Exam 2 -2 (T) - the recall took place in the same...

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Encoding specificity is our tendency to perform better on a recall risk when the way we encoded the words matches the way we recall them. The aim of the Godden and Baddeley Experiment was to find out if the context influences recall. The experiment was a field experiment which took place in Scotland. There were total 18 participants from the university’s diving club. During the experiment, the participants had to learn 38 different words in 4 different kinds of conditions. They then were asked to recall the words they learned under the 4 different kinds of conditions. In this experiment, the independent variables would be the different conditions and the dependant variables would be the number of the words that the particpants recall. The finding was that recall was 50% higher when the learning and
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Unformatted text preview: the recall took place in the same environment. Godden and Baddeley then concluded that the environment acts as a contextual cue for recall. In Godden and Baddeley’s experiment, they would find out that in their data their participants tend to recall the last few words more than other words in the middle. The reason of that is because of the recency effect. The recency effect is the effect that enhanced memory for the last items in a series of items that have been learned in serial learning. That is, given a list of items to remember, we will tend to remember the last few things more than those things in the middle. The recency effect has most effect in repeated persuasion messages when there is a delay between the messages....
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This note was uploaded on 03/06/2012 for the course PSYC 1101 taught by Professor Leader during the Spring '07 term at Georgia Tech.

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