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14.intelligence - Week 14 15 Spring 2009 Intelligence...

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Intelligence Week 14 & 15: Spring 2009
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Intelligence: Your Opinions If your parents have average IQs, will you have an average IQ?
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Intelligence: Your Opinions Can you study for an intelligence test?
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Intelligence: Your Opinions Are there intelligence differences between the genders? People of different ethnic backgrounds?
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Intelligence: Your Opinions Do “Baby Einstein” videos work?
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Intelligence: Your Opinions Can you gain intelligence through motivated learning and discipline?
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Intelligence: Your Opinions Which do you think is more important: standard intelligence or emotional intelligence?
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Intelligence: Your Opinions How important is intelligence/IQ to you? Do you think success in other areas of life is very dependent on intelligence?
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Intelligence: Your Opinions Are the SAT or GRE intelligence tests? If someone got a great score on either test, does that mean that they are really intelligent?
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Intelligence What is intelligence? The capacity to learn from experience and adapt successfully to one’s environment Reflects how well we function
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Intelligence 11 Hypothetical property (intelligence) Behavior (grades, health income, job performance) Test Response (answers to questions, speed on tasks) ?
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Intelligence Francis Galton Believed that intelligence was inherited Based intelligence on: Muscular strength Size of your head Speed at reacting to signals Your ability to detect slight differences
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Binet-Simon & Stanford-Binet Scales Binet-Simon scale (1905) Originally designed to predict which French children would need remedial schooling aptitude, not achievement Assigned mental age based on # items Ratio IQ = mental age x 100 chronological age
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Binet-Simon & Stanford-Binet Scales Stanford-Binet Translated/adapted for English speakers by Lewis Terman at Stanford (1916) Added items suitable to adults Note: Ratio IQ makes no sense for adults! Deviation IQ: your test score x 100 average age-matched test score
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Binet-Simon & Stanford-Binet Scales 15
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The Wechsler Scales David Weschler Intelligence is The global capacity to act purposefully, to think rationally, and to deal effectively with the environment WAIS (Weschler Adult Intelligence Scale) Measures intelligence for late adolescence through adulthood Two parts: verbal & performance subtests
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The Weschler Scales Subtests: Vocabulary (definitions) Similarities (what two words have in common) Information (general knowledge) Comprehension (everyday life/societal knowledge) Picture Completion (missing parts) Block Design (reproduce patterns with cubes) Matrix Reasoning (figure out missing element) Picture Arrangement (put story in order) Arithmetic (mental math) Digit Span (remembering lists of numbers) Letter-number Sequencing (memory + reorganization) Digit-Symbol Coding (speeded matching) Symbol Search (scanning lists of symbols for targets) 17
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Issues to Consider in IQ Testing Standardization
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