grundrisse - MarxsGrundrisse

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Marx’s Grundrisse The Grundrisse, 779 pages in the English translation, comprises seven notebooks written by  Marx in the winter of 1857-8 in a dash (so he hoped) to get his "Economics" finished. Almost unknown until the 1970s. First edition published in Moscow in 1939-40, but only three or  four copies reached the West. New German edition 1953; first English translation 1973. Discussed in the 1970s, but mainly in regard to its “Hegelian” language and its concept of  “capital in general”, not the ideas discussed in this presentation.
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Commodification  In the most advanced capitalism, writes  Marx, everything will be a commodity.  “The highest development of capital exists  when. .. all needs are satisfied through the  exchange form. .. [and] the socially posited  needs of the individual. .. are likewise not only  consumed but also produced through  exchange, individual exchange”.  “The separation of public works from the  state, and their migration into the domain of  the works undertaken by capital itself,  indicates the degree to which the real  community has constituted itself in the form of  capital”. 
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Privatisation  “All general conditions of production, such  as roads, canals, etc. .. presuppose, in order  to be undertaken by capital instead of by the  government. .. the highest development of  production founded on capital”
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“The invading socialist society”? Free competition changes into monopoly, and the production without any definite plan of capitalistic society capitulates to the production upon a definite plan of the invading socialistic society … The official representative of capitalist society — the state — will ultimately have to undertake the direction of production…. .. State- ownership of the productive forces is not the solution of the conflict, but concealed within it are the technical conditions that form the elements of that solution.” - Engels, Socialism Utopian and Scientific (1880) In the 20th century Marxists generally believed that:  Capitalism moved more and more towards state ownership;  The more state ownership, the more advanced the society;  More state ownership brought us closer to socialism. These views helped Stalinism win influence. Experience since  1980 puts that into question. The Grundrisse offers another  perspective.
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Capital drives labour  beyond the limits of  capital. ..  The Grundrisse presents a different view of how capital 
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grundrisse - MarxsGrundrisse

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