Ch._4_CD - Chemical Dependency: A Systems Approach Chapter...

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Chemical Dependency: A Systems Approach Chapter 4 The Physiological and Behavioral Consequences of Alcohol
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Effects of alcohol The liver is the major organ that metabolizes alcohol, producing the toxic chemical acetaldehyde 10-15 grams/hr, or one drink Rate of metabolism depend on: Contents of stomach Proportion of fat Proportion of healthy v. cirrhotic liver tissue 30 times more soluble in water than fat Women metabolize more slowly because of higher fat to
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Tolerance Tolerance may present as a resistance to the effects of alcohol The primary symptom, may happen because of altered Metabolism Receptor sensitivity Pathways for bypassing receptors
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Intoxication Effects of alcohol on CNS Euphoria Less inhibition Impaired vision Impaired coordination Longer reaction time
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Withdrawal Most commonly results in anxiety, anorexia, insomnia and tremor Elevated pulse rate Hallucinosis Delirium tremens- more severe Grand mal seizures
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Ch._4_CD - Chemical Dependency: A Systems Approach Chapter...

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