STUDY GUIDE for MIDTERM EXAM #1 – Wednesday, Feb. 16, UPL 101
This exam covers Chs. 0 – 6.
Winter Night Sky – main features we have discussed in the class.
Constellations, distances to stars.
The Zenith, the ecliptic, Right ascension, Declination, Equinox, equator, poles, Meridian, latitude,
longitude, ecliptic, celestial equator, equinoxes, etc.
Positions in the sky of Venus and Mercury with respect to the Earth and Sun vs. the positions of
Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, Pluto, Moon’s rotation and orbit, tides, etc. Angular
diameter of sun and moon – eclipses solar, lunar, why, when, Sidereal vs. solar times,
Magnitudes – what can the naked eye see or not see? What standard objects are bright, or not
observable with the naked eye? Brightest moon, brightest star (besides the Sun), brightest planet,
seen from Earth?
Aristotle, Ptolemy, Copernicus, Tycho, Kepler, Newton, Galileo
Retrograde of Mars, helio/geo centric models, epicycles, rotation directions, general meaning.
Newtonian and Cassegrain telescopes , refractive telescope vs. reflective telescope, segmented