IND 300 - W12 -Class_ M2

IND 300 - W12 -Class_ M2 - IND 300 Introduction to...

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1 IND 300 Introduction to Management Winter 2012 1 IND 300 INTRODUCTION TO MANAGEMENT Ch M2 Theories of Industrial Relations • This section will address: – The origin of unions. – Theories of union origins. – Functions of unions. – The future of unions. 2 IND 300 INTRODUCTION TO MANAGEMENT Source: Wiley (2007)
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2 The Origin of Unions • Craft guilds: – Emerged in Europe in the 14 th century and North America in the 17 th century century. – Populated by single entity/ single product skilled craftsmen: e.g. weavers, woodworkers, metalworkers or potters. – Prior to the emergence of craft guilds, craftspeople worked in their homes, were self employed, and had no business protection. Functions of craft guilds Functions of craft guilds: – Supplied a form of unemployment insurance. – Ensured adequate supply of craftspeople. – Provided a form of quality control for products. – Educated their members. 3 IND 300 INTRODUCTION TO MANAGEMENT Source: Wiley (2007) The Origin of Unions (continued) • The Industrial Revolution: – Began mid-18 th century. – New technology / mechanization reduced the need for skilled labour and saw production increase dramatically. – Massive migration from rural areas to cities, factories were built, transportation improved, which saw raw materials and finished goods marketed at great distances. • Substantial changes in work and workplaces: – Workers required to travel to factories; move to cities. – Production broken down into distinct stages, some or most handled by machinery. – Work required little skill, so workers could easily be replaced. – Control over work passed from workers to factory owners. 4 IND 300 INTRODUCTION TO MANAGEMENT Source: Wiley (2007)
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3 The Origin of Unions (continued) • The Industrial Revolution produced horrific working conditions: – Wages declined. – Owners had little consideration for worker safety. – Men, women and children worked side-by-side in grim conditions. – Almost no protection for adult workers; sick or injured workers were usually fired. • The modern trade union developed largely because of these conditions. 5 IND 300 INTRODUCTION TO MANAGEMENT Source: Wiley (2007) Theories of Union Origins • Sidney and Beatrice Webb: – English authors and socialists. – Concluded main purpose was to improve members’ lives. Concluded main purpose was to improve members lives. – Suggested that unions emerged because of the separation
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IND 300 - W12 -Class_ M2 - IND 300 Introduction to...

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