The Mozart effect can refer as a set of research results that indicate that listening to Mozart's music may induce a short-term improvement on the performance of certain kinds of mental tasks known as " spatial-temporal reasoning ;" Popularized versions of the theory, which suggest that "listening to Mozart makes you smarter", or that early childhood exposure to classical music has a beneficial effect on mental development. The term was first introduced by Alfred A. Tomatis who used Mozart's music as the listening stimulus in his work attempting to cure a variety of disorders. Rauscher, Shaw, and Ky (1993) investigated the effect of listening to music by Mozart on spatial reasoning . They gave research participants, who were college undergraduate students, one of three standard tests of abstract spatial reasoning after they had experienced each of three listening conditions: 10 minutes of Mozart Sonata, 10 minutes of guided relaxation tape, and 10 minutes of silence. The experimenters found that the IQ scores were 8 to 9 points
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