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173 CHAPTER 13 TEST QUESTIONS MULTIPLE CHOICE 1. Theodora’s career before marrying Justinian was as a a. mother superior in a nunnery. b. lady in waiting at the central court because of her family connections. c. Church cleric, one of the few women to hold this position. d. shop owner. e. striptease artist. 2. Hagia Sophia was a. the wife of Justinian who proved to be a wise adviser. b. the magnificent church at Constantinople. c. the legal foundation for Justinian’s Code. d. Justinian’s most dangerous political enemy. e. the central trading city on the silk roads. 3. Justinian’s most important and long-lasting political achievement was a. his reconquest of the western half of the Roman Empire. b. his democratic reforms. c. his religious compromise between the Roman Catholic and the Greek Orthodox churches. d. his codification of Roman law. e. his establishment of a lasting peace with the Islamic world. 4. Justinian’s issuance of the Corpus iuris civilis a. won recognition as the definitive codification of Roman law. b. outlawed the Greens and Blues. c. brought immediate excommunication from the pope. d. inspired the First Crusade. e. was immediately recognized as the greatest literary feat in Byzantine history. 5. Italy, Sicily, northwestern Africa, and southern Spain were brought back under imperial control by the military victories of a. Theodora. b. Belisarius. c. Basil II. d. Charlemagne. e. Augustus. 6. Constantinople withstood sieges in 674–678 and 717–718 by a. the Sasanids. b. the Gauls. c. the Russians. d. the Greeks. e. Arabic forces.
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174 7. One of the causes of Byzantine resurgence was the political innovation wherein a general was given military and civil control over an imperial province or a. theme . b. Sasanid. c. corpus . d. satrapy. e. polis . 8. The Byzantine ruler who led a resurgence of power in the eleventh century by crushing the Bulgars was a. Theodora. b. Belisarius. c. Basil II. d. Justinian. e. Kleidon. 9. The term Greek fire refers to a. the devastating fire that swept through Constantinople in 1013. b. the passionate Byzantine loyalty to Greek philosophy. c. the smallpox epidemic that hit Constantinople in the twelfth century. d. the Byzantine incendiary weapon. e. the nickname given to Justinian’s brilliant general, Belisarius. 10. Basil II crushed the Bulgars in 1014 at the Battle of a. Manzikert. b. Kleidon. c. Constantinople. d. Kerbala. e. Hagia Sophia. 11. The wife of Justinian, who proved to be an invaluable adviser, was a. Belisarius. b. Livia. c. Hagia Sophia. d. Theodora. e. Olympia. 12. A direct challenge to the Byzantine emperor arose in the year 800 when the pope gave an imperial crown to the Frankish king, a. Otto of Saxony. b. Charlemagne.
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This note was uploaded on 03/06/2012 for the course ECON 1256 taught by Professor Harding,m during the Spring '11 term at Stanford.

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