Exam 3 - 2 - The dependant variable is the reaction of the...

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Harry Harlow’s most famous experiment involved giving the young rhesus monkeys two artificial mothers . Harlow created two artificial smothers for newborn rhesus monkeys. A wire mom was equipped to provide food and water. A terrycloth mom could not satisfy any creature needs. Monkeys preferred contact with the comfortable cloth mother, even while feeding from the nourishing wire mother. When a strange object was put in the cage, the infant monkey clung to the terrycloth mom for security. However, monkeys raised by artificial mothers were terror-stricken when placed in strange situations without their surrogate mothers. Harlow then discovered that the baby monkeys spent significantly more time with their soft cloth mother despite the fact that the wire mother was the source of their nourishment. In this experiment , the independent variables are the warmth of one of the artificial mothers and the food of the other.
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Unformatted text preview: The dependant variable is the reaction of the baby monkey. The other experiment was performed by Harold M. Skeels. He set up an extraordinary I.Q. experiment and the test was taken by thirteen institutionalized children. After the test, those kids who were considered to have low I.Q. were transferred to a school for retarded adult women. Each baby was then put in the personal care of individual women living there. Under the guardianship of these supposedly deficient women, the children’s I.Q.s jumped nearly thirty points in just two years. According to the definition of attachment, attachment is “the emotional bond that forms between newborns and their primary caregivers.” These two experiments of Harlow and Skeels’ confirm the cupboard theory of attachment. Both experiments proved that both human beings and animals need more emotional and mental support to survive then the physical need (food)...
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This note was uploaded on 03/06/2012 for the course PSYC 1101 taught by Professor Leader during the Spring '07 term at Georgia Tech.

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