Exam 2 -2 (T) - the recall took place in the same...

Info icon This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Encoding specificity is our tendency to perform better on a recall risk when the way we encoded the words matches the way we recall them. The aim of the Godden and Baddeley Experiment was to find out if the context influences recall. The experiment was a field experiment which took place in Scotland. There were total 18 participants from the university’s diving club. During the experiment, the participants had to learn 38 different words in 4 different kinds of conditions. They then were asked to recall the words they learned under the 4 different kinds of conditions. In this experiment, the independent variables would be the different conditions and the dependant variables would be the number of the words that the particpants recall. The finding was that recall was 50% higher when the learning and
Image of page 1
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: the recall took place in the same environment. Godden and Baddeley then concluded that the environment acts as a contextual cue for recall. In Godden and Baddeley’s experiment, they would find out that in their data their participants tend to recall the last few words more than other words in the middle. The reason of that is because of the recency effect. The recency effect is the effect that enhanced memory for the last items in a series of items that have been learned in serial learning. That is, given a list of items to remember, we will tend to remember the last few things more than those things in the middle. The recency effect has most effect in repeated persuasion messages when there is a delay between the messages....
View Full Document

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern