Validity Evidence

Human Resource Management (Available Titles Coursemate)

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Validity Evidence Types of Validity Evidence Content validity o Face validity o Curricular validity Criterion-related validity o Predictive validity o Concurrent validity Construct validity o Convergent validity o Discriminant validity Consequential validity Content Validity Content validity addresses the match between test questions and the content or subject area they are intended to assess. This concept of match is sometimes referred to as alignment, while the content or subject area of the test may be referred to as a performance domain. Experts in a given performance domain generally judge content validity. For example, the content of the SAT Subject Tests is evaluated by committees made up of experts who ensure that each test covers content that matches all relevant subject matter in its academic discipline. Both a face validity and a curricular validity study may be used to establish the content validity of a test. Face Validity refers to the extent to which a test or the questions on a test appear to measure a particular construct as viewed by laypersons, clients, examinees, test users, the public, or other stakeholders. In other words, it looks like a reasonable test for whatever purpose it is being used. This common sense approach to validity is often important in convincing laypersons to allow the use of a test, regardless of the availability of more scientific means. Content-related evidence of validity comes from the judgments of people who are either experts in the testing of that particular content area or are content experts. In contrast, because these two groups may approach a test from different perspectives, it is important to recognize the valuable contributions made by both. Curricular Validity is the extent to which the content of the test matches the objectives of a specific curriculum as it is formally described. Curricular validity takes on particular importance in situations where tests are used for high-stakes decisions, such as state high school exit examinations. In these situations, curricular validity means that the content of a test that is used to make a decision about whether a student receives a high school diploma should measure the curriculum that
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This document was uploaded on 03/07/2012.

Page1 / 2

Validity Evidence - Validity Evidence Types of Validity...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online