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99 CHAPTERS 8-9 TEST QUESTIONS MULTIPLE CHOICE Chapter 8 1. Sima Qian was a. the founder of the Qin dynasty. b. the leading Legalist scholar. c. the first great Chinese historian. d. the Chinese rebel who seized control during the Han dynasty. e. the Chinese heaven. 2. The Qin and Han dynasties a. copied the ruling techniques of the Aryans. b. did not push for centralization as thoroughly as the Achaemenids did. c. imposed order on India. d. never mastered the administrative brilliance and unification of the Zhou period. e. went further than the Persian emperors in their efforts to foster cultural unity. 3. The collection of Confucian sayings and teachings is known as the a. Mencius . b. Memoirs of a Philosopher . c. Analects . d. Reflections on a Quiet Life . e. Reflections on Things at Hand . 4. The philosophy of Confucius a. formed a thoroughly practical and secular approach to life. b. called for a strict adherence to the will of the gods. c. addressed abstruse philosophical questions. d. was deeply religious. e. was inspired by the Hindu Upanishads . 5. Confucius believed that political and social harmony a. came from a retreat into a quiet life of meditation. b. arose from the proper ordering of human relationships. c. depended on the proper structuring of a strong centralized government. d. was available to human beings if they expressed a deep devotion to the gods. e. could only be imposed by a powerful king. 6. Junzi a. were Chinese priests who argued that Confucius’s philosophy was too secular. b. was the Qin emperor who united China for the first time. c. was the classic compilation of Daoist thought. d. were Confucian “superior individuals” who took an active role in public affairs. e. were the Confucian model of enlightened thinkers who withdrew from the society.
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100 7. The Chinese concept of filial piety, which was central to the family structure, was best expressed by the word a . junzi . b. ren . c. li . d. xiao . e. veda . 8. When discussing qualities that were essential to a good character, Confucius used which of the following terms to mean an attitude of kindness or a sense of humanity? a. dao b. xiao c. maodun d. dasa e. ren 9. Which of the following Confucian terms and its translation is not correct? a. ren —benevolence b. li —passion c. xiao —filial piety d. dao —way e. junzi —superior individuals 10. Through the efforts of Confucius, the literary works of the Zhou period a. became the core texts of traditional Chinese education. b. were replaced by newer and more important texts. c. were completely destroyed. d. were translated from the original cuneiform. e. were included in the Persian Gathas . 11. The most influential post-Confucian philosopher, who served as the chief spokesman for Confucius’s philosophy, was a. Xunzi. b. Mencius.
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