12.social-psych

12.social-psych - Social Psychology Week 12& 13 Spring...

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Unformatted text preview: Social Psychology Week 12 & 13: Spring 2009 Important Topics 2 Important Topics 3 Sex and Survival For our genes to continue, we must pass them along to our offspring We must survive long enough to reproduce We must find a willing mate 4 Sex and Selectivity Males: billions of sperm, conception is quick, easy, and has no long term consequences (for survival) Females: small number of eggs, conception results in 9 months of carrying a child, increased risk of illness and death The “costs” of reproduction are higher for females than males, so females are more selective about reproducing 5 Sex and Selectivity Feingold (1992) Attractive man or woman approached member of the opposite sex on a college campus and asked: a) Will you go out with me? women: 50% say yes men: 50% say yes b) Will you go to bed with me? women: 100% say NO men: 75% say YES 6 The Laws of Attraction Situational Physical Psychological 7 The Laws of Attraction Situational Factors people we have frequent contact with, generally due to proximity the girl next door people from your same dorm or floor people near you in alphabetical order 8 The Laws of Attraction Physical Factors- very important influence on initial attraction/interest women and men equally influenced by physical factors, but men are more likely to admit it youth (in a woman) or maturity (in a man) hourglass figure (in a woman) or broad shoulders, narrow waist (in a man) symmetrical bodies & features “average” bodies and features 9 The Laws of Attraction Psychological Factors Opposites rarely attract! we tend to be attracted to people of similar intelligence and attractiveness we tend to be attracted to others who have similar personalities and beliefs/values we tend to be attracted to people who are attracted to us fun demo: http://www.faceresearch.org/demos/average 10 Survival In order to reproduce, you must survive to reproductive maturity might need to aggressively protect self/resources might need to cooperate to protect self/resources 11 Aggression People aggress when their goals are thwarted often premeditated, directed at the person/source of the difficulty People aggress in response to an unpleasant internal state often impulsive, directed at nearest (often innocent) people/things 12 Aggression Hot and Bothered! 13 Aggression Leading predictor of aggression/violence: GENDER (male) Linked to testosterone levels (feelings of power, confidence) Linked to cultural expectations Women can be aggressive (though more likely to be premeditated and mental/social) 14 Cooperation Cooperation often crucial for survival (food gathering, child rearing) Depends on trust and fairness Humans highly attuned to violations/cheating 15 Cooperation The Prisoner’s Dilemma 16 Cooperation We’re bad at logical reasoning in general (remember biases & heuristics), but we’re good at reasoning about cheating!...
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12.social-psych - Social Psychology Week 12& 13 Spring...

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