Chapters 13-22 Quizzes

Chapters 13-22 Quizzes - Chapter 13: The Common Wealth of...

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Chapter 13: The Common Wealth of Byzantium 1. The Byzantine ruler who led a resurgence of power in the 11 th century by crushing the Bulgars was Basil II. (pg. 336) 2. The most important political feature of the Byzantine state was its tightly centralized rule under a powerful emperor. (p. 320) 3. In 1071, Byzantium lost the battle of Manzikert and control over Anatolia to the Saljuq. (p. 338) 4. The main factions during Justinian’s time who contested in the Hippodrome and who occasionally fought in the streets were the greens and blues . (p. 330) 5. Justinian’s issuance of the corpus iuris civilis won recognition as the definitive codifications of Roman law. (p. 321) 6. In 1054, the pope in Rome and the patriarch in Constantinople mutually excommunicated each other. (336) 7. The bezant was the Byzantine gold coin that became the standard currency in the Mediterranean basin. (327) 8. Constantinople finally fell in 1453 to the Ottoman Turks. (338) 9. Justinian’s most important and long lasting political achievement was his codification of Roman law. (321) 10. Basil II crushed the Bulgars in 1014 at the battle of Kleidon. (336) 11. In a disaster from which the Byzantine Empire never really recovered, Constantinople was sacked in 1204 by the fourth crusade. (337) 12. Which of the following was the first and most famous of the “pillar saints”? St. Simeon Stylite (333) 13. Saint Methodius and Cyril devised the Cyrillic alphabet. (339) 14. A direct challenge to the Byzantine emperor arose in the year 800 when the pope gave an imperial crown to the Frankish king Charlemagne. (325) 15. By the 16 th century, Russians had begun to think of Moscow as the third Rome. 16. The Alexandrian priest, Arius, leader of Arians, believed that Jesus had been a mortal human being. 17. Italy, Sicily, Northwest Africa, and South Spain were brought back under imperial control by the military victories of Belisarius. 18. In 325 C.E., in an effort to answer the Arians, Constantine brought together leading churchmen at the Council of Nicaea. 19. The term greek fire refers to the Byzantine incendiary weapon. 20. Emperor Leo III inaugurated the divisive ecclesiastical policy of iconoclasm. 21. The theme system made land available to peasants in return for military service. 22. Which part of the Mediterranean basin was never part of the Byzantine Empire? Arabia 23. Historians use the term cesaropapism to refer to the system in which the emperor has a mixture of political and religious authority. 24. What city, influenced heavily by Constantinople, was the most important in the early rise of Russia? Kiev
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25. From the sixth century on, the official language of Constantinople was Greek.
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Chapters 13-22 Quizzes - Chapter 13: The Common Wealth of...

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