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Focus Questions for Chapter 15 study guide with answers

Focus Questions for Chapter 15 study guide with answers -...

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Focus Questions for Chapter 15: Keep: 2, 3, 5, 6, 8, 9, 12, 13, 24 Drop: 1, 4, 7, 10, 11, 14-23, 25-28 1. Skip 2. The major goal of psychoanalysis is to help the patient achieve insight , which is the conscious awareness of the unconscious conflicts that control the patient’s behavior. Gaining insight allows people to change their behavior to fit their current life circumstances rather than continue with maladaptive behaviors rooted in past conflicts. 3. Techniques used in psychoanalysis: a. Free Association A major technique in psychoanalysis in which the patient reports thoughts, feelings, and images that come to their awareness (anything that comes mind). When this happens, the analyst sits out of sight of the patient in order to allow the patient uninterrupted access to their private experience. This is often used to get clues into the important conflicts in the patients unconscious. b. Dream analysis Dream analysis is the collaborative effort to interpret the patients dream with the goal of discovering the underlying unconscious conflict that gets “played out” in the dream. Dream analysis is being used in psychoanalysis because it is believed that dreams are the most direct method of reaching the patient’s unconscious. According to Freud and his followers, one can gain great insights using dream analysis. c. Interpretation is defined as any statement by the therapist that is intended to shed to provide patients with insight into their own behaviors (e.g., resistance,
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transference) and their psychodynamics (inner conflicts). It is one of the major therapeutic strategies that the psychoanalyst has. Transference Transference is one of the most important concepts in psychoanalysis. According to psychoanalytic theory transference occurs when the patient begins to behave toward that therapist in a similarly to the way s/he behaved toward an important figure from their past (usually a parent figure). These behaviors are presumed to be maladaptive and to be interfering with the patient’s life. When transference is identified,
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