32 - CHAPTER 32 TEST QUESTIONS MULTIPLE CHOICE 1. The...

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CHAPTER 32 TEST QUESTIONS MULTIPLE CHOICE 1. The leader of the Taiping Rebellion was a. Cixi. b. Hong Xiuquan. c. Kang Youwei. d. Lin Zexu. e. Ito Hirobumi. 2. In 1851, Hong Xiuquan proclaimed his own dynasty, the Taiping tianguo, which meant a. “Expel the Barbarians.” b. “Brilliant as the Sun.” c. “Son of Heaven.” d. “Return of the Holy.” e. “Heavenly Kingdom of Great Peace.” 3. The most significant territorial loss for the Ottomans was a. Egypt. b. Serbia. c. Istanbul. d. Greece. e. Anatolia. 4. Muhammad Ali was a. the most powerful leader of the Safavid dynasty. b. the last powerful Ottoman sultan. c. the founder of the Young Turks movement. d. the Ottoman ruler who tried to strengthen the empire while simultaneously crushing liberal reform. e. the Egyptian leader who overthrew Ottoman control. 5. The capitulations were unfair trading agreements between the western Europeans and the a. Qing dynasty. b. Tokugawa bakufu. c. Latin American nations. d. Ottomans. e. Russians. 6. Which of the following statement is not true about the capitulations? a. They allowed for the establishment of tax-exempt banks and commercial enterprises. b. They were imposed on the Ottomans by the Europeans. c. They permitted foreign governments to levy duties on goods. d. They were imposed on the Europeans by the Ottomans. e. They exempted European visitors from Ottoman laws. 223
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7. In the early nineteenth century, the Ottoman Sultan Selim III a. was able to finally destroy the power of the Janissaries. b. started the Young Turks movement. c. was locked up by the Janissaries because they considered his reforms a threat. d. was the leading figure in the Tanzimat era. e. converted to Christianity in an effort to appease the Europeans. 8. What was the name of the Sultan who, in 1826, had mutinous Janissaries slaughtered and thus opened the door for further reform within the Ottoman Empire? a. Mahmud II b. Selim III c. Abd al-Hamid d. Abu Bakr e. Mehmed V Rashid 9. Which of the following is not a reform proposed in the Tanzimat era? a. educational reform b. equality under the law for all Ottoman subjects c. a democracy as the governmental model for the empire d. a new penal code e. a new commercial code 10. The Young Ottomans were a. a later, more tolerant political reincarnation of the Young Turks. b. fiercely opposed to the Tanzimat reforms. c. proponents of a smaller but more efficient Turkish empire. d. the leading supporters of the Tanzimat reforms. e. religious mystics who viewed the Ottoman empire as an abomination in the eyes of Allah. 11. Sultan Abdul Hamid II a. poured money into a ship-building race with the British. b. ruled despotically but also followed Tanzimat principles. c. was forcibly placed in power by the Young Turks Party.
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This note was uploaded on 03/06/2012 for the course ECON 1256 taught by Professor Harding,m during the Spring '11 term at Stanford.

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32 - CHAPTER 32 TEST QUESTIONS MULTIPLE CHOICE 1. The...

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