 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY REGISTER 10-15: RPOR0: PERIPHERAL PIN SELECT OUTPUT REGISTER 0 U-0 U-0 U-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 — — — RP1R4 RP1R3 RP1R2 RP1R1 RP1R0 bit 15 bit 8 U-0 U-0 U-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 — — — RP0R4 RP0R3 RP0R2 RP0R1 RP0R0 bit 7 bit 0 Legend: R = Readable bit W = Writable bit U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’ -n = Value at POR ‘1’ = Bit is set ‘0’ = Bit is cleared x = Bit is unknown bit 15-13 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 12-8 RP1R4:RP1R0: Peripheral Output Function is Assigned to RP1 Output Pin bits (see Table 10-3 for peripheral function numbers) bit 7-5 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 4-0 RP0R4:RP0R0: Peripheral Output Function is Assigned to RP0 Output Pin bits (see Table 10-3 for peripheral function numbers) REGISTER 10-16: RPOR1: PERIPHERAL PIN SELECT OUTPUT REGISTER 1 U-0 U-0 U-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 — — — RP3R4 RP3R3 RP3R2 RP3R1 RP3R0 bit 15 bit 8 U-0 U-0 U-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 — — — RP2R4 RP2R3 RP2R2 RP2R1 RP2R0 bit 7 bit 0 Legend: R = Readable bit W = Writable bit U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’ -n = Value at POR ‘1’ = Bit is set ‘0’ = Bit is cleared x = Bit is unknown bit 15-13 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 12-8 RP3R4:RP3R0: Peripheral Output Function is Assigned to RP3 Output Pin bits (see Table 10-3 for peripheral function numbers) bit 7-5 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 4-0 RP2R4:RP2R0: Peripheral Output Function is Assigned to RP2 Output Pin bits (see Table 10-3 for peripheral function numbers) DS39881D-page 118 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY REGISTER 10-17: RPOR2: PERIPHERAL PIN SELECT OUTPUT REGISTER 2 U-0 U-0 U-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 — — — RP5R4 RP5R3 RP5R2 RP5R1 RP5R0 bit 15 bit 8 U-0 U-0 U-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 — — — RP4R4 RP4R3 RP4R2 RP4R1 RP4R0 bit 7 bit 0 Legend: R = Readable bit W = Writable bit U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’ -n = Value at POR ‘1’ = Bit is set ‘0’ = Bit is cleared x = Bit is unknown bit 15-13 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 12-8 RP5R4:RP5R0: Peripheral Output Function is Assigned to RP5 Output Pin bits (see Table 10-3 for peripheral function numbers) bit 7-5 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 4-0 RP4R4:RP4R0: Peripheral Output Function is Assigned to RP4 Output Pin bits (see Table 10-3 for peripheral function numbers) REGISTER 10-18: RPOR3: PERIPHERAL PIN SELECT OUTPUT REGISTER 3 U-0 U-0 U-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 — — — RP7R4 RP7R3 RP7R2 RP7R1 RP7R0 bit 15 bit 8 U-0 U-0 U-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 — — — RP6R4 RP6R3 RP6R2 RP6R1 RP6R0 bit 7 bit 0 Legend: R = Readable bit W = Writable bit U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’ -n = Value at POR ‘1’ = Bit is set ‘0’ = Bit is cleared x = Bit is unknown bit 15-13 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 12-8 RP7R4:RP7R0: Peripheral Output Function is Assigned to RP7 Output Pin bits (see Table 10-3 for peripheral function numbers) bit 7-5 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 4-0 RP6R4:RP6R0: Peripheral Output Function is Assigned to RP6 Output Pin bits (see Table 10-3 for peripheral function numbers) 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS39881D-page 119 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY REGISTER 10-19: RPOR4: PERIPHERAL PIN SELECT OUTPUT REGISTER 4 U-0 U-0 U-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 — — — RP9R4 RP9R3 RP9R2 RP9R1 RP9R0 bit 15 bit 8 U-0 U-0 U-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 — — — RP8R4 RP8R3 RP8R2 RP8R1 RP8R0 bit 7 bit 0 Legend: R = Readable bit W = Writable bit U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’ -n = Value at POR ‘1’ = Bit is set ‘0’ = Bit is cleared x = Bit is unknown bit 15-13 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 12-8 RP9R4:RP9R0: Peripheral Output Function is Assigned to RP9 Output Pin bits (see Table 10-3 for peripheral function numbers) bit 7-5 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 4-0 RP8R4:RP8R0: Peripheral Output Function is Assigned to RP8 Output Pin bits (see Table 10-3 for peripheral function numbers) REGISTER 10-20: RPOR5: PERIPHERAL PIN SELECT OUTPUT REGISTER 5 U-0 U-0 U-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 — — — RP11R4 RP11R3 RP11R2 RP11R1 RP11R0 bit 15 bit 8 U-0 U-0 U-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 — — — RP10R4 RP10R3 RP10R2 RP10R1 RP10R0 bit 7 bit 0 Legend: R = Readable bit W = Writable bit U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’ -n = Value at POR ‘1’ = Bit is set ‘0’ = Bit is cleared x = Bit is unknown bit 15-13 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 12-8 RP11R4:RP11R0: Peripheral Output Function is Assigned to RP11 Output Pin bits (see Table 10-3 for peripheral function numbers) bit 7-5 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 4-0 RP10R4:RP10R0: Peripheral Output Function is Assigned to RP10 Output Pin bits (see Table 10-3 for peripheral function numbers) DS39881D-page 120 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY REGISTER 10-21: RPOR6: PERIPHERAL PIN SELECT OUTPUT REGISTER 6 U-0 U-0 U-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 — — — RP13R4 RP13R3 RP13R2 RP13R1 RP13R0 bit 15 bit 8 U-0 U-0 U-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 — — — RP12R4 RP12R3 RP12R2 RP12R1 RP12R0 bit 7 bit 0 Legend: R = Readable bit W = Writable bit U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’ -n = Value at POR ‘1’ = Bit is set ‘0’ = Bit is cleared x = Bit is unknown bit 15-13 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 12-8 RP13R4:RP13R0: Peripheral Output Function is Assigned to RP13 Output Pin bits (see Table 10-3 for peripheral function numbers) bit 7-5 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 4-0 RP12R4:RP12R0: Peripheral Output Function is Assigned to RP12 Output Pin bits (see Table 10-3 for peripheral function numbers) REGISTER 10-22: RPOR7: PERIPHERAL PIN SELECT OUTPUT REGISTER 7 U-0 U-0 U-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 — — — RP15R4 RP15R3 RP15R2 RP15R1 RP15R0 bit 15 bit 8 U-0 U-0 U-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 — — — RP14R4 RP14R3 RP14R2 RP14R1 RP14R0 bit 7 bit 0 Legend: R = Readable bit W = Writable bit U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’ -n = Value at POR ‘1’ = Bit is set ‘0’ = Bit is cleared x = Bit is unknown bit 15-13 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 12-8 RP15R4:RP15R0: Peripheral Output Function is Assigned to RP15 Output Pin bits (see Table 10-3 for peripheral function numbers) bit 7-5 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 4-0 RP14R4:RP14R0: Peripheral Output Function is Assigned to RP14 Output Pin bits (see Table 10-3 for peripheral function numbers) 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS39881D-page 121 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY REGISTER 10-23: RPOR8: PERIPHERAL PIN SELECT OUTPUT REGISTER 8 U-0 U-0 U-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 — — — RP17R4(1) RP17R3(1) RP17R2(1) RP17R1(1) RP17R0(1) bit 15 bit 8 U-0 U-0 — — U-0 — R/W-0 RP16R4 (1) R/W-0 RP16R3 (1) R/W-0 RP16R2 (1) R/W-0 RP16R1 (1) R/W-0 RP16R0(1) bit 7 bit 0 Legend: R = Readable bit W = Writable bit U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’ -n = Value at POR ‘1’ = Bit is set ‘0’ = Bit is cleared x = Bit is unknown bit 15-13 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 12-8 RP17R4:RP17R0: Peripheral Output Function is Assigned to RP17 Output Pin bits(1) (see Table 10-3 for peripheral function numbers) bit 7-5 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 4-0 RP16R4:RP16R0: Peripheral Output Function is Assigned to RP16 Output Pin bits(1) (see Table 10-3 for peripheral function numbers) Note 1: Bits are only available on the 44-pin devices; otherwise, they read as ‘0’. REGISTER 10-24: RPOR9: PERIPHERAL PIN SELECT OUTPUT REGISTER 9 U-0 U-0 U-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 — — — RP19R4 RP19R3 RP19R2 RP19R1 RP19R0 bit 15 bit 8 U-0 U-0 U-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 — — — RP18R4 RP18R3 RP18R2 RP18R1 RP18R0 bit 7 bit 0 Legend: R = Readable bit W = Writable bit U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’ -n = Value at POR ‘1’ = Bit is set ‘0’ = Bit is cleared x = Bit is unknown bit 15-13 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 12-8 RP19R4:RP19R0: Peripheral Output Function is Assigned to RP19 Output Pin bits(1) (see Table 10-3 for peripheral function numbers) bit 7-5 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 4-0 RP18R4:RP18R0: Peripheral Output Function is Assigned to RP18 Output Pin bits(1) (see Table 10-3 for peripheral function numbers) Note 1: Bits are only available on the 44-pin devices; otherwise, they read as ‘0’. DS39881D-page 122 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY REGISTER 10-25: RPOR10: PERIPHERAL PIN SELECT OUTPUT REGISTER 10 U-0 U-0 U-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 — — — RP21R4(1) RP21R3(1) RP21R2(1) RP21R1(1) RP21R0(1) bit 15 bit 8 U-0 U-0 U-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 — — — RP20R4(1) RP20R3(1) RP20R2(1) RP20R1(1) RP20R0(1) bit 7 bit 0 Legend: R = Readable bit W = Writable bit U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’ -n = Value at POR ‘1’ = Bit is set ‘0’ = Bit is cleared x = Bit is unknown bit 15-13 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 12-8 RP21R4:RP21R0: Peripheral Output Function is Assigned to RP21 Output Pin bits(1) (see Table 10-3 for peripheral function numbers) bit 7-5 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 4-0 RP20R4:RP20R0: Peripheral Output Function is Assigned to RP20 Output Pin bits(1) (see Table 10-3 for peripheral function numbers) Note 1: Bits are only available on the 44-pin devices; otherwise, they read as ‘0’. REGISTER 10-26: RPOR11: PERIPHERAL PIN SELECT OUTPUT REGISTER 11 U-0 U-0 U-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 — — — RP23R4(1) RP23R3(1) RP23R2(1) RP23R1(1) RP23R0(1) bit 15 bit 8 U-0 U-0 — U-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 — — R/W-0 RP22R4(1) RP22R3(1) RP22R2(1) RP22R1(1) RP22R0(1) bit 7 bit 0 Legend: R = Readable bit W = Writable bit U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’ -n = Value at POR ‘1’ = Bit is set ‘0’ = Bit is cleared x = Bit is unknown bit 15-13 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 12-8 RP23R4:RP23R0: Peripheral Output Function is Assigned to RP23 Output Pin bits(1) (see Table 10-3 for peripheral function numbers) bit 7-5 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 4-0 RP22R4:RP22R0: Peripheral Output Function is Assigned to RP22 Output Pin bits(1) (see Table 10-3 for peripheral function numbers) Note 1: Bits are only available on the 44-pin devices; otherwise, they read as ‘0’. 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS39881D-page 123 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY REGISTER 10-27: RPOR12: PERIPHERAL PIN SELECT OUTPUT REGISTER 12 U-0 U-0 — — U-0 — R/W-0 RP25R4 (1) R/W-0 RP25R3 (1) R/W-0 RP25R2 (1) R/W-0 RP25R1 (1) R/W-0 RP25R0(1) bit 15 bit 8 U-0 U-0 — — U-0 — R/W-0 RP24R4 (1) R/W-0 RP24R3 (1) R/W-0 RP24R2 (1) R/W-0 RP24R1 (1) R/W-0 RP24R0(1) bit 7 bit 0 Legend: R = Readable bit W = Writable bit U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’ -n = Value at POR ‘1’ = Bit is set ‘0’ = Bit is cleared x = Bit is unknown bit 15-13 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 12-8 RP25R4:RP25R0: Peripheral Output Function is Assigned to RP25 Output Pin bits(1) (see Table 10-3 for peripheral function numbers) bit 7-5 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 4-0 RP24R4:RP24R0: Peripheral Output Function is Assigned to RP24 Output Pin bits(1) (see Table 10-3 for peripheral function numbers) Note 1: Bits are only available on the 44-pin devices; otherwise, they read as ‘0’. DS39881D-page 124 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY 11.0 Note: Figure 11-1 presents a block diagram of the 16-bit timer module. TIMER1 This data sheet summarizes the features of this group of PIC24F devices. It is not intended to be a comprehensive reference source. For more information, refer to the “PIC24F Family Reference Manual”, ”Section 14. Timers” (DS39704). To configure Timer1 for operation: 1. 2. 3. The Timer1 module is a 16-bit timer which can serve as the time counter for the Real-Time Clock (RTC), or operate as a free-running, interval timer/counter. Timer1 can operate in three modes: 4. 5. • 16-Bit Timer • 16-Bit Synchronous Counter • 16-Bit Asynchronous Counter 6. Set the TON bit (= 1). Select the timer prescaler ratio using the TCKPS1:TCKPS0 bits. Set the Clock and Gating modes using the TCS and TGATE bits. Set or clear the TSYNC bit to configure synchronous or asynchronous operation. Load the timer period value into the PR1 register. If interrupts are required, set the interrupt enable bit, T1IE. Use the priority bits, T1IP2:T1IP0, to set the interrupt priority. Timer1 also supports these features: • Timer Gate Operation • Selectable Prescaler Settings • Timer Operation during CPU Idle and Sleep modes • Interrupt on 16-Bit Period Register Match or Falling Edge of External Gate Signal FIGURE 11-1: 16-BIT TIMER1 MODULE BLOCK DIAGRAM TCKPS1:TCKPS0 SOSCO/ T1CK 1x Gate Sync SOSCI Prescaler 1, 8, 64, 256 01 TCY SOSCEN 00 TGATE TCS TGATE 1 Q D 0 Set T1IF 2 TON Q CK Reset 0 TMR1 1 Equal Comparator Sync TSYNC PR1 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS39881D-page 125 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY REGISTER 11-1: T1CON: TIMER1 CONTROL REGISTER R/W-0 U-0 R/W-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 TON — TSIDL — — — — — bit 15 bit 8 U-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 U-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 U-0 — TGATE TCKPS1 TCKPS0 — TSYNC TCS — bit 7 bit 0 Legend: R = Readable bit W = Writable bit U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’ -n = Value at POR ‘1’ = Bit is set ‘0’ = Bit is cleared bit 15 TON: Timer1 On bit 1 = Starts 16-bit Timer1 0 = Stops 16-bit Timer1 bit 14 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 13 TSIDL: Stop in Idle Mode bit 1 = Discontinue module operation when device enters Idle mode 0 = Continue module operation in Idle mode bit 12-7 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 6 TGATE: Timer1 Gated Time Accumulation Enable bit When TCS = 1: This bit is ignored. When TCS = 0: 1 = Gated time accumulation enabled 0 = Gated time accumulation disabled bit 5-4 TCKPS1:TCKPS0: Timer1 Input Clock Prescale Select bits 11 = 1:256 10 = 1:64 01 = 1:8 00 = 1:1 bit 3 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 2 TSYNC: Timer1 External Clock Input Synchronization Select bit When TCS = 1: 1 = Synchronize external clock input 0 = Do not synchronize external clock input When TCS = 0: This bit is ignored. bit 1 TCS: Timer1 Clock Source Select bit 1 = External clock from T1CK pin (on the rising edge) 0 = Internal clock (FOSC/2) bit 0 x = Bit is unknown Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ DS39881D-page 126 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY 12.0 Note: TIMER2/3 AND TIMER4/5 This data sheet summarizes the features of this group of PIC24F devices. It is not intended to be a comprehensive reference source. For more information, refer to the “PIC24F Family Reference Manual”, ”Section 14. Timers” (DS39704). The Timer2/3 and Timer4/5 modules are 32-bit timers, which can also be configured as four independent 16-bit timers with selectable operating modes. To configure Timer2/3 or Timer4/5 for 32-bit operation: 1. 2. 3. 4. As a 32-bit timer, Timer2/3 and Timer4/5 operate in three modes: Set the T32 bit (T2CON<3> or T4CON<3> = 1). Select the prescaler ratio for Timer2 or Timer4 using the TCKPS1:TCKPS0 bits. Set the Clock and Gating modes using the TCS and TGATE bits. If TCS is set to external clock, RPINRx (TxCK) must be configured to an available RPn pin. See Section 10.4 “Peripheral Pin Select” for more information. Load the timer period value. PR3 (or PR5) will contain the most significant word of the value while PR2 (or PR4) contains the least significant word. If interrupts are required, set the interrupt enable bit, T3IE or T5IE; use the priority bits, T3IP2:T3IP0 or T5IP2:T5IP0, to set the interrupt priority. Note that while Timer2 or Timer4 controls the timer, the interrupt appears as a Timer3 or Timer5 interrupt. Set the TON bit (= 1). • Two independent 16-bit timers (Timer2 and Timer3) with all 16-bit operating modes (except Asynchronous Counter mode) • Single 32-bit timer • Single 32-bit synchronous counter 5. They also support these features: 6. • • • • • The timer value, at any point, is stored in the register pair, TMR3:TMR2 (or TMR5:TMR4). TMR3 (TMR5) always contains the most significant word of the count, while TMR2 (TMR4) contains the least significant word. Timer gate operation Selectable prescaler settings Timer operation during Idle and Sleep modes Interrupt on a 32-Bit Period register match ADC Event Trigger (Timer4/5 only) Individually, all four of the 16-bit timers can function as synchronous timers or counters. They also offer the features listed above, except for the ADC Event Trigger; this is implemented only with Timer5. The operating modes and enabled features are determined by setting the appropriate bit(s) in the T2CON, T3CON, T4CON and T5CON registers. T2CON and T4CON are shown in generic form in Register 12-1; T3CON and T5CON are shown in Register 12-2. For 32-bit timer/counter operation, Timer2 and Timer4 are the least significant word; Timer3 and Timer4 are the most significant word of the 32-bit timers. Note: For 32-bit operation, T3CON and T5CON control bits are ignored. Only T2CON and T4CON control bits are used for setup and control. Timer2 and Timer4 clock and gate inputs are utilized for the 32-bit timer modules, but an interrupt is generated with the Timer3 or Timer5 interrupt flags. 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. To configure any of the timers for individual 16-bit operation: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Clear the T32 bit corresponding to that timer (T2CON<3> for Timer2 and Timer3 or T4CON<3> for Timer4 and Timer5). Select the timer prescaler ratio using the TCKPS1:TCKPS0 bits. Set the Clock and Gating modes using the TCS and TGATE bits. See Section 10.4 “Peripheral Pin Select” for more information. Load the timer period value into the PRx register. If interrupts are required, set the interrupt enable bit, TxIE; use the priority bits, TxIP2:TxIP0, to set the interrupt priority. Set the TON bit (TxCON<15> = 1). DS39881D-page 127 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY FIGURE 12-1: TIMER2/3 AND TIMER4/5 (32-BIT) BLOCK DIAGRAM TCKPS1:TCKPS0 2 TON T2CK (T4CK) 1x Gate Sync TCY Prescaler 1, 8, 64, 256 01 00 TGATE TGATE(2) TCS(2) Q 1 Set T3IF (T5IF) Q 0 PR3 (PR5) ADC Event Trigger(3) Equal D CK PR2 (PR4) Comparator MSB LSB TMR3 (TMR5) Reset TMR2 (TMR4) Sync 16 Read TMR2 (TMR4) (1) Write TMR2 (TMR4)(1) 16 TMR3HLD (TMR5HLD) 16 Data Bus<15:0> Note 1: 2: 3: The 32-Bit Timer Configuration bit, T32, must be set for 32-bit timer/counter operation. All control bits are respective to the T2CON and T4CON registers. This peripheral’s inputs must be assigned to an available RPn pin before use. Please see Section 10.4 “Peripheral Pin Select” for more information. The ADC event trigger is available only on Timer2/3. DS39881D-page 128 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY FIGURE 12-2: TIMER2 AND TIMER4 (16-BIT SYNCHRONOUS) BLOCK DIAGRAM TON T2CK (T4CK) TCKPS1:TCKPS0 2 1x Gate Sync Prescaler 1, 8, 64, 256 01 00 TGATE TCS(1) TCY Q Set T2IF (T4IF) 0 Reset Equal TGATE(1) D Q 1 CK TMR2 (TMR4) Sync Comparator PR2 (PR4) This peripheral’s inputs must be assigned to an available RPn pin before use. Please see Section 10.4 “Peripheral Pin Select” for more information. Note 1: FIGURE 12-3: TIMER3 AND TIMER5 (16-BIT SYNCHRONOUS) BLOCK DIAGRAM T3CK (T5CK) Sync 1x TON TCKPS1:TCKPS0 2 Prescaler 1, 8, 64, 256 01 00 TGATE TCY Q 0 Reset ADC Event Trigger(2) Equal D Q 1 Set T3IF (T5IF) TCS(1) TGATE(1) CK TMR3 (TMR5) Comparator PR3 (PR5) Note 1: 2: This peripheral’s inputs must be assigned to an available RPn pin before use. Please see Section 10.4 “Peripheral Pin Select” for more information. The ADC event trigger is available only on Timer3. 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS39881D-page 129 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY REGISTER 12-1: TxCON: TIMER2 AND TIMER4 CONTROL REGISTER R/W-0 U-0 R/W-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 TON — TSIDL — — — — — bit 15 bit 8 U-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 U-0 R/W-0 U-0 — TGATE TCKPS1 TCKPS0 T32(1) — TCS(2) — bit 7 bit 0 Legend: R = Readable bit W = Writable bit U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’ -n = Value at POR ‘1’ = Bit is set ‘0’ = Bit is cleared bit 15 TON: Timerx On bit When TxCON<3> = 1: 1 = Starts 32-bit Timerx/y 0 = Stops 32-bit Timerx/y When TxCON<3> = 0: 1 = Starts 16-bit Timerx 0 = Stops 16-bit Timerx bit 14 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 13 TSIDL: Stop in Idle Mode bit 1 = Discontinue module operation when device enters Idle mode 0 = Continue module operation in Idle mode bit 12-7 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 6 TGATE: Timerx Gated Time Accumulation Enable bit When TCS = 1: This bit is ignored. When TCS = 0: 1 = Gated time accumulation enabled 0 = Gated time accumulation disabled bit 5-4 TCKPS1:TCKPS0: Timerx Input Clock Prescale Select bits 11 = 1:256 10 = 1:64 01 = 1:8 00 = 1:1 bit 3 T32: 32-Bit Timer Mode Select bit(1) 1 = Timerx and Timery form a single 32-bit timer 0 = Timerx and Timery act as two 16-bit timers In 32-bit mode, T3CON control bits do not affect 32-bit timer operation. bit 2 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 1 TCS: Timerx Clock Source Select bit(2) 1 = External clock from pin, TxCK (on the rising edge) 0 = Internal clock (FOSC/2) bit 0 x = Bit is unknown Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ Note 1: 2: In 32-bit mode, the T3CON or T5CON control bits do not affect 32-bit timer operation. If TCS = 1, RPINRx (TxCK) must be configured to an available RPn pin. For more information, see Section 10.4 “Peripheral Pin Select”. DS39881D-page 130 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY REGISTER 12-2: TyCON: TIMER3 AND TIMER5 CONTROL REGISTER R/W-0 U-0 R/W-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 TON(1) — TSIDL(1) — — — — — bit 15 bit 8 U-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 U-0 U-0 R/W-0 U-0 — TGATE(1) TCKPS1(1) TCKPS0(1) — — TCS(1,2) — bit 7 bit 0 Legend: R = Readable bit W = Writable bit U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’ -n = Value at POR ‘1’ = Bit is set ‘0’ = Bit is cleared bit 15 TON: Timery On bit(1) 1 = Starts 16-bit Timery 0 = Stops 16-bit Timery bit 14 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 13 TSIDL: Stop in Idle Mode bit(1) 1 = Discontinue module operation when device enters Idle mode 0 = Continue module operation in Idle mode bit 12-7 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 6 TGATE: Timery Gated Time Accumulation Enable bit(1) When TCS = 1: This bit is ignored. When TCS = 0: 1 = Gated time accumulation enabled 0 = Gated time accumulation disabled bit 5-4 TCKPS1:TCKPS0: Timery Input Clock Prescale Select bits(1) 11 = 1:256 10 = 1:64 01 = 1:8 00 = 1:1 bit 3-2 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 1 TCS: Timery Clock Source Select bit(1,2) 1 = External clock from pin TyCK (on the rising edge) 0 = Internal clock (FOSC/2) bit 0 x = Bit is unknown Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ Note 1: 2: When 32-bit operation is enabled (T2CON<3> or T4CON<3> = 1), these bits have no effect on Timery operation; all timer functions are set through T2CON and T4CON. If TCS = 1, RPINRx (TxCK) must be configured to an available RPn pin. See Section 10.4 “Peripheral Pin Select” for more information. 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS39881D-page 131 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY NOTES: DS39881D-page 132 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY 13.0 INPUT CAPTURE Note: This data sheet summarizes the features of this group of PIC24F devices. It is not intended to be a comprehensive reference source. For more information, refer to the “PIC24F Family Reference Manual”, ”Section 15. Input Capture” (DS39701). FIGURE 13-1: INPUT CAPTURE BLOCK DIAGRAM From 16-Bit Timers TMRy TMRx 16 1 Prescaler Counter (1, 4, 16) ICTMR (ICxCON<7>) ICM<2:0> (ICxCON<2:0>) Mode Select FIFO 3 0 FIFO R/W Logic Edge Detection Logic and Clock Synchronizer ICx Pin 16 ICOV, ICBNE (ICxCON<4:3>) ICxBUF ICI<1:0> ICxCON Interrupt Logic System Bus Set Flag ICxIF (in IFSn Register) Note 1: 2: An ‘x’ in a signal, register or bit name denotes the number of the capture channel. This peripheral’s inputs must be assigned to an available RPn pin before use. Please see Section 10.4 “Peripheral Pin Select” for more information. 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS39881D-page 133 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY 13.1 Input Capture Registers REGISTER 13-1: ICxCON: INPUT CAPTURE x CONTROL REGISTER U-0 U-0 R/W-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 — — ICSIDL — — — — — bit 15 bit 8 R/W-0 R/W-0 ICTMR ICI1 R/W-0 ICI0 R-0, HC ICOV R-0, HC R/W-0 ICBNE ICM2(1) R/W-0 (1) ICM1 R/W-0 ICM0(1) bit 7 bit 0 Legend: HC = Hardware Clearable bit R = Readable bit W = Writable bit U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’ -n = Value at POR ‘1’ = Bit is set ‘0’ = Bit is cleared x = Bit is unknown bit 15-14 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 13 ICSIDL: Input Capture x Module Stop in Idle Control bit 1 = Input capture module will halt in CPU Idle mode 0 = Input capture module will continue to operate in CPU Idle mode bit 12-8 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 7 ICTMR: Input Capture x Timer Select bit 1 = TMR2 contents are captured on capture event 0 = TMR3 contents are captured on capture event bit 6-5 ICI1:ICI0: Select Number of Captures per Interrupt bits 11 = Interrupt on every fourth capture event 10 = Interrupt on every third capture event 01 = Interrupt on every second capture event 00 = Interrupt on every capture event bit 4 ICOV: Input Capture x Overflow Status Flag bit (read-only) 1 = Input capture overflow occurred 0 = No input capture overflow occurred bit 3 ICBNE: Input Capture x Buffer Empty Status bit (read-only) 1 = Input capture buffer is not empty, at least one more capture value can be read 0 = Input capture buffer is empty bit 2-0 ICM2:ICM0: Input Capture x Mode Select bits(1) 111 = Input capture functions as interrupt pin only when device is in Sleep or Idle mode (rising edge detect only, all other control bits are not applicable) 110 = Unused (module disabled) 101 = Capture mode, every 16th rising edge 100 = Capture mode, every 4th rising edge 011 = Capture mode, every rising edge 010 = Capture mode, every falling edge 001 = Capture mode, every edge (rising and falling) – ICI<1:0> bits do not control interrupt generation for this mode 000 = Input capture module turned off Note 1: RPINRx (ICxRx) must be configured to an available RPn pin. For more information, see Section 10.4 “Peripheral Pin Select”. DS39881D-page 134 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY 14.0 Note: 14.1 OUTPUT COMPARE This data sheet summarizes the features of this group of PIC24F devices. It is not intended to be a comprehensive reference source. For more information, refer to the “PIC24F Family Reference Manual”, ”Section 16. Output Compare” (DS39706). Setup for Single Output Pulse Generation When the OCM control bits (OCxCON<2:0>) are set to ‘100’, the selected output compare channel initializes the OCx pin to the low state and generates a single output pulse. To generate a single output pulse, the following steps are required (these steps assume the timer source is initially turned off, but this is not a requirement for the module operation): 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Determine the instruction clock cycle time. Take into account the frequency of the external clock to the timer source (if one is used) and the timer prescaler settings. Calculate time to the rising edge of the output pulse relative to the TMRy start value (0000h). Calculate the time to the falling edge of the pulse based on the desired pulse width and the time to the rising edge of the pulse. Write the values computed in steps 2 and 3 above into the Output Compare x register, OCxR, and the Output Compare x Secondary register, OCxRS, respectively. Set Timer Period register, PRy, to value equal to or greater than value in OCxRS, the Output Compare x Secondary register. Set the OCM bits to ‘100’ and the OCTSEL (OCxCON<3>) bit to the desired timer source. The OCx pin state will now be driven low. Set the TON (TyCON<15>) bit to ‘1’, which enables the compare time base to count. Upon the first match between TMRy and OCxR, the OCx pin will be driven high. When the incrementing timer, TMRy, matches the Output Compare x Secondary register, OCxRS, the second and trailing edge (high-to-low) of the pulse is driven onto the OCx pin. No additional pulses are driven onto the OCx pin and it remains at low. As a result of the second compare match event, the OCxIF interrupt flag bit is set, which will result in an interrupt if it is enabled, by setting the OCxIE bit. For further information on peripheral interrupts, refer to Section 7.0 “Interrupt Controller”. 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. 10. To initiate another single pulse output, change the Timer and Compare register settings, if needed, and then issue a write to set the OCM bits to ‘100’. Disabling and re-enabling of the timer and clearing the TMRy register are not required, but may be advantageous for defining a pulse from a known event time boundary. The output compare module does not have to be disabled after the falling edge of the output pulse. Another pulse can be initiated by rewriting the value of the OCxCON register. 14.2 Setup for Continuous Output Pulse Generation When the OCM control bits (OCxCON<2:0>) are set to ‘101’, the selected output compare channel initializes the OCx pin to the low state and generates output pulses on each and every compare match event. For the user to configure the module for the generation of a continuous stream of output pulses, the following steps are required (these steps assume the timer source is initially turned off, but this is not a requirement for the module operation): 1. Determine the instruction clock cycle time. Take into account the frequency of the external clock to the timer source (if one is used) and the timer prescaler settings. 2. Calculate time to the rising edge of the output pulse relative to the TMRy start value (0000h). 3. Calculate the time to the falling edge of the pulse based on the desired pulse width and the time to the rising edge of the pulse. 4. Write the values computed in step 2 and 3 above into the Output Compare x register, OCxR, and the Output Compare x Secondary register, OCxRS, respectively. 5. Set Timer Period register, PRy, to value equal to or greater than value in OCxRS. 6. Set the OCM bits to ‘101’ and the OCTSEL bit to the desired timer source. The OCx pin state will now be driven low. 7. Enable the compare time base by setting the TON (TyCON<15>) bit to ‘1’. 8. Upon the first match between TMRy and OCxR, the OCx pin will be driven high. 9. When the compare time base, TMRy, matches the OCxRS, the second and trailing edge (high-to-low) of the pulse is driven onto the OCx pin. 10. As a result of the second compare match event, the OCxIF interrupt flag bit set. 11. When the compare time base and the value in its respective Timer Period register match, the TMRy register resets to 0x0000 and resumes counting. 12. Steps 8 through 11 are repeated and a continuous stream of pulses is generated indefinitely. The OCxIF flag is set on each OCxRS/TMRy compare match event. DS39881D-page 135 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY 14.3 Note: EQUATION 14-1: Pulse-Width Modulation Mode This peripheral contains input and output functions that may need to be configured by the peripheral pin select. See Section 10.4 “Peripheral Pin Select” for more information. PWM Period = [(PRy) + 1] • TCY • (Timer Prescale Value) where: PWM Frequency = 1/[PWM Period] Note 1: The following steps should be taken when configuring the output compare module for PWM operation: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Set the PWM period by writing to the selected Timer Period register (PRy). Set the PWM duty cycle by writing to the OCxRS register. Write the OCxR register with the initial duty cycle. Enable interrupts, if required, for the timer and output compare modules. The output compare interrupt is required for PWM Fault pin utilization. Configure the output compare module for one of two PWM Operation modes by writing to the Output Compare Mode bits, OCM<2:0> (OCxCON<2:0>). Set the TMRy prescale value and enable the time base by setting TON (TxCON<15>) = 1. Note: 14.3.1 Note: 14.3.2 Based on TCY = 2 * TOSC, Doze mode and PLL are disabled. A PRy value of N will produce a PWM period of N + 1 time base count cycles. For example, a value of 7 written into the PRy register will yield a period consisting of 8 time base cycles. PWM DUTY CYCLE The PWM duty cycle is specified by writing to the OCxRS register. The OCxRS register can be written to at any time, but the duty cycle value is not latched into OCxR until a match between PRy and TMRy occurs (i.e., the period is complete). This provides a double buffer for the PWM duty cycle and is essential for glitchless PWM operation. In the PWM mode, OCxR is a read-only register. The OCxR register should be initialized before the output compare module is first enabled. The OCxR register becomes a Read-Only Duty Cycle register when the module is operated in the PWM modes. The value held in OCxR will become the PWM duty cycle for the first PWM period. The contents of the Output Compare x Secondary register, OCxRS, will not be transferred into OCxR until a time base period match occurs. Some important boundary parameters of the PWM duty cycle include: • If the Output Compare x register, OCxR, is loaded with 0000h, the OCx pin will remain low (0% duty cycle). • If OCxR is greater than PRy (Timer Period register), the pin will remain high (100% duty cycle). • If OCxR is equal to PRy, the OCx pin will be low for one time base count value and high for all other count values. PWM PERIOD See Example 14-1 for PWM mode timing details. Table 14-1 shows example PWM frequencies and resolutions for a device operating at 10 MIPS. The PWM period is specified by writing to PRy, the Timer Period register. The PWM period can be calculated using Equation 14-1. EQUATION 14-2: CALCULATING THE PWM PERIOD(1) CALCULATION FOR MAXIMUM PWM RESOLUTION(1) log10 Maximum PWM Resolution (bits) = (F PWM ) FCY • (Timer Prescale Value) bits log10(2) Note 1: Based on FCY = FOSC/2, Doze mode and PLL are disabled. DS39881D-page 136 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY EXAMPLE 14-1: PWM PERIOD AND DUTY CYCLE CALCULATIONS(1) 1. Find the Timer Period register value for a desired PWM frequency of 52.08 kHz, where FOSC = 8 MHz with PLL (32 MHz device clock rate) and a Timer2 prescaler setting of 1:1. TCY = 2 * Tosc = 62.5 ns PWM Period = 1/PWM Frequency = 1/52.08 kHz = 19.2 s PWM Period = (PR2 + 1) • TCY • (Timer 2 Prescale Value) 19.2 s = (PR2 + 1) • 62.5 ns • 1 PR2 = 306 2. Find the maximum resolution of the duty cycle that can be used with a 52.08 kHz frequency and a 32 MHz device clock rate: PWM Resolution = log10 (FCY/FPWM)/log102) bits = (log10 (16 MHz/52.08 kHz)/log102) bits = 8.3 bits Note 1: Based on TCY = 2 * TOSC, Doze mode and PLL are disabled. TABLE 14-1: EXAMPLE PWM FREQUENCIES AND RESOLUTIONS AT 4 MIPS (FCY = 4 MHz)(1) PWM Frequency 7.6 Hz 61 Hz 122 Hz 977 Hz 3.9 kHz 31.3 kHz 125 kHz Timer Prescaler Ratio 8 1 1 1 1 1 1 Period Register Value FFFFh FFFFh 7FFFh 0FFFh 03FFh 007Fh 001Fh 16 16 15 12 10 7 5 Resolution (bits) Note 1: Based on FCY = FOSC/2, Doze mode and PLL are disabled. TABLE 14-2: EXAMPLE PWM FREQUENCIES AND RESOLUTIONS AT 16 MIPS (FCY = 16 MHz)(1) PWM Frequency 30.5 Hz 244 Hz 488 Hz 3.9 kHz 15.6 kHz 125 kHz 500 kHz Timer Prescaler Ratio 8 1 1 1 1 1 1 Period Register Value FFFFh FFFFh 7FFFh 0FFFh 03FFh 007Fh 001Fh 16 16 15 12 10 7 5 Resolution (bits) Note 1: Based on FCY = FOSC/2, Doze mode and PLL are disabled. 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS39881D-page 137 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY FIGURE 14-1: OUTPUT COMPARE MODULE BLOCK DIAGRAM Set Flag bit OCxIF(1) OCxRS(1) Output Logic OCxR(1) 3 OCM2:OCM0 Mode Select(4) Comparator 0 16 OCTSEL 1 2: 3: 4: OCx(1) Output Enable OCFA or OCFB(2) 1 16 TMR register inputs from time bases (see Note 3). Note 1: 0 SQ R Period match signals from time bases (see Note 3). Where ‘x’ is shown, reference is made to the registers associated with the respective output compare channels 1 through 5. OCFA pin controls OC1-OC4 channels. OCFB pin controls the OC5 channel. Each output compare channel can use one of two selectable time bases. Refer to the device data sheet for the time bases associated with the module. This peripheral’s inputs and outputs must be assigned to an available RPn pin before use. Please see Section 10.4 “Peripheral Pin Select” section for more information. DS39881D-page 138 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY 14.4 Output Compare Register REGISTER 14-1: OCxCON: OUTPUT COMPARE x CONTROL REGISTER U-0 U-0 R/W-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 — — OCSIDL — — — — — bit 15 bit 8 U-0 U-0 U-0 R-0, HC R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 — — — OCFLT OCTSEL OCM2(1) OCM1(1) OCM0(1) bit 7 bit 0 Legend: HC = Hardware Clearable bit R = Readable bit W = Writable bit U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’ -n = Value at POR ‘1’ = Bit is set ‘0’ = Bit is cleared x = Bit is unknown bit 15-14 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 13 OCSIDL: Stop Output Compare x in Idle Mode Control bit 1 = Output Compare x will halt in CPU Idle mode 0 = Output Compare x will continue to operate in CPU Idle mode bit 12-5 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 4 OCFLT: PWM Fault Condition Status bit 1 = PWM Fault condition has occurred (cleared in HW only) 0 = No PWM Fault condition has occurred (this bit is only used when OCM<2:0> = 111) bit 3 OCTSEL: Output Compare x Timer Select bit 1 = Timer3 is the clock source for Output Compare x 0 = Timer2 is the clock source for Output Compare x Refer to the device data sheet for specific time bases available to the output compare module. bit 2-0 OCM2:OCM0: Output Compare x Mode Select bits(1) 111 = PWM mode on OCx, Fault pin, OCFx, enabled(2) 110 = PWM mode on OCx, Fault pin, OCFx, disabled(2) 101 = Initialize OCx pin low, generate continuous output pulses on OCx pin 100 = Initialize OCx pin low, generate single output pulse on OCx pin 011 = Compare event toggles OCx pin 010 = Initialize OCx pin high, compare event forces OCx pin low 001 = Initialize OCx pin low, compare event forces OCx pin high 000 = Output compare channel is disabled Note 1: 2: RPORx (OCx) must be configured to an available RPn pin. For more information, see Section 10.4 “Peripheral Pin Select”. OCFA pin controls OC1-OC4 channels. OCFB pin controls the OC5 channel. 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS39881D-page 139 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY NOTES: DS39881D-page 140 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY 15.0 Note: SERIAL PERIPHERAL INTERFACE (SPI) This data sheet summarizes the features of this group of PIC24F devices. It is not intended to be a comprehensive reference source. For more information, refer to the “PIC24F Family Reference Manual”, ”Section 23. Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI)” (DS39699) The Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI) module is a synchronous serial interface useful for communicating with other peripheral or microcontroller devices. These peripheral devices may be serial EEPROMs, shift registers, display drivers, A/D Converters, etc. The SPI module is compatible with Motorola’s SPI and SIOP interfaces. The module supports operation in two buffer modes. In Standard mode, data is shifted through a single serial buffer. In Enhanced Buffer mode, data is shifted through an 8-level FIFO buffer. Note: Do not perform read-modify-write operations (such as bit-oriented instructions) on the SPIxBUF register in either Standard or Enhanced Buffer mode. The SPI serial interface consists of four pins: • • • • SDIx: Serial Data Input SDOx: Serial Data Output SCKx: Shift Clock Input or Output SSx: Active-Low Slave Select or Frame Synchronization I/O Pulse The SPI module can be configured to operate using 2, 3 or 4 pins. In the 3-pin mode, SSx is not used. In the 2-pin mode, both SDOx and SSx are not used. Block diagrams of the module in Standard and Enhanced modes are shown in Figure 15-1 and Figure 15-2. Depending on the pin count, devices of the PIC24FJ64GA004 family offer one or two SPI modules on a single device. Note: In this section, the SPI modules are referred to together as SPIx or separately as SPI1 and SPI2. Special Function Registers will follow a similar notation. For example, SPIxCON1 or SPIxCON2 refers to the control register for the SPI1 or SPI2 module. The module also supports a basic framed SPI protocol while operating in either Master or Slave mode. A total of four framed SPI configurations are supported. 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS39881D-page 141 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY To set up the SPI module for the Standard Master mode of operation: To set up the SPI module for the Standard Slave mode of operation: 1. 1. 2. 2. 3. 4. 5. If using interrupts: a) Clear the SPIxIF bit in the respective IFSx register. b) Set the SPIxIE bit in the respective IECx register. c) Write the SPIxIP bits in the respective IPCx register to set the interrupt priority. Write the desired settings to the SPIxCON1 and SPIxCON2 registers with MSTEN (SPIxCON1<5>) = 1. Clear the SPIROV bit (SPIxSTAT<6>). Enable SPI operation by setting the SPIEN bit (SPIxSTAT<15>). Write the data to be transmitted to the SPIxBUF register. Transmission (and reception) will start as soon as data is written to the SPIxBUF register. FIGURE 15-1: Clear the SPIxBUF register. If using interrupts: a) Clear the SPIxIF bit in the respective IFSx register. b) Set the SPIxIE bit in the respective IECx register. c) Write the SPIxIP bits in the respective IPCx register to set the interrupt priority. Write the desired settings to the SPIxCON1 and SPIxCON2 registers with MSTEN (SPIxCON1<5>) = 0. Clear the SMP bit. If the CKE bit is set, then the SSEN bit (SPIxCON1<7>) must be set to enable the SSx pin. Clear the SPIROV bit (SPIxSTAT<6>). Enable SPI operation by setting the SPIEN bit (SPIxSTAT<15>). 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. SPIx MODULE BLOCK DIAGRAM (STANDARD MODE) SCKx 1:1 to 1:8 Secondary Prescaler SSx/FSYNCx Sync Control 1:1/4/16/64 Primary Prescaler Select Edge Control Clock SPIxCON1<1:0> SPIxCON1<4:2> Shift Control SDOx Enable Master Clock bit 0 SDIx FCY SPIxSR Transfer Transfer SPIxBUF Read SPIxBUF Write SPIxBUF 16 Internal Data Bus DS39881D-page 142 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY To set up the SPI module for the Enhanced Buffer Master mode of operation: To set up the SPI module for the Enhanced Buffer Slave mode of operation: 1. 1. 2. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. If using interrupts: a) Clear the SPIxIF bit in the respective IFSx register. b) Set the SPIxIE bit in the respective IECx register. c) Write the SPIxIP bits in the respective IPCx register. Write the desired settings to the SPIxCON1 and SPIxCON2 registers with MSTEN (SPIxCON1<5>) = 1. Clear the SPIROV bit (SPIxSTAT<6>). Select Enhanced Buffer mode by setting the SPIBEN bit (SPIxCON2<0>). Enable SPI operation by setting the SPIEN bit (SPIxSTAT<15>). Write the data to be transmitted to the SPIxBUF register. Transmission (and reception) will start as soon as data is written to the SPIxBUF register. FIGURE 15-2: 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Clear the SPIxBUF register. If using interrupts: • Clear the SPIxIF bit in the respective IFSx register. • Set the SPIxIE bit in the respective IECx register. • Write the SPIxIP bits in the respective IPCx register to set the interrupt priority. Write the desired settings to the SPIxCON1 and SPIxCON2 registers with MSTEN (SPIxCON1<5>) = 0. Clear the SMP bit. If the CKE bit is set, then the SSEN bit must be set, thus enabling the SSx pin. Clear the SPIROV bit (SPIxSTAT<6>). Select Enhanced Buffer mode by setting the SPIBEN bit (SPIxCON2<0>). Enable SPI operation by setting the SPIEN bit (SPIxSTAT<15>). SPIx MODULE BLOCK DIAGRAM (ENHANCED MODE) SCKx 1:1 to 1:8 Secondary Prescaler SSx/FSYNCx Sync Control 1:1/4/16/64 Primary Prescaler Select Edge Control Clock SPIxCON1<1:0> SPIxCON1<4:2> Shift Control SDOx Enable Master Clock bit0 SDIx FCY SPIxSR Transfer Transfer 8-Level FIFO Receive Buffer 8-Level FIFO Transmit Buffer SPIxBUF Read SPIxBUF Write SPIxBUF 16 Internal Data Bus 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS39881D-page 143 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY REGISTER 15-1: R/W-0 SPIEN SPIxSTAT: SPIx STATUS AND CONTROL REGISTER U-0 R/W-0 U-0 U-0 R-0 R-0 R-0 — (1) SPISIDL — — SPIBEC2 SPIBEC1 SPIBEC0 bit 15 bit 8 R-0 R/C-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R-0 R-0 SRMPT SPIROV SRXMPT SISEL2 SISEL1 SISEL0 SPITBF SPIRBF bit 7 bit 0 Legend: C = Clearable bit R = Readable bit W = Writable bit U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’ -n = Value at POR ‘1’ = Bit is set ‘0’ = Bit is cleared x = Bit is unknown bit 15 SPIEN: SPIx Enable bit(1) 1 = Enables module and configures SCKx, SDOx, SDIx and SSx as serial port pins 0 = Disables module bit 14 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 13 SPISIDL: Stop in Idle Mode bit 1 = Discontinues module operation when device enters Idle mode 0 = Continues module operation in Idle mode bit 12-11 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 10-8 SPIBEC2:SPIBEC0: SPIx Buffer Element Count bits (valid in Enhanced Buffer mode) Master mode: Number of SPI transfers pending. Slave mode: Number of SPI transfers unread. bit 7 SRMPT: Shift Register (SPIxSR) Empty bit (valid in Enhanced Buffer mode) 1 = SPIx Shift register is empty and ready to send or receive 0 = SPIx Shift register is not empty bit 6 SPIROV: Receive Overflow Flag bit 1 = A new byte/word is completely received and discarded. The user software has not read the previous data in the SPIxBUF register. 0 = No overflow has occurred bit 5 SRXMPT: Receive FIFO Empty bit (valid in Enhanced Buffer mode) 1 = Receive FIFO is empty 0 = Receive FIFO is not empty bit 4-2 SISEL2:SISEL0: SPIx Buffer Interrupt Mode bits (valid in Enhanced Buffer mode) 111 = Interrupt when SPIx transmit buffer is full (SPITBF bit is set) 110 = Interrupt when last bit is shifted into SPIxSR; as a result, the TX FIFO is empty 101 = Interrupt when the last bit is shifted out of SPIxSR; now the transmit is complete 100 = Interrupt when one data is shifted into the SPIxSR; as a result, the TX FIFO has one open spot 011 = Interrupt when SPIx receive buffer is full (SPIRBF bit set) 010 = Interrupt when SPIx receive buffer is 3/4 or more full 001 = Interrupt when data is available in receive buffer (SRMPT bit is set) 000 = Interrupt when the last data in the receive buffer is read; as a result, the buffer is empty (SRXMPT bit is set) Note 1: If SPIEN = 1, these functions must be assigned to available RPn pins before use. See Section 10.4 “Peripheral Pin Select” for more information. DS39881D-page 144 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY REGISTER 15-1: SPIxSTAT: SPIx STATUS AND CONTROL REGISTER (CONTINUED) bit 1 SPITBF: SPIx Transmit Buffer Full Status bit 1 = Transmit not yet started, SPIxTXB is full 0 = Transmit started, SPIxTXB is empty In Standard Buffer mode: Automatically set in hardware when CPU writes SPIxBUF location, loading SPIxTXB. Automatically cleared in hardware when SPIx module transfers data from SPIxTXB to SPIxSR. In Enhanced Buffer mode: Automatically set in hardware when CPU writes SPIxBUF location, loading the last available buffer location. Automatically cleared in hardware when a buffer location is available for a CPU write. bit 0 SPIRBF: SPIx Receive Buffer Full Status bit 1 = Receive complete, SPIxRXB is full 0 = Receive is not complete, SPIxRXB is empty In Standard Buffer mode: Automatically set in hardware when SPIx transfers data from SPIxSR to SPIxRXB. Automatically cleared in hardware when core reads SPIxBUF location, reading SPIxRXB. In Enhanced Buffer mode: Automatically set in hardware when SPIx transfers data from SPIxSR to buffer, filling the last unread buffer location. Automatically cleared in hardware when a buffer location is available for a transfer from SPIxSR. Note 1: If SPIEN = 1, these functions must be assigned to available RPn pins before use. See Section 10.4 “Peripheral Pin Select” for more information. 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS39881D-page 145 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY REGISTER 15-2: SPIXCON1: SPIx CONTROL REGISTER 1 U-0 U-0 U-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 — — — DISSCK(1) DISSDO(2) MODE16 SMP CKE(3) bit 15 bit 8 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 CKP MSTEN SPRE2 SPRE1 SPRE0 PPRE1 PPRE0 (4) SSEN bit 7 bit 0 Legend: R = Readable bit W = Writable bit U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’ -n = Value at POR ‘1’ = Bit is set ‘0’ = Bit is cleared x = Bit is unknown bit 15-13 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 12 DISSCK: Disables SCKx pin bit (SPI Master modes only)(1) 1 = Internal SPI clock is disabled; pin functions as I/O 0 = Internal SPI clock is enabled bit 11 DISSDO: Disables SDOx pin bit(2) 1 = SDOx pin is not used by module; pin functions as I/O 0 = SDOx pin is controlled by the module bit 10 MODE16: Word/Byte Communication Select bit 1 = Communication is word-wide (16 bits) 0 = Communication is byte-wide (8 bits) bit 9 SMP: SPIx Data Input Sample Phase bit Master mode: 1 = Input data sampled at end of data output time 0 = Input data sampled at middle of data output time Slave mode: SMP must be cleared when SPIx is used in Slave mode. bit 8 CKE: SPIx Clock Edge Select bit(3) 1 = Serial output data changes on transition from active clock state to Idle clock state (see bit 6) 0 = Serial output data changes on transition from Idle clock state to active clock state (see bit 6) bit 7 SSEN: Slave Select Enable bit (Slave mode)(4) 1 = SSx pin used for Slave mode 0 = SSx pin not used by module; pin controlled by port function bit 6 CKP: Clock Polarity Select bit 1 = Idle state for clock is a high level; active state is a low level 0 = Idle state for clock is a low level; active state is a high level bit 5 MSTEN: Master Mode Enable bit 1 = Master mode 0 = Slave mode Note 1: 2: 3: 4: If DISSCK = 0, SCKx must be configured to an available RPn pin. See Section 10.4 “Peripheral Pin Select” for more information. If DISSDO = 0, SDOx must be configured to an available RPn pin. See Section 10.4 “Peripheral Pin Select” for more information. The CKE bit is not used in the Framed SPI modes. The user should program this bit to ‘0’ for the Framed SPI modes (FRMEN = 1). If SSEN = 1, SSx must be configured to an available RPn pin. See Section 10.4 “Peripheral Pin Select” for more information. DS39881D-page 146 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY REGISTER 15-2: SPIXCON1: SPIx CONTROL REGISTER 1 (CONTINUED) bit 4-2 SPRE2:SPRE0: Secondary Prescale bits (Master mode) 111 = Secondary prescale 1:1 110 = Secondary prescale 2:1 ... 000 = Secondary prescale 8:1 bit 1-0 PPRE1:PPRE0: Primary Prescale bits (Master mode) 11 = Primary prescale 1:1 10 = Primary prescale 4:1 01 = Primary prescale 16:1 00 = Primary prescale 64:1 Note 1: 2: 3: 4: If DISSCK = 0, SCKx must be configured to an available RPn pin. See Section 10.4 “Peripheral Pin Select” for more information. If DISSDO = 0, SDOx must be configured to an available RPn pin. See Section 10.4 “Peripheral Pin Select” for more information. The CKE bit is not used in the Framed SPI modes. The user should program this bit to ‘0’ for the Framed SPI modes (FRMEN = 1). If SSEN = 1, SSx must be configured to an available RPn pin. See Section 10.4 “Peripheral Pin Select” for more information. REGISTER 15-3: R/W-0 SPIxCON2: SPIx CONTROL REGISTER 2 R/W-0 FRMEN R/W-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 SPIFPOL SPIFSD U-0 — — — — — bit 15 bit 8 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 — — — — — — SPIFE SPIBEN bit 7 bit 0 Legend: R = Readable bit W = Writable bit U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’ -n = Value at POR ‘1’ = Bit is set ‘0’ = Bit is cleared bit 15 FRMEN: Framed SPIx Support bit 1 = Framed SPIx support enabled 0 = Framed SPIx support disabled bit 14 SPIFSD: Frame Sync Pulse Direction Control on SSx pin bit 1 = Frame sync pulse input (slave) 0 = Frame sync pulse output (master) bit 13 SPIFPOL: Frame Sync Pulse Polarity bit (Frame mode only) 1 = Frame sync pulse is active-high 0 = Frame sync pulse is active-low bit 12-2 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 1 SPIFE: Frame Sync Pulse Edge Select bit 1 = Frame sync pulse coincides with first bit clock 0 = Frame sync pulse precedes first bit clock bit 0 x = Bit is unknown SPIBEN: Enhanced Buffer Enable bit 1 = Enhanced Buffer enabled 0 = Enhanced Buffer disabled (Legacy mode) 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS39881D-page 147 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY FIGURE 15-3: SPI MASTER/SLAVE CONNECTION (STANDARD MODE) PROCESSOR 1 (SPI Master) PROCESSOR 2 (SPI Slave) SDIx SDOx Serial Receive Buffer (SPIxRXB)(2) Serial Receive Buffer (SPIxRXB)(2) SDOx SDIx Shift Register (SPIxSR) LSb MSb MSb Serial Transmit Buffer (SPIxTXB)(2) SPIx Buffer (SPIxBUF)(2) Shift Register (SPIxSR) LSb Serial Transmit Buffer (SPIxTXB)(2) SCKx Serial Clock SCKx SPIx Buffer (SPIxBUF)(2) SSx(1) SSEN (SPIxCON1<7>) = 1 and MSTEN (SPIxCON1<5>) = 0 MSTEN (SPIxCON1<5>) = 1) Note 1: 2: FIGURE 15-4: Using the SSx pin in Slave mode of operation is optional. User must write transmit data to read received data from SPIxBUF. The SPIxTXB and SPIxRXB registers are memory mapped to SPIxBUF. SPI MASTER/SLAVE CONNECTION (ENHANCED BUFFER MODES) PROCESSOR 1 (SPI Enhanced Buffer Master) PROCESSOR 2 (SPI Enhanced Buffer Slave) SDOx SDIx Shift Register (SPIxSR) SDIx SDOx LSb MSb MSb 8-Level FIFO Buffer SPIx Buffer (SPIxBUF)(2) Note 1: 2: LSb 8-Level FIFO Buffer SCKx SSx MSTEN (SPIxCON1<5>) = 1 and SPIBEN (SPIxCON2<0>) = 1 Shift Register (SPIxSR) Serial Clock SCKx SPIx Buffer (SPIxBUF)(2) SSx(1) SSEN (SPIxCON1<7>) = 1, MSTEN (SPIxCON1<5>) = 0 and SPIBEN (SPIxCON2<0>) = 1 Using the SSx pin in Slave mode of operation is optional. User must write transmit data to read received data from SPIxBUF. The SPIxTXB and SPIxRXB registers are memory mapped to SPIxBUF. DS39881D-page 148 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY FIGURE 15-5: SPI MASTER, FRAME MASTER CONNECTION DIAGRAM PROCESSOR 2 PIC24F (SPI Slave, Frame Slave) SDIx SDOx SDOx SDIx SCKx SSx FIGURE 15-6: Serial Clock Frame Sync Pulse SCKx SSx SPI MASTER, FRAME SLAVE CONNECTION DIAGRAM PROCESSOR 2 PIC24F SPI Master, Frame Slave) SDOx SDIx SDIx SDOx SCKx SSx FIGURE 15-7: Serial Clock Frame Sync Pulse SCKx SSx SPI SLAVE, FRAME MASTER CONNECTION DIAGRAM PROCESSOR 2 PIC24F (SPI Slave, Frame Slave) SDOx SDIx SDIx SDOx SCKx SSx FIGURE 15-8: Serial Clock Frame Sync. Pulse SCKx SSx SPI SLAVE, FRAME SLAVE CONNECTION DIAGRAM PROCESSOR 2 PIC24F (SPI Master, Frame Slave) SDIx SDOx SDOx SDIx SCKx SSx 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. Serial Clock Frame Sync Pulse SCKx SSx DS39881D-page 149 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY EQUATION 15-1: RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN DEVICE AND SPI CLOCK SPEED(1) FCY FSCK = Primary Prescaler * Secondary Prescaler Note 1: Based on FCY = FOSC/2; Doze mode and PLL are disabled. TABLE 15-1: SAMPLE SCK FREQUENCIES(1,2) Secondary Prescaler Settings FCY = 16 MHz 1:1 Primary Prescaler Settings 2:1 4:1 6:1 8:1 1:1 Invalid 8000 4000 2667 2000 4:1 4000 2000 1000 667 500 16:1 1000 500 250 167 125 64:1 250 125 63 42 31 1:1 5000 2500 1250 833 625 FCY = 5 MHz Primary Prescaler Settings 4:1 625 313 208 156 313 156 78 52 39 64:1 Note 1: 2: 1250 16:1 78 39 20 13 10 Based on FCY = FOSC/2; Doze mode and PLL are disabled. SCKx frequencies shown in kHz. DS39881D-page 150 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY 16.0 Note: INTER-INTEGRATED CIRCUIT (I2C™) This data sheet summarizes the features of this group of PIC24F devices. It is not intended to be a comprehensive reference source. For more information, refer to the “PIC24F Family Reference Manual”, ”Section 24. Inter-Integrated Circuit (I2C™)” (DS39702). The Inter-Integrated Circuit™ (I2C™) module is a serial interface useful for communicating with other peripheral or microcontroller devices. These peripheral devices may be serial EEPROMs, display drivers, A/D Converters, etc. The I • • • • • • • • • 2C module supports these features: Independent master and slave logic 7-bit and 10-bit device addresses General call address, as defined in the I2C protocol Clock stretching to provide delays for the processor to respond to a slave data request Both 100 kHz and 400 kHz bus specifications. Configurable address masking Multi-Master modes to prevent loss of messages in arbitration Bus Repeater mode, allowing the acceptance of all messages as a slave regardless of the address Automatic SCL 16.2 The details of sending a message in Master mode depends on the communications protocol for the device being communicated with. Typically, the sequence of events is as follows: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. A block diagram of the module is shown in Figure 16-1. 13. 16.1 Communicating as a Master in a Single Master Environment Assert a Start condition on SDAx and SCLx. Send the I 2C device address byte to the slave with a write indication. Wait for and verify an Acknowledge from the slave. Send the first data byte (sometimes known as the command) to the slave. Wait for and verify an Acknowledge from the slave. Send the serial memory address low byte to the slave. Repeat steps 4 and 5 until all data bytes are sent. Assert a Repeated Start condition on SDAx and SCLx. Send the device address byte to the slave with a read indication. Wait for and verify an Acknowledge from the slave. Enable master reception to receive serial memory data. Generate an ACK or NACK condition at the end of a received byte of data. Generate a Stop condition on SDAx and SCLx. Peripheral Remapping Options I2C The modules are tied to fixed pin assignments, and cannot be reassigned to alternate pins using peripheral pin select. To allow some flexibility with peripheral multiplexing, the I2C1 module in all devices, can be reassigned to the alternate pins, designated as ASCL1 and ASDA1 during device configuration. Pin assignment is controlled by the I2C1SEL Configuration bit; programming this bit (= 0) multiplexes the module to the ASCL1 and ASDA1 pins. 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS39881D-page 151 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY FIGURE 16-1: I2C™ BLOCK DIAGRAM Internal Data Bus I2CxRCV SCLx Read Shift Clock I2CxRSR LSB SDAx Address Match Match Detect Write I2CxMSK Write Read I2CxADD Read Start and Stop Bit Detect Write Start and Stop Bit Generation Control Logic I2CxSTAT Collision Detect Read Write I2CxCON Acknowledge Generation Read Clock Stretching Write I2CxTRN LSB Read Shift Clock Reload Control BRG Down Counter Write I2CxBRG Read TCY/2 DS39881D-page 152 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY 16.3 Setting Baud Rate When Operating as a Bus Master 16.4 The I2CxMSK register (Register 16-3) designates address bit positions as “don’t care” for both 7-Bit and 10-Bit Addressing modes. Setting a particular bit location (= 1) in the I2CxMSK register causes the slave module to respond whether the corresponding address bit value is a ‘0’ or a ‘1’. For example, when I2CxMSK is set to ‘00100000’, the slave module will detect both addresses, ‘0000000’ and ‘00100000’. To compute the Baud Rate Generator reload value, use Equation 16-1. EQUATION 16-1: Slave Address Masking COMPUTING BAUD RATE RELOAD VALUE(1) FCY FSCL = --------------------------------------------------------------------FCY I2CxBRG + 1 + ----------------------------10 000 000 or To enable address masking, the IPMI (Intelligent Peripheral Management Interface) must be disabled by clearing the IPMIEN bit (I2CxCON<11>). Note: FCY FCY I2CxBRG = ----------- – ----------------------------- – 1 FSCL 10 000 000 Note 1: Based on FCY = FOSC/2; Doze mode and PLL are disabled. As a result of changes in the I2C™ protocol, the addresses in Table 16-2 are reserved and will not be Acknowledged in Slave mode. This includes any address mask settings that include any of these addresses. I2C™ CLOCK RATES(1) TABLE 16-1: Required System FSCL FCY I2CxBRG Value 100 kHz 100 kHz (Decimal) (Hexadecimal) Actual FSCL 16 MHz 8 MHz 157 78 9D 4E 100 kHz 100 kHz 100 kHz 400 kHz 4 MHz 16 MHz 39 37 27 25 99 kHz 404 kHz 400 kHz 400 kHz 8 MHz 4 MHz 18 9 12 9 404 kHz 385 kHz 400 kHz 1 MHz 2 MHz 16 MHz 4 13 4 D 385 kHz 1.026 MHz 1 MHz 1 MHz 8 MHz 4 MHz 6 3 6 3 1.026 MHz 0.909 MHz Note 1: Based on FCY = FOSC/2, Doze mode and PLL are disabled. TABLE 16-2: I2C™ RESERVED ADDRESSES(1) Slave Address R/W Bit 0000 000 0 General Call Address(2) 0000 000 1 Start Byte 0000 001 x Cbus Address 0000 010 x Reserved 0000 011 x Reserved 0000 1xx x HS Mode Master Code 1111 1xx x Reserved 1111 0xx x 10-Bit Slave Upper Byte(3) Note 1: 2: 3: Description The address bits listed here will never cause an address match, independent of the address mask settings. Address will be Acknowledged only if GCEN = 1. Match on this address can only occur on the upper byte in 10-Bit Addressing mode. 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS39881D-page 153 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY REGISTER 16-1: I2CxCON: I2Cx CONTROL REGISTER R/W-0 U-0 R/W-0 R/W-1 HC R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 I2CEN — I2CSIDL SCLREL IPMIEN A10M DISSLW SMEN bit 15 bit 8 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0, HC R/W-0, HC R/W-0, HC R/W-0, HC R/W-0, HC GCEN STREN ACKDT ACKEN RCEN PEN RSEN SEN bit 7 bit 0 Legend: HC = Hardware Clearable bit R = Readable bit W = Writable bit U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’ -n = Value at POR ‘1’ = Bit is set ‘0’ = Bit is cleared x = Bit is unknown bit 15 I2CEN: I2Cx Enable bit 1 = Enables the I2Cx module and configures the SDAx and SCLx pins as serial port pins 0 = Disables I2Cx module. All I2C™ pins are controlled by port functions. bit 14 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 13 I2CSIDL: Stop in Idle Mode bit 1 = Discontinues module operation when device enters an Idle mode 0 = Continues module operation in Idle mode bit 12 SCLREL: SCLx Release Control bit (when operating as I2C Slave) 1 = Releases SCLx clock 0 = Holds SCLx clock low (clock stretch) If STREN = 1: Bit is R/W (i.e., software may write ‘0’ to initiate stretch and write ‘1’ to release clock). Hardware clear at beginning of slave transmission. Hardware clear at end of slave reception. If STREN = 0: Bit is R/S (i.e., software may only write ‘1’ to release clock). Hardware clear at beginning of slave transmission. bit 11 IPMIEN: Intelligent Peripheral Management Interface (IPMI) Enable bit 1 = IPMI Support mode is enabled; all addresses Acknowledged 0 = IPMI mode is disabled bit 10 A10M: 10-Bit Slave Addressing bit 1 = I2CxADD is a 10-bit slave address 0 = I2CxADD is a 7-bit slave address bit 9 DISSLW: Disable Slew Rate Control bit 1 = Slew rate control disabled 0 = Slew rate control enabled bit 8 SMEN: SMBus Input Levels bit 1 = Enables I/O pin thresholds compliant with SMBus specification 0 = Disables SMBus input thresholds bit 7 GCEN: General Call Enable bit (when operating as I2C slave) 1 = Enables interrupt when a general call address is received in the I2CxRSR (module is enabled for reception) 0 = General call address disabled bit 6 STREN: SCLx Clock Stretch Enable bit (when operating as I2C slave) Used in conjunction with SCLREL bit. 1 = Enables software or receive clock stretching 0 = Disables software or receive clock stretching DS39881D-page 154 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY REGISTER 16-1: I2CxCON: I2Cx CONTROL REGISTER (CONTINUED) bit 5 ACKDT: Acknowledge Data bit (When operating as I2C master. Applicable during master receive.) Value that will be transmitted when the software initiates an Acknowledge sequence. 1 = Sends NACK during Acknowledge 0 = Sends ACK during Acknowledge bit 4 ACKEN: Acknowledge Sequence Enable bit (When operating as I2C master. Applicable during master receive.) 1 = Initiates Acknowledge sequence on SDAx and SCLx pins and transmits ACKDT data bit. Hardware clear at end of master Acknowledge sequence. 0 = Acknowledge sequence not in progress bit 3 RCEN: Receive Enable bit (when operating as I2C master) 1 = Enables Receive mode for I2C. Hardware clear at end of eighth bit of master receive data byte. 0 = Receives sequence not in progress bit 2 PEN: Stop Condition Enable bit (when operating as I2C master) 1 = Initiates Stop condition on SDAx and SCLx pins. Hardware clear at end of master Stop sequence. 0 = Stop condition not in progress bit 1 RSEN: Repeated Start Condition Enabled bit (when operating as I2C master) 1 = Initiates Repeated Start condition on SDAx and SCLx pins. Hardware clear at end of master Repeated Start sequence. 0 = Repeated Start condition not in progress bit 0 SEN: Start Condition Enabled bit (when operating as I2C master) 1 = Initiates Start condition on SDAx and SCLx pins. Hardware clear at end of master Start sequence. 0 = Start condition not in progress 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS39881D-page 155 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY REGISTER 16-2: I2CxSTAT: I2Cx STATUS REGISTER R-0, HSC R-0, HSC U-0 U-0 U-0 R/C-0, HS R-0, HSC R-0, HSC ACKSTAT TRSTAT — — — BCL GCSTAT ADD10 bit 15 bit 8 R/C-0, HS R/C-0, HS R-0, HSC R/C-0, HSC R/C-0, HSC R-0, HSC R-0, HSC R-0, HSC IWCOL I2COV D/A P S R/W RBF TBF bit 7 bit 0 Legend: C = Clearable bit HS = Hardware Settable bit HSC = Hardware Settable, Clearable bit R = Readable bit W = Writable bit U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’ -n = Value at POR ‘1’ = Bit is set ‘0’ = Bit is cleared x = Bit is unknown bit 15 ACKSTAT: Acknowledge Status bit 1 = NACK was detected last 0 = ACK was detected last Hardware set or clear at end of Acknowledge. bit 14 TRSTAT: Transmit Status bit (When operating as I2C™ master. Applicable to master transmit operation.) 1 = Master transmit is in progress (8 bits + ACK) 0 = Master transmit is not in progress Hardware set at beginning of master transmission. Hardware clear at end of slave Acknowledge. bit 13-11 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 10 BCL: Master Bus Collision Detect bit 1 = A bus collision has been detected during a master operation 0 = No collision Hardware set at detection of bus collision. bit 9 GCSTAT: General Call Status bit 1 = General call address was received 0 = General call address was not received Hardware set when address matches general call address. Hardware clear at Stop detection. bit 8 ADD10: 10-Bit Address Status bit 1 = 10-bit address was matched 0 = 10-bit address was not matched Hardware set at match of 2nd byte of matched 10-bit address. Hardware clear at Stop detection. bit 7 IWCOL: Write Collision Detect bit 1 = An attempt to write the I2CxTRN register failed because the I2C module is busy 0 = No collision Hardware set at occurrence of write to I2CxTRN while busy (cleared by software). bit 6 I2COV: Receive Overflow Flag bit 1 = A byte was received while the I2CxRCV register is still holding the previous byte 0 = No overflow Hardware set at attempt to transfer I2CxRSR to I2CxRCV (cleared by software). bit 5 D/A: Data/Address bit (when operating as I2C slave) 1 = Indicates that the last byte received was data 0 = Indicates that the last byte received was device address Hardware clear at device address match. Hardware set by write to I2CxTRN or by reception of slave byte. DS39881D-page 156 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY REGISTER 16-2: I2CxSTAT: I2Cx STATUS REGISTER (CONTINUED) bit 4 P: Stop bit 1 = Indicates that a Stop bit has been detected last 0 = Stop bit was not detected last Hardware set or clear when Start, Repeated Start or Stop detected. bit 3 S: Start bit 1 = Indicates that a Start (or Repeated Start) bit has been detected last 0 = Start bit was not detected last Hardware set or clear when Start, Repeated Start or Stop detected. bit 2 R/W: Read/Write Information bit (when operating as I2C slave) 1 = Read – indicates data transfer is output from slave 0 = Write – indicates data transfer is input to slave Hardware set or clear after reception of I 2C device address byte. bit 1 RBF: Receive Buffer Full Status bit 1 = Receive complete, I2CxRCV is full 0 = Receive not complete, I2CxRCV is empty Hardware set when I2CxRCV is written with received byte. Hardware clear when software reads I2CxRCV. bit 0 TBF: Transmit Buffer Full Status bit 1 = Transmit in progress, I2CxTRN is full 0 = Transmit complete, I2CxTRN is empty Hardware set when software writes I2CxTRN. Hardware clear at completion of data transmission. 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS39881D-page 157 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY REGISTER 16-3: I2CxMSK: I2Cx SLAVE MODE ADDRESS MASK REGISTER U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 — — — — — — AMSK9 AMSK8 bit 15 bit 8 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 AMSK7 AMSK6 AMSK5 AMSK4 AMSK3 AMSK2 AMSK1 AMSK0 bit 7 bit 0 Legend: R = Readable bit W = Writable bit U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’ -n = Value at POR ‘1’ = Bit is set ‘0’ = Bit is cleared x = Bit is unknown bit 15-10 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 9-0 AMSK9:AMSK0: Mask for Address Bit x Select bits 1 = Enable masking for bit x of incoming message address; bit match not required in this position 0 = Disable masking for bit x; bit match required in this position 16.5 Acknowledge Status In both Master and Slave modes, the ACKSTAT bit is only updated when transmitting data resulting in the reception of an ACK or NACK from another device. Do not check the state of ACKSTAT when receiving data, either as a Slave or a Master. Reading ACKSTAT after receiving address or data bytes returns an invalid result. DS39881D-page 158 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY 17.0 UNIVERSAL ASYNCHRONOUS RECEIVER TRANSMITTER (UART) Note: This data sheet summarizes the features of this group of PIC24F devices. It is not intended to be a comprehensive reference source. For more information, refer to the “PIC24F Family Reference Manual”, ”Section 21. UART” (DS39708). The Universal Asynchronous Receiver Transmitter (UART) module is one of the serial I/O modules available in the PIC24F device family. The UART is a full-duplex asynchronous system that can communicate with peripheral devices, such as personal computers, LIN, RS-232 and RS-485 interfaces. The module also supports a hardware flow control option with the UxCTS and UxRTS pins and also includes an IrDA® encoder and decoder. The primary features of the UART module are: • Full-Duplex, 8 or 9-Bit Data Transmission through the UxTX and UxRX Pins • Even, Odd or No Parity Options (for 8-bit data) • One or Two Stop bits • Hardware Flow Control Option with UxCTS and UxRTS Pins FIGURE 17-1: • Fully Integrated Baud Rate Generator with 16-Bit Prescaler • Baud Rates Ranging from 1 Mbps to 15 bps at 16 MIPS • 4-Deep, First-In-First-Out (FIFO) Transmit Data Buffer • 4-Deep FIFO Receive Data Buffer • Parity, Framing and Buffer Overrun Error Detection • Support for 9-bit mode with Address Detect (9th bit = 1) • Transmit and Receive Interrupts • Loopback mode for Diagnostic Support • Support for Sync and Break Characters • Supports Automatic Baud Rate Detection • IrDA Encoder and Decoder Logic • 16x Baud Clock Output for IrDA Support A simplified block diagram of the UART is shown in Figure 17-1. The UART module consists of these key important hardware elements: • Baud Rate Generator • Asynchronous Transmitter • Asynchronous Receiver UART SIMPLIFIED BLOCK DIAGRAM Baud Rate Generator IrDA® BCLKx Hardware Flow Control UxRTS UxCTS UARTx Receiver UARTx Transmitter Note: UxRX UxTX This peripheral’s inputs and outputs must be assigned to an available RPn pin before use. Please see Section 10.4 “Peripheral Pin Select” for more information. 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS39881D-page 159 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY 17.1 UART Baud Rate Generator (BRG) The UART module includes a dedicated 16-bit Baud Rate Generator. The UxBRG register controls the period of a free-running, 16-bit timer. Equation 17-1 shows the formula for computation of the baud rate with BRGH = 0. EQUATION 17-1: Baud Rate = The maximum baud rate (BRGH = 0) possible is FCY/16 (for UxBRG = 0) and the minimum baud rate possible is FCY/(16 * 65536). Equation 17-2 shows the formula for computation of the baud rate with BRGH = 1. EQUATION 17-2: UART BAUD RATE WITH BRGH = 0(1) Baud Rate = FCY 16 • (UxBRG + 1) UxBRG = UxBRG = FCY –1 16 • Baud Rate Based on FCY = FOSC/2, Doze mode and PLL are disabled. Note 1: Example 17-1 shows the calculation of the baud rate error for the following conditions: • FCY = 4 MHz • Desired Baud Rate = 9600 EXAMPLE 17-1: Desired Baud Rate UART BAUD RATE WITH BRGH = 1(1) Note 1: FCY 4 • (UxBRG + 1) FCY 4 • Baud Rate –1 Based on FCY = FOSC/2, Doze mode and PLL are disabled. The maximum baud rate (BRGH = 1) possible is FCY/4 (for UxBRG = 0) and the minimum baud rate possible is FCY/(4 * 65536). Writing a new value to the UxBRG register causes the BRG timer to be reset (cleared). This ensures the BRG does not wait for a timer overflow before generating the new baud rate. BAUD RATE ERROR CALCULATION (BRGH = 0)(1) = FCY/(16 (UxBRG + 1)) Solving for UxBRG value: UxBRG UxBRG UxBRG = ((FCY/Desired Baud Rate)/16) – 1 = ((4000000/9600)/16) – 1 = 25 Calculated Baud Rate= 4000000/(16 (25 + 1)) = 9615 Error Note 1: = (Calculated Baud Rate – Desired Baud Rate) Desired Baud Rate = (9615 – 9600)/9600 = 0.16% Based on FCY = FOSC/2; Doze mode and PLL are disabled. DS39881D-page 160 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY 17.2 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Set up the UART: a) Write appropriate values for data, parity and Stop bits. b) Write appropriate baud rate value to the UxBRG register. c) Set up transmit and receive interrupt enable and priority bits. Enable the UART. Set the UTXEN bit (causes a transmit interrupt 2 cycles after being set). Write data byte to lower byte of UxTXREG word. The value will be immediately transferred to the Transmit Shift Register (TSR), and the serial bit stream will start shifting out with next rising edge of the baud clock. Alternately, the data byte may be transferred while UTXEN = 0, and then the user may set UTXEN. This will cause the serial bit stream to begin immediately because the baud clock will start from a cleared state. A transmit interrupt will be generated as per interrupt control bit, UTXISELx. 17.3 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Transmitting in 8-Bit Data Mode Transmitting in 9-Bit Data Mode Set up the UART (as described in Section 17.2 “Transmitting in 8-Bit Data Mode”). Enable the UART. Set the UTXEN bit (causes a transmit interrupt 2 cycles after being set). Write UxTXREG as a 16-bit value only. A word write to UxTXREG triggers the transfer of the 9-bit data to the TSR. Serial bit stream will start shifting out with the first rising edge of the baud clock. A transmit interrupt will be generated as per the setting of control bit, UTXISELx. 17.4 Break and Sync Transmit Sequence 17.5 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Receiving in 8-Bit or 9-Bit Data Mode Set up the UART (as described in Section 17.2 “Transmitting in 8-Bit Data Mode”). Enable the UART. A receive interrupt will be generated when one or more data characters have been received as per interrupt control bit, URXISELx. Read the OERR bit to determine if an overrun error has occurred. The OERR bit must be reset in software. Read UxRXREG. The act of reading the UxRXREG character will move the next character to the top of the receive FIFO, including a new set of PERR and FERR values. 17.6 Operation of UxCTS and UxRTS Control Pins UARTx Clear to Send (UxCTS) and Request to Send (UxRTS) are the two hardware controlled pins that are associated with the UART module. These two pins allow the UART to operate in Simplex and Flow Control mode. They are implemented to control the transmission and reception between the Data Terminal Equipment (DTE). The UEN<1:0> bits in the UxMODE register configure these pins. 17.7 Infrared Support The UART module provides two types of infrared UART support: one is the IrDA clock output to support external IrDA encoder and decoder device (legacy module support), and the other is the full implementation of the IrDA encoder and decoder. Note that because the IrDA modes require a 16x baud clock, they will only work when the BRGH bit (UxMODE<3>) is ‘0’. 17.7.1 EXTERNAL IrDA SUPPORT – IrDA CLOCK OUTPUT The following sequence will send a message frame header made up of a Break, followed by an auto-baud Sync byte. To support external IrDA encoder and decoder devices, the BCLKx pin (same as the UxRTS pin) can be configured to generate the 16x baud clock. With UEN<1:0> = 11, the BCLKx pin will output the 16x baud clock if the UART module is enabled. It can be used to support the IrDA codec chip. 1. 2. 17.7.2 3. 4. 5. Configure the UART for the desired mode. Set UTXEN and UTXBRK – sets up the Break character. Load the UxTXREG with a dummy character to initiate transmission (value is ignored). Write ‘55h’ to UxTXREG – loads the Sync character into the transmit FIFO. After the Break has been sent, the UTXBRK bit is reset by hardware. The Sync character now transmits. 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. BUILT-IN IrDA ENCODER AND DECODER The UART has full implementation of the IrDA encoder and decoder as part of the UART module. The built-in IrDA encoder and decoder functionality is enabled using the IREN bit (UxMODE<12>). When enabled (IREN = 1), the receive pin (UxRX) acts as the input from the infrared receiver. The transmit pin (UxTX) acts as the output to the infrared transmitter. DS39881D-page 161 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY REGISTER 17-1: R/W-0 UxMODE: UARTx MODE REGISTER U-0 (1) UARTEN — R/W-0 USIDL R/W-0 IREN (2) U-0 R/W-0(3) R/W-0(3) RTSMD R/W-0 — UEN1 UEN0 bit 15 bit 8 R/C-0, HC R/W-0 R/W-0, HC R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 WAKE LPBACK ABAUD RXINV BRGH PDSEL1 PDSEL0 STSEL bit 7 bit 0 Legend: C = Clearable bit HC = Hardware Clearable bit R = Readable bit W = Writable bit U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’ -n = Value at POR ‘1’ = Bit is set ‘0’ = Bit is cleared x = Bit is unknown bit 15 UARTEN: UARTx Enable bit(1) 1 = UARTx is enabled; all UARTx pins are controlled by UARTx as defined by UEN<1:0> 0 = UARTx is disabled; all UARTx pins are controlled by PORT latches; UARTx power consumption is minimal bit 14 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 13 USIDL: Stop in Idle Mode bit 1 = Discontinue module operation when device enters Idle mode 0 = Continue module operation in Idle mode bit 12 IREN: IrDA® Encoder and Decoder Enable bit(2) 1 = IrDA encoder and decoder enabled 0 = IrDA encoder and decoder disabled bit 11 RTSMD: Mode Selection for UxRTS Pin bit 1 = UxRTS pin in Simplex mode 0 = UxRTS pin in Flow Control mode bit 10 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 9-8 UEN1:UEN0: UARTx Enable bits(3) 11 = UxTX, UxRX and BCLKx pins are enabled and used; UxCTS pin controlled by PORT latches 10 = UxTX, UxRX, UxCTS and UxRTS pins are enabled and used 01 = UxTX, UxRX and UxRTS pins are enabled and used; UxCTS pin controlled by PORT latches 00 = UxTX and UxRX pins are enabled and used; UxCTS and UxRTS/BCLKx pins controlled by PORT latches bit 7 WAKE: Wake-up on Start Bit Detect During Sleep Mode Enable bit 1 = UARTx will continue to sample the UxRX pin; interrupt generated on falling edge, bit cleared in hardware on following rising edge 0 = No wake-up enabled bit 6 LPBACK: UARTx Loopback Mode Select bit 1 = Enable Loopback mode 0 = Loopback mode is disabled bit 5 ABAUD: Auto-Baud Enable bit 1 = Enable baud rate measurement on the next character – requires reception of a Sync field (55h); cleared in hardware upon completion 0 = Baud rate measurement disabled or completed Note 1: 2: 3: If UARTEN = 1, the peripheral inputs and outputs must be configured to an available RPn pin. See Section 10.4 “Peripheral Pin Select” for more information. This feature is only available for the 16x BRG mode (BRGH = 0). Bit availability depends on pin availability. DS39881D-page 162 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY REGISTER 17-1: UxMODE: UARTx MODE REGISTER (CONTINUED) bit 4 RXINV: Receive Polarity Inversion bit 1 = UxRX Idle state is ‘0’ 0 = UxRX Idle state is ‘1’ bit 3 BRGH: High Baud Rate Enable bit 1 = BRG generates 4 clocks per bit period (4x baud clock, High-Speed mode) 0 = BRG generates 16 clocks per bit period (16x baud clock, Standard mode) bit 2-1 PDSEL1:PDSEL0: Parity and Data Selection bits 11 = 9-bit data, no parity 10 = 8-bit data, odd parity 01 = 8-bit data, even parity 00 = 8-bit data, no parity bit 0 STSEL: Stop Bit Selection bit 1 = Two Stop bits 0 = One Stop bit Note 1: 2: 3: If UARTEN = 1, the peripheral inputs and outputs must be configured to an available RPn pin. See Section 10.4 “Peripheral Pin Select” for more information. This feature is only available for the 16x BRG mode (BRGH = 0). Bit availability depends on pin availability. 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS39881D-page 163 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY REGISTER 17-2: UxSTA: UARTx STATUS AND CONTROL REGISTER R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 U-0 R/W-0, HC R/W-0 R-0 R-1 UTXISEL1 UTXINV UTXISEL0 — UTXBRK UTXEN(1) UTXBF TRMT bit 15 bit 8 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R-1 R-0 R-0 R/C-0 R-0 URXISEL1 URXISEL0 ADDEN RIDLE PERR FERR OERR URXDA bit 7 bit 0 Legend: C = Clearable bit HC = Hardware Clearable bit R = Readable bit W = Writable bit U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’ -n = Value at POR ‘1’ = Bit is set ‘0’ = Bit is cleared x = Bit is unknown bit 15,13 UTXISEL1:UTXISEL0: Transmission Interrupt Mode Selection bits 11 = Reserved; do not use 10 = Interrupt when a character is transferred to the Transmit Shift Register (TSR) and as a result, the transmit buffer becomes empty 01 = Interrupt when the last character is shifted out of the Transmit Shift Register; all transmit operations are completed 00 = Interrupt when a character is transferred to the Transmit Shift Register (this implies there is at least one character open in the transmit buffer) bit 14 UTXINV: IrDA® Encoder Transmit Polarity Inversion bit If IREN = 0: 1 = UxTX Idle ‘0’ 0 = UxTX Idle ‘1’ If IREN = 1: 1 = UxTX Idle ‘1’ 0 = UxTX Idle ‘0’ bit 12 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 11 UTXBRK: Transmit Break bit 1 = Send Sync Break on next transmission – Start bit, followed by twelve ‘0’ bits, followed by Stop bit; cleared by hardware upon completion 0 = Sync Break transmission disabled or completed bit 10 UTXEN: Transmit Enable bit(1) 1 = Transmit enabled, UxTX pin controlled by UARTx 0 = Transmit disabled, any pending transmission is aborted and buffer is reset. UxTX pin controlled by the PORT register. bit 9 UTXBF: Transmit Buffer Full Status bit (read-only) 1 = Transmit buffer is full 0 = Transmit buffer is not full, at least one more character can be written bit 8 TRMT: Transmit Shift Register Empty bit (read-only) 1 = Transmit Shift Register is empty and transmit buffer is empty (the last transmission has completed) 0 = Transmit Shift Register is not empty, a transmission is in progress or queued bit 7-6 URXISEL1:URXISEL0: Receive Interrupt Mode Selection bits 11 = Interrupt is set on RSR transfer, making the receive buffer full (i.e., has 4 data characters) 10 = Interrupt is set on RSR transfer, making the receive buffer 3/4 full (i.e., has 3 data characters) 0x = Interrupt is set when any character is received and transferred from the RSR to the receive buffer. Receive buffer has one or more characters. Note 1: If UARTEN = 1, the peripheral inputs and outputs must be configured to an available RPn pin. See Section 10.4 “Peripheral Pin Select” for more information. DS39881D-page 164 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY REGISTER 17-2: UxSTA: UARTx STATUS AND CONTROL REGISTER (CONTINUED) bit 5 ADDEN: Address Character Detect bit (bit 8 of received data = 1) 1 = Address Detect mode enabled. If 9-bit mode is not selected, this does not take effect. 0 = Address Detect mode disabled bit 4 RIDLE: Receiver Idle bit (read-only) 1 = Receiver is Idle 0 = Receiver is active bit 3 PERR: Parity Error Status bit (read-only) 1 = Parity error has been detected for the current character (character at the top of the receive FIFO) 0 = Parity error has not been detected bit 2 FERR: Framing Error Status bit (read-only) 1 = Framing error has been detected for the current character (character at the top of the receive FIFO) 0 = Framing error has not been detected bit 1 OERR: Receive Buffer Overrun Error Status bit (clear/read-only) 1 = Receive buffer has overflowed 0 = Receive buffer has not overflowed (clearing a previously set OERR bit (1 0 transition) will reset the receiver buffer and the RSR to the empty state) bit 0 URXDA: Receive Buffer Data Available bit (read-only) 1 = Receive buffer has data; at least one more character can be read 0 = Receive buffer is empty Note 1: If UARTEN = 1, the peripheral inputs and outputs must be configured to an available RPn pin. See Section 10.4 “Peripheral Pin Select” for more information. 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS39881D-page 165 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY REGISTER 17-3: UxTXREG: UARTx TRANSMIT REGISTER U-x — bit 15 U-x — U-x — U-x — U-x — U-x — U-x — W-x UTX8 bit 8 W-x UTX7 bit 7 W-x UTX6 W-x UTX5 W-x UTX4 W-x UTX3 W-x UTX2 W-x UTX1 W-x UTX0 bit 0 Legend: R = Readable bit -n = Value at POR bit 15-9 bit 8 bit 7-0 W = Writable bit ‘1’ = Bit is set U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’ ‘0’ = Bit is cleared x = Bit is unknown Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ UTX8: Data of the Transmitted Character bit (in 9-bit mode) UTX7:UTX0: Data of the Transmitted Character bits REGISTER 17-4: UxRXREG: UARTx RECEIVE REGISTER U-0 — bit 15 U-0 — U-0 — U-0 — U-0 — U-0 — U-0 — R-0 URX8 bit 8 R-0 URX7 bit 7 R-0 URX6 R-0 URX5 R-0 URX4 R-0 URX3 R-0 URX2 R-0 URX1 R-0 URX0 bit 0 Legend: R = Readable bit -n = Value at POR bit 15-9 bit 8 bit 7-0 W = Writable bit ‘1’ = Bit is set U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’ ‘0’ = Bit is cleared x = Bit is unknown Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ URX8: Data of the Received Character bit (in 9-bit mode) URX7:URX0: Data of the Received Character bits DS39881D-page 166 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY 18.0 Key features of the PMP module include: PARALLEL MASTER PORT (PMP) Note: • Up to 16 Programmable Address Lines • One Chip Select Line • Programmable Strobe Options: - Individual Read and Write Strobes or; - Read/Write Strobe with Enable Strobe • Address Auto-Increment/Auto-Decrement • Programmable Address/Data Multiplexing • Programmable Polarity on Control Signals • Legacy Parallel Slave Port Support • Enhanced Parallel Slave Support: - Address Support - 4-Byte Deep Auto-Incrementing Buffer • Programmable Wait States • Selectable Input Voltage Levels This data sheet summarizes the features of this group of PIC24F devices. It is not intended to be a comprehensive reference source. For more information, refer to the “PIC24F Family Reference Manual”, ”Section 13. Parallel Master Port (PMP)” (DS39713). The Parallel Master Port (PMP) module is a parallel 8-bit I/O module, specifically designed to communicate with a wide variety of parallel devices, such as communication peripherals, LCDs, external memory devices and microcontrollers. Because the interface to parallel peripherals varies significantly, the PMP is highly configurable. Note: A number of the pins for the PMP are not present on PIC24FJ64GA004 devices. Refer to the specific device’s pinout to determine which pins are available. FIGURE 18-1: PMP MODULE OVERVIEW Address Bus Data Bus Control Lines PMA<0> PMALL PIC24F Parallel Master Port PMA<1> PMALH (1) Up to 11-Bit Address PMA<10:2> EEPROM PMCS1 PMBE PMRD PMRD/PMWR Microcontroller LCD FIFO Buffer PMWR PMENB PMD<7:0> PMA<7:0> PMA<15:8> Note 1: 8-Bit Data PMA<10:2> are not available on 28-pin devices. 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS39881D-page 167 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY REGISTER 18-1: PMCON: PARALLEL PORT CONTROL REGISTER R/W-0 U-0 R/W-0 PMPEN — PSIDL R/W-0 R/W-0 ADRMUX1(1) ADRMUX0(1) R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 PTBEEN PTWREN PTRDEN bit 15 bit 8 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0(2) U-0 R/W-0(2) R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 CSF1 CSF0 ALP — CS1P BEP WRSP RDSP bit 7 bit 0 Legend: R = Readable bit W = Writable bit U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’ -n = Value at POR ‘1’ = Bit is set ‘0’ = Bit is cleared x = Bit is unknown bit 15 PMPEN: Parallel Master Port Enable bit 1 = PMP enabled 0 = PMP disabled, no off-chip access performed bit 14 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 13 PSIDL: Stop in Idle Mode bit 1 = Discontinue module operation when device enters Idle mode 0 = Continue module operation in Idle mode bit 12-11 ADRMUX1:ADRMUX0: Address/Data Multiplexing Selection bits(1) 11 = Reserved 10 = All 16 bits of address are multiplexed on PMD<7:0> pins 01 = Lower 8 bits of address are multiplexed on PMD<7:0> pins, upper 3 bits are multiplexed on PMA<10:8> 00 = Address and data appear on separate pins bit 10 PTBEEN: Byte Enable Port Enable bit (16-Bit Master mode) 1 = PMBE port enabled 0 = PMBE port disabled bit 9 PTWREN: Write Enable Strobe Port Enable bit 1 = PMWR/PMENB port enabled 0 = PMWR/PMENB port disabled bit 8 PTRDEN: Read/Write Strobe Port Enable bit 1 = PMRD/PMWR port enabled 0 = PMRD/PMWR port disabled bit 7-6 CSF1:CSF0: Chip Select Function bits 11 = Reserved 10 = PMCS1 functions as chip set 01 = Reserved 00 = Reserved bit 5 ALP: Address Latch Polarity bit(2) 1 = Active-high (PMALL and PMALH) 0 = Active-low (PMALL and PMALH) bit 4 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 3 CS1P: Chip Select 1 Polarity bit(2) 1 = Active-high (PMCS1/PMCS1) 0 = Active-low (PMCS1/PMCS1) Note 1: 2: PMA<10:2> are not available on 28-pin devices. These bits have no effect when their corresponding pins are used as address lines. DS39881D-page 168 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY REGISTER 18-1: PMCON: PARALLEL PORT CONTROL REGISTER (CONTINUED) bit 2 BEP: Byte Enable Polarity bit 1 = Byte enable active-high (PMBE) 0 = Byte enable active-low (PMBE) bit 1 WRSP: Write Strobe Polarity bit For Slave modes and Master Mode 2 (PMMODE<9:8> = 00,01,10): 1 = Write strobe active-high (PMWR) 0 = Write strobe active-low (PMWR) For Master Mode 1 (PMMODE<9:8> = 11): 1 = Enable strobe active-high (PMENB) 0 = Enable strobe active-low (PMENB) bit 0 RDSP: Read Strobe Polarity bit For Slave modes and Master Mode 2 (PMMODE<9:8> = 00,01,10): 1 = Read strobe active-high (PMRD) 0 = Read strobe active-low (PMRD) For Master Mode 1 (PMMODE<9:8> = 11): 1 = Read/write strobe active-high (PMRD/PMWR) 0 = Read/write strobe active-low (PMRD/PMWR) Note 1: 2: PMA<10:2> are not available on 28-pin devices. These bits have no effect when their corresponding pins are used as address lines. 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS39881D-page 169 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY REGISTER 18-2: PMMODE: Parallel Port Mode Register R-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 BUSY IRQM1 IRQM0 INCM1 INCM0 MODE16 MODE1 MODE0 bit 15 bit 8 R/W-0 WAITB1 R/W-0 (1) WAITB0 (1) R/W-0 WAITM3 R/W-0 WAITM2 R/W-0 WAITM1 R/W-0 R/W-0 WAITM0 WAITE1 (1) R/W-0 WAITE0(1) bit 7 bit 0 Legend: R = Readable bit W = Writable bit U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’ -n = Value at POR ‘1’ = Bit is set ‘0’ = Bit is cleared x = Bit is unknown bit 15 BUSY: Busy bit (Master mode only) 1 = Port is busy (not useful when the processor stall is active) 0 = Port is not busy bit 14-13 IRQM1:IRQM0: Interrupt Request Mode bits 11 = Interrupt generated when Read Buffer 3 is read or Write Buffer 3 is written (Buffered PSP mode) or on a read or write operation when PMA<1:0> = 11 (Addressable PSP mode only) 10 = No interrupt generated, processor stall activated 01 = Interrupt generated at the end of the read/write cycle 00 = No interrupt generated bit 12-11 INCM1:INCM0: Increment Mode bits 11 = PSP read and write buffers auto-increment (Legacy PSP mode only) 10 = Decrement ADDR<10:0> by 1 every read/write cycle 01 = Increment ADDR<10:0> by 1 every read/write cycle 00 = No increment or decrement of address bit 10 MODE16: 8/16-Bit Mode bit 1 = 16-bit mode: Data register is 16 bits, a read or write to the Data register invokes two 8-bit transfers 0 = 8-bit mode: Data register is 8 bits, a read or write to the Data register invokes one 8-bit transfer bit 9-8 MODE1:MODE0: Parallel Port Mode Select bits 11 = Master Mode 1 (PMCS1, PMRD/PMWR, PMENB, PMBE, PMA<x:0> and PMD<7:0>) 10 = Master Mode 2 (PMCS1, PMRD, PMWR, PMBE, PMA<x:0> and PMD<7:0>) 01 = Enhanced PSP, control signals (PMRD, PMWR, PMCS1, PMD<7:0> and PMA<1:0>) 00 = Legacy Parallel Slave Port, control signals (PMRD, PMWR, PMCS1 and PMD<7:0>) bit 7-6 WAITB1:WAITB0: Data Setup to Read/Write Wait State Configuration bits(1) 11 = Data wait of 4 TCY; multiplexed address phase of 4 TCY 10 = Data wait of 3 TCY; multiplexed address phase of 3 TCY 01 = Data wait of 2 TCY; multiplexed address phase of 2 TCY 00 = Data wait of 1 TCY; multiplexed address phase of 1 TCY bit 5-2 WAITM3:WAITM0: Read to Byte Enable Strobe Wait State Configuration bits 1111 = Wait of additional 15 TCY ... 0001 = Wait of additional 1 TCY 0000 = No additional wait cycles (operation forced into one TCY) bit 1-0 WAITE1:WAITE0: Data Hold After Strobe Wait State Configuration bits(1) 11 = Wait of 4 TCY 10 = Wait of 3 TCY 01 = Wait of 2 TCY 00 = Wait of 1 TCY Note 1: WAITB and WAITE bits are ignored whenever WAITM3:WAITM0 = 0000. DS39881D-page 170 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY REGISTER 18-3: PMADDR: PARALLEL PORT ADDRESS REGISTER U-0 R/W-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 — CS1 — — — R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 ADDR<10:8>(1) bit 15 bit 8 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 (1) ADDR<7:0> bit 7 bit 0 Legend: R = Readable bit W = Writable bit U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’ -n = Value at POR ‘1’ = Bit is set ‘0’ = Bit is cleared bit 15 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 14 CS1: Chip Select 1 bit 1 = Chip select 1 is active 0 = Chip select 1 is inactive bit 13-11 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 10-0 x = Bit is unknown ADDR10:ADDR0: Parallel Port Destination Address bits(1) PMA<10:2> are not available on 28-pin devices. Note 1: REGISTER 18-4: U-0 PMAEN: PARALLEL PORT ENABLE REGISTER R/W-0 — U-0 PTEN14 — U-0 U-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 — — R/W-0 PTEN10(1) PTEN9(1) PTEN8(1) bit 15 bit 8 R/W-0 R/W-0 (1) PTEN7 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 PTEN6(1) PTEN5(1) PTEN4(1) PTEN3(1) PTEN2(1) PTEN1 PTEN0 bit 7 bit 0 Legend: R = Readable bit W = Writable bit U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’ -n = Value at POR ‘1’ = Bit is set ‘0’ = Bit is cleared x = Bit is unknown bit 15 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 14 PTEN14: PMCS1 Strobe Enable bit 1 = PMCS1 functions as chip select 0 = PMCS1 pin functions as port I/O bit 13-11 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 10-2 PTEN10:PTEN2: PMP Address Port Enable bits(1) 1 = PMA<10:2> function as PMP address lines 0 = PMA<10:2> function as port I/O bit 1-0 PTEN1:PTEN0: PMALH/PMALL Strobe Enable bits 1 = PMA1 and PMA0 function as either PMA<1:0> or PMALH and PMALL 0 = PMA1 and PMA0 pads functions as port I/O Note 1: PMA<10:2> are not available on 28-pin devices. 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS39881D-page 171 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY REGISTER 18-5: PMSTAT: PARALLEL PORT STATUS REGISTER R-0 R/W-0, HS U-0 U-0 R-0 R-0 R-0 R-0 IBF IBOV — — IB3F IB2F IB1F IB0F bit 15 bit 8 R-1 R/W-0, HS U-0 U-0 R-1 R-1 R-1 R-1 OBE OBUF — — OB3E OB2E OB1E OB0E bit 7 bit 0 Legend: HS = Hardware Set bit R = Readable bit W = Writable bit U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’ -n = Value at POR ‘1’ = Bit is set ‘0’ = Bit is cleared x = Bit is unknown bit 15 IBF: Input Buffer Full Status bit 1 = All writable input buffer registers are full 0 = Some or all of the writable input buffer registers are empty bit 14 IBOV: Input Buffer Overflow Status bit 1 = A write attempt to a full input byte register occurred (must be cleared in software) 0 = No overflow occurred bit 13-12 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 11-8 IB3F:IB0F Input Buffer x Status Full bits 1 = Input buffer contains data that has not been read (reading buffer will clear this bit) 0 = Input buffer does not contain any unread data bit 7 OBE: Output Buffer Empty Status bit 1 = All readable output buffer registers are empty 0 = Some or all of the readable output buffer registers are full bit 6 OBUF: Output Buffer Underflow Status bits 1 = A read occurred from an empty output byte register (must be cleared in software) 0 = No underflow occurred bit 5-4 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 3-0 OB3E:OB0E Output Buffer x Status Empty bits 1 = Output buffer is empty (writing data to the buffer will clear this bit) 0 = Output buffer contains data that has not been transmitted DS39881D-page 172 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY REGISTER 18-6: PADCFG1: PAD CONFIGURATION CONTROL REGISTER U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 — — — — — — — — bit 15 bit 8 U-0 U-0 — U-0 — — U-0 — U-0 — U-0 — R/W-0 R/W-0 (1) RTSECSEL PMPTTL bit 7 bit 0 Legend: R = Readable bit W = Writable bit U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’ -n = Value at POR ‘1’ = Bit is set ‘0’ = Bit is cleared bit 15-2 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 1 RTSECSEL: RTCC Seconds Clock Output Select bit(1) 1 = RTCC seconds clock is selected for the RTCC pin 0 = RTCC alarm pulse is selected for the RTCC pin bit 0 x = Bit is unknown PMPTTL: PMP Module TTL Input Buffer Select bit 1 = PMP module uses TTL input buffers 0 = PMP module uses Schmitt Trigger input buffers Note 1: To enable the actual RTCC output, the RTCOE (RCFGCAL) bit needs to be set. 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS39881D-page 173 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY FIGURE 18-2: LEGACY PARALLEL SLAVE PORT EXAMPLE Master PIC24F Slave PMD<7:0> PMD<7:0> PMCS1 PMRD FIGURE 18-3: Data Bus Control Lines PMCS1 PMRD PMWR Address Bus PMWR ADDRESSABLE PARALLEL SLAVE PORT EXAMPLE Master PIC24F Slave PMA<1:0> PMA<1:0> PMD<7:0> PMD<7:0> Write Address Decode Read Address Decode PMDOUT1L (0) PMDIN1L (0) PMCS1 PMCS1 PMDOUT1H (1) PMDIN1H (1) PMRD PMRD PMDOUT2L (2) PMDIN2L (2) PMWR PMWR PMDOUT2H (3) PMDIN2H (3) Address Bus Data Bus Control Lines TABLE 18-1: SLAVE MODE ADDRESS RESOLUTION PMA<1:0> Output Register (Buffer) Input Register (Buffer) 00 PMDOUT1<7:0> (0) PMDIN1<7:0> (0) 01 PMDOUT1<15:8> (1) PMDIN1<15:8> (1) 10 PMDOUT2<7:0> (2) PMDIN2<7:0> (2) 11 PMDOUT2<15:8> (3) PMDIN2<15:8> (3) FIGURE 18-4: MASTER MODE, DEMULTIPLEXED ADDRESSING (SEPARATE READ AND WRITE STROBES, SINGLE CHIP SELECT) PIC24F PMA<10:0> PMD<7:0> PMCS1 PMRD Address Bus Data Bus PMWR DS39881D-page 174 Control Lines 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY FIGURE 18-5: MASTER MODE, PARTIALLY MULTIPLEXED ADDRESSING (SEPARATE READ AND WRITE STROBES, SINGLE CHIP SELECT) PIC24F PMA<10:8> PMD<7:0> PMA<7:0> PMCS1 Address Bus PMALL PMRD PMWR FIGURE 18-6: Multiplexed Data and Address Bus Control Lines MASTER MODE, FULLY MULTIPLEXED ADDRESSING (SEPARATE READ AND WRITE STROBES, SINGLE CHIP SELECT) PMD<7:0> PMA<7:0> PMA<15:8> PIC24F PMCS1 PMALL PMALH PMRD PMWR FIGURE 18-7: Multiplexed Data and Address Bus Control Lines EXAMPLE OF A MULTIPLEXED ADDRESSING APPLICATION PIC24F PMD<7:0> PMALL 373 A<7:0> D<7:0> 373 PMALH A<15:8> A<15:0> D<7:0> CE OE WR PMCS1 Address Bus PMRD PMWR FIGURE 18-8: Data Bus Control Lines EXAMPLE OF A PARTIALLY MULTIPLEXED ADDRESSING APPLICATION PIC24F PMD<7:0> 373 PMALL PMA<10:8> PMCS1 PMRD PMWR 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. A<7:0> D<7:0> A<10:8> A<10:0> D<7:0> CE OE WR Address Bus Data Bus Control Lines DS39881D-page 175 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY FIGURE 18-9: EXAMPLE OF AN 8-BIT MULTIPLEXED ADDRESS AND DATA APPLICATION PIC24F Parallel Peripheral PMD<7:0> PMALL AD<7:0> ALE PMCS1 CS Address Bus PMRD RD Data Bus PMWR WR Control Lines FIGURE 18-10: PARALLEL EEPROM EXAMPLE (UP TO 11-BIT ADDRESS, 8-BIT DATA) PIC24F PMA<n:0> Parallel EEPROM A<n:0> PMD<7:0> D<7:0> PMCS1 CE PMRD OE PMWR WR FIGURE 18-11: Address Bus Data Bus Control Lines PARALLEL EEPROM EXAMPLE (UP TO 11-BIT ADDRESS, 16-BIT DATA) PIC24F Parallel EEPROM PMA<n:0> A<n:1> PMD<7:0> D<7:0> PMBE A0 PMCS1 CE PMRD OE PMWR WR FIGURE 18-12: Address Bus Data Bus Control Lines LCD CONTROL EXAMPLE (BYTE MODE OPERATION) PIC24F PM<7:0> PMA0 PMRD/PMWR PMCS1 LCD Controller D<7:0> RS R/W E Address Bus Data Bus Control Lines DS39881D-page 176 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY 19.0 Note: REAL-TIME CLOCK AND CALENDAR (RTCC) This data sheet summarizes the features of this group of PIC24F devices. It is not intended to be a comprehensive reference source. For more information, refer to the “PIC24F Family Reference Manual”, ”Section 29. Real-Time Clock and Calendar (RTCC)” (DS39696). FIGURE 19-1: RTCC BLOCK DIAGRAM RTCC Clock Domain 32.768 kHz Input from SOSC Oscillator CPU Clock Domain RCFGCAL RTCC Prescalers ALCFGRPT YEAR 0.5s RTCC Timer Alarm Event MTHDY RTCVAL WKDYHR MINSEC Comparator ALMTHDY Compare Registers with Masks ALRMVAL ALWDHR ALMINSEC Repeat Counter RTCC Interrupt RTCC Interrupt Logic Alarm Pulse RTCC Pin RTCOE 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS39881D-page 177 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY 19.1 TABLE 19-2: RTCC Module Registers The RTCC module registers are organized into three categories: • RTCC Control Registers • RTCC Value Registers • Alarm Value Registers 19.1.1 Alarm Value Register Window ALRMVAL<15:8> ALRMVAL<7:0> ALRMMIN 00 ALRMSEC 01 To limit the register interface, the RTCC Timer and Alarm Time registers are accessed through corresponding register pointers. The RTCC Value register window (RTCVALH and RTCVALL) uses the RTCPTR bits (RCFGCAL<9:8>) to select the desired Timer register pair (see Table 19-1). By writing the RTCVALH byte, the RTCC Pointer value, RTCPTR<1:0> bits, decrement by one until they reach ‘00’. Once they reach ‘00’, the MINUTES and SECONDS value will be accessible through RTCVALH and RTCVALL until the pointer value is manually changed. RTCVAL REGISTER MAPPING RTCC Value Register Window RTCPTR <1:0> RTCVAL<15:8> RTCVAL<7:0> 00 MINUTES SECONDS 01 WEEKDAY HOURS 10 MONTH DAY 11 — YEAR The Alarm Value register window (ALRMVALH and ALRMVALL) uses the ALRMPTR bits (ALCFGRPT<9:8>) to select the desired Alarm register pair (see Table 19-2). ALRMWD ALRMHR 10 REGISTER MAPPING TABLE 19-1: ALRMPTR <1:0> ALRMVAL REGISTER MAPPING ALRMMNTH ALRMDAY 11 — — Considering that the 16-bit core does not distinguish between 8-bit and 16-bit read operations, the user must be aware that when reading either the ALRMVALH or ALRMVALL bytes will decrement the ALRMPTR<1:0> value. The same applies to the RTCVALH or RTCVALL bytes with the RTCPTR<1:0> being decremented. Note: 19.1.2 This only applies to read operations and not write operations. WRITE LOCK In order to perform a write to any of the RTCC Timer registers, the RTCWREN bit (RCFGCAL<13>) must be set (refer to Example 19-1). Note: To avoid accidental writes to the timer, it is recommended that the RTCWREN bit (RCFGCAL<13>) is kept clear at any other time. For the RTCWREN bit to be set, there is only 1 instruction cycle time window allowed between the 55h/AA sequence and the setting of RTCWREN; therefore, it is recommended that code follow the procedure in Example 19-1. By writing the ALRMVALH byte, the Alarm Pointer value, ALRMPTR<1:0> bits, decrement by one until they reach ‘00’. Once they reach ‘00’, the ALRMMIN and ALRMSEC value will be accessible through ALRMVALH and ALRMVALL until the pointer value is manually changed. EXAMPLE 19-1: asm asm asm asm asm asm asm asm asm asm SETTING THE RTCWREN BIT volatile("push w7"); volatile("push w8"); volatile("disi #5"); volatile("mov #0x55, w7"); volatile("mov w7, _NVMKEY"); volatile("mov #0xAA, w8"); volatile("mov w8, _NVMKEY"); volatile("bset _RCFGCAL, #13"); //set the RTCWREN bit volatile("pop w8"); volatile("pop w7"); DS39881D-page 178 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY 19.1.3 RTCC CONTROL REGISTERS REGISTER 19-1: R/W-0 RTCEN RCFGCAL: RTCC CALIBRATION AND CONFIGURATION REGISTER(1) U-0 (2) R/W-0 — RTCWREN R-0 RTCSYNC R-0 R/W-0 (3) HALFSEC R/W-0 R/W-0 RTCOE RTCPTR1 RTCPTR0 bit 15 bit 8 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 CAL7 CAL6 CAL5 CAL4 CAL3 CAL2 CAL1 CAL0 bit 7 bit 0 Legend: R = Readable bit W = Writable bit U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’ -n = Value at POR ‘1’ = Bit is set ‘0’ = Bit is cleared x = Bit is unknown bit 15 RTCEN: RTCC Enable bit(2) 1 = RTCC module is enabled 0 = RTCC module is disabled bit 14 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 13 RTCWREN: RTCC Value Registers Write Enable bit 1 = RTCVALH and RTCVALL registers can be written to by the user 0 = RTCVALH and RTCVALL registers are locked out from being written to by the user bit 12 RTCSYNC: RTCC Value Registers Read Synchronization bit 1 = RTCVALH, RTCVALL and ALCFGRPT registers can change while reading due to a rollover ripple resulting in an invalid data read. If the register is read twice and results in the same data, the data can be assumed to be valid. 0 = RTCVALH, RTCVALL or ALCFGRPT registers can be read without concern over a rollover ripple bit 11 HALFSEC: Half-Second Status bit(3) 1 = Second half period of a second 0 = First half period of a second bit 10 RTCOE: RTCC Output Enable bit 1 = RTCC output enabled 0 = RTCC output disabled bit 9-8 RTCPTR1:RTCPTR0: RTCC Value Register Window Pointer bits Points to the corresponding RTCC Value registers when reading the RTCVALH and RTCVALL registers; the RTCPTR<1:0> value decrements on every read or write of RTCVALH until it reaches ‘00’. RTCVAL<15:8>: 00 = MINUTES 01 = WEEKDAY 10 = MONTH 11 = Reserved RTCVAL<7:0>: 00 = SECONDS 01 = HOURS 10 = DAY 11 = YEAR Note 1: 2: 3: The RCFGCAL register is only affected by a POR. A write to the RTCEN bit is only allowed when RTCWREN = 1. This bit is read-only. It is cleared to ‘0’ on a write to the lower half of the MINSEC register. 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS39881D-page 179 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY REGISTER 19-1: bit 7-0 Note 1: 2: 3: RCFGCAL: RTCC CALIBRATION AND CONFIGURATION REGISTER(1) CAL7:CAL0: RTC Drift Calibration bits 01111111 = Maximum positive adjustment; adds 508 RTC clock pulses every one minute ... 01111111 = Minimum positive adjustment; adds 4 RTC clock pulses every one minute 00000000 = No adjustment 11111111 = Minimum negative adjustment; subtracts 4 RTC clock pulses every one minute ... 10000000 = Maximum negative adjustment; subtracts 512 RTC clock pulses every one minute The RCFGCAL register is only affected by a POR. A write to the RTCEN bit is only allowed when RTCWREN = 1. This bit is read-only. It is cleared to ‘0’ on a write to the lower half of the MINSEC register. REGISTER 19-2: PADCFG1: PAD CONFIGURATION CONTROL REGISTER U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 — — — — — — — — bit 15 bit 8 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 — — — — — — RTSECSEL(1) PMPTTL bit 7 bit 0 Legend: R = Readable bit W = Writable bit U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’ -n = Value at POR ‘1’ = Bit is set ‘0’ = Bit is cleared bit 15-2 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 1 RTSECSEL: RTCC Seconds Clock Output Select bit(1) 1 = RTCC seconds clock is selected for the RTCC pin 0 = RTCC alarm pulse is selected for the RTCC pin bit 0 x = Bit is unknown PMPTTL: PMP Module TTL Input Buffer Select bit 1 = PMP module uses TTL input buffers 0 = PMP module uses Schmitt Trigger input buffers Note 1: To enable the actual RTCC output, the RTCOE (RCFGCAL) bit needs to be set. DS39881D-page 180 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY REGISTER 19-3: ALCFGRPT: ALARM CONFIGURATION REGISTER R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 ALRMEN CHIME AMASK3 AMASK2 AMASK1 AMASK0 ALRMPTR1 ALRMPTR0 bit 15 bit 8 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 ARPT7 ARPT6 ARPT5 ARPT4 ARPT3 ARPT2 ARPT1 ARPT0 bit 7 bit 0 Legend: R = Readable bit W = Writable bit U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’ -n = Value at POR ‘1’ = Bit is set ‘0’ = Bit is cleared x = Bit is unknown bit 15 ALRMEN: Alarm Enable bit 1 = Alarm is enabled (cleared automatically after an alarm event whenever ARPT<7:0> = 00h and CHIME = 0) 0 = Alarm is disabled bit 14 CHIME: Chime Enable bit 1 = Chime is enabled; ARPT<7:0> bits are allowed to roll over from 00h to FFh 0 = Chime is disabled; ARPT<7:0> bits stop once they reach 00h bit 13-10 AMASK3:AMASK0: Alarm Mask Configuration bits 0000 = Every half second 0001 = Every second 0010 = Every 10 seconds 0011 = Every minute 0100 = Every 10 minutes 0101 = Every hour 0110 = Once a day 0111 = Once a week 1000 = Once a month 1001 = Once a year (except when configured for February 29th, once every 4 years) 101x = Reserved – do not use 11xx = Reserved – do not use bit 9-8 ALRMPTR1:ALRMPTR0: Alarm Value Register Window Pointer bits Points to the corresponding Alarm Value registers when reading ALRMVALH and ALRMVALL registers; the ALRMPTR<1:0> value decrements on every read or write of ALRMVALH until it reaches ‘00’. ALRMVAL<15:8>: 00 = ALRMMIN 01 = ALRMWD 10 = ALRMMNTH 11 = Unimplemented ALRMVAL<7:0>: 00 = ALRMSEC 01 = ALRMHR 10 = ALRMDAY 11 = Unimplemented bit 7-0 ARPT7:ARPT0: Alarm Repeat Counter Value bits 11111111 = Alarm will repeat 255 more times ... 00000000 = Alarm will not repeat The counter decrements on any alarm event. The counter is prevented from rolling over from 00h to FFh unless CHIME = 1. 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS39881D-page 181 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY 19.1.4 RTCVAL REGISTER MAPPINGS YEAR: YEAR VALUE REGISTER(1) REGISTER 19-4: U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 — — — — — — — — bit 15 bit 8 R/W-x R/W-x R/W-x R/W-x R/W-x R/W-x R/W-x R/W-x YRTEN3 YRTEN2 YRTEN1 YRTEN0 YRONE3 YRONE2 YRONE1 YRONE0 bit 7 bit 0 Legend: R = Readable bit W = Writable bit U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’ -n = Value at POR ‘1’ = Bit is set ‘0’ = Bit is cleared x = Bit is unknown bit 15-8 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 7-4 YRTEN3:YRTEN0: Binary Coded Decimal Value of Year’s Tens Digit; Contains a value from 0 to 9 bit 3-0 YRONE3:YRONE0: Binary Coded Decimal Value of Year’s Ones Digit; Contains a value from 0 to 9 Note 1: A write to the YEAR register is only allowed when RTCWREN = 1. REGISTER 19-5: MTHDY: MONTH AND DAY VALUE REGISTER(1) U-0 U-0 U-0 R-x R-x R-x R-x R-x — — — MTHTEN0 MTHONE3 MTHONE2 MTHONE1 MTHONE0 bit 15 bit 8 U-0 U-0 R/W-x R/W-x R/W-x R/W-x R/W-x R/W-x — — DAYTEN1 DAYTEN0 DAYONE3 DAYONE2 DAYONE1 DAYONE0 bit 7 bit 0 Legend: R = Readable bit W = Writable bit U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’ -n = Value at POR ‘1’ = Bit is set ‘0’ = Bit is cleared x = Bit is unknown bit 15-13 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 12 MTHTEN0: Binary Coded Decimal Value of Month’s Tens Digit; Contains a value of ‘0’ or ‘1’ bit 11-8 MTHONE3:MTHONE0: Binary Coded Decimal Value of Month’s Ones Digit; Contains a value from 0 to 9 bit 7-6 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 5-4 DAYTEN1:DAYTEN0: Binary Coded Decimal Value of Day’s Tens Digit; Contains a value from 0 to 3 bit 3-0 DAYONE3:DAYONE0: Binary Coded Decimal Value of Day’s Ones Digit; Contains a value from 0 to 9 Note 1: A write to this register is only allowed when RTCWREN = 1. DS39881D-page 182 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY WKDYHR: WEEKDAY AND HOURS VALUE REGISTER(1) REGISTER 19-6: U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 R/W-x R/W-x R/W-x — — — — — WDAY2 WDAY1 WDAY0 bit 15 bit 8 U-0 U-0 R/W-x R/W-x R/W-x R/W-x R/W-x R/W-x — — HRTEN1 HRTEN0 HRONE3 HRONE2 HRONE1 HRONE0 bit 7 bit 0 Legend: R = Readable bit W = Writable bit U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’ -n = Value at POR ‘1’ = Bit is set ‘0’ = Bit is cleared x = Bit is unknown bit 15-11 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 10-8 WDAY2:WDAY0: Binary Coded Decimal Value of Weekday Digit; Contains a value from 0 to 6 bit 7-6 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 5-4 HRTEN1:HRTEN0: Binary Coded Decimal Value of Hour’s Tens Digit; Contains a value from 0 to 2 bit 3-0 HRONE3:HRONE0: Binary Coded Decimal Value of Hour’s Ones Digit; Contains a value from 0 to 9 Note 1: A write to this register is only allowed when RTCWREN = 1. REGISTER 19-7: MINSEC: MINUTES AND SECONDS VALUE REGISTER U-0 R/W-x R/W-x R/W-x R/W-x R/W-x R/W-x R/W-x — MINTEN2 MINTEN1 MINTEN0 MINONE3 MINONE2 MINONE1 MINONE0 bit 15 bit 8 U-0 R/W-x R/W-x R/W-x R/W-x R/W-x R/W-x R/W-x — SECTEN2 SECTEN1 SECTEN0 SECONE3 SECONE2 SECONE1 SECONE0 bit 7 bit 0 Legend: R = Readable bit W = Writable bit U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’ -n = Value at POR ‘1’ = Bit is set ‘0’ = Bit is cleared x = Bit is unknown bit 15 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 14-12 MINTEN2:MINTEN0: Binary Coded Decimal Value of Minute’s Tens Digit; Contains a value from 0 to 5 bit 11-8 MINONE3:MINONE0: Binary Coded Decimal Value of Minute’s Ones Digit; Contains a value from 0 to 9 bit 7 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 6-4 SECTEN2:SECTEN0: Binary Coded Decimal Value of Second’s Tens Digit; Contains a value from 0 to 5 bit 3-0 SECONE3:SECONE0: Binary Coded Decimal Value of Second’s Ones Digit; Contains a value from 0 to 9 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS39881D-page 183 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY 19.1.5 ALRMVAL REGISTER MAPPINGS REGISTER 19-8: ALMTHDY: ALARM MONTH AND DAY VALUE REGISTER(1) U-0 U-0 U-0 R/W-x R/W-x R/W-x R/W-x R/W-x — — — MTHTEN0 MTHONE3 MTHONE2 MTHONE1 MTHONE0 bit 15 bit 8 U-0 U-0 R/W-x R/W-x R/W-x R/W-x R/W-x R/W-x — — DAYTEN1 DAYTEN0 DAYONE3 DAYONE2 DAYONE1 DAYONE0 bit 7 bit 0 Legend: R = Readable bit W = Writable bit U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’ -n = Value at POR ‘1’ = Bit is set ‘0’ = Bit is cleared x = Bit is unknown bit 15-13 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 12 MTHTEN0: Binary Coded Decimal Value of Month’s Tens Digit; Contains a value of ‘0’ or ‘1’ bit 11-8 MTHONE3:MTHONE0: Binary Coded Decimal Value of Month’s Ones Digit; Contains a value from 0 to 9 bit 7-6 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 5-4 DAYTEN1:DAYTEN0: Binary Coded Decimal Value of Day’s Tens Digit; Contains a value from 0 to 3 bit 3-0 DAYONE3:DAYONE0: Binary Coded Decimal Value of Day’s Ones Digit; Contains a value from 0 to 9 Note 1: A write to this register is only allowed when RTCWREN = 1. REGISTER 19-9: ALWDHR: ALARM WEEKDAY AND HOURS VALUE REGISTER(1) U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 R/W-x R/W-x R/W-x — — — — — WDAY2 WDAY1 WDAY0 bit 15 bit 8 U-0 U-0 R/W-x R/W-x R/W-x R/W-x R/W-x R/W-x — — HRTEN1 HRTEN0 HRONE3 HRONE2 HRONE1 HRONE0 bit 7 bit 0 Legend: R = Readable bit W = Writable bit U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’ -n = Value at POR ‘1’ = Bit is set ‘0’ = Bit is cleared x = Bit is unknown bit 15-11 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 10-8 WDAY2:WDAY0: Binary Coded Decimal Value of Weekday Digit; Contains a value from 0 to 6 bit 7-6 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 5-4 HRTEN1:HRTEN0: Binary Coded Decimal Value of Hour’s Tens Digit; Contains a value from 0 to 2 bit 3-0 HRONE3:HRONE0: Binary Coded Decimal Value of Hour’s Ones Digit; Contains a value from 0 to 9 Note 1: A write to this register is only allowed when RTCWREN = 1. DS39881D-page 184 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY REGISTER 19-10: ALMINSEC: ALARM MINUTES AND SECONDS VALUE REGISTER U-0 R/W-x R/W-x R/W-x R/W-x R/W-x R/W-x R/W-x — MINTEN2 MINTEN1 MINTEN0 MINONE3 MINONE2 MINONE1 MINONE0 bit 15 bit 8 U-0 R/W-x R/W-x R/W-x R/W-x R/W-x R/W-x R/W-x — SECTEN2 SECTEN1 SECTEN0 SECONE3 SECONE2 SECONE1 SECONE0 bit 7 bit 0 Legend: R = Readable bit W = Writable bit U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’ -n = Value at POR ‘1’ = Bit is set ‘0’ = Bit is cleared x = Bit is unknown bit 15 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 14-12 MINTEN2:MINTEN0: Binary Coded Decimal Value of Minute’s Tens Digit; Contains a value from 0 to 5 bit 11-8 MINONE3:MINONE0: Binary Coded Decimal Value of Minute’s Ones Digit; Contains a value from 0 to 9 bit 7 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 6-4 SECTEN2:SECTEN0: Binary Coded Decimal Value of Second’s Tens Digit; Contains a value from 0 to 5 bit 3-0 SECONE3:SECONE0: Binary Coded Decimal Value of Second’s Ones Digit; Contains a value from 0 to 9 19.2 Calibration The real-time crystal input can be calibrated using the periodic auto-adjust feature. When properly calibrated, the RTCC can provide an error of less than 3 seconds per month. This is accomplished by finding the number of error clock pulses and storing the value into the lower half of the RCFGCAL register. The 8-bit signed value loaded into the lower half of RCFGCAL is multiplied by four and will be either added or subtracted from the RTCC timer, once every minute. Refer to the steps below for RTCC calibration: 1. 2. Using another timer resource on the device, the user must find the error of the 32.768 kHz crystal. Once the error is known, it must be converted to the number of error clock pulses per minute. EQUATION 19-1: (Ideal Frequency† – Measured Frequency) * 60 = Clocks per Minute † Ideal frequency = 32,768 Hz 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. 3. a) If the oscillator is faster then ideal (negative result form step 2), the RCFGCAL register value needs to be negative. This causes the specified number of clock pulses to be subtracted from the timer counter once every minute. b) If the oscillator is slower then ideal (positive result from step 2) the RCFGCAL register value needs to be positive. This causes the specified number of clock pulses to be subtracted from the timer counter once every minute. 4. Divide the number of error clocks per minute by 4 to get the correct CAL value and load the RCFGCAL register with the correct value. (Each 1-bit increment in CAL adds or subtracts 4 pulses). Writes to the lower half of the RCFGCAL register should only occur when the timer is turned off, or immediately after the rising edge of the seconds pulse. Note: It is up to the user to include in the error value the initial error of the crystal, drift due to temperature and drift due to crystal aging. DS39881D-page 185 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY 19.3 After each alarm is issued, the value of the ARPT bits is decremented by one. Once the value has reached 00h, the alarm will be issued one last time, after which the ALRMEN bit will be cleared automatically and the alarm will turn off. Alarm • Configurable from half second to one year • Enabled using the ALRMEN bit (ALCFGRPT<15>, Register 19-3) • One-time alarm and repeat alarm options available 19.3.1 Indefinite repetition of the alarm can occur if the CHIME bit = 1. Instead of the alarm being disabled when the value of the ARPT bits reaches 00h, it rolls over to FFh and continues counting indefinitely while CHIME is set. CONFIGURING THE ALARM The alarm feature is enabled using the ALRMEN bit. This bit is cleared when an alarm is issued. Writes to ALRMVAL should only take place when ALRMEN = 0. 19.3.2 At every alarm event, an interrupt is generated. In addition, an alarm pulse output is provided that operates at half the frequency of the alarm. This output is completely synchronous to the RTCC clock and can be used as a trigger clock to other peripherals. As shown in Figure 19-2, the interval selection of the alarm is configured through the AMASK bits (ALCFGRPT<13:10>). These bits determine which and how many digits of the alarm must match the clock value for the alarm to occur. Note: The alarm can also be configured to repeat based on a preconfigured interval. The amount of times this occurs once the alarm is enabled is stored in the ARPT bits, ARPT7:ARPT0 (ALCFGRPT<7:0>). When the value of the ARPT bits equals 00h and the CHIME bit (ALCFGRPT<14>) is cleared, the repeat function is disabled and only a single alarm will occur. The alarm can be repeated up to 255 times by loading ARPT7:ARPT0 with FFh. FIGURE 19-2: ALARM INTERRUPT Changing any of the registers, other then the RCFGCAL and ALCFGRPT registers and the CHIME bit while the alarm is enabled (ALRMEN = 1), can result in a false alarm event leading to a false alarm interrupt. To avoid a false alarm event, the timer and alarm values should only be changed while the alarm is disabled (ALRMEN = 0). It is recommended that the ALCFGRPT register and CHIME bit be changed when RTCSYNC = 0. ALARM MASK SETTINGS Alarm Mask Setting (AMASK3:AMASK0) Day of the Week Month Day Hours Minutes Seconds 0000 – Every half second 0001 – Every second 0010 – Every 10 seconds s 0011 – Every minute s s m s s m m s s 0100 – Every 10 minutes 0101 – Every hour 0110 – Every day 0111 – Every week h 1000 – Every month 1001 – Every year(1) Note 1: DS39881D-page 186 m m s s h d h h m m s s d m m d h h m m s s d d h h m m s s Annually, except when configured for February 29. 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY 20.0 Consider the CRC equation: PROGRAMMABLE CYCLIC REDUNDANCY CHECK (CRC) GENERATOR Note: x16 + x12 + x5 + 1 To program this polynomial into the CRC generator, the CRC register bits should be set as shown in Table 20-1. This data sheet summarizes the features of this group of PIC24F devices. It is not intended to be a comprehensive reference source. For more information, refer to the “PIC24F Family Reference Manual”, ”Section 30. Programmable Cyclic Redundancy Check (CRC)” (DS39714). TABLE 20-1: Bit Name Bit Value PLEN3:PLEN0 1111 X<15:1> The programmable CRC generator offers the following features: 000100000010000 Note that for the value of X<15:1>, the 12th bit and the 5th bit are set to ‘1’, as required by the equation. The 0 bit required by the equation is always XORed. For a 16-bit polynomial, the 16th bit is also always assumed to be XORed; therefore, the X<15:1> bits do not have the 0 bit or the 16th bit. • User-programmable polynomial CRC equation • Interrupt output • Data FIFO The module implements a software configurable CRC generator. The terms of the polynomial and its length can be programmed using the CRCXOR (X<15:1>) bits and the CRCCON (PLEN3:PLEN0) bits, respectively. FIGURE 20-1: EXAMPLE CRC SETUP The topology of a standard CRC generator is shown in Figure 20-2. CRC SHIFTER DETAILS PLEN<3:0> 0 1 2 15 CRC Shift Register Hold XOR DOUT OUT IN BIT 0 p_clk X1 0 1 Hold OUT IN BIT 1 p_clk X2 0 1 Hold OUT IN BIT 2 X3 X15 0 0 1 1 p_clk Hold OUT IN BIT 15 p_clk CRC Read Bus CRC Write Bus 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS39881D-page 187 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY CRC GENERATOR RECONFIGURED FOR x16 + x12 + x5 + 1 FIGURE 20-2: XOR D Q D Q D Q D Q D Q SDOx BIT 0 BIT 4 BIT 5 BIT 12 BIT 15 p_clk p_clk p_clk p_clk p_clk CRC Read Bus CRC Write Bus 20.1 20.1.1 User Interface DATA INTERFACE To start serial shifting, a ‘1’ must be written to the CRCGO bit. The module incorporates a FIFO that is 8 deep when PLEN (PLEN<3:0>) > 7, and 16 deep, otherwise. The data for which the CRC is to be calculated must first be written into the FIFO. The smallest data element that can be written into the FIFO is one byte. For example, if PLEN = 5, then the size of the data is PLEN + 1 = 6. The data must be written as follows: data[5:0] = crc_input[5:0] data[7:6] = ‘bxx Once data is written into the CRCWDAT MSb (as defined by PLEN), the value of the VWORD bits (CRCCON<12:8>) increments by one. The serial shifter starts shifting data into the CRC engine when CRCGO = 1 and VWORD > 0. When the MSb is shifted out, VWORD decrements by one. The serial shifter continues shifting until the VWORD reaches 0. Therefore, for a given value of PLEN, it will take (PLEN + 1) * VWORD number of clock cycles to complete the CRC calculations. When VWORD reaches 8 (or 16), the CRCFUL bit will be set. When VWORD reaches 0, the CRCMPT bit will be set. To continually feed data into the CRC engine, the recommended mode of operation is to initially “prime” the FIFO with a sufficient number of words so no interrupt is generated before the next word can be written. Once that is done, start the CRC by setting the CRCGO bit to ‘1’. From that point onward, the VWORD bits should be polled. If they read less than 8 or 16, another word can be written into the FIFO. DS39881D-page 188 To empty words already written into a FIFO, the CRCGO bit must be set to ‘1’ and the CRC shifter allowed to run until the CRCMPT bit is set. Also, to get the correct CRC reading, it will be necessary to wait for the CRCMPT bit to go high before reading the CRCWDAT register. If a word is written when the CRCFUL bit is set, the VWORD Pointer will roll over to 0. The hardware will then behave as if the FIFO is empty. However, the condition to generate an interrupt will not be met; therefore, no interrupt will be generated (See Section 20.1.2 “Interrupt Operation”). At least one instruction cycle must pass after a write to CRCWDAT before a read of the VWORD bits is done. 20.1.2 INTERRUPT OPERATION When the VWORD4:VWORD0 bits make a transition from a value of ‘1’ to ‘0’, an interrupt will be generated. 20.2 20.2.1 Operation in Power Save Modes SLEEP MODE If Sleep mode is entered while the module is operating, the module will be suspended in its current state until clock execution resumes. 20.2.2 IDLE MODE To continue full module operation in Idle mode, the CSIDL bit must be cleared prior to entry into the mode. If CSIDL = 1, the module will behave the same way as it does in Sleep mode; pending interrupt events will be passed on, even though the module clocks are not available. 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY 20.3 Registers There are four registers used to control programmable CRC operation: • • • • CRCCON CRCXOR CRCDAT CRCWDAT REGISTER 20-1: CRCCON: CRC CONTROL REGISTER U-0 U-0 R/W-0 R-0 R-0 R-0 R-0 R-0 — — CSIDL VWORD4 VWORD3 VWORD2 VWORD1 VWORD0 bit 15 bit 8 R-0 R-1 U-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 CRCFUL CRCMPT — CRCGO PLEN3 PLEN2 PLEN1 PLEN0 bit 7 bit 0 Legend: R = Readable bit W = Writable bit U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’ -n = Value at POR ‘1’ = Bit is set ‘0’ = Bit is cleared x = Bit is unknown bit 15-14 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 13 CSIDL: CRC Stop in Idle Mode bit 1 = Discontinue module operation when device enters Idle mode 0 = Continue module operation in Idle mode bit 12-8 VWORD4:VWORD0: Pointer Value bits Indicates the number of valid words in the FIFO. Has a maximum value of 8 when PLEN3:PLEN0 > 7, or 16 when PLEN3:PLEN0 7. bit 7 CRCFUL: FIFO Full bit 1 = FIFO is full 0 = FIFO is not full bit 6 CRCMPT: FIFO Empty Bit 1 = FIFO is empty 0 = FIFO is not empty bit 5 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 4 CRCGO: Start CRC bit 1 = Start CRC serial shifter 0 = CRC serial shifter turned off bit 3-0 PLEN3:PLEN0: Polynomial Length bits Denotes the length of the polynomial to be generated minus 1. 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS39881D-page 189 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY REGISTER 20-2: CRCXOR: CRC XOR POLYNOMIAL REGISTER R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 X15 X14 X13 X12 X11 X10 X9 X8 bit 15 bit 8 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 U-0 X7 X6 X5 X4 X3 X2 X1 — bit 7 bit 0 Legend: R = Readable bit W = Writable bit U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’ -n = Value at POR ‘1’ = Bit is set ‘0’ = Bit is cleared bit 15-1 X15:X1: XOR of Polynomial Term Xn Enable bits bit 0 x = Bit is unknown Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ DS39881D-page 190 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY 21.0 Note: 10-BIT HIGH-SPEED A/D CONVERTER This data sheet summarizes the features of this group of PIC24F devices. It is not intended to be a comprehensive reference source. For more information, refer to the “PIC24F Family Reference Manual”, ”Section 17. 10-Bit A/D Converter” (DS39705). A block diagram of the A/D Converter is shown in Figure 21-1. To perform an A/D conversion: 1. The 10-bit A/D Converter has the following key features: • • • • • • • • • • Successive Approximation (SAR) conversion Conversion speeds of up to 500 ksps Up to 13 analog input pins External voltage reference input pins Automatic Channel Scan mode Selectable conversion trigger source 16-word conversion result buffer Selectable Buffer Fill modes Four result alignment options Operation during CPU Sleep and Idle modes 2. Configure the A/D module: a) Select port pins as analog inputs (AD1PCFG<15:0>). b) Select voltage reference source to match expected range on analog inputs (AD1CON2<15:13>). c) Select the analog conversion clock to match desired data rate with processor clock (AD1CON3<7:0>). d) Select the appropriate sample/conversion sequence (AD1CON1<7:5> and AD1CON3<12:8>). e) Select how conversion results are presented in the buffer (AD1CON1<9:8>). f) Select interrupt rate (AD1CON2<5:2>). g) Turn on A/D module (AD1CON1<15>). Configure A/D interrupt (if required): a) Clear the AD1IF bit. b) Select A/D interrupt priority. Depending on the particular device pinout, the 10-bit A/D Converter can have up to three analog input pins, designated AN0 through AN12. In addition, there are two analog input pins for external voltage reference connections. These voltage reference inputs may be shared with other analog input pins. The actual number of analog input pins and external voltage reference input configuration will depend on the specific device. 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS39881D-page 191 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY FIGURE 21-1: 10-BIT HIGH-SPEED A/D CONVERTER BLOCK DIAGRAM Internal Data Bus VR Select AVDD AVSS VREF+ 16 VR+ VR- Comparator VREF- VINH VINL AN0 VRS/H VINH AN1 AN3 AN4 DAC 10-Bit SAR MUX A AN2 VR+ Conversion Logic Data Formatting VINL ADC1BUF0: ADC1BUFF AN5 AN6(1) AD1CON1 AD1CON2 AN7(1) MUX B AN8(1) AN9 AD1CON3 AD1CHS AD1PCFG AD1CSSL VINH VINL AN10 AN11 Sample Control AN12 Control Logic Conversion Control Input MUX Control Pin Config. Control VBG(2) Note 1: 2: Analog channels AN6 through AN8 are available on 44-pin devices only. Band gap voltage reference (VBG) is internally connected to analog channel AN15, which does not appear on any pin. DS39881D-page 192 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY REGISTER 21-1: AD1CON1: A/D CONTROL REGISTER 1 R/W-0 U-0 R/C-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 ADON — ADSIDL — — — FORM1 FORM0 bit 15 bit 8 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 U-0 U-0 R/W-0 R/W-0, HCS R/W-0, HCS SSRC2 SSRC1 SSRC0 — — ASAM SAMP DONE bit 7 bit 0 Legend: C = Clearable bit HCS = Hardware Clearable/Settable bit R = Readable bit W = Writable bit U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’ -n = Value at POR ‘1’ = Bit is set ‘0’ = Bit is cleared x = Bit is unknown bit 15 ADON: A/D Operating Mode bit 1 = A/D Converter module is operating 0 = A/D Converter is off bit 14 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 13 ADSIDL: Stop in Idle Mode bit 1 = Discontinue module operation when device enters Idle mode 0 = Continue module operation in Idle mode bit 12-10 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 9-8 FORM1:FORM0: Data Output Format bits 11 = Signed fractional (sddd dddd dd00 0000) 10 = Fractional (dddd dddd dd00 0000) 01 = Signed integer (ssss sssd dddd dddd) 00 = Integer (0000 00dd dddd dddd) bit 7-5 SSRC2:SSRC0: Conversion Trigger Source Select bits 111 = Internal counter ends sampling and starts conversion (auto-convert) 110 = Reserved 10x = Reserved 011 = Reserved 010 = Timer3 compare ends sampling and starts conversion 001 = Active transition on INT0 pin ends sampling and starts conversion 000 = Clearing SAMP bit ends sampling and starts conversion bit 4-3 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 2 ASAM: A/D Sample Auto-Start bit 1 = Sampling begins immediately after last conversion completes. SAMP bit is auto-set. 0 = Sampling begins when SAMP bit is set bit 1 SAMP: A/D Sample Enable bit 1 = A/D sample/hold amplifier is sampling input 0 = A/D sample/hold amplifier is holding bit 0 DONE: A/D Conversion Status bit 1 = A/D conversion is done 0 = A/D conversion is NOT done 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS39881D-page 193 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY REGISTER 21-2: AD1CON2: A/D CONTROL REGISTER 2 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 U-0 R/W-0 U-0 U-0 VCFG2 VCFG1 VCFG0 — — CSCNA — — bit 15 bit 8 R-0 U-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 BUFS — SMPI3 SMPI2 SMPI1 SMPI0 BUFM ALTS bit 7 bit 0 Legend: R = Readable bit W = Writable bit U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’ -n = Value at POR ‘1’ = Bit is set ‘0’ = Bit is cleared bit 15-13 x = Bit is unknown VCFG2:VCFG0: Voltage Reference Configuration bits VCFG2:VCFG0 VR+ VR- 000 AVDD* AVSS* 001 External VREF+ pin AVSS* 010 External VREF- pin External VREF+ pin External VREF- pin 1xx * AVDD* 011 AVDD* AVSS* AVDD and AVSS inputs are tied to VDD and VSS on 28-pin devices. bit 12-11 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 10 CSCNA: Scan Input Selections for CH0+ S/H Input for MUX A Input Multiplexer Setting bit 1 = Scan inputs 0 = Do not scan inputs bit 9-8 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 7 BUFS: Buffer Fill Status bit (valid only when BUFM = 1) 1 = A/D is currently filling buffer 08-0F, user should access data in 00-07 0 = A/D is currently filling buffer 00-07, user should access data in 08-0F bit 6 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 5-2 SMPI3:SMPI0: Sample/Convert Sequences Per Interrupt Selection bits 1111 = Interrupts at the completion of conversion for each 16th sample/convert sequence 1110 = Interrupts at the completion of conversion for each 15th sample/convert sequence ..... 0001 = Interrupts at the completion of conversion for each 2nd sample/convert sequence 0000 = Interrupts at the completion of conversion for each sample/convert sequence bit 1 BUFM: Buffer Mode Select bit 1 = Buffer configured as two 8-word buffers (ADC1BUFn<15:8> and ADC1BUFn<7:0>) 0 = Buffer configured as one 16-word buffer (ADC1BUFn<15:0>) bit 0 ALTS: Alternate Input Sample Mode Select bit 1 = Uses MUX A input multiplexer settings for first sample, then alternates between MUX B and MUX A input multiplexer settings for all subsequent samples 0 = Always uses MUX A input multiplexer settings DS39881D-page 194 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY REGISTER 21-3: AD1CON3: A/D CONTROL REGISTER 3 R/W-0 U-0 U-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 ADRC — — SAMC4 SAMC3 SAMC2 SAMC1 SAMC0 bit 15 bit 8 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 ADCS7 ADCS6 ADCS5 ADCS4 ADCS3 ADCS2 ADCS1 ADCS0 bit 7 bit 0 Legend: R = Readable bit W = Writable bit U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’ -n = Value at POR ‘1’ = Bit is set ‘0’ = Bit is cleared bit 15 ADRC: A/D Conversion Clock Source bit 1 = A/D internal RC clock 0 = Clock derived from system clock bit 14-13 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 12-8 SAMC4:SAMC0: Auto-Sample Time bits 11111 = 31 TAD ····· 00001 = 1 TAD 00000 = 0 TAD (not recommended) bit 7-0 x = Bit is unknown ADCS7:ADCS0: A/D Conversion Clock Select bits 11111111 ······ = Reserved 01000000 00111111 = 64 • TCY ······ 00000001 = 2 • TCY 00000000 = TCY 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS39881D-page 195 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY REGISTER 21-4: AD1CHS: A/D INPUT SELECT REGISTER R/W-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 CH0NB — — — R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 CH0SB3(1,2) CH0SB2(1,2) CH0SB1(1,2) CH0SB0(1,2) bit 15 bit 8 R/W-0 U-0 CH0NA — U-0 — U-0 — R/W-0 CH0SA3 (1,2) R/W-0 R/W-0 (1,2) CH0SA2 CH0SA1 (1,2) R/W-0 CH0SA0(1,2) bit 7 bit 0 Legend: R = Readable bit W = Writable bit U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’ -n = Value at POR ‘1’ = Bit is set ‘0’ = Bit is cleared x = Bit is unknown bit 15 CH0NB: Channel 0 Negative Input Select for MUX B Multiplexer Setting bit 1 = Channel 0 negative input is AN1 0 = Channel 0 negative input is VR- bit 14-12 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 11-8 CH0SB3:CH0SB0: Channel 0 Positive Input Select for MUX B Multiplexer Setting bits(1,2) 1111 = Channel 0 positive input is AN15 (band gap voltage reference) 1100 = Channel 0 positive input is AN12 1011 = Channel 0 positive input is AN11 ····· 0001 = Channel 0 positive input is AN1 0000 = Channel 0 positive input is AN0 bit 7 CH0NA: Channel 0 Negative Input Select for MUX A Multiplexer Setting bit 1 = Channel 0 negative input is AN1 0 = Channel 0 negative input is VR- bit 6-4 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 3-0 CH0SA3:CH0SA0: Channel 0 Positive Input Select for MUX A Multiplexer Setting bits(1,2) 1111 = Channel 0 positive input is AN15 (band gap voltage reference) 1100 = Channel 0 positive input is AN12 1011 = Channel 0 positive input is AN11 ····· 0001 = Channel 0 positive input is AN1 0000 = Channel 0 positive input is AN0 Note 1: 2: Combinations ‘1101’ and ‘1110’ are unimplemented; do not use. Analog channels AN6, AN7 and AN8 are unavailable on 28-pin devices; do not use. DS39881D-page 196 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY REGISTER 21-5: AD1PCFG: A/D PORT CONFIGURATION REGISTER R/W-0 U-0 U-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 PCFG15 — — PCFG12 PCFG11 PCFG10 PCFG9 PCFG8(1) bit 15 bit 8 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 PCFG7(1) PCFG6(1) PCFG5 PCFG4 PCFG3 PCFG2 PCFG1 PCFG0 bit 7 bit 0 Legend: R = Readable bit W = Writable bit U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’ -n = Value at POR ‘1’ = Bit is set ‘0’ = Bit is cleared x = Bit is unknown bit 15 PCFG15: Analog Input Pin Configuration Control bits 1 = Band gap voltage reference is disabled 0 = Band gap voltage reference enabled bit 14-13 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 12-0 PCFG12:PCFG0: Analog Input Pin Configuration Control bits(1) 1 = Pin for corresponding analog channel is configured in Digital mode; I/O port read enabled 0 = Pin configured in Analog mode; I/O port read disabled, A/D samples pin voltage Note 1: Analog channels AN6, AN7 and AN8 are unavailable on 28-pin devices; leave these corresponding bits set. REGISTER 21-6: AD1CSSL: A/D INPUT SCAN SELECT REGISTER R/W-0 U-0 U-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 CSSL15 — — CSSL12 CSSL11 CSSL10 CSSL9 CSSL8(1) bit 15 bit 8 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 CSSL7(1) CSSL6(1) CSSL5 CSSL4 CSSL3 CSSL2 CSSL1 CSSL0 bit 7 bit 0 Legend: R = Readable bit W = Writable bit U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’ -n = Value at POR ‘1’ = Bit is set ‘0’ = Bit is cleared bit 15 CSSL15: Band Gap Reference Input Pin Scan Selection bits 1 = Band gap voltage reference channel selected for input scan 0 = Band gap voltage reference channel omitted from input scan bit 14-13 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 12-0 x = Bit is unknown CSSL12:CSSL0: A/D Input Pin Scan Selection bits(1) 1 = Corresponding analog channel selected for input scan 0 = Analog channel omitted from input scan Note 1: Analog channels AN6, AN7 and AN8 are unavailable on 28-pin devices; leave these corresponding bits cleared. 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS39881D-page 197 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY A/D CONVERSION CLOCK PERIOD(1) EQUATION 21-1: TAD = TCY • (ADCS +1) ADCS = Note 1: FIGURE 21-2: TAD –1 TCY Based on TCY = 2 * TOSC; Doze mode and PLL are disabled. 10-BIT A/D CONVERTER ANALOG INPUT MODEL VDD Rs VA RIC 250 VT = 0.6V ANx CPIN 6-11 pF (Typical) VT = 0.6V Sampling Switch RSS 5 k(Typical) RSS ILEAKAGE 500 nA CHOLD = DAC capacitance = 4.4 pF (Typical) VSS Legend: CPIN = Input Capacitance = Threshold Voltage VT ILEAKAGE = Leakage Current at the pin due to various junctions = Interconnect Resistance RIC = Sampling Switch Resistance RSS = Sample/Hold Capacitance (from DAC) CHOLD Note: CPIN value depends on device package and is not tested. Effect of CPIN negligible if Rs 5 k. DS39881D-page 198 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY FIGURE 21-3: A/D TRANSFER FUNCTION Output Code (Binary (Decimal)) 11 1111 1111 (1023) 11 1111 1110 (1022) 10 0000 0011 (515) 10 0000 0010 (514) 10 0000 0001 (513) 10 0000 0000 (512) 01 1111 1111 (511) 01 1111 1110 (510) 01 1111 1101 (509) 00 0000 0001 (1) 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. (VINH – VINL) VR+ 1024 1023*(VR+ – VR-) VR- + 1024 VR- + 512*(VR+ – VR-) 1024 VR- + Voltage Level VR+ – VR- 0 VR- 00 0000 0000 (0) DS39881D-page 199 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY NOTES: DS39881D-page 200 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY 22.0 COMPARATOR MODULE Note: This data sheet summarizes the features of this group of PIC24F devices. It is not intended to be a comprehensive reference source. For more information, refer to the “PIC24F Family Reference Manual”, ”Section 16. Output Compare” (DS39706). FIGURE 22-1: COMPARATOR I/O OPERATING MODES C1NEG C1IN+ C1IN- C1EN VINC1OUT(1) C1POS C1IN+ CVREF C1 VIN+ C2NEG C2IN+ C2IN- C1OUTEN C2EN CMCON<7> C2INV VINC2OUT(1) C2POS C2IN+ CVREF Note 1: CMCON<6> C1INV C2 VIN+ C2OUTEN This peripheral’s outputs must be assigned to an available RPn pin before use. Please see Section 10.4 “Peripheral Pin Select” for more information. 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS39881D-page 201 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY REGISTER 22-1: CMCON: COMPARATOR CONTROL REGISTER R/W-0 U-0 R/C-0 R/C-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 CMIDL — C2EVT C1EVT C2EN C1EN R/W-0 R/W-0 C2OUTEN(1) C1OUTEN(2) bit 15 bit 8 R-0 R-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 C2OUT C1OUT C2INV C1INV C2NEG C2POS C1NEG C1POS bit 7 bit 0 Legend: R = Readable bit W = Writable bit U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’ -n = Value at POR ‘1’ = Bit is set ‘0’ = Bit is cleared x = Bit is unknown bit 15 CMIDL: Stop in Idle Mode bit 1 = When device enters Idle mode, module does not generate interrupts; module is still enabled 0 = Continue normal module operation in Idle mode bit 14 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 13 C2EVT: Comparator 2 Event 1 = Comparator output changed states 0 = Comparator output did not change states bit 12 C1EVT: Comparator 1 Event 1 = Comparator output changed states 0 = Comparator output did not change states bit 11 C2EN: Comparator 2 Enable 1 = Comparator is enabled 0 = Comparator is disabled bit 10 C1EN: Comparator 1 Enable 1 = Comparator is enabled 0 = Comparator is disabled bit 9 C2OUTEN: Comparator 2 Output Enable(1) 1 = Comparator output is driven on the output pad 0 = Comparator output is not driven on the output pad bit 8 C1OUTEN: Comparator 1 Output Enable(2) 1 = Comparator output is driven on the output pad 0 = Comparator output is not driven on the output pad bit 7 C2OUT: Comparator 2 Output bit When C2INV = 0: 1 = C2 VIN+ > C2 VIN0 = C2 VIN+ < C2 VINWhen C2INV = 1: 0 = C2 VIN+ > C2 VIN1 = C2 VIN+ < C2 VIN- bit 6 C1OUT: Comparator 1 Output bit When C1INV = 0: 1 = C1 VIN+ > C1 VIN0 = C1 VIN+ < C1 VINWhen C1INV = 1: 0 = C1 VIN+ > C1 VIN1 = C1 VIN+ < C1 VIN- DS39881D-page 202 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY REGISTER 22-1: CMCON: COMPARATOR CONTROL REGISTER (CONTINUED) bit 5 C2INV: Comparator 2 Output Inversion bit 1 = C2 output inverted 0 = C2 output not inverted bit 4 C1INV: Comparator 1 Output Inversion bit 1 = C1 output inverted 0 = C1 output not inverted bit 3 C2NEG: Comparator 2 Negative Input Configure bit 1 = Input is connected to VIN+ 0 = Input is connected to VINSee Figure 22-1 for the Comparator modes. bit 2 C2POS: Comparator 2 Positive Input Configure bit 1 = Input is connected to VIN+ 0 = Input is connected to CVREF See Figure 22-1 for the Comparator modes. bit 1 C1NEG: Comparator 1 Negative Input Configure bit 1 = Input is connected to VIN+ 0 = Input is connected to VINSee Figure 22-1 for the Comparator modes. bit 0 C1POS: Comparator 1 Positive Input Configure bit 1 = Input is connected to VIN+ 0 = Input is connected to CVREF See Figure 22-1 for the Comparator modes. Note 1: 2: If C2OUTEN = 1, the C2OUT peripheral output must be configured to an available RPn pin. See Section 10.4 “Peripheral Pin Select” for more information. If C1OUTEN = 1, the C1OUT peripheral output must be configured to an available RPn pin. See Section 10.4 “Peripheral Pin Select” for more information. 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS39881D-page 203 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY NOTES: DS39881D-page 204 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY 23.0 Note: 23.1 COMPARATOR VOLTAGE REFERENCE This data sheet summarizes the features of this group of PIC24F devices. It is not intended to be a comprehensive reference source. For more information, refer to the “PIC24F Family Reference Manual”, ”Section 20. Comparator Voltage Reference Module” (DS39709). Configuring the Comparator Voltage Reference voltage, each with 16 distinct levels. The range to be used is selected by the CVRR bit (CVRCON<5>). The primary difference between the ranges is the size of the steps selected by the CVREF Selection bits (CVR3:CVR0), with one range offering finer resolution. The comparator reference supply voltage can come from either VDD and VSS, or the external VREF+ and VREF-. The voltage source is selected by the CVRSS bit (CVRCON<4>). The settling time of the comparator voltage reference must be considered when changing the CVREF output. The voltage reference module is controlled through the CVRCON register (Register 23-1). The comparator voltage reference provides two ranges of output FIGURE 23-1: COMPARATOR VOLTAGE REFERENCE BLOCK DIAGRAM VREF+ AVDD CVRSS = 1 8R CVRSS = 0 CVR3:CVR0 R CVREN R R 16-to-1 MUX R 16 Steps R CVREF R R CVRR VREF- 8R CVRSS = 1 CVRSS = 0 AVSS 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS39881D-page 205 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY REGISTER 23-1: CVRCON: COMPARATOR VOLTAGE REFERENCE CONTROL REGISTER U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 U-0 — — — — — — — — bit 15 bit 8 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 R/W-0 CVREN CVROE CVRR CVRSS CVR3 CVR2 CVR1 CVR0 bit 7 bit 0 Legend: R = Readable bit W = Writable bit U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’ -n = Value at POR ‘1’ = Bit is set ‘0’ = Bit is cleared x = Bit is unknown bit 15-8 Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ bit 7 CVREN: Comparator Voltage Reference Enable bit 1 = CVREF circuit powered on 0 = CVREF circuit powered down bit 6 CVROE: Comparator VREF Output Enable bit 1 = CVREF voltage level is output on CVREF pin 0 = CVREF voltage level is disconnected from CVREF pin bit 5 CVRR: Comparator VREF Range Selection bit 1 = CVRSRC range should be 0 to 0.625 CVRSRC with CVRSRC/24 step size 0 = CVRSRC range should be 0.25 to 0.719 CVRSRC with CVRSRC/32 step size bit 4 CVRSS: Comparator VREF Source Selection bit 1 = Comparator reference source CVRSRC = VREF+ – VREF0 = Comparator reference source CVRSRC = AVDD – AVSS bit 3-0 CVR3:CVR0: Comparator VREF Value Selection 0 CVR3:CVR0 15 bits When CVRR = 1: CVREF = (CVR<3:0>/ 24) (CVRSRC) When CVRR = 0: CVREF = 1/4 (CVRSRC) + (CVR<3:0>/32) (CVRSRC) DS39881D-page 206 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY 24.0 Note: SPECIAL FEATURES This data sheet summarizes the features of this group of PIC24F devices. It is not intended to be a comprehensive reference source. For more information, refer to the following sections of the “PIC24F Family Reference Manual”: • Section 9. “Watchdog Timer (WDT)” (DS39697) • Section 32. “High-Level Device Integration” (DS39719) • Section 33. “Programming and Diagnostics” (DS39716) PIC24FJ64GA004 family devices include several features intended to maximize application flexibility and reliability, and minimize cost through elimination of external components. These are: • • • • • • Flexible Configuration Watchdog Timer (WDT) Code Protection JTAG Boundary Scan Interface In-Circuit Serial Programming In-Circuit Emulation 24.1.1 CONSIDERATIONS FOR CONFIGURING PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY DEVICES In PIC24FJ64GA004 family devices, the configuration bytes are implemented as volatile memory. This means that configuration data must be programmed each time the device is powered up. Configuration data is stored in the two words at the top of the on-chip program memory space, known as the Flash Configuration Words. Their specific locations are shown in Table 24-1. These are packed representations of the actual device Configuration bits, whose actual locations are distributed among five locations in configuration space. The configuration data is automatically loaded from the Flash Configuration Words to the proper Configuration registers during device Resets. Note: Configuration data is reloaded on all types of device Resets. TABLE 24-1: Device 24.1 Configuration Bits The Configuration bits can be programmed (read as ‘0’), or left unprogrammed (read as ‘1’), to select various device configurations. These bits are mapped starting at program memory location F80000h. A complete list is shown in Table 24-1. A detailed explanation of the various bit functions is provided in Register 24-1 through Register 24-4. Note that address F80000h is beyond the user program memory space. In fact, it belongs to the configuration memory space (800000h-FFFFFFh) which can only be accessed using table reads and table writes. FLASH CONFIGURATION WORD LOCATIONS FOR PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY DEVICES Configuration Word Addresses 1 2 PIC24FJ16GA 002BFEh 002BFCh PIC24FJ32GA 0057FEh 0057FCh PIC24FJ48GA 0083FEh 0083FCh PIC24FJ64GA 00ABFEh 00ABFCh When creating applications for these devices, users should always specifically allocate the location of the Flash Configuration Word for configuration data. This is to make certain that program code is not stored in this address when the code is compiled. The Configuration bits are reloaded from the Flash Configuration Word on any device Reset. The upper byte of both Flash Configuration Words in program memory should always be ‘1111 1111’. This makes them appear to be NOP instructions in the remote event that their locations are ever executed by accident. Since Configuration bits are not implemented in the corresponding locations, writing ‘1’s to these locations has no effect on device operation. 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS39881D-page 207 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY REGISTER 24-1: CW1: FLASH CONFIGURATION WORD 1 U-1 U-1 U-1 U-1 U-1 U-1 U-1 U-1 — — — — — — — — bit 23 bit 16 r-x R/PO-1 R/PO-1 R/PO-1 R/PO-1 r-1 R/PO-1 R/PO-1 r JTAGEN GCP GWRP DEBUG r ICS1 ICS0 bit 15 bit 8 R/PO-1 R/PO-1 U-1 R/PO-1 R/PO-1 R/PO-1 R/PO-1 R/PO-1 FWDTEN WINDIS — FWPSA WDTPS3 WDTPS2 WDTPS1 WDTPS0 bit 7 bit 0 Legend: r = Reserved bit R = Readable bit PO = Program Once bit -n = Value when device is unprogrammed U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’ ‘1’ = Bit is set bit 23-16 Unimplemented: Read as ‘1’ bit 15 Reserved: The value is unknown; program as ‘0’ bit 14 JTAGEN: JTAG Port Enable bit 1 = JTAG port is enabled 0 = JTAG port is disabled bit 13 GCP: General Segment Program Memory Code Protection bit 1 = Code protection is disabled 0 = Code protection is enabled for the entire program memory space bit 12 GWRP: General Segment Code Flash Write Protection bit 1 = Writes to program memory are allowed 0 = Writes to program memory are disabled bit 11 DEBUG: Background Debugger Enable bit 1 = Device resets into Operational mode 0 = Device resets into Debug mode bit 10 Reserved: Always maintain as ‘1’ bit 9-8 ICS1:ICS0: Emulator Pin Placement Select bits 11 = Emulator EMUC1/EMUD1 pins are shared with PGC1/PGD1 10 = Emulator EMUC2/EMUD2 pins are shared with PGC2/PGD2 01 = Emulator EMUC3/EMUD3 pins are shared with PGC3/PGD3 00 = Reserved; do not use bit 7 FWDTEN: Watchdog Timer Enable bit 1 = Watchdog Timer is enabled 0 = Watchdog Timer is disabled bit 6 WINDIS: Windowed Watchdog Timer Disable bit 1 = Standard Watchdog Timer enabled 0 = Windowed Watchdog Timer enabled; FWDTEN must be ‘1’ bit 5 Unimplemented: Read as ‘1’ bit 4 ‘0’ = Bit is cleared FWPSA: WDT Prescaler Ratio Select bit 1 = Prescaler ratio of 1:128 0 = Prescaler ratio of 1:32 DS39881D-page 208 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY REGISTER 24-1: bit 3-0 CW1: FLASH CONFIGURATION WORD 1 (CONTINUED) WDTPS3:WDTPS0: Watchdog Timer Postscaler Select bits 1111 = 1:32,768 1110 = 1:16,384 1101 = 1:8,192 1100 = 1:4,096 1011 = 1:2,048 1010 = 1:1,024 1001 = 1:512 1000 = 1:256 0111 = 1:128 0110 = 1:64 0101 = 1:32 0100 = 1:16 0011 = 1:8 0010 = 1:4 0001 = 1:2 0000 = 1:1 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS39881D-page 209 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY REGISTER 24-2: U-1 — bit 23 R/PO-1 IESO bit 15 R/PO-1 FCKSM1 bit 7 CW2: FLASH CONFIGURATION WORD 2 U-1 — U-1 — U-1 — R/PO-1 R/PO-1 R/PO-1 R/PO-1 WUTSEL1(1) WUTSEL0(1) SOSCSEL1(1) SOSCSEL0(1) R/PO-1 FCKSM0 R/PO-1 OSCIOFCN R/PO-1 IOL1WAY Legend: r = Reserved bit R = Readable bit PO = Program Once bit -n = Value when device is unprogrammed bit 23-16 bit 15 bit 14-13 bit 12-11 bit 10-8 bit 7-6 bit 5 bit 4 bit 3 U-1 — U-1 — U-1 — U-1 — U-1 — bit 16 R/PO-1 FNOSC2 R/PO-1 FNOSC1 R/PO-1 FNOSC0 bit 8 R/PO-1 I2C1SEL R/PO-1 POSCMD1 R/PO-1 POSCMD0 bit 0 U = Unimplemented bit, read as ‘0’ ‘1’ = Bit is set ‘0’ = Bit is cleared Unimplemented: Read as ‘1’ IESO: Internal External Switchover bit 1 = IESO mode (Two-Speed Start-up) enabled 0 = IESO mode (Two-Speed Start-up) disabled WUTSEL1:WUTSEL0: Voltage Regulator Standby Mode Wake-up Time Select bits(1) 11 = Default regulator start-up time used 01 = Fast regulator start-up time used x0 = Reserved; do not use SOSCSEL1:SOSCSEL0: Secondary Oscillator Power Mode Select bits(1) 11 = Default (High Drive Strength) mode 01 = Low-Power (Low Drive Strength) mode x0 = Reserved; do not use FNOSC2:FNOSC0: Initial Oscillator Select bits 111 = Fast RC Oscillator with Postscaler (FRCDIV) 110 = Reserved 101 = Low-Power RC Oscillator (LPRC) 100 = Secondary Oscillator (SOSC) 011 = Primary Oscillator with PLL module (XTPLL, HSPLL, ECPLL) 010 = Primary Oscillator (XT, HS, EC) 001 = Fast RC Oscillator with postscaler and PLL module (FRCPLL) 000 = Fast RC Oscillator (FRC) FCKSM1:FCKSM0: Clock Switching and Fail-Safe Clock Monitor Configuration bits 1x = Clock switching and Fail-Safe Clock Monitor are disabled 01 = Clock switching is enabled, Fail-Safe Clock Monitor is disabled 00 = Clock switching is enabled, Fail-Safe Clock Monitor is enabled OSCIOFCN: OSCO Pin Configuration bit If POSCMD1:POSCMD0 = 11 or 00: 1 = OSCO/CLKO/RA3 functions as CLKO (FOSC/2) 0 = OSCO/CLKO/RA3 functions as port I/O (RA3) If POSCMD1:POSCMD0 = 10 or 01: OSCIOFCN has no effect on OSCO/CLKO/RA3. IOL1WAY: IOLOCK One-Way Set Enable bit 1 = The OSCCON<IOLOCK> bit can be set once, provided the unlock sequence has been completed. Once set, the Peripheral Pin Select registers cannot be written to a second time. 0 = The OSCCON<IOLOCK> bit can be set and cleared as needed, provided the unlock sequence has been completed Unimplemented: Read as ‘1’ DS39881D-page 210 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY REGISTER 24-2: bit 2 bit 1-0 Note 1: CW2: FLASH CONFIGURATION WORD 2 (CONTINUED) I2C1SEL: I2C1 Pin Select bit 1 = Use default SCL1/SDA1 pins 0 = Use alternate SCL1/SDA1 pins POSCMD1:POSCMD0: Primary Oscillator Configuration bits 11 = Primary oscillator disabled 10 = HS Oscillator mode selected 01 = XT Oscillator mode selected 00 = EC Oscillator mode selected These bits are implemented only in devices with a major silicon revision level of B or later (DEVREV register value is 3042h or greater). Refer to Section 28.0 “Packaging Information” in the device data sheet for the location and interpretation of product date codes. REGISTER 24-3: DEVID: DEVICE ID REGISTER U — bit 23 U — U — U — U — U — U — U — bit 15 U — R FAMID7 R FAMID6 R FAMID5 R FAMID4 R FAMID3 R FAMID2 bit 8 R FAMID0 R DEV5 R DEV4 R DEV3 R DEV2 R DEV1 R DEV0 bit 0 R FAMID1 bit 7 Legend: R = Read-only bit bit 23-14 bit 13-6 bit 5-0 U — bit 16 U = Unimplemented bit Unimplemented: Read as ‘1’ FAMID7:FAMID0: Device Family Identifier bits 00010001 = PIC24FJ64GA004 family DEV5:DEV0: Individual Device Identifier bits 000100 = PIC24FJ16GA002 000101 = PIC24FJ32GA002 000110 = PIC24FJ48GA002 000111 = PIC24FJ64GA002 001100 = PIC24FJ16GA004 001101 = PIC24FJ32GA004 001110 = PIC24FJ48GA004 001111 = PIC24FJ64GA004 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS39881D-page 211 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY REGISTER 24-4: DEVREV: DEVICE REVISION REGISTER U — bit 23 U — U — U — U — U — U — U — bit 16 U — bit 15 U — U — U — U — U — U — R MAJRV2 bit 8 R MAJRV0 U — U — U — R DOT2 R DOT1 R MAJRV1 bit 7 Legend: R = Read-only bit bit 23-9 bit 8-6 bit 5-3 bit 2-0 R DOT0 bit 0 U = Unimplemented bit Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ MAJRV2:MAJRV0: Major Revision Identifier bits Unimplemented: Read as ‘0’ DOT2:DOT0: Minor Revision Identifier bits DS39881D-page 212 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY 24.2 On-Chip Voltage Regulator All of the PIC24FJ64GA004 family of devices power their core digital logic at a nominal 2.5V. This may create an issue for designs that are required to operate at a higher typical voltage, such as 3.3V. To simplify system design, all devices in the PIC24FJ64GA004 family incorporate an on-chip regulator that allows the device to run its core logic from VDD. The regulator is controlled by the DISVREG pin. Tying VSS to the pin enables the regulator, which in turn, provides power to the core from the other VDD pins. When the regulator is enabled, a low-ESR capacitor (such as ceramic) must be connected to the VDDCORE/VCAP pin (Figure 24-1). This helps to maintain the stability of the regulator. The recommended value for the filter capacitor is provided in Section 27.1 “DC Characteristics”. FIGURE 24-1: Regulator Enabled (DISVREG tied to VSS): 3.3V PIC24FJ64GA VDD DISVREG VDDCORE/VCAP CEFC (10 F typ) VOLTAGE REGULATOR TRACKING MODE AND LOW-VOLTAGE DETECTION 2.5V(1) When the device enters Tracking mode, it is no longer possible to operate at full speed. To provide information about when the device enters Tracking mode, the on-chip regulator includes a simple, Low-Voltage Detect circuit. When VDD drops below full-speed operating voltage, the circuit sets the Low-Voltage Detect Interrupt Flag, LVDIF (IFS4<8>). This can be used to generate an interrupt and put the application into a low-power operational mode, or trigger an orderly shutdown. Low-Voltage Detection is only available when the regulator is enabled. 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. 3.3V(1) PIC24FJ64GA VDD DISVREG VDDCORE/VCAP VSS Regulator Disabled (VDD tied to VDDCORE): 2.5V(1) When it is enabled, the on-chip regulator provides a constant voltage of 2.5V nominal to the digital core logic. The regulator can provide this level from a VDD of about 2.5V, all the way up to the device’s VDDMAX. It does not have the capability to boost VDD levels below 2.5V. In order to prevent “brown out” conditions when the voltage drops too low for the regulator, the regulator enters Tracking mode. In Tracking mode, the regulator output follows VDD, with a typical voltage drop of 100 mV. VSS Regulator Disabled (DISVREG tied to VDD): If DISVREG is tied to VDD, the regulator is disabled. In this case, separate power for the core logic at a nominal 2.5V must be supplied to the device on the VDDCORE/VCAP pin to run the I/O pins at higher voltage levels, typically 3.3V. Alternatively, the VDDCORE/VCAP and VDD pins can be tied together to operate at a lower nominal voltage. Refer to Figure 24-1 for possible configurations. 24.2.1 CONNECTIONS FOR THE ON-CHIP REGULATOR PIC24FJ64GA VDD DISVREG VDDCORE/VCAP VSS Note 1: 24.2.2 These are typical operating voltages. Refer to Section 27.1 “DC Characteristics” for the full operating ranges of VDD and VDDCORE. ON-CHIP REGULATOR AND POR When the voltage regulator is enabled, it takes approximately 20 s for it to generate output. During this time, designated as TSTARTUP, code execution is disabled. TSTARTUP is applied every time the device resumes operation after any power-down, including Sleep mode. If the regulator is disabled, a separate Power-up Timer (PWRT) is automatically enabled. The PWRT adds a fixed delay of 64 ms nominal delay at device start-up. DS39881D-page 213 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY 24.2.3 ON-CHIP REGULATOR AND BOR When the on-chip regulator is enabled, PIC24FJ64GA004 family devices also have a simple brown-out capability. If the voltage supplied to the regulator is inadequate to maintain the tracking level, the regulator Reset circuitry will generate a Brown-out Reset. This event is captured by the BOR flag bit (RCON<1>). The brown-out voltage levels are specified in Section 27.1 “DC Characteristics”. 24.2.4 POWER-UP REQUIREMENTS The on-chip regulator is designed to meet the power-up requirements for the device. If the application does not use the regulator, then strict power-up conditions must be adhered to. While powering up, VDDCORE must never exceed VDD by 0.3 volts. Note: 24.2.5 For more information, see Section 27.0 “Electrical Characteristics”. VOLTAGE REGULATOR STANDBY MODE 24.3 Watchdog Timer (WDT) For PIC24FJ64GA004 family devices, the WDT is driven by the LPRC oscillator. When the WDT is enabled, the clock source is also enabled. The nominal WDT clock source from LPRC is 31 kHz. This feeds a prescaler that can be configured for either 5-bit (divide-by-32) or 7-bit (divide-by-128) operation. The prescaler is set by the FWPSA Configuration bit. With a 31 kHz input, the prescaler yields a nominal WDT time-out period (TWDT) of 1 ms in 5-bit mode, or 4 ms in 7-bit mode. A variable postscaler divides down the WDT prescaler output and allows for a wide range of time-out periods. The postscaler is controlled by the WDTPS3:WDTPS0 Configuration bits (Flash Configuration Word 1<3:0>), which allow the selection of a total of 16 settings, from 1:1 to 1:32,768. Using the prescaler and postscaler, time-out periods ranging from 1 ms to 131 seconds can be achieved. The WDT, prescaler and postscaler are reset: When enabled, the on-chip regulator always consumes a small incremental amount of current over IDD/IPD, including when the device is in Sleep mode, even though the core digital logic does not require power. To provide additional savings in applications where power resources are critical, the regulator automatically places itself into Standby mode whenever the device goes into Sleep mode. This feature is controlled by the VREGS bit (RCON<8>). By default, this bit is cleared, which enables Standby mode. • On any device Reset • On the completion of a clock switch, whether invoked by software (i.e., setting the OSWEN bit after changing the NOSC bits), or by hardware (i.e., Fail-Safe Clock Monitor) • When a PWRSAV instruction is executed (i.e., Sleep or Idle mode is entered) • When the device exits Sleep or Idle mode to resume normal operation • By a CLRWDT instruction during normal execution For select PIC24FJ64GA004 family devices, the time required for regulator wake-up from Standby mode is controlled by the WUTSEL<1:0> Configuration bits (CW2<14:13>). The default wake-up time for all devices is 190 s. Where the WUTSEL Configuration bits are implemented, a fast wake-up option is also available. When WUTSEL<1:0> = 01, the regulator wake-up time is 25 s. If the WDT is enabled, it will continue to run during Sleep or Idle modes. When the WDT time-out occurs, the device will wake the device and code execution will continue from where the PWRSAV instruction was executed. The corresponding SLEEP or IDLE bits (RCON<3:2>) will need to be cleared in software after the device wakes up. Note: This feature is implemented only on PIC24FJ64GA004 family devices with a major silicon revision level of B or later (DEVREV register value is 3042h or greater). When the regulator’s Standby mode is turned off (VREGS = 1), Flash program memory stays powered in Sleep mode and the device can wake-up in less than 10 s. When VREGS is set, the power consumption while in Sleep mode will be approximately 40 A higher than power consumption when the regulator is allowed to enter Standby mode. DS39881D-page 214 The WDT Flag bit, WDTO (RCON<4>), is not automatically cleared following a WDT time-out. To detect subsequent WDT events, the flag must be cleared in software. Note: The CLRWDT and PWRSAV instructions clear the prescaler and postscaler counts when executed. 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY 24.3.1 WINDOWED OPERATION 24.3.2 The Watchdog Timer has an optional Fixed Window mode of operation. In this Windowed mode, CLRWDT instructions can only reset the WDT during the last 1/4 of the programmed WDT period. A CLRWDT instruction executed before that window causes a WDT Reset, similar to a WDT time-out. Windowed WDT mode is enabled by programming the WINDIS Configuration bit (CW1<6>) to ‘0’. FIGURE 24-2: CONTROL REGISTER The WDT is enabled or disabled by the FWDTEN Configuration bit. When the FWDTEN Configuration bit is set, the WDT is always enabled. The WDT can be optionally controlled in software when the FWDTEN Configuration bit has been programmed to ‘0’. The WDT is enabled in software by setting the SWDTEN control bit (RCON<5>). The SWDTEN control bit is cleared on any device Reset. The software WDT option allows the user to enable the WDT for critical code segments and disable the WDT during non-critical segments for maximum power savings. WDT BLOCK DIAGRAM SWDTEN FWDTEN LPRC Control FWPSA WDTPS3:WDTPS0 Prescaler (5-bit/7-bit) LPRC Input 31 kHz Wake from Sleep WDT Counter Postscaler 1:1 to 1:32.768 1 ms/4 ms WDT Overflow Reset All Device Resets Transition to New Clock Source Exit Sleep or Idle Mode CLRWDT Instr. PWRSAV Instr. Sleep or Idle Mode 24.4 JTAG Interface PIC24FJ64GA004 family devices implement a JTAG interface, which supports boundary scan device testing. 24.5 Program Verification and Code Protection For all devices in the PIC24FJ64GA004 family of devices, the on-chip program memory space is treated as a single block. Code protection for this block is controlled by one Configuration bit, GCP. This bit inhibits external reads and writes to the program memory space. It has no direct effect in normal execution mode. Write protection is controlled by the GWRP bit in the Configuration Word. When GWRP is programmed to ‘0’, internal write and erase operations to program memory are blocked. 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. 24.5.1 CONFIGURATION REGISTER PROTECTION The Configuration registers are protected against inadvertent or unwanted changes or reads in two ways. The primary protection method is the same as that of the RP registers – shadow registers contain a complimentary value which is constantly compared with the actual value. To safeguard against unpredictable events, Configuration bit changes resulting from individual cell level disruptions (such as ESD events) will cause a parity error and trigger a device Reset. The data for the Configuration registers is derived from the Flash Configuration Words in program memory. When the GCP bit is set, the source data for device configuration is also protected as a consequence. DS39881D-page 215 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY 24.6 In-Circuit Serial Programming PIC24FJ64GA004 family microcontrollers can be serially programmed while in the end application circuit. This is simply done with two lines for clock (PGCx) and data (PGDx) and three other lines for power, ground and the programming voltage. This allows customers to manufacture boards with unprogrammed devices and then program the microcontroller just before shipping the product. This also allows the most recent firmware or a custom firmware to be programmed. DS39881D-page 216 24.7 In-Circuit Debugger When MPLAB® ICD 2 is selected as a debugger, the in-circuit debugging functionality is enabled. This function allows simple debugging functions when used with MPLAB IDE. Debugging functionality is controlled through the EMUCx (Emulation/Debug Clock) and EMUDx (Emulation/Debug Data) pins. To use the in-circuit debugger function of the device, the design must implement ICSP connections to MCLR, VDD, VSS, PGCx, PGDx and the EMUDx/EMUCx pin pair. In addition, when the feature is enabled, some of the resources are not available for general use. These resources include the first 80 bytes of data RAM and two I/O pins. 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY 25.0 DEVELOPMENT SUPPORT The PIC® microcontrollers are supported with a full range of hardware and software development tools: • Integrated Development Environment - MPLAB® IDE Software • Assemblers/Compilers/Linkers - MPASMTM Assembler - MPLAB C18 and MPLAB C30 C Compilers - MPLINKTM Object Linker/ MPLIBTM Object Librarian - MPLAB ASM30 Assembler/Linker/Library • Simulators - MPLAB SIM Software Simulator • Emulators - MPLAB ICE 2000 In-Circuit Emulator - MPLAB REAL ICE™ In-Circuit Emulator • In-Circuit Debugger - MPLAB ICD 2 • Device Programmers - PICSTART® Plus Development Programmer - MPLAB PM3 Device Programmer - PICkit™ 2 Development Programmer • Low-Cost Demonstration and Development Boards and Evaluation Kits 25.1 MPLAB Integrated Development Environment Software The MPLAB IDE software brings an ease of software development previously unseen in the 8/16-bit microcontroller market. The MPLAB IDE is a Windows® operating system-based application that contains: • A single graphical interface to all debugging tools - Simulator - Programmer (sold separately) - Emulator (sold separately) - In-Circuit Debugger (sold separately) • A full-featured editor with color-coded context • A multiple project manager • Customizable data windows with direct edit of contents • High-level source code debugging • Visual device initializer for easy register initialization • Mouse over variable inspection • Drag and drop variables from source to watch windows • Extensive on-line help • Integration of select third party tools, such as HI-TECH Software C Compilers and IAR C Compilers The MPLAB IDE allows you to: • Edit your source files (either assembly or C) • One touch assemble (or compile) and download to PIC MCU emulator and simulator tools (automatically updates all project information) • Debug using: - Source files (assembly or C) - Mixed assembly and C - Machine code MPLAB IDE supports multiple debugging tools in a single development paradigm, from the cost-effective simulators, through low-cost in-circuit debuggers, to full-featured emulators. This eliminates the learning curve when upgrading to tools with increased flexibility and power. 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS39881D-page 217 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY 25.2 MPASM Assembler The MPASM Assembler is a full-featured, universal macro assembler for all PIC MCUs. The MPASM Assembler generates relocatable object files for the MPLINK Object Linker, Intel® standard HEX files, MAP files to detail memory usage and symbol reference, absolute LST files that contain source lines and generated machine code and COFF files for debugging. The MPASM Assembler features include: • Integration into MPLAB IDE projects • User-defined macros to streamline assembly code • Conditional assembly for multi-purpose source files • Directives that allow complete control over the assembly process 25.5 MPLAB ASM30 Assembler produces relocatable machine code from symbolic assembly language for dsPIC30F devices. MPLAB C30 C Compiler uses the assembler to produce its object file. The assembler generates relocatable object files that can then be archived or linked with other relocatable object files and archives to create an executable file. Notable features of the assembler include: • • • • • • Support for the entire dsPIC30F instruction set Support for fixed-point and floating-point data Command line interface Rich directive set Flexible macro language MPLAB IDE compatibility 25.6 25.3 MPLAB C18 and MPLAB C30 C Compilers The MPLAB C18 and MPLAB C30 Code Development Systems are complete ANSI C compilers for Microchip’s PIC18 and PIC24 families of microcontrollers and the dsPIC30 and dsPIC33 family of digital signal controllers. These compilers provide powerful integration capabilities, superior code optimization and ease of use not found with other compilers. For easy source level debugging, the compilers provide symbol information that is optimized to the MPLAB IDE debugger. 25.4 MPLINK Object Linker/ MPLIB Object Librarian The MPLINK Object Linker combines relocatable objects created by the MPASM Assembler and the MPLAB C18 C Compiler. It can link relocatable objects from precompiled libraries, using directives from a linker script. MPLAB ASM30 Assembler, Linker and Librarian MPLAB SIM Software Simulator The MPLAB SIM Software Simulator allows code development in a PC-hosted environment by simulating the PIC MCUs and dsPIC® DSCs on an instruction level. On any given instruction, the data areas can be examined or modified and stimuli can be applied from a comprehensive stimulus controller. Registers can be logged to files for further run-time analysis. The trace buffer and logic analyzer display extend the power of the simulator to record and track program execution, actions on I/O, most peripherals and internal registers. The MPLAB SIM Software Simulator fully supports symbolic debugging using the MPLAB C18 and MPLAB C30 C Compilers, and the MPASM and MPLAB ASM30 Assemblers. The software simulator offers the flexibility to develop and debug code outside of the hardware laboratory environment, making it an excellent, economical software development tool. The MPLIB Object Librarian manages the creation and modification of library files of precompiled code. When a routine from a library is called from a source file, only the modules that contain that routine will be linked in with the application. This allows large libraries to be used efficiently in many different applications. The object linker/library features include: • Efficient linking of single libraries instead of many smaller files • Enhanced code maintainability by grouping related modules together • Flexible creation of libraries with easy module listing, replacement, deletion and extraction DS39881D-page 218 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY 25.7 MPLAB ICE 2000 High-Performance In-Circuit Emulator The MPLAB ICE 2000 In-Circuit Emulator is intended to provide the product development engineer with a complete microcontroller design tool set for PIC microcontrollers. Software control of the MPLAB ICE 2000 In-Circuit Emulator is advanced by the MPLAB Integrated Development Environment, which allows editing, building, downloading and source debugging from a single environment. The MPLAB ICE 2000 is a full-featured emulator system with enhanced trace, trigger and data monitoring features. Interchangeable processor modules allow the system to be easily reconfigured for emulation of different processors. The architecture of the MPLAB ICE 2000 In-Circuit Emulator allows expansion to support new PIC microcontrollers. The MPLAB ICE 2000 In-Circuit Emulator system has been designed as a real-time emulation system with advanced features that are typically found on more expensive development tools. The PC platform and Microsoft® Windows® 32-bit operating system were chosen to best make these features available in a simple, unified application. 25.8 MPLAB REAL ICE In-Circuit Emulator System MPLAB REAL ICE In-Circuit Emulator System is Microchip’s next generation high-speed emulator for Microchip Flash DSC and MCU devices. It debugs and programs PIC® Flash MCUs and dsPIC® Flash DSCs with the easy-to-use, powerful graphical user interface of the MPLAB Integrated Development Environment (IDE), included with each kit. The MPLAB REAL ICE probe is connected to the design engineer’s PC using a high-speed USB 2.0 interface and is connected to the target with either a connector compatible with the popular MPLAB ICD 2 system (RJ11) or with the new high-speed, noise tolerant, LowVoltage Differential Signal (LVDS) interconnection (CAT5). 25.9 MPLAB ICD 2 In-Circuit Debugger Microchip’s In-Circuit Debugger, MPLAB ICD 2, is a powerful, low-cost, run-time development tool, connecting to the host PC via an RS-232 or high-speed USB interface. This tool is based on the Flash PIC MCUs and can be used to develop for these and other PIC MCUs and dsPIC DSCs. The MPLAB ICD 2 utilizes the in-circuit debugging capability built into the Flash devices. This feature, along with Microchip’s In-Circuit Serial ProgrammingTM (ICSPTM) protocol, offers costeffective, in-circuit Flash debugging from the graphical user interface of the MPLAB Integrated Development Environment. This enables a designer to develop and debug source code by setting breakpoints, single stepping and watching variables, and CPU status and peripheral registers. Running at full speed enables testing hardware and applications in real time. MPLAB ICD 2 also serves as a development programmer for selected PIC devices. 25.10 MPLAB PM3 Device Programmer The MPLAB PM3 Device Programmer is a universal, CE compliant device programmer with programmable voltage verification at VDDMIN and VDDMAX for maximum reliability. It features a large LCD display (128 x 64) for menus and error messages and a modular, detachable socket assembly to support various package types. The ICSP™ cable assembly is included as a standard item. In Stand-Alone mode, the MPLAB PM3 Device Programmer can read, verify and program PIC devices without a PC connection. It can also set code protection in this mode. The MPLAB PM3 connects to the host PC via an RS-232 or USB cable. The MPLAB PM3 has high-speed communications and optimized algorithms for quick programming of large memory devices and incorporates an SD/MMC card for file storage and secure data applications. MPLAB REAL ICE is field upgradeable through future firmware downloads in MPLAB IDE. In upcoming releases of MPLAB IDE, new devices will be supported, and new features will be added, such as software breakpoints and assembly code trace. MPLAB REAL ICE offers significant advantages over competitive emulators including low-cost, full-speed emulation, real-time variable watches, trace analysis, complex breakpoints, a ruggedized probe interface and long (up to three meters) interconnection cables. 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS39881D-page 219 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY 25.11 PICSTART Plus Development Programmer 25.13 Demonstration, Development and Evaluation Boards The PICSTART Plus Development Programmer is an easy-to-use, low-cost, prototype programmer. It connects to the PC via a COM (RS-232) port. MPLAB Integrated Development Environment software makes using the programmer simple and efficient. The PICSTART Plus Development Programmer supports most PIC devices in DIP packages up to 40 pins. Larger pin count devices, such as the PIC16C92X and PIC17C76X, may be supported with an adapter socket. The PICSTART Plus Development Programmer is CE compliant. A wide variety of demonstration, development and evaluation boards for various PIC MCUs and dsPIC DSCs allows quick application development on fully functional systems. Most boards include prototyping areas for adding custom circuitry and provide application firmware and source code for examination and modification. 25.12 PICkit 2 Development Programmer The PICkit™ 2 Development Programmer is a low-cost programmer and selected Flash device debugger with an easy-to-use interface for programming many of Microchip’s baseline, mid-range and PIC18F families of Flash memory microcontrollers. The PICkit 2 Starter Kit includes a prototyping development board, twelve sequential lessons, software and HI-TECH’s PICC™ Lite C compiler, and is designed to help get up to speed quickly using PIC® microcontrollers. The kit provides everything needed to program, evaluate and develop applications using Microchip’s powerful, mid-range Flash memory family of microcontrollers. DS39881D-page 220 The boards support a variety of features, including LEDs, temperature sensors, switches, speakers, RS-232 interfaces, LCD displays, potentiometers and additional EEPROM memory. The demonstration and development boards can be used in teaching environments, for prototyping custom circuits and for learning about various microcontroller applications. In addition to the PICDEM™ and dsPICDEM™ demonstration/development board series of circuits, Microchip has a line of evaluation kits and demonstration software for analog filter design, KEELOQ® security ICs, CAN, IrDA®, PowerSmart battery management, SEEVAL® evaluation system, Sigma-Delta ADC, flow rate sensing, plus many more. Check the Microchip web page (www.microchip.com) for the complete list of demonstration, development and evaluation kits. 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY 26.0 Note: INSTRUCTION SET SUMMARY This chapter is a brief summary of the PIC24F instruction set architecture, and is not intended to be a comprehensive reference source. The PIC24F instruction set adds many enhancements to the previous PIC® MCU instruction sets, while maintaining an easy migration from previous PIC MCU instruction sets. Most instructions are a single program memory word. Only three instructions require two program memory locations. Each single-word instruction is a 24-bit word divided into an 8-bit opcode, which specifies the instruction type and one or more operands, which further specify the operation of the instruction. The instruction set is highly orthogonal and is grouped into four basic categories: • • • • Word or byte-oriented operations Bit-oriented operations Literal operations Control operations • A literal value to be loaded into a W register or file register (specified by the value of ‘k’) • The W register or file register where the literal value is to be loaded (specified by ‘Wb’ or ‘f’) However, literal instructions that involve arithmetic or logical operations use some of the following operands: • The first source operand which is a register ‘Wb’ without any address modifier • The second source operand which is a literal value • The destination of the result (only if not the same as the first source operand) which is typically a register ‘Wd’ with or without an address modifier The control instructions may use some of the following operands: • A program memory address • The mode of the table read and table write instructions Table 26-1 shows the general symbols used in describing the instructions. The PIC24F instruction set summary in Table 26-2 lists all the instructions, along with the status flags affected by each instruction. Most word or byte-oriented W register instructions (including barrel shift instructions) have three operands: • The first source operand which is typically a register ‘Wb’ without any address modifier • The second source operand which is typically a register ‘Ws’ with or without an address modifier • The destination of the result which is typically a register ‘Wd’ with or without an address modifier However, word or byte-oriented file register instructions have two operands: • The file register specified by the value ‘f’ • The destination, which could either be the file register ‘f’ or the W0 register, which is denoted as ‘WREG’ Most bit-oriented instructions (including rotate/shift instructions) have two operands: The literal instructions that involve data movement may use some of the following operands: simple All instructions are a single word, except for certain double-word instructions, which were made double-word instructions so that all the required information is available in these 48 bits. In the second word, the 8 MSbs are ‘0’s. If this second word is executed as an instruction (by itself), it will execute as a NOP. Most single-word instructions are executed in a single instruction cycle, unless a conditional test is true or the program counter is changed as a result of the instruction. In these cases, the execution takes two instruction cycles, with the additional instruction cycle(s) executed as a NOP. Notable exceptions are the BRA (unconditional/computed branch), indirect CALL/GOTO, all table reads and writes, and RETURN/RETFIE instructions, which are single-word instructions but take two or three cycles. Certain instructions that involve skipping over the subsequent instruction require either two or three cycles if the skip is performed, depending on whether the instruction being skipped is a single-word or two-word instruction. Moreover, double-word moves require two cycles. The double-word instructions execute in two instruction cycles. • The W register (with or without an address modifier) or file register (specified by the value of ‘Ws’ or ‘f’) • The bit in the W register or file register (specified by a literal value or indirectly by the contents of register ‘Wb’) 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS39881D-page 221 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY TABLE 26-1: SYMBOLS USED IN OPCODE DESCRIPTIONS Field Description #text Means literal defined by “text” (text) Means “content of text” [text] Means “the location addressed by text” {} Optional field or operation <n:m> Register bit field .b Byte mode selection .d Double-Word mode selection .S Shadow register select .w Word mode selection (default) bit4 4-bit bit selection field (used in word addressed instructions) {0...15} C, DC, N, OV, Z MCU Status bits: Carry, Digit Carry, Negative, Overflow, Sticky Zero Expr Absolute address, label or expression (resolved by the linker) f File register address {0000h...1FFFh} lit1 1-bit unsigned literal {0,1} lit4 4-bit unsigned literal {0...15} lit5 5-bit unsigned literal {0...31} lit8 8-bit unsigned literal {0...255} lit10 10-bit unsigned literal {0...255} for Byte mode, {0:1023} for Word mode lit14 14-bit unsigned literal {0...16384} lit16 16-bit unsigned literal {0...65535} lit23 23-bit unsigned literal {0...8388608}; LSB must be ‘0’ None Field does not require an entry, may be blank PC Program Counter Slit10 10-bit signed literal {-512...511} Slit16 16-bit signed literal {-32768...32767} Slit6 6-bit signed literal {-16...16} Wb Base W register {W0..W15} Wd Destination W register { Wd, [Wd], [Wd++], [Wd--], [++Wd], [--Wd] } Wdo Destination W register { Wnd, [Wnd], [Wnd++], [Wnd--], [++Wnd], [--Wnd], [Wnd+Wb] } Wm,Wn Dividend, Divisor working register pair (direct addressing) Wn One of 16 working registers {W0..W15} Wnd One of 16 destination working registers {W0..W15} Wns One of 16 source working registers {W0..W15} WREG W0 (working register used in file register instructions) Ws Source W register { Ws, [Ws], [Ws++], [Ws--], [++Ws], [--Ws] } Wso Source W register { Wns, [Wns], [Wns++], [Wns--], [++Wns], [--Wns], [Wns+Wb] } DS39881D-page 222 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY TABLE 26-2: INSTRUCTION SET OVERVIEW Assembly Mnemonic Assembly Syntax Description # of Words # of Cycles Status Flags Affected 1 1 C, DC, N, OV, Z Wd = Wb + Ws 1 1 C, DC, N, OV, Z Wb,#lit5,Wd Wd = Wb + lit5 1 1 C, DC, N, OV, Z ADDC f f = f + WREG + (C) 1 1 C, DC, N, OV, Z f,WREG WREG = f + WREG + (C) 1 1 C, DC, N, OV, Z #lit10,Wn Wd = lit10 + Wd + (C) 1 1 C, DC, N, OV, Z Wb,Ws,Wd Wd = Wb + Ws + (C) 1 1 C, DC, N, OV, Z Wb,#lit5,Wd Wd = Wb + lit5 + (C) 1 1 C, DC, N, OV, Z AND f f = f .AND. WREG 1 1 N, Z f,WREG WREG = f .AND. WREG 1 1 N, Z AND #lit10,Wn Wd = lit10 .AND. Wd 1 1 N, Z AND Wb,Ws,Wd Wd = Wb .AND. Ws 1 1 N, Z AND Wb,#lit5,Wd Wd = Wb .AND. lit5 1 1 N, Z ASR f f = Arithmetic Right Shift f 1 1 C, N, OV, Z ASR f,WREG WREG = Arithmetic Right Shift f 1 1 C, N, OV, Z ASR Ws,Wd Wd = Arithmetic Right Shift Ws 1 1 C, N, OV, Z ASR Wb,Wns,Wnd Wnd = Arithmetic Right Shift Wb by Wns 1 1 N, Z ASR Wb,#lit5,Wnd Wnd = Arithmetic Right Shift Wb by lit5 1 1 N, Z BCLR f,#bit4 Bit Clear f 1 1 None BCLR Ws,#bit4 Bit Clear Ws 1 1 None BRA C,Expr Branch if Carry 1 1 (2) None BRA GE,Expr Branch if Greater than or Equal 1 1 (2) None BRA GEU,Expr Branch if Unsigned Greater than or Equal 1 1 (2) None BRA GT,Expr Branch if Greater than 1 1 (2) None BRA GTU,Expr Branch if Unsigned Greater than 1 1 (2) None BRA LE,Expr Branch if Less than or Equal 1 1 (2) None BRA LEU,Expr Branch if Unsigned Less than or Equal 1 1 (2) None BRA LT,Expr Branch if Less than 1 1 (2) None BRA LTU,Expr Branch if Unsigned Less than 1 1 (2) None BRA N,Expr Branch if Negative 1 1 (2) None BRA NC,Expr Branch if Not Carry 1 1 (2) None BRA NN,Expr Branch if Not Negative 1 1 (2) None BRA NOV,Expr Branch if Not Overflow 1 1 (2) None BRA NZ,Expr Branch if Not Zero 1 1 (2) None BRA OV,Expr Branch if Overflow 1 1 (2) None BRA Expr Branch Unconditionally 1 2 None BRA Z,Expr Branch if Zero 1 1 (2) None BRA Wn Computed Branch 1 2 None BSET f,#bit4 Bit Set f 1 1 None BSET Ws,#bit4 Bit Set Ws 1 1 None BSW.C Ws,Wb Write C bit to Ws<Wb> 1 1 None BSW.Z Ws,Wb Write Z bit to Ws<Wb> 1 1 None BTG f,#bit4 Bit Toggle f 1 1 None BTG Ws,#bit4 Bit Toggle Ws 1 1 None BTSC f,#bit4 Bit Test f, Skip if Clear 1 1 None (2 or 3) BTSC BTSC Wd = lit10 + Wd Wb,Ws,Wd AND BTG #lit10,Wn ADDC BSW C, DC, N, OV, Z ADDC BSET C, DC, N, OV, Z 1 ADDC BRA 1 1 ADDC BCLR 1 WREG = f + WREG ADD ASR f = f + WREG f,WREG ADD AND f ADD ADDC ADD ADD ADD Ws,#bit4 Bit Test Ws, Skip if Clear 1 1 None (2 or 3) 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS39881D-page 223 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY TABLE 26-2: INSTRUCTION SET OVERVIEW (CONTINUED) Assembly Mnemonic Assembly Syntax Description # of Words # of Cycles Status Flags Affected f,#bit4 Bit Test f, Skip if Set 1 1 None (2 or 3) Ws,#bit4 Bit Test Ws, Skip if Set 1 1 None (2 or 3) BTST f,#bit4 Bit Test f 1 1 Z BTST.C Ws,#bit4 Bit Test Ws to C 1 1 C BTST.Z Ws,#bit4 Bit Test Ws to Z 1 1 Z BTST.C BTST BTSS BTSS BTSS Ws,Wb Bit Test Ws<Wb> to C 1 1 C Z BTST.Z Ws,Wb Bit Test Ws<Wb> to Z 1 1 BTSTS f,#bit4 Bit Test then Set f 1 1 Z BTSTS.C BTSTS Ws,#bit4 Bit Test Ws to C, then Set 1 1 C BTSTS.Z Ws,#bit4 Bit Test Ws to Z, then Set 1 1 Z CALL CALL lit23 Call Subroutine 2 2 None CALL Wn Call Indirect Subroutine 1 2 None CLR CLR f f = 0x0000 1 1 None CLR WREG WREG = 0x0000 1 1 None CLR Ws Ws = 0x0000 1 1 None Clear Watchdog Timer 1 1 WDTO, Sleep CLRWDT CLRWDT COM COM f f=f 1 1 N, Z COM f,WREG WREG = f 1 1 N, Z COM Ws,Wd Wd = Ws 1 1 N, Z CP f Compare f with WREG 1 1 C, DC, N, OV, Z CP Wb,#lit5 Compare Wb with lit5 1 1 C, DC, N, OV, Z CP Wb,Ws Compare Wb with Ws (Wb – Ws) 1 1 C, DC, N, OV, Z CP0 CP0 f Compare f with 0x0000 1 1 C, DC, N, OV, Z CP0 Ws Compare Ws with 0x0000 1 1 C, DC, N, OV, Z CPB CPB f Compare f with WREG, with Borrow 1 1 C, DC, N, OV, Z CPB Wb,#lit5 Compare Wb with lit5, with Borrow 1 1 C, DC, N, OV, Z CPB Wb,Ws Compare Wb with Ws, with Borrow (Wb – Ws – C) 1 1 C, DC, N, OV, Z CPSEQ CPSEQ Wb,Wn Compare Wb with Wn, Skip if = 1 1 None (2 or 3) CPSGT CPSGT Wb,Wn Compare Wb with Wn, Skip if > 1 1 None (2 or 3) CPSLT CPSLT Wb,Wn Compare Wb with Wn, Skip if < 1 1 None (2 or 3) CPSNE CPSNE Wb,Wn Compare Wb with Wn, Skip if 1 1 None (2 or 3) DAW DAW Wn Wn = Decimal Adjust Wn 1 1 DEC DEC f f = f –1 1 1 C, DC, N, OV, Z DEC f,WREG WREG = f –1 1 1 C, DC, N, OV, Z CP C DEC Ws,Wd Wd = Ws – 1 1 1 C, DC, N, OV, Z DEC2 f f=f–2 1 1 C, DC, N, OV, Z DEC2 f,WREG WREG = f – 2 1 1 C, DC, N, OV, Z DEC2 Ws,Wd Wd = Ws – 2 1 1 C, DC, N, OV, Z DISI DISI #lit14 Disable Interrupts for k Instruction Cycles 1 1 None DIV DIV.SW Wm,Wn Signed 16/16-bit Integer Divide 1 18 N, Z, C, OV DIV.SD Wm,Wn Signed 32/16-bit Integer Divide 1 18 N, Z, C, OV DIV.UW Wm,Wn Unsigned 16/16-bit Integer Divide 1 18 N, Z, C, OV DIV.UD Wm,Wn Unsigned 32/16-bit Integer Divide 1 18 N, Z, C, OV EXCH EXCH Wns,Wnd Swap Wns with Wnd 1 1 None FF1L FF1L Ws,Wnd Find First One from Left (MSb) Side 1 1 C FF1R FF1R Ws,Wnd Find First One from Right (LSb) Side 1 1 C DEC2 DS39881D-page 224 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY TABLE 26-2: INSTRUCTION SET OVERVIEW (CONTINUED) Assembly Mnemonic Assembly Syntax Description # of Words # of Cycles Status Flags Affected Expr Go to Address 2 2 None Wn Go to Indirect 1 2 None INC f f=f+1 1 1 C, DC, N, OV, Z INC INC GOTO GOTO GOTO f,WREG WREG = f + 1 1 1 C, DC, N, OV, Z C, DC, N, OV, Z INC Ws,Wd Wd = Ws + 1 1 1 INC2 f f=f+2 1 1 C, DC, N, OV, Z INC2 INC2 f,WREG WREG = f + 2 1 1 C, DC, N, OV, Z C, DC, N, OV, Z INC2 Ws,Wd Wd = Ws + 2 1 1 IOR f f = f .IOR. WREG 1 1 N, Z IOR f,WREG WREG = f .IOR. WREG 1 1 N, Z IOR #lit10,Wn Wd = lit10 .IOR. Wd 1 1 N, Z IOR Wb,Ws,Wd Wd = Wb .IOR. Ws 1 1 N, Z IOR Wb,#lit5,Wd Wd = Wb .IOR. lit5 1 1 N, Z LNK LNK #lit14 Link Frame Pointer 1 1 None LSR LSR f f = Logical Right Shift f 1 1 C, N, OV, Z LSR f,WREG WREG = Logical Right Shift f 1 1 C, N, OV, Z LSR Ws,Wd Wd = Logical Right Shift Ws 1 1 C, N, OV, Z LSR Wb,Wns,Wnd Wnd = Logical Right Shift Wb by Wns 1 1 N, Z LSR Wb,#lit5,Wnd Wnd = Logical Right Shift Wb by lit5 1 1 N, Z MOV f,Wn Move f to Wn 1 1 None MOV [Wns+Slit10],Wnd Move [Wns+Slit10] to Wnd 1 1 None MOV f Move f to f 1 1 N, Z MOV f,WREG Move f to WREG 1 1 N, Z MOV #lit16,Wn Move 16-bit Literal to Wn 1 1 None MOV.b #lit8,Wn Move 8-bit Literal to Wn 1 1 None MOV Wn,f Move Wn to f 1 1 None MOV Wns,[Wns+Slit10] Move Wns to [Wns+Slit10] 1 1 MOV Wso,Wdo Move Ws to Wd 1 1 None MOV WREG,f Move WREG to f 1 1 N, Z MOV.D Wns,Wd Move Double from W(ns):W(ns+1) to Wd 1 2 None MOV.D Ws,Wnd Move Double from Ws to W(nd+1):W(nd) 1 2 None MUL.SS Wb,Ws,Wnd {Wnd+1, Wnd} = Signed(Wb) * Signed(Ws) 1 1 None MUL.SU Wb,Ws,Wnd {Wnd+1, Wnd} = Signed(Wb) * Unsigned(Ws) 1 1 None MUL.US Wb,Ws,Wnd {Wnd+1, Wnd} = Unsigned(Wb) * Signed(Ws) 1 1 None MUL.UU Wb,Ws,Wnd {Wnd+1, Wnd} = Unsigned(Wb) * Unsigned(Ws) 1 1 None MUL.SU Wb,#lit5,Wnd {Wnd+1, Wnd} = Signed(Wb) * Unsigned(lit5) 1 1 None MUL.UU Wb,#lit5,Wnd {Wnd+1, Wnd} = Unsigned(Wb) * Unsigned(lit5) 1 1 None MUL f W3:W2 = f * WREG 1 1 None NEG f f=f+1 1 1 C, DC, N, OV, Z NEG f,WREG WREG = f + 1 1 1 C, DC, N, OV, Z NEG Ws,Wd Wd = Ws + 1 1 1 C, DC, N, OV, Z NOP No Operation 1 1 None NOPR No Operation 1 1 None IOR MOV MUL NEG NOP POP f Pop f from Top-of-Stack (TOS) 1 1 None POP Wdo Pop from Top-of-Stack (TOS) to Wdo 1 1 None POP.D POP Wnd Pop from Top-of-Stack (TOS) to W(nd):W(nd+1) 1 2 None Pop Shadow Registers 1 1 All POP.S PUSH f Push f to Top-of-Stack (TOS) 1 1 None PUSH Wso Push Wso to Top-of-Stack (TOS) 1 1 None PUSH.D PUSH Wns Push W(ns):W(ns+1) to Top-of-Stack (TOS) 1 2 None Push Shadow Registers 1 1 None PUSH.S 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS39881D-page 225 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY TABLE 26-2: INSTRUCTION SET OVERVIEW (CONTINUED) Assembly Mnemonic Assembly Syntax Description # of Words # of Cycles Status Flags Affected PWRSAV PWRSAV #lit1 Go into Sleep or Idle mode 1 1 WDTO, Sleep RCALL RCALL Expr Relative Call 1 2 None RCALL Wn Computed Call 1 2 None REPEAT REPEAT #lit14 Repeat Next Instruction lit14 + 1 times 1 1 None REPEAT Wn Repeat Next Instruction (Wn) + 1 times 1 1 None RESET RESET Software Device Reset 1 1 None RETFIE RETFIE Return from Interrupt 1 3 (2) None RETLW RETLW Return with Literal in Wn 1 3 (2) None RETURN RETURN Return from Subroutine 1 3 (2) None RLC RLC f f = Rotate Left through Carry f 1 1 C, N, Z RLC f,WREG WREG = Rotate Left through Carry f 1 1 C, N, Z C, N, Z #lit10,Wn RLC Ws,Wd Wd = Rotate Left through Carry Ws 1 1 RLNC f f = Rotate Left (No Carry) f 1 1 N, Z RLNC RLNC f,WREG WREG = Rotate Left (No Carry) f 1 1 N, Z N, Z RLNC Ws,Wd Wd = Rotate Left (No Carry) Ws 1 1 RRC f f = Rotate Right through Carry f 1 1 C, N, Z RRC RRC f,WREG WREG = Rotate Right through Carry f 1 1 C, N, Z RRC Ws,Wd Wd = Rotate Right through Carry Ws 1 1 C, N, Z RRNC f f = Rotate Right (No Carry) f 1 1 N, Z RRNC f,WREG WREG = Rotate Right (No Carry) f 1 1 N, Z RRNC RRNC Ws,Wd Wd = Rotate Right (No Carry) Ws 1 1 N, Z SE SE Ws,Wnd Wnd = Sign-Extended Ws 1 1 C, N, Z SETM SETM f f = FFFFh 1 1 None SETM WREG WREG = FFFFh 1 1 None SETM Ws Ws = FFFFh 1 1 None SL f f = Left Shift f 1 1 C, N, OV, Z SL f,WREG WREG = Left Shift f 1 1 C, N, OV, Z SL Ws,Wd Wd = Left Shift Ws 1 1 C, N, OV, Z SL Wb,Wns,Wnd Wnd = Left Shift Wb by Wns 1 1 N, Z SL Wb,#lit5,Wnd Wnd = Left Shift Wb by lit5 1 1 N, Z SUB f f = f – WREG 1 1 C, DC, N, OV, Z SUB f,WREG WREG = f – WREG 1 1 C, DC, N, OV, Z SUB #lit10,Wn Wn = Wn – lit10 1 1 C, DC, N, OV, Z SUB Wb,Ws,Wd Wd = Wb – Ws 1 1 C, DC, N, OV, Z SUB Wb,#lit5,Wd Wd = Wb – lit5 1 1 C, DC, N, OV, Z SUBB f f = f – WREG – (C) 1 1 C, DC, N, OV, Z SL SUB SUBB SUBB f,WREG WREG = f – WREG – (C) 1 1 C, DC, N, OV, Z SUBB #lit10,Wn Wn = Wn – lit10 – (C) 1 1 C, DC, N, OV, Z SUBB 1 1 C, DC, N, OV, Z Wd = Wb – lit5 – (C) 1 1 C, DC, N, OV, Z SUBR f f = WREG – f 1 1 C, DC, N, OV, Z f,WREG WREG = WREG – f 1 1 C, DC, N, OV, Z SUBR Wb,Ws,Wd Wd = Ws – Wb 1 1 C, DC, N, OV, Z SUBR Wb,#lit5,Wd Wd = lit5 – Wb 1 1 C, DC, N, OV, Z SUBBR f f = WREG – f – (C) 1 1 C, DC, N, OV, Z SUBBR f,WREG WREG = WREG – f – (C) 1 1 C, DC, N, OV, Z SUBBR SUBBR Wd = Wb – Ws – (C) Wb,#lit5,Wd SUBR SUBR Wb,Ws,Wd SUBB Wb,Ws,Wd Wd = Ws – Wb – (C) 1 1 C, DC, N, OV, Z C, DC, N, OV, Z SUBBR TBLRDH Wb,#lit5,Wd Wd = lit5 – Wb – (C) 1 1 SWAP.b Wn Wn = Nibble Swap Wn 1 1 None SWAP SWAP Wn Wn = Byte Swap Wn 1 1 None TBLRDH Ws,Wd Read Prog<23:16> to Wd<7:0> 1 2 None DS39881D-page 226 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY TABLE 26-2: INSTRUCTION SET OVERVIEW (CONTINUED) Assembly Mnemonic Assembly Syntax Description # of Words # of Cycles Status Flags Affected TBLRDL TBLRDL Ws,Wd Read Prog<15:0> to Wd 1 2 None TBLWTH TBLWTH Ws,Wd Write Ws<7:0> to Prog<23:16> 1 2 None TBLWTL TBLWTL Ws,Wd Write Ws to Prog<15:0> 1 2 None ULNK ULNK Unlink Frame Pointer 1 1 None XOR XOR f f = f .XOR. WREG 1 1 N, Z XOR f,WREG WREG = f .XOR. WREG 1 1 N, Z XOR #lit10,Wn Wd = lit10 .XOR. Wd 1 1 N, Z XOR Wb,Ws,Wd Wd = Wb .XOR. Ws 1 1 N, Z XOR Wb,#lit5,Wd Wd = Wb .XOR. lit5 1 1 N, Z ZE Ws,Wnd Wnd = Zero-Extend Ws 1 1 C, Z, N ZE 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS39881D-page 227 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY NOTES: DS39881D-page 228 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY 27.0 ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS This section provides an overview of the PIC24FJ64GA004 family electrical characteristics. Additional information will be provided in future revisions of this document as it becomes available. Absolute maximum ratings for the PIC24FJ64GA004 family are listed below. Exposure to these maximum rating conditions for extended periods may affect device reliability. Functional operation of the device at these, or any other conditions above the parameters indicated in the operation listings of this specification, is not implied. Absolute Maximum Ratings(†) Ambient temperature under bias.............................................................................................................-40°C to +135°C Storage temperature .............................................................................................................................. -65°C to +150°C Voltage on VDD with respect to VSS ......................................................................................................... -0.3V to +4.0V Voltage on any combined analog and digital pin and MCLR, with respect to VSS ......................... -0.3V to (VDD + 0.3V) Voltage on any digital only pin with respect to VSS .................................................................................. -0.3V to +6.0V Voltage on VDDCORE with respect to VSS ................................................................................................. -0.3V to +3.0V Maximum current out of VSS pin ...........................................................................................................................300 mA Maximum current into VDD pin (Note 1) ................................................................................................................250 mA Maximum output current sunk by any I/O pin..........................................................................................................25 mA Maximum output current sourced by any I/O pin ....................................................................................................25 mA Maximum current sunk by all ports .......................................................................................................................200 mA Maximum current sourced by all ports (Note 1) ....................................................................................................200 mA Note 1: Maximum allowable current is a function of device maximum power dissipation (see Table 27-1). †NOTICE: Stresses above those listed under “Absolute Maximum Ratings” may cause permanent damage to the device. This is a stress rating only and functional operation of the device at those or any other conditions above those indicated in the operation listings of this specification is not implied. Exposure to maximum rating conditions for extended periods may affect device reliability. 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS39881D-page 229 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY 27.1 DC Characteristics FIGURE 27-1: PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY VOLTAGE-FREQUENCY GRAPH (INDUSTRIAL) 3.00V Voltage (VDDCORE)(1) 2.75V 2.75V 2.50V PIC24FJ64GA004/32GA004/64GA002/32GA002 2.35V 2.25V 2.00V 32 MHz 16 MHz Frequency For frequencies between 16 MHz and 32 MHz, FMAX = (45.7 MHz/V) * (VDDCORE – 2V) + 16 MHz. WHEN the voltage regulator is disabled, VDD and VDDCORE must be maintained so that VDDCOREVDD 3.6V. Note 1: FIGURE 27-2: PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY VOLTAGE-FREQUENCY GRAPH (EXTENDED TEMPERATURE) 3.00V Voltage (VDDCORE)(1) 2.75V 2.50V 2.75V PIC24FJ64GA004/32GA004/64GA002/32GA002 2.35V 2.25V 2.00V 16 MHz 24 MHz Frequency For frequencies between 16 MHz and 24 MHz, FMAX = (22.9 MHz/V) * (VDDCORE – 2V) + 16 MHz. Note 1: DS39881D-page 230 WHEN the voltage regulator is disabled, VDD and VDDCORE must be maintained so that VDDCOREVDD 3.6V. 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY TABLE 27-1: THERMAL OPERATING CONDITIONS Rating Symbol Min Typ Max Unit Operating Junction Temperature Range TJ -40 — +140 °C Operating Ambient Temperature Range TA -40 — +125 °C PIC24FJ64GA004 Family: Power Dissipation: Internal Chip Power Dissipation: PINT = VDD x (IDD – IOH) PD PINT + PI/O W PDMAX (TJ – TA)/JA W I/O Pin Power Dissipation: PI/O = ({VDD – VOH} x IOH) + (VOL x IOL) Maximum Allowed Power Dissipation TABLE 27-2: THERMAL PACKAGING CHARACTERISTICS Characteristic Symbol Typ Max Unit Notes Package Thermal Resistance, 300 mil SOIC JA 49 — °C/W (Note 1) Package Thermal Resistance, 6x6x0.9 mm QFN JA 33.7 — °C/W (Note 1) Package Thermal Resistance, 8x8x1 mm QFN JA 28 — °C/W (Note 1) Package Thermal Resistance, 10x10x1 mm TQFP JA 39.3 — °C/W (Note 1) Note 1: Junction to ambient thermal resistance, Theta-JA (JA) numbers are achieved by package simulations. 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS39881D-page 231 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY TABLE 27-3: DC CHARACTERISTICS: TEMPERATURE AND VOLTAGE SPECIFICATIONS DC CHARACTERISTICS Param Symbol No. Standard Operating Conditions: 2.0V to 3.6V (unless otherwise stated) Operating temperature -40°C TA +85°C for Industrial -40°C TA +125°C for Extended Min Typ(1) Max Units VDD 2.2 — 3.6 V Regulator enabled VDD VDDCORE — 3.6 V Regulator disabled 2.0 — 2.75 V Regulator disabled Characteristic Conditions Operating Voltage DC10 Supply Voltage VDDCORE DC12 VDR RAM Data Retention Voltage(2) 1.5 — — V DC16 VPOR VDD Start Voltage to ensure internal Power-on Reset signal — VSS — V DC17 SVDD VDD Rise Rate to ensure internal Power-on Reset signal 0.05 — — V/ms Note 1: 2: 0-3.3V in 0.1s 0-2.5V in 60 ms Data in “Typ” column is at 3.3V, 25°C unless otherwise stated. Parameters are for design guidance only and are not tested. This is the limit to which VDD can be lowered without losing RAM data. DS39881D-page 232 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY TABLE 27-4: DC CHARACTERISTICS: OPERATING CURRENT (IDD) Standard Operating Conditions: 2.0V to 3.6V (unless otherwise stated) Operating temperature -40°C TA +85°C for Industrial -40°C TA +125°C for Extended DC CHARACTERISTICS Parameter No. Typical(1) Max Operating Current (IDD): PMD Bits are Units Conditions Set(2) DC20 0.650 0.850 mA -40°C DC20a 0.650 0.850 mA +25°C DC20b 0.650 0.850 mA +85°C DC20c 0.650 0.850 mA +125°C DC20d 1.2 1.6 mA -40°C DC20e 1.2 1.6 mA +25°C DC20f 1.2 1.6 mA +85°C DC20g 1.2 1.6 mA +125°C DC23 2.6 3.4 mA 2.6 3.4 mA +25°C DC23b 2.6 3.4 mA +85°C 1 MIPS 3.3V(4) -40°C DC23a 2.0V(3) DC23c 2.6 3.4 mA +125°C DC23d 4.1 5.4 mA -40°C DC23e 4.1 5.4 mA +25°C DC23f 4.1 5.4 mA +85°C DC23g 4.1 5.4 mA 2.0V(3) +125°C DC24 13.5 17.6 mA 13.5 17.6 mA +25°C DC24b 13.5 17.6 mA +85°C DC24c 13.5 17.6 mA +125°C DC24d 15 20 mA -40°C DC24e 15 20 mA +25°C DC24f 15 20 mA +85°C DC24g 15 20 mA 3.3V(4) -40°C DC24a 4 MIPS +125°C DC31 13 17 A 13 17 A +25°C DC31b 20 26 A +85°C 16 MIPS 3.3V(4) -40°C DC31a 2.5V(3) DC31c 40 50 A +125°C DC31d 54 70 A -40°C DC31e 54 70 A +25°C DC31f 95 124 A +85°C DC31g 120 260 A 2.0V(3) +125°C Note 1: 2: 3: 4: LPRC (31 kHz) 3.3V(4) Data in “Typical” column is at 3.3V, 25°C unless otherwise stated. Parameters are for design guidance only and are not tested. The supply current is mainly a function of the operating voltage and frequency. Other factors, such as I/O pin loading and switching rate, oscillator type, internal code execution pattern and temperature, also have an impact on the current consumption. The test conditions for all IDD measurements are as follows: OSCI driven with external square wave from rail to rail. All I/O pins are configured as inputs and pulled to VDD. MCLR = VDD; WDT and FSCM are disabled. CPU, SRAM, program memory and data memory are operational. No peripheral modules are operating and all of the Peripheral Module Disable (PMD) bits are set. On-chip voltage regulator disabled (DISVREG tied to VDD). On-chip voltage regulator enabled (DISVREG tied to VSS). Low-Voltage Detect (LVD) and Brown-out Detect (BOD) are enabled. 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS39881D-page 233 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY TABLE 27-5: DC CHARACTERISTICS: IDLE CURRENT (IIDLE) Standard Operating Conditions: 2.0V to 3.6V (unless otherwise stated) Operating temperature -40°C TA +85°C for Industrial -40°C TA +125°C for Extended DC CHARACTERISTICS Parameter No. Typical(1) Max Units Conditions Idle Current (IIDLE): Core Off, Clock On Base Current, PMD Bits are Set(2) DC40 150 200 A -40°C DC40a 150 200 A +25°C DC40b 150 200 A +85°C DC40c 165 220 A +125°C DC40d 250 325 A -40°C DC40e 250 325 A +25°C DC40f 250 325 A +85°C +125°C DC40g 275 360 A DC43 0.55 0.72 mA 0.55 0.72 mA +25°C DC43b 0.55 0.72 mA +85°C DC43c 0.60 0.8 mA 0.82 1.1 mA -40°C DC43e 0.82 1.1 mA +25°C DC43f 0.82 1.1 mA +85°C DC43g 0.91 1.2 mA +125°C DC47 3 4 mA -40°C DC47a 3 4 mA +25°C DC47b 3 4 mA +85°C DC47c 3.3 4.4 mA +125°C DC47d 3.5 4.6 mA -40°C DC47e 3.5 4.6 mA +25°C DC47f 3.5 4.6 mA +85°C DC47g 3.9 5.1 mA +125°C DC50 0.85 1.1 mA -40°C DC50a 0.85 1.1 mA +25°C DC50b 0.85 1.1 mA +85°C DC50c 0.94 1.2 mA +125°C DC50d 1.2 1.6 mA -40°C DC50e 1.2 1.6 mA +25°C DC50f 1.2 1.6 mA +85°C 1.3 1.8 mA 3.3V(4) +125°C DC43d 1 MIPS -40°C DC43a 2.0V(3) +125°C DC50g Note 1: 2: 3: 4: 2.0V(3) 4 MIPS 3.3V(4) 2.5V(3) 16 MIPS 3.3V(4) 2.0V(3) FRC (4 MIPS) 3.3V(4) Data in “Typical” column is at 3.3V, 25°C unless otherwise stated. Parameters are for design guidance only and are not tested. The test conditions for all IIDLE measurements are as follows: OSCI driven with external square wave from rail to rail. All I/O pins are configured as inputs and pulled to VDD. MCLR = VDD; WDT and FSCM are disabled. CPU, SRAM, program memory and data memory are operational. No peripheral modules are operating and all of the Peripheral Module Disable (PMD) bits are set. On-chip voltage regulator disabled (DISVREG tied to VDD). On-chip voltage regulator enabled (DISVREG tied to VSS). Low-Voltage Detect (LVD) and Brown-out Detect (BOD) are enabled. DS39881D-page 234 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY TABLE 27-5: DC CHARACTERISTICS: IDLE CURRENT (IIDLE) (CONTINUED) Standard Operating Conditions: 2.0V to 3.6V (unless otherwise stated) Operating temperature -40°C TA +85°C for Industrial -40°C TA +125°C for Extended DC CHARACTERISTICS Parameter No. Typical(1) Max Units Conditions Idle Current (IIDLE): Core Off, Clock On Base Current, PMD Bits are Set(2) DC51 4 6 A -40°C DC51a 4 6 A +25°C DC51b 8 16 A +85°C DC51c 20 50 A +125°C DC51d 42 55 A -40°C DC51e 42 55 A +25°C DC51f 70 91 A +85°C DC51g 100 180 A 2.0V(3) +125°C Note 1: 2: 3: 4: LPRC (31 kHz) 3.3V(4) Data in “Typical” column is at 3.3V, 25°C unless otherwise stated. Parameters are for design guidance only and are not tested. The test conditions for all IIDLE measurements are as follows: OSCI driven with external square wave from rail to rail. All I/O pins are configured as inputs and pulled to VDD. MCLR = VDD; WDT and FSCM are disabled. CPU, SRAM, program memory and data memory are operational. No peripheral modules are operating and all of the Peripheral Module Disable (PMD) bits are set. On-chip voltage regulator disabled (DISVREG tied to VDD). On-chip voltage regulator enabled (DISVREG tied to VSS). Low-Voltage Detect (LVD) and Brown-out Detect (BOD) are enabled. 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS39881D-page 235 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY TABLE 27-6: DC CHARACTERISTICS: POWER-DOWN CURRENT (IPD) Standard Operating Conditions: 2.0V to 3.6V (unless otherwise stated) Operating temperature -40°C TA +85°C for Industrial -40°C TA +125°C for Extended DC CHARACTERISTICS Parameter No. Typical(1) Max Units Conditions Power-Down Current (IPD): PMD Bits are Set, VREGS Bit is ‘0’(2) DC60 0.1 1 A -40°C DC60a 0.15 1 A +25°C DC60m 2.2 7.4 A +60°C DC60b 3.7 12 A +85°C DC60j 15 50 A +125°C DC60c 0.2 1 A -40°C DC60d 0.25 1 A +25°C DC60n 2.6 15 A +60°C DC60e 4.2 25 A 16 100 A 3.3 9 A -40°C DC60g 3.5 10 A +25°C DC60o 6.7 22 A +60°C Base Power-Down Current(5) +125°C DC60f 2.5V(3) +85°C DC60k 2.0V(3) DC60h 9 30 A +85°C DC60l 36 120 A +125°C DC61 1.75 3 A 3.3V(4) -40°C DC61a 1.75 3 A +25°C DC61m 1.75 3 A +60°C DC61b 1.75 3 A +85°C DC61j 3.5 6 A +125°C DC61c 2.4 4 A 2.0V(3) -40°C DC61d 2.4 4 A +25°C DC61n 2.4 4 A +60°C DC61e 2.4 4 A +85°C +125°C DC61k 4.8 8 A DC61f 2.8 5 A 2.8 5 A +25°C DC61o 2.8 5 A +60°C DC61h 2.8 5 A +85°C 5.6 10 A Watchdog Timer Current: IWDT(5) -40°C DC61g 2.5V(3) +125°C DC61l Note 1: 2: 3: 4: 5: 3.3V(4) Data in the Typical column is at 3.3V, 25°C unless otherwise stated. Parameters are for design guidance only and are not tested. Base IPD is measured with all peripherals and clocks shut down. All I/Os are configured as inputs and pulled high. WDT, etc., are all switched off. On-chip voltage regulator disabled (DISVREG tied to VDD). On-chip voltage regulator enabled (DISVREG tied to VSS). Low-Voltage Detect (LVD) and Brown-out Detect (BOD) are enabled. The current is the additional current consumed when the module is enabled. This current should be added to the base IPD current. DS39881D-page 236 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY TABLE 27-6: DC CHARACTERISTICS: POWER-DOWN CURRENT (IPD) (CONTINUED) Standard Operating Conditions: 2.0V to 3.6V (unless otherwise stated) Operating temperature -40°C TA +85°C for Industrial -40°C TA +125°C for Extended DC CHARACTERISTICS Parameter No. Typical(1) Max Units Conditions Power-Down Current (IPD): PMD Bits are Set, VREGS Bit is ‘0’(2) DC62 8 16 A -40°C DC62a 12 16 A +25°C DC62m 12 16 A +60°C DC62b 12 16 A +85°C DC62j 18 23 A +125°C DC62c 9 16 A -40°C DC62d 12 16 A +25°C DC62n 12 16 A +60°C 2.0V(3) DC62e 12.5 16 A +85°C DC62k 20 25 A 10.3 18 A RTCC + Timer1 w/32 kHz Crystal: RTCC ITI32(5) +125°C DC62f 2.5V(3) -40°C DC62g 13.4 18 A +25°C DC62o 14.0 18 A +60°C DC62h 14.2 18 A +85°C DC62l 23 28 A +125°C DC63 2 — A -40°C DC63a 2 — A +25°C DC63b 6 — A 3.3V(4) +85°C DC63c 2 — A -40°C DC63d 2 — A +25°C 2.0V(3) DC63e 7 — A +85°C DC63f 2 — A 3 — A +25°C DC63h 7 — A RTCC + Timer1 w/Low-Power 32 kHz Crystal (SOCSEL<1:0> = 01): RTCC ITI32(5) -40°C DC63g 2.5V(3) +85°C Note 1: 2: 3: 4: 5: 3.3V(4) Data in the Typical column is at 3.3V, 25°C unless otherwise stated. Parameters are for design guidance only and are not tested. Base IPD is measured with all peripherals and clocks shut down. All I/Os are configured as inputs and pulled high. WDT, etc., are all switched off. On-chip voltage regulator disabled (DISVREG tied to VDD). On-chip voltage regulator enabled (DISVREG tied to VSS). Low-Voltage Detect (LVD) and Brown-out Detect (BOD) are enabled. The current is the additional current consumed when the module is enabled. This current should be added to the base IPD current. 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS39881D-page 237 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY TABLE 27-7: DC CHARACTERISTICS: I/O PIN INPUT SPECIFICATIONS Standard Operating Conditions: 2.0V to 3.6V (unless otherwise stated) Operating temperature -40°C TA +85°C for Industrial DC CHARACTERISTICS -40°C TA +125°C for Extended Param No. Min Typ(1) Max Units I/O Pins VSS — 0.2 VDD V DI11 PMP Pins VSS — 0.15 VDD V DI15 MCLR VSS — 0.2 VDD V Sym VIL DI10 Characteristic Conditions Input Low Voltage(4) DI16 OSCI (XT mode) VSS — 0.2 VDD V DI17 OSCI (HS mode) VSS — 0.2 VDD PMPTTL = 1 V 2C™ Buffer VSS — 0.3 VDD V SMBus disabled VSS — 0.8 V SMBus enabled I/O Pins: with Analog Functions Digital Only 0.8 VDD 0.8 VDD — — VDD 5.5 V V PMP Pins: with Analog Functions Digital Only 0.25 VDD + 0.8 0.25 VDD + 0.8 — — VDD 5.5 V V MCLR 0.8 VDD — VDD V DI26 OSCI (XT mode) 0.7 VDD — VDD V DI27 OSCI (HS mode) 0.7 VDD — VDD V DI28 2C I/O Pins with I Buffer: with Analog Functions Digital Only 0.7 VDD 0.7 VDD — — VDD 5.5 V V I/O Pins with SMBus Buffer: with Analog Functions Digital Only 2.1 2.1 — — VDD 5.5 V v 2.5V VPIN VDD 50 250 400 A VDD = 3.3V, VPIN = VSS DI18 I/O Pins with I DI19 I/O Pins with SMBus Buffer VIH DI20 DI21 DI25 DI29 DI30 Input High Voltage(4) ICNPU CNxx Pull-up Current IIL PMPTTL = 1 Input Leakage Current(2,3) DI50 I/O Ports — — +1 A VSS VPIN VDD, Pin at high-impedance DI51 Analog Input Pins — — +1 A VSS VPIN VDD, Pin at high-impedance DI55 MCLR — — +1 A VSS VPIN VDD DI56 OSCI — — +1 A VSS VPIN VDD, XT and HS modes Note 1: 2: 3: 4: Data in “Typ” column is at 3.3V, 25°C unless otherwise stated. Parameters are for design guidance only and are not tested. The leakage current on the MCLR pin is strongly dependent on the applied voltage level. The specified levels represent normal operating conditions. Higher leakage current may be measured at different input voltages. Negative current is defined as current sourced by the pin. Refer to Table 1-2 for I/O pin buffer types. DS39881D-page 238 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY TABLE 27-8: DC CHARACTERISTICS: I/O PIN OUTPUT SPECIFICATIONS DC CHARACTERISTICS Param No. Standard Operating Conditions: 2.0V to 3.6V (unless otherwise stated) Operating temperature -40°C TA +85°C for Industrial -40°C TA +125°C for Extended DO10 All I/O pins VOH DO20 Max Units — — 0.4 V — 0.4 V IOL = 5.0 mA, VDD = 2.0V — — 0.4 V IOL = 8.0 mA, VDD = 3.6V, 125°C — 0.4 V IOL = 4.5 mA, VDD = 2.0V, 125°C IOH = -3.0 mA, VDD = 3.6V Conditions Output Low Voltage All I/O pins DO16 Typ(1) — VOL Characteristic Min — Sym IOL = 8.5 mA, VDD = 3.6V Output High Voltage All I/O pins Note 1: All I/O pins — V — — V IOH = -1.0 mA, VDD = 2.0V 3 — — V IOH = -2.5 mA, VDD = 3.6V, 125°C — — V IOH = -0.5 mA, VDD = 2.0V, 125°C Data in “Typ” column is at 25°C unless otherwise stated. Parameters are for design guidance only and are not tested. TABLE 27-9: DC CHARACTERISTICS: PROGRAM MEMORY DC CHARACTERISTICS Param No. — 1.65 DO26 3 1.65 Sym Characteristic Standard Operating Conditions: 2.0V to 3.6V (unless otherwise stated) Operating temperature -40°C TA +85°C for Industrial -40°C TA +125°C for Extended Min Typ(1) Max Units Conditions Program Flash Memory D130 EP Cell Endurance 10000 — — E/W D131 VPR VDD for Read VMIN — 3.6 V D132B VPEW VDDCORE for Self-Timed Write 2.25 — 2.75 V D133A TIW Self-Timed Write Cycle Time — 3 — ms D134 TRETD Characteristic Retention 20 — — Year D135 IDDP — 7 — -40C to +125C mA Note 1: Supply Current during Programming VMIN = Minimum operating voltage Provided no other specifications are violated Data in “Typ” column is at 3.3V, 25°C unless otherwise stated. 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS39881D-page 239 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY TABLE 27-10: INTERNAL VOLTAGE REGULATOR SPECIFICATIONS Operating Conditions: -40°C < TA < +125°C (unless otherwise stated) Param No. Symbol Characteristics Min Typ Max Units — 2.5 — Comments V VRGOUT Regulator Output Voltage VBG Band Gap Reference Voltage — 1.23 — V CEFC External Filter Capacitor Value 4.7 10 — F Series resistance < 3 Ohm recommended; < 5 Ohm required. TVREG Voltage Regulator Start-up Time — 10 — s POR, BOR or when VREGS = 1 — 25 — s VREGS = 0, WUTSEL<1:0> = 01(1) — 190 — s VREGS = 0, WUTSEL<1:0> = 11(2) — 64 — ms DISVREG = VDD TPWRT Note 1: 2: Available only in devices with a major silicon revision level of B or later (DEVREV register value is 3042h or greater). WUTSEL Configuration bits setting is applicable only in devices with a major silicon revision level of B or later. This specification also applies to all devices prior to revision level B whenever VREGS = 0. DS39881D-page 240 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY 27.2 AC Characteristics and Timing Parameters The information contained in this section defines the PIC24FJ64GA004 family AC characteristics and timing parameters. TABLE 27-11: TEMPERATURE AND VOLTAGE SPECIFICATIONS – AC Standard Operating Conditions: 2.0V to 3.6V (unless otherwise stated) Operating temperature -40°C TA +85°C for Industrial -40°C TA +125°C for Extended Operating voltage VDD range as described in Section 27.1 “DC Characteristics”. AC CHARACTERISTICS FIGURE 27-3: LOAD CONDITIONS FOR DEVICE TIMING SPECIFICATIONS Load Condition 1 – for all pins except OSCO Load Condition 2 – for OSCO VDD/2 CL Pin RL VSS CL Pin RL = 464 CL = 50 pF for all pins except OSCO 15 pF for OSCO output VSS TABLE 27-12: CAPACITIVE LOADING REQUIREMENTS ON OUTPUT PINS Param Symbol No. DO50 Characteristic Min Typ(1) Max Units Conditions 15 pF In XT and HS modes when external clock is used to drive OSCI. COSC2 OSCO/CLKO pin — — DO56 CIO All I/O Pins and OSCO — — 50 pF EC mode. DO58 CB SCLx, SDAx — — 400 pF In I2C™ mode. Note 1: Data in “Typ” column is at 3.3V, 25°C unless otherwise stated. Parameters are for design guidance only and are not tested. 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS39881D-page 241 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY FIGURE 27-4: EXTERNAL CLOCK TIMING Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 OSCI OS20 OS30 OS31 OS30 OS31 OS25 CLKO OS40 OS41 TABLE 27-13: EXTERNAL CLOCK TIMING REQUIREMENTS AC CHARACTERISTICS Param Sym No. OS10 Characteristic FOSC External CLKI Frequency (External clocks allowed only in EC mode) Oscillator Frequency Standard Operating Conditions: 2.0 to 3.6V (unless otherwise stated) Operating temperature -40°C TA +85°C for Industrial -40°C TA +125°C for Extended Min Typ(1) Max Units DC 4 DC 4 — — — — 32 8 24 6 MHz MHz MHz MHz EC, -40°C TA +85°C ECPLL, -40°C TA +85°C EC, -40°C TA +125°C ECPLL, -40°C TA +125°C 3 3 10 31 3 10 — — — — — — 10 8 32 33 6 24 MHz MHz MHz kHz MHz MHz XT XTPLL, -40°C TA +85°C HS, -40°C TA +85°C SOSC XTPLL, -40°C TA +125°C HS, -40°C TA +125°C — — — — Conditions OS20 TOSC TOSC = 1/FOSC OS25 TCY 62.5 — DC ns OS30 TosL, External Clock in (OSCI) TosH High or Low Time 0.45 x TOSC — — ns EC OS31 TosR, External Clock in (OSCI) TosF Rise or Fall Time — — 20 ns EC OS40 TckR CLKO Rise Time(3) — 6 10 ns OS41 TckF CLKO Fall Time(3) — 6 10 ns Note 1: 2: 3: Instruction Cycle Time(2) See parameter OS10 for FOSC value Data in “Typ” column is at 3.3V, 25°C unless otherwise stated. Parameters are for design guidance only and are not tested. Instruction cycle period (TCY) equals two times the input oscillator time base period. All specified values are based on characterization data for that particular oscillator type under standard operating conditions with the device executing code. Exceeding these specified limits may result in an unstable oscillator operation and/or higher than expected current consumption. All devices are tested to operate at “Min.” values with an external clock applied to the OSCI/CLKI pin. When an external clock input is used, the “Max.” cycle time limit is “DC” (no clock) for all devices. Measurements are taken in EC mode. The CLKO signal is measured on the OSCO pin. CLKO is low for the Q1-Q2 period (1/2 TCY) and high for the Q3-Q4 period (1/2 TCY). DS39881D-page 242 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY TABLE 27-14: PLL CLOCK TIMING SPECIFICATIONS (VDD = 2.0V TO 3.6V) Standard Operating Conditions: 2.0V to 3.6V (unless otherwise stated) Operating temperature -40°C TA +85°C for Industrial -40°C TA +125°C for Extended AC CHARACTERISTICS Param No. OS50 Min Characteristic(1) Units — 8 MHz — 6 MHz 8 8 — — 32 24 MHz MHz OS51 FSYS OS52 TLOCK PLL Start-up Time (Lock Time) — — 2 OS53 DCLK -2 1 2 % Conditions ECPLL, HSPLL, XTPLL modes, -40°C TA +85°C ECPLL, HSPLL, XTPLL modes, -40°C TA +125°C -40°C TA +85°C -40°C TA +125°C ms Note 1: 2: PLL Output Frequency Range Max 3 PLL Input Frequency Range FPLLI Typ(2) 3 Sym CLKO Stability (Jitter) Measured over 100 ms period These parameters are characterized but not tested in manufacturing. Data in “Typ” column is at 3.3V, 25°C unless otherwise stated. Parameters are for design guidance only and are not tested. TABLE 27-15: AC CHARACTERISTICS: INTERNAL RC ACCURACY AC CHARACTERISTICS Param No. Characteristic Standard Operating Conditions: 2.0V to 3.6V (unless otherwise stated) Operating temperature -40°C TA +85°C for Industrial -40°C TA +125°C for Extended Min Typ Max Units Conditions -2 — 2 % 25°C -5 — 5 % -40°C TA +125°C Internal FRC Accuracy @ 8 MHz(1) F20 FRC Note 1: 3.0V VDD 3.6V Frequency calibrated at 25°C and 3.3V. OSCTUN bits can be used to compensate for temperature drift. TABLE 27-16: INTERNAL RC ACCURACY AC CHARACTERISTICS Param No. Characteristic Standard Operating Conditions: 2.0V to 3.6V (unless otherwise stated) Operating temperature -40°C TA +85°C for Industrial -40°C TA +125°C for Extended Min Typ Max Units Conditions -15 — 15 % 25°C -15 — 15 % -40°C TA +85°C -20 — 20 % 125°C LPRC @ 31 kHz(1) F21 Note 1: 3.0V VDD 3.6V Change of LPRC frequency as VDD changes. 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS39881D-page 243 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY FIGURE 27-5: CLKO AND I/O TIMING CHARACTERISTICS I/O Pin (Input) DI35 DI40 I/O Pin (Output) New Value Old Value DO31 DO32 Note: Refer to Figure 27-3 for load conditions. TABLE 27-17: CLKO AND I/O TIMING REQUIREMENTS AC CHARACTERISTICS Param No. Sym Characteristic Standard Operating Conditions: 2.0V to 3.6V (unless otherwise stated) Operating temperature -40°C TA +85°C for Industrial -40°C TA +125°C for Extended Min Typ(1) Max Units DO31 TIOR Port Output Rise Time — 10 25 ns DO32 TIOF Port Output Fall Time — 10 25 ns DI35 TINP INTx pin High or Low Time (output) 20 — — ns DI40 TRBP CNx High or Low Time (input) 2 — — Conditions TCY Note 1: Data in “Typ” column is at 3.3V, 25°C unless otherwise stated. DS39881D-page 244 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY TABLE 27-18: ADC MODULE SPECIFICATIONS Standard Operating Conditions: 2.0V to 3.6V (unless otherwise stated) Operating temperature -40°C TA +85°C for Industrial -40°C TA +125°C for Extended AC CHARACTERISTICS Param No. Symbol Characteristic Min. Typ Max. Units Conditions Device Supply AD01 AVDD Module VDD Supply Greater of VDD – 0.3 or 2.0 — Lesser of VDD + 0.3 or 3.6 V AD02 AVSS Module VSS Supply VSS – 0.3 — VSS + 0.3 V Reference Inputs AD05 VREFH Reference Voltage High AVSS + 1.7 — AVDD V AD06 VREFL Reference Voltage Low AVSS — AVDD – 1.7 V AD07 VREF Absolute Reference Voltage AVSS – 0.3 — AVDD + 0.3 V Analog Input AD10 VINH-VINL Full-Scale Input Span VREFL — VREFH V AD11 VIN Absolute Input Voltage AVSS – 0.3 — AVDD + 0.3 V AD12 VINL Absolute VINL Input Voltage AVSS – 0.3 AVDD/2 V AD17 RIN Recommended Impedance of Analog Voltage Source 2.5K — — (Note 2) — 10-bit ADC Accuracy AD20b Nr Resolution — 10 — bits AD21b INL Integral Nonlinearity — ±1 <±2 LSb VINL = AVSS = VREFL = 0V, AVDD = VREFH = 3V AD22b DNL Differential Nonlinearity — ±1 <±1.25 LSb VINL = AVSS = VREFL = 0V, AVDD = VREFH = 3V AD23b GERR Gain Error — ±1 ±3 LSb VINL = AVSS = VREFL = 0V, AVDD = VREFH = 3V AD24b EOFF Offset Error — ±1 ±2 LSb VINL = AVSS = VREFL = 0V, AVDD = VREFH = 3V AD25b — Monotonicity(1) — — — — Note 1: 2: Guaranteed The ADC conversion result never decreases with an increase in the input voltage and has no missing codes. Measurements taken with external VREF+ and VREF- used as the ADC voltage reference. 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS39881D-page 245 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY TABLE 27-19: ADC CONVERSION TIMING REQUIREMENTS(1) Standard Operating Conditions: 2.0V to 3.6V (unless otherwise stated) Operating temperature -40°C TA +85°C for Industrial AC CHARACTERISTICS -40°C TA +125°C for Extended Param No. Symbol Characteristic Min. Typ Max. Units Conditions TCY = 75 ns, AD1CON3 in default state Clock Parameters AD50 TAD ADC Clock Period 75 — — ns AD51 tRC ADC Internal RC Oscillator Period — 250 — ns Conversion Rate AD55 tCONV Conversion Time — 12 — TAD AD56 FCNV Throughput Rate — — 500 ksps AD57 tSAMP Sample Time — 1 — TAD AD61 tPSS Sample Start Delay from setting Sample bit (SAMP) — 3 TAD AVDD 2.7V Clock Parameters Note 1: 2 Because the sample caps will eventually lose charge, clock rates below 10 kHz can affect linearity performance, especially at elevated temperatures. DS39881D-page 246 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY 28.0 PACKAGING INFORMATION 28.1 Package Marking Information Example 28-Lead SPDIP XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX YYWWNNN 28-Lead SSOP Example XXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXX YYWWNNN 24FJ16GA002 /SS e3 0810017 28-Lead SOIC (.300”) Example XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX YYWWNNN 28-Lead QFN PIC24FJ16GA002/SO e3 0810017 Example XXXXXXXX XXXXXXXX YYWWNNN Legend: XX...X Y YY WW NNN * Note: PIC24FJ16GA002 -I/SP e3 0810017 24FJ48GA 002/ML e3 0810017 Customer-specific information Year code (last digit of calendar year) Year code (last 2 digits of calendar year) Week code (week of January 1 is week ‘01’) Alphanumeric traceability code Pb-free JEDEC designator for Matte Tin (Sn) This package is Pb-free. The Pb-free JEDEC designator ( e3 ) can be found on the outer packaging for this package. In the event the full Microchip part number cannot be marked on one line, it will be carried over to the next line, thus limiting the number of available characters for customer-specific information. 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS39881D-page 247 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY 44-Lead QFN XXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXX YYWWNNN 44-Lead TQFP XXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXX YYWWNNN DS39881D-page 248 Example 24FJ32GA 004-I/ML e3 0810017 Example 24FJ32GA 004-I/PT e3 0810017 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY 28.2 Package Details The following sections give the technical details of the packages. /HDG 6NLQQ\ 3ODVWLF 'XDO ,Q /LQH 63 ± 1RWH PLO %RG\ >63',3@ )RU WKH PRVW FXUUHQW SDFNDJH GUDZLQJV SOHDVH VHH WKH 0LFURFKLS 3DFNDJLQJ 6SHFLILFDWLRQ ORFDWHG DW KWWS ZZZ PLFURFKLS FRP SDFNDJLQJ N NOTE 1 E1 1 23 D E A2 A L c b1 A1 b e eB 8QLWV 'LPHQVLRQ /LPLWV 1XPEHU RI 3LQV ,1&+(6 0,1 120 ± 0$; ± 1 3LWFK H 7RS WR 6HDWLQJ 3ODQH $ 0ROGHG 3DFNDJH 7KLFNQHVV $ %DVH WR 6HDWLQJ 3ODQH $ 6KRXOGHU WR 6KRXOGHU :LGWK ( 0ROGHG 3DFNDJH :LGWK ( 2YHUDOO /HQJWK ' 7LS WR 6HDWLQJ 3ODQH %6& / /HDG 7KLFNQHVV 8SSHU /HDG :LGWK /RZHU /HDG :LGWK 2YHUDOO 5RZ 6SDFLQJ † ± ± F E E H% ± ± 1RWHV 3LQ YLVXDO LQGH[ IHDWXUH PD\ YDU\ EXW PXVW EH ORFDWHG ZLWKLQ WKH KDWFKHG DUHD † 6LJQLILFDQW &KDUDFWHULVWLF 'LPHQVLRQV ' DQG ( GR QRW LQFOXGH PROG IODVK RU SURWUXVLRQV 0ROG IODVK RU SURWUXVLRQV VKDOO QRW H[FHHG 'LPHQVLRQLQJ DQG WROHUDQFLQJ SHU $60( < 0 %6& %DVLF 'LPHQVLRQ 7KHRUHWLFDOO\ H[DFW YDOXH VKRZQ ZLWKRXW WROHUDQFHV SHU VLGH 0LFURFKLS 7HFKQRORJ\ 'UDZLQJ & 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. % DS39881D-page 249 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY /HDG 3ODVWLF 6KULQN 6PDOO 2XWOLQH 66 ± 1RWH PP %RG\ >6623@ )RU WKH PRVW FXUUHQW SDFNDJH GUDZLQJV SOHDVH VHH WKH 0LFURFKLS 3DFNDJLQJ 6SHFLILFDWLRQ ORFDWHG DW KWWS ZZZ PLFURFKLS FRP SDFNDJLQJ D N E E1 12 NOTE 1 b e c A2 A φ A1 L L1 8QLWV 'LPHQVLRQ /LPLWV 1XPEHU RI 3LQV 0,//,0(7(56 0,1 120 ± 0$; ± 1 3LWFK H 2YHUDOO +HLJKW $ 0ROGHG 3DFNDJH 7KLFNQHVV $ 6WDQGRII $ 2YHUDOO :LGWK ( 0ROGHG 3DFNDJH :LGWK ( 2YHUDOO /HQJWK %6& ' )RRW /HQJWK / ± / )RRWSULQW ± /HDG 7KLFNQHVV 5() F )RRW $QJOH I /HDG :LGWK E ± ƒ ƒ ƒ ± 1RWHV 3LQ YLVXDO LQGH[ IHDWXUH PD\ YDU\ EXW PXVW EH ORFDWHG ZLWKLQ WKH KDWFKHG DUHD 'LPHQVLRQV ' DQG ( GR QRW LQFOXGH PROG IODVK RU SURWUXVLRQV 0ROG IODVK RU SURWUXVLRQV VKDOO QRW H[FHHG 'LPHQVLRQLQJ DQG WROHUDQFLQJ SHU $60( < 0 %6& %DVLF 'LPHQVLRQ 7KHRUHWLFDOO\ H[DFW YDOXH VKRZQ ZLWKRXW WROHUDQFHV 5() 5HIHUHQFH 'LPHQVLRQ XVXDOO\ ZLWKRXW WROHUDQFH IRU LQIRUPDWLRQ SXUSRVHV RQO\ PP SHU VLGH 0LFURFKLS 7HFKQRORJ\ 'UDZLQJ & DS39881D-page 250 % 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. 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PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY /HDG 3ODVWLF 7KLQ 4XDG )ODWSDFN 37 ± 1RWH [ [ PP %RG\ PP >74)3@ )RU WKH PRVW FXUUHQW SDFNDJH GUDZLQJV SOHDVH VHH WKH 0LFURFKLS 3DFNDJLQJ 6SHFLILFDWLRQ ORFDWHG DW KWWS ZZZ PLFURFKLS FRP SDFNDJLQJ 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS39881D-page 257 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY NOTES: DS39881D-page 258 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY APPENDIX A: REVISION HISTORY Revision A (March 2007) Original data sheet for the PIC24FJ64GA004 family of devices. Revision B (March 2007) Changes to Table 26-8; packaging diagrams updated. Revision C (January 2008) • Update of electrical specifications to include DC characteristics for Extended Temperature devices. • Update for A/D converter chapter to include information on internal band gap voltage reference. • Added “Appendix B: “Additional Guidance for PIC24FJ64GA004 Family Applications”. • General revisions to incorporate corrections included in document errata to date (DS80333). Revision D (January 2010) • Update of electrical specifications to include 60°C specifications for power-down current to DC characteristics. • Removes references to JTAG programming throughout the document. • Other minor typographic corrections throughout. 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS39881D-page 259 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY APPENDIX B: ADDITIONAL GUIDANCE FOR PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY APPLICATIONS FIGURE B-1: POWER REDUCTION EXAMPLE FOR CONSTANT VOLTAGE SUPPLIES PIC24FJ64GA VDD B.1 Additional Methods for Power Reduction Devices in the PIC24FJ64GA004 family include a number of core features to significantly reduce the application’s power requirements. For truly power-sensitive applications, it is possible to further reduce the application’s power demands by taking advantage of the device’s regulator architecture. These methods help decrease power in two ways: by disabling the internal voltage regulator to eliminate its power consumption, and by reducing the voltage on VDDCORE to lower the device’s dynamic current requirements. Using these methods, it is possible to reduce Sleep currents (IPD) from 3.5 A to 250 nA (typical values, refer to specifications DC60d and DC60g in Table 27-6). For dynamic power consumption, the reduction in VDDCORE from 2.5V, provided by the regulator, to 2.0V can provide a power reduction of about 30%. When using a regulated power source or a battery with a constant output voltage, it is possible to decrease power consumption by disabling the regulator. In this case (Figure B-1), a simple diode can be used to reduce the voltage from 3V or greater to the 2V-2.5V required for VDDCORE. This method is only advised on power supplies, such as Lithium Coin cells, which maintain a constant voltage over the life of the battery. DS39881D-page 260 DISVREG D1 3.0V Coin Cell 2.3V VDDCORE VSS A similar method can be used for non-regulated sources (Figure B-2). In this case, it can be beneficial to use a low quiescent current external voltage regulator. Devices such as the MCP1700 consume only 1 A to regulate to 2V or 2.5V, which is lower than the current required to power the internal voltage regulator. FIGURE B-2: POWER REDUCTION EXAMPLE FOR NON-REGULATED SUPPLIES PIC24FJ64GA VDD DISVREG 3.3V ‘AA’ MCP1700 2.0V VDDCORE VSS 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY INDEX A C A/D Converter Analog Input Model ................................................... 198 Transfer Function...................................................... 199 Additional Guidance for Family Applications..................... 260 Assembler MPASM Assembler................................................... 218 C Compilers MPLAB C18.............................................................. 218 MPLAB C30.............................................................. 218 Code Examples Basic Clock Switching Example ............................... 101 Configuring UART 1 Input and Output Functions (PPS) ............................................... 110 Erasing a Program Memory Block.............................. 52 I/O Port Read/Write .................................................. 106 Initiating a Programming Sequence ........................... 53 Loading the Write Buffers ........................................... 53 Single-Word Flash Programming ............................... 54 Code Protection ................................................................ 214 Configuration Bits ............................................................. 207 Core Features....................................................................... 9 CPU ALU............................................................................. 29 Control Registers........................................................ 28 Core Registers............................................................ 27 Programmer’s Model .................................................. 25 CRC CRCXOR Register.................................................... 190 Operation in Power Save Modes.............................. 188 User Interface ........................................................... 188 Customer Change Notification Service............................. 265 Customer Notification Service .......................................... 265 Customer Support............................................................. 265 B Block Diagrams 10-Bit High-Speed A/D Converter............................. 192 Accessing Program Memory with Table Instructions ............................................... 47 Addressable PMP Example ...................................... 174 CALL Stack Frame...................................................... 45 Comparator Operating Modes .................................. 201 Comparator Voltage Reference ................................ 205 CPU Programmer’s Model .......................................... 27 CRC Reconfigured for Polynomial ............................ 188 CRC Shifter Details................................................... 187 Data Access From Program Space Address Generation ............................................ 46 I2C Module ................................................................ 152 Input Capture ............................................................ 133 Legacy PMP Example............................................... 174 On-Chip Regulator Connections ............................... 212 Output Compare ....................................................... 138 PIC24F CPU Core ...................................................... 26 PIC24FJ64GA004 Family (General) ........................... 12 PMP Master Port Examples .............................. 174–176 PMP Module Overview ............................................. 167 PSV Operation ............................................................ 48 Reset System.............................................................. 55 RTCC ........................................................................ 177 Shared I/O Port Structure ......................................... 105 Simplified UART........................................................ 159 SPI Master/Frame Master Connection...................... 149 SPI Master/Frame Slave Connection........................ 149 SPI Master/Slave Connection (Enhanced Buffer Mode) ..................................................... 148 SPI Master/Slave Connection (Standard Mode) ....... 148 SPI Slave/Frame Master Connection........................ 149 SPI Slave/Frame Slave Connection.......................... 149 SPIx Module (Enhanced Mode) ................................ 143 SPIx Module (Standard Mode).................................. 142 System Clock Diagram ............................................... 95 Timer1....................................................................... 125 Timer2 and Timer4 (16-Bit Modes) ........................... 129 Timer2/3 and Timer4/5 (32-Bit Mode)....................... 128 Timer3 and Timer5 (16-Bit Modes) ........................... 129 Watchdog Timer (WDT) ............................................ 214 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. D Data Memory Address Space ........................................................... 33 Memory Map............................................................... 33 Near Data Space ........................................................ 34 Organization ............................................................... 34 SFR Space ................................................................. 34 Software Stack ........................................................... 45 Development Support ....................................................... 217 Device Features (Summary)............................................... 11 DISVREG Pin ................................................................... 212 Doze Mode ....................................................................... 104 E Electrical Characteristics A/D Specifications .................................................... 244 Absolute Maximum Ratings ...................................... 229 Current Specifications ...................................... 233–237 I/O Pin Specifications ....................................... 238–239 Internal Clock Specifications .................................... 242 Load Conditions and Requirements for AC Characteristics............................................ 240 Program Memory Specifications............................... 239 Thermal Operating Conditions.................................. 231 V/F Graphs ............................................................... 230 Voltage Ratings ........................................................ 232 Voltage Regulator Specifications.............................. 239 DS39881D-page 261 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY Equations A/D Clock Conversion Period ................................... 198 Baud Rate Reload Calculation .................................. 153 Calculating the PWM Period ..................................... 136 Calculation for Maximum PWM Resolution............... 136 Device and SPI Clock Speed Relationship ............... 150 UART Baud Rate with BRGH = 0 ............................. 160 UART Baud Rate with BRGH = 1 ............................. 160 Errata .................................................................................... 8 F Flash Configuration Words.................................. 32, 207–210 Flash Program Memory and Table Instructions................................................. 49 Enhanced ICSP Operation.......................................... 50 Programming Algorithm .............................................. 52 RTSP Operation.......................................................... 50 Single-Word Programming.......................................... 54 I I/O Ports Analog Port Configuration ......................................... 106 Input Change Notification.......................................... 106 Open-Drain Configuration ......................................... 106 Parallel (PIO) ............................................................ 105 Peripheral Pin Select ................................................ 107 Pull-ups ..................................................................... 106 I2C Clock Rates............................................................... 153 Peripheral Remapping Options ................................. 151 Reserved Addresses................................................. 153 Slave Address Masking ............................................ 153 Idle Mode .......................................................................... 104 Instruction Set Overview ................................................................... 223 Summary................................................................... 221 Instruction-Based Power-Saving Modes ........................... 103 Inter-Integrated Circuit. See I2C........................................ 151 Internet Address................................................................ 265 Interrupts Alternate Interrupt Vector Table (AIVT) ...................... 61 and Reset Sequence .................................................. 61 Implemented Vectors .................................................. 63 Interrupt Vector Table (IVT) ........................................ 61 Registers ............................................................... 64–92 Setup and Service Procedures ................................... 93 Trap Vectors ............................................................... 62 Vector Table................................................................ 62 J JTAG Interface .................................................................. 214 M Microchip Internet Web Site .............................................. 265 MPLAB ASM30 Assembler, Linker, Librarian ................... 218 MPLAB ICD 2 In-Circuit Debugger.................................... 219 MPLAB ICE 2000 High-Performance Universal In-Circuit Emulator .................................................... 219 MPLAB Integrated Development Environment Software .................................................................... 217 MPLAB PM3 Device Programmer..................................... 219 MPLAB REAL ICE In-Circuit Emulator System................. 219 MPLINK Object Linker/MPLIB Object Librarian ................ 218 DS39881D-page 262 N Near Data Space ................................................................ 34 O Oscillator Configuration Clock Switching ........................................................ 100 Sequence ......................................................... 101 Initial Configuration on POR ....................................... 96 Oscillator Modes ......................................................... 96 Output Compare PWM Mode ............................................................... 136 Period and Duty Cycle Calculation ................... 137 Single Output Pulse Generation ............................... 135 P Packaging Details....................................................................... 249 Marking ..................................................................... 247 Parallel Master Port. See PMP. ........................................ 167 Peripheral Enable Bits ...................................................... 104 Peripheral Module Disable (PMD) bits.............................. 104 Peripheral Pin Select (PPS).............................................. 107 Available Peripherals and Pins ................................. 107 Configuration Control................................................ 109 Considerations for Use ............................................. 110 Input Mapping ........................................................... 107 Mapping Exceptions ................................................. 109 Output Mapping ........................................................ 108 Peripheral Priority ..................................................... 107 Registers .......................................................... 111–124 PICSTART Plus Development Programmer..................... 220 Pinout Descriptions....................................................... 13–18 PMP Master Port Examples ...................................... 174–176 Power-Saving Features .................................................... 103 Power-up Requirements ................................................... 213 Product Identification System ........................................... 267 Program Memory Access Using Table Instructions................................. 47 Address Construction ................................................. 45 Address Space ........................................................... 31 Flash Configuration Words ......................................... 32 Memory Map............................................................... 31 Organization ............................................................... 32 Program Space Visibility............................................. 48 Pulse-Width Modulation. See PWM.................................. 136 R Reader Response............................................................. 266 Register Maps A/D Converter (ADC) .................................................. 41 Clock Control .............................................................. 44 CPU ............................................................................ 35 CRC ............................................................................ 42 Dual Comparator ........................................................ 42 I2C .............................................................................. 38 ICN ............................................................................. 35 Input Capture .............................................................. 37 Interrupt Controller...................................................... 36 NVM............................................................................ 44 Output Compare ......................................................... 38 Pad Configuration ....................................................... 40 Parallel Master/Slave Port .......................................... 41 Peripheral Pin Select .................................................. 43 PMD............................................................................ 44 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY PORTA........................................................................ 40 PORTB........................................................................ 40 PORTC ....................................................................... 40 Real-Time Clock and Calendar (RTCC) ..................... 42 SPI .............................................................................. 39 Timers ......................................................................... 37 UART .......................................................................... 39 Registers AD1CHS (A/D Input Select) ...................................... 196 AD1CON1 (A/D Control 1) ........................................ 193 AD1CON2 (A/D Control 2) ........................................ 194 AD1CON3 (A/D Control 3) ........................................ 195 AD1CSSL (A/D Input Scan Select) ........................... 197 AD1PCFG (A/D Port Configuration).......................... 197 ALCFGRPT (Alarm Configuration)............................ 181 ALMINSEC (Alarm Minutes and Seconds Value) ................................................ 185 ALMTHDY (Alarm Month and Day Value) ................ 184 ALWDHR (Alarm Weekday and Hours Value).......... 184 CLKDIV (Clock Divider) .............................................. 99 CMCON (Comparator Control) ................................. 202 CORCON (Core Control) ............................................ 65 CORCON (CPU Control) ............................................ 29 CRCCON (CRC Control) .......................................... 189 CRCXOR (CRC XOR Polynomial)............................ 190 CVRCON (Comparator Voltage Reference Control) ........................................... 206 CW1 (Flash Configuration Word 1)........................... 208 CW2 (Flash Configuration Word 2)........................... 210 DEVID (Device ID) .................................................... 211 DEVREV (Device Revision) ...................................... 211 I2CxCON (I2Cx Control) ........................................... 154 I2CxMSK (I2Cx Slave Mode Address Mask) ............ 158 I2CxSTAT (I2Cx Status) ........................................... 156 ICxCON (Input Capture x Control) ............................ 134 IECn (Interrupt Enable Control 0-4) ...................... 73–77 IFSn (Interrupt Flag Status 0-4) ............................ 68–72 INTCON1 (Interrupt Control 1).................................... 66 INTCON2 (Interrupt Control 2).................................... 67 IPCn (Interrupt Priority Control 0-18) .................... 78–92 MINSEC (RTCC Minutes and Seconds Value)......... 183 MTHDY (RTCC Month and Day Value) .................... 182 NVMCON (Flash Memory Control) ............................. 51 OCxCON (Output Compare x Control) ..................... 139 OSCCON (Oscillator Control) ..................................... 97 OSCTUN (FRC Oscillator Tune)............................... 100 PADCFG1 (Pad Configuration Control) ............ 173, 180 PMADDR (PMP Address) ......................................... 171 PMAEN (PMP Enable).............................................. 171 PMCON (PMP Control)............................................. 168 PMMODE (PMP Mode)............................................. 170 PMPSTAT (PMP Status)........................................... 172 RCFGCAL (RTCC Calibration and Configuration) ............................................ 179 RCON (Reset Control) ................................................ 56 RPINRn (PPS Input Mapping 0-23) .................. 111–117 RPORn (PPS Output Mapping 0-12) ................ 118–124 SPIxCON1 (SPIx Control 1)...................................... 146 SPIxCON2 (SPIx Control 2)...................................... 147 SPIxSTAT (SPIx Status and Control) ....................... 144 SR (ALU STATUS) ............................................... 28, 65 T1CON (Timer1 Control)........................................... 126 TxCON (Timer2 and Timer4 Control)........................ 130 TyCON (Timer3 amd Timer5 Control)....................... 131 UxMODE (UARTx Mode).......................................... 162 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. UxRXREG (UARTx Receive) ................................... 166 UxSTA (UARTx Status and Control) ........................ 164 UxTXREG (UARTx Transmit)................................... 166 WKDYHR (RTCC Weekday and Hours Value) ........ 183 YEAR (RTCC Year Value)........................................ 182 Resets Clock Source Selection .............................................. 57 Delay Times................................................................ 58 RCON Flags Operation .............................................. 57 SFR States ................................................................. 59 Revision History................................................................ 259 RTCC Alarm Configuration.................................................. 186 Calibration ................................................................ 185 Register Mapping ..................................................... 178 S Serial Peripheral Interface. See SPI. ................................ 141 SFR Space ......................................................................... 34 Slective Peripheral Power Control .................................... 104 Sleep Mode ...................................................................... 103 Software Simulator (MPLAB SIM) .................................... 218 Software Stack ................................................................... 45 T Timer1 .............................................................................. 125 Timer2/3 and Timer4/5 ..................................................... 127 Timing Diagrams CLKO and I/O Timing ............................................... 243 External Clock Timing............................................... 241 U UART Baud Rate Generator (BRG) .................................... 160 Break and Sync Sequence ....................................... 161 IrDA Support ............................................................. 161 Operation of UxCTS and UxRTS Control Pins ......... 161 Receiving.................................................................. 161 Transmitting.............................................................. 161 V VDDCORE/VCAP pin............................................................ 212 Voltage Regulator (On-Chip) ............................................ 212 and BOR................................................................... 213 and POR................................................................... 212 Standby Mode .......................................................... 213 Tracking Mode.......................................................... 212 W Watchdog Timer (WDT).................................................... 213 Winowed Operation .................................................. 214 WWW Address ................................................................. 265 WWW, On-Line Support ....................................................... 8 DS39881D-page 263 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY NOTES: DS39881D-page 264 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY THE MICROCHIP WEB SITE CUSTOMER SUPPORT Microchip provides online support via our WWW site at www.microchip.com. This web site is used as a means to make files and information easily available to customers. Accessible by using your favorite Internet browser, the web site contains the following information: Users of Microchip products can receive assistance through several channels: • Product Support – Data sheets and errata, application notes and sample programs, design resources, user’s guides and hardware support documents, latest software releases and archived software • General Technical Support – Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ), technical support requests, online discussion groups, Microchip consultant program member listing • Business of Microchip – Product selector and ordering guides, latest Microchip press releases, listing of seminars and events, listings of Microchip sales offices, distributors and factory representatives • • • • • Distributor or Representative Local Sales Office Field Application Engineer (FAE) Technical Support Development Systems Information Line Customers should contact their distributor, representative or field application engineer (FAE) for support. Local sales offices are also available to help customers. A listing of sales offices and locations is included in the back of this document. Technical support is available through the web site at: http://support.microchip.com CUSTOMER CHANGE NOTIFICATION SERVICE Microchip’s customer notification service helps keep customers current on Microchip products. Subscribers will receive e-mail notification whenever there are changes, updates, revisions or errata related to a specified product family or development tool of interest. To register, access the Microchip web site at www.microchip.com, click on Customer Change Notification and follow the registration instructions. 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS39881D-page 265 PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY READER RESPONSE It is our intention to provide you with the best documentation possible to ensure successful use of your Microchip product. If you wish to provide your comments on organization, clarity, subject matter, and ways in which our documentation can better serve you, please FAX your comments to the Technical Publications Manager at (480) 792-4150. Please list the following information, and use this outline to provide us with your comments about this document. To: Technical Publications Manager RE: Reader Response Total Pages Sent ________ From: Name Company Address City / State / ZIP / Country Telephone: (_______) _________ - _________ FAX: (______) _________ - _________ Application (optional): Would you like a reply? Y Device: PIC24FJ64GA004 Family N Literature Number: DS39881D Questions: 1. What are the best features of this document? 2. How does this document meet your hardware and software development needs? 3. Do you find the organization of this document easy to follow? If not, why? 4. What additions to the document do you think would enhance the structure and subject? 5. What deletions from the document could be made without affecting the overall usefulness? 6. Is there any incorrect or misleading information (what and where)? 7. How would you improve this document? DS39881D-page 266 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. PIC24FJ64GA004 FAMILY PRODUCT IDENTIFICATION SYSTEM To order or obtain information, e.g., on pricing or delivery, refer to the factory or the listed sales office. PIC 24 FJ 64 GA0 04 T - I / PT - XXX Examples: a) Microchip Trademark Architecture b) Flash Memory Family Program Memory Size (KB) Product Group PIC24FJ32GA002-I/ML: General purpose PIC24F, 32-Kbyte program memory, 28-pin, Industrial temp., QFN package. PIC24FJ64GA004-E/PT: General purpose PIC24F, 64-Kbyte program memory, 44-pin, Extended temp., TQFP package. Pin Count Tape and Reel Flag (if applicable) Temperature Range Package Pattern Architecture 24 = 16-bit modified Harvard without DSP Flash Memory Family FJ = Flash program memory Product Group GA0 = General purpose microcontrollers Pin Count 02 04 = 28-pin = 44-pin Temperature Range E I = -40C to +125C (Extended) = -40C to +85C (Industrial) Package SP SO SS ML PT = = = = = Pattern Three-digit QTP, SQTP, Code or Special Requirements (blank otherwise) ES = Engineering Sample SPDIP SOIC SSOP QFN TQFP 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. DS39881D-page 267 WORLDWIDE SALES AND SERVICE AMERICAS ASIA/PACIFIC ASIA/PACIFIC EUROPE Corporate Office 2355 West Chandler Blvd. Chandler, AZ 85224-6199 Tel: 480-792-7200 Fax: 480-792-7277 Technical Support: http://support.microchip.com Web Address: www.microchip.com Asia Pacific Office Suites 3707-14, 37th Floor Tower 6, The Gateway Harbour City, Kowloon Hong Kong Tel: 852-2401-1200 Fax: 852-2401-3431 India - Bangalore Tel: 91-80-3090-4444 Fax: 91-80-3090-4123 India - New Delhi Tel: 91-11-4160-8631 Fax: 91-11-4160-8632 Austria - Wels Tel: 43-7242-2244-39 Fax: 43-7242-2244-393 Denmark - Copenhagen Tel: 45-4450-2828 Fax: 45-4485-2829 India - Pune Tel: 91-20-2566-1512 Fax: 91-20-2566-1513 France - Paris Tel: 33-1-69-53-63-20 Fax: 33-1-69-30-90-79 Japan - Yokohama Tel: 81-45-471- 6166 Fax: 81-45-471-6122 Germany - Munich Tel: 49-89-627-144-0 Fax: 49-89-627-144-44 Atlanta Duluth, GA Tel: 678-957-9614 Fax: 678-957-1455 Boston Westborough, MA Tel: 774-760-0087 Fax: 774-760-0088 Chicago Itasca, IL Tel: 630-285-0071 Fax: 630-285-0075 Cleveland Independence, OH Tel: 216-447-0464 Fax: 216-447-0643 Dallas Addison, TX Tel: 972-818-7423 Fax: 972-818-2924 Detroit Farmington Hills, MI Tel: 248-538-2250 Fax: 248-538-2260 Kokomo Kokomo, IN Tel: 765-864-8360 Fax: 765-864-8387 Los Angeles Mission Viejo, CA Tel: 949-462-9523 Fax: 949-462-9608 Santa Clara Santa Clara, CA Tel: 408-961-6444 Fax: 408-961-6445 Toronto Mississauga, Ontario, Canada Tel: 905-673-0699 Fax: 905-673-6509 Australia - Sydney Tel: 61-2-9868-6733 Fax: 61-2-9868-6755 China - Beijing Tel: 86-10-8528-2100 Fax: 86-10-8528-2104 China - Chengdu Tel: 86-28-8665-5511 Fax: 86-28-8665-7889 Korea - Daegu Tel: 82-53-744-4301 Fax: 82-53-744-4302 China - Chongqing Tel: 86-23-8980-9588 Fax: 86-23-8980-9500 Korea - Seoul Tel: 82-2-554-7200 Fax: 82-2-558-5932 or 82-2-558-5934 China - Hong Kong SAR Tel: 852-2401-1200 Fax: 852-2401-3431 Malaysia - Kuala Lumpur Tel: 60-3-6201-9857 Fax: 60-3-6201-9859 China - Nanjing Tel: 86-25-8473-2460 Fax: 86-25-8473-2470 Malaysia - Penang Tel: 60-4-227-8870 Fax: 60-4-227-4068 China - Qingdao Tel: 86-532-8502-7355 Fax: 86-532-8502-7205 Singapore Tel: 65-6334-8870 Fax: 65-6334-8850 China - Shenyang Tel: 86-24-2334-2829 Fax: 86-24-2334-2393 Taiwan - Hsin Chu Tel: 886-3-6578-300 Fax: 886-3-6578-370 China - Shenzhen Tel: 86-755-8203-2660 Fax: 86-755-8203-1760 Taiwan - Kaohsiung Tel: 886-7-536-4818 Fax: 886-7-536-4803 China - Wuhan Tel: 86-27-5980-5300 Fax: 86-27-5980-5118 Taiwan - Taipei Tel: 886-2-2500-6610 Fax: 886-2-2508-0102 China - Xian Tel: 86-29-8833-7252 Fax: 86-29-8833-7256 Netherlands - Drunen Tel: 31-416-690399 Fax: 31-416-690340 Philippines - Manila Tel: 63-2-634-9065 Fax: 63-2-634-9069 China - Shanghai Tel: 86-21-5407-5533 Fax: 86-21-5407-5066 Italy - Milan Tel: 39-0331-742611 Fax: 39-0331-466781 Thailand - Bangkok Tel: 66-2-694-1351 Fax: 66-2-694-1350 Spain - Madrid Tel: 34-91-708-08-90 Fax: 34-91-708-08-91 UK - Wokingham Tel: 44-118-921-5869 Fax: 44-118-921-5820 China - Xiamen Tel: 86-592-2388138 Fax: 86-592-2388130 China - Zhuhai Tel: 86-756-3210040 Fax: 86-756-3210049 01/05/10 DS39881D-page 268 2010 Microchip Technology Inc. ...
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